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List of political parties in India

India has a multi-party system with recognition accorded to national and state and district level parties. The status is reviewed periodically by the Election Commission of India. Other political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (ECI). Registered parties are upgraded as recognized national or state level parties based upon objective criteria. A recognized party enjoys privileges like a reserved party symbol,[A] free broadcast time on state run television and radio, consultation in setting of election dates and giving input in setting electoral rules and regulations.[1]

This listing is according to the Indian general election, 2014 and Legislative Assembly elections[2][3] and any party aspiring to state or national party status must fulfil at least one of the concerned criteria. In addition, national and state parties have to fulfill these conditions for all subsequent Lok Sabha or State elections, or else they lose their status.[1] As per latest publication from Election Commission(13th Dec 2016 and 5 May 2017), the total number of parties registered was 1841, with 7 national, 49 state and 1785 unrecognised parties.[3][4]

All registered parties contesting elections need to choose a symbol from a list of available symbols offered by the EC. All 29 states of the country along with the union territories of Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi have elected governments unless President's rule is imposed under certain conditions.

Contents

NationalEdit

A registered party is recognised as a national party only if it fulfils any one of the following three conditions:[5]

  1. The party wins 2% of seats in the Lok sabha from at least four different states.
  2. At a general election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in four states and in addition it wins four Lok Sabha seats.
  3. A party gets recognition as a state party in four states.
7 recognised national parties[6][7]
Name Abbreviation Foundation
year
Founder Party Supremo[D] Party symbol Headquarters
All India Trinamool Congress AITC 1998 Mamata Banerjee Mamata Banerjee 36G Tapsia Road, Kolkata-700039, (West Bengal)
Bahujan Samaj Party BSP 1984 Kanshi Ram Mayawati 12, Gurudwara Rakabganj Road, New Delhi-11000, (Delhi)
Bharatiya Janata Party BJP 1980 Syama Prasad Mukherjee Amit Shah 6 - A, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Marg, New Delhi -110002, (Delhi)
Communist Party of India CPI 1925 Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy Indrajit Gupta Marg, New Delhi-110002, (Delhi)
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M) 1964 Sitaram Yechury Bhai Vir Singh Marg, New Delhi-110 001, (Delhi)
Indian National Congress INC 1885 Allan Octavian Hume Rahul Gandhi 24, Akbar Road, New Delhi 110001
Nationalist Congress Party NCP 1999 Sharad Pawar 10, Bishmabhar Marg, New Delhi-110001, (Delhi)

State (regional)Edit

A registered party has to fulfill any of the following conditions for recognition as a state party:

  1. A party should win minimum three percent of the total number of seats or a minimum of three seats in the Legislative Assembly.
  2. A party should win at least one seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any fraction thereof allotted to that state at a general election to the Lok Sabha.
  3. A political party should secure at least six percent of the total valid votes polled during general election to a Lok Sabha or State Legislative Assembly and should, in addition, win at least one Lok Sabha, and two Legislative Assembly seats in that election,
  4. Under the liberalized criteria, one more clause that it will be eligible for recognition as state party if it secures 8% or more of the total valid votes polled in the state, addition to one seat in any state.[8]
51 recognised state parties[3][4]
Name Abbreviation Foundation
year
Current leader(s) States/UT Symbol
Aam Aadmi Party AAP 2012 Arvind Kejriwal Delhi, Punjab Broom
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK 1972 Edappadi K. Palaniswami and O. Paneerselvam Tamil Nadu, Puducherry Two leaves
All India Forward Bloc AIFB 1939 Debabrata Biswas West Bengal Lion
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen AIMIM 1927 Asaduddin Owaisi Telangana, Maharashtra Kite
All India N.R. Congress AINRC 2011 N. Rangasamy Puducherry Jug
All India United Democratic Front AIUDF 2004 Badruddin Ajmal Assam Lock and key
All Jharkhand Students Union AJSU 1986 Sudesh Mahto Jharkhand Banana
Asom Gana Parishad AGP 1985 Atul Bora Assam Elephant
Biju Janata Dal BJD 1997 Naveen Patnaik Odisha Conch
Bodoland People's Front BPF 1985 Hagrama Mohilary Assam Nangal
Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam DMDK 2005 Vijayakanth Tamil Nadu Nagara
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK 1949 M. K. Stalin Tamil Nadu, Puducherry Rising sun
Goa Forward Party GFP 2016 Vijai Sardesai Goa Coconut
Hill State People's Democratic Party HSPDP 1968 H.S. Lyngdoh Meghalaya Lion
Indian National Lok Dal INLD 1999 Om Prakash Chautala Haryana Spectacles
Indian Union Muslim League IUML 1948 Panakkad Sayed Hyderali Shihab Thangal Kerala Ladder
Indigenous People's Front of Tripura IPFT 2009 Mevar Kumar Jamatia Tripura Dao
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference JKNC 1932 Omar Abdullah Jammu & Kashmir Plough
Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party JKNPP 1982 Bhim Singh Jammu & Kashmir Bicycle
Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party JKPDP 1998 Mehbooba Mufti Jammu & Kashmir Inkpot and pen
Janata Dal (Secular) JD(S) 1999 H.D. Deve Gowda Karnataka, Kerala Lady farmer carrying paddy on her head
Janata Dal (United) JD(U) 1999 Nitish Kumar Bihar Arrow
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha JMM 1972 Shibu Soren Jharkhand Bow and arrow
Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) JVM(P) 2006 Babu Lal Marandi Jharkhand Comb
Kerala Congress (M) KC(M) 1979 C.F. Thomas Kerala Two leaves
Lok Janshakti Party LJP 2000 Ram Vilas Paswan Bihar Bunglow
Maharashtra Navnirman Sena MNS 2006 Raj Thackeray Maharashtra Railway engine
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party MGP 1963 Deepak Dhavalikar Goa Lion
Mizo National Front MNF 1959 Pu Zoramthanga Mizoram Star
Mizoram People's Conference MPC 1972 Pu Lalhmingthanga Mizoram Electric bulb
Naga People's Front NPF 2002 T.R. Zeliang Manipur, Nagaland Rooster
National People's Party NPP 2013 Agatha Sangma Meghalaya, Manipur, Nagaland Book
Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party NDPP 2018 Neiphiu Rio Nagaland
Pattali Makkal Katchi PMK 1989 G. K. Mani Tamil Nadu, Puducherry Mango
People's Democratic Alliance PDA 2012 Bd. Behring Anal Manipur Crown
People's Democratic Front PDF 2017 P. N. Syiem Meghalaya Candles
People's Party of Arunachal PPA 1987 Tomo Riba Arunachal Pradesh Corn
Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD 1997 Lalu Prasad Yadav Bihar, Jharkhand Hurricane lamp
Rashtriya Lok Dal RLD 1996 Ajit Singh Uttar Pradesh Hand pump
Rashtriya Lok Samta Party RLSP 2013 Upendra Kushwaha Bihar Ceiling fan
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP 1940 T. J. Chandrachoodan Kerala, West Bengal Spade and stoker
Samajwadi Party SP 1992 Akhilesh Yadav Uttar Pradesh Bicycle
Shiromani Akali Dal SAD 1920 Sukhbir Singh Badal Punjab Scale
Shiv Sena SS 1966 Uddhav Thackeray Maharashtra Bow and arrow
Sikkim Democratic Front SDF 1993 Pawan Kumar Chamling Sikkim Umbrella
Sikkim Krantikari Morcha SKM 2013 Prem Singh Tamang Sikkim Table lamp
Telangana Rashtra Samithi TRS 2001 Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao Telangana, Andhra Pradesh Car
Telugu Desam Party TDP 1982 N. Chandra Babu Naidu Andhra Pradesh, Telangana Bicycle
United Democratic Party UDP 1972 Donkupar Roy Meghalaya Drum
YSR Congress YSRC 2011 Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy Andhra Pradesh, Telangana Ceiling fan
Zoram Nationalist Party ZNP 1997 Lalduhawma Mizoram Sun (without rays)

UnrecognisedEdit

Unrecognised registered notable parties[C][2][3][9]
Name Abbreviation Foundation
year
Current leader(s) States/UT
Amra Bangali AMB 1983 Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar West Bengal
Bharatiya Minorities Suraksha Mahasangh BMSM 1994 Haji Mastan Mirza Maharashtra
Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh BBM 1999 Prakash Ambedkar Maharashtra
Hindustani Awam Morcha[10] HAM 2015 Jitan Ram Manjhi Bihar
Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi IJK 2010 T.R. Pachamuthu Tamil Nadu
People's Democratic Front PDF 2001 Ajoy Biswas Tripura
Jai Samaikyandhra Party JSP 2014 Nallari Kiran Kumar Reddy Andhra Pradesh
Jan Adhikar Party Loktantrik[11] JAP 2015 Pappu Yadav Bihar
Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party SBSP 2002 Om Prakash Rajbhar Uttar Pradesh
Jana Sena Party JSP 2014 Pawan Kalyan Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
Jan Shakti Party of India[12] JSPI 2015 Gurjeet Singh Azad Punjab
Karnataka Janata Paksha KJP 2012 Padmanabha Prasanna Kumar Karnataka
Kerala Congress (Jacob) KC(J) 1991 Anoop Jacob Kerala
Kerala Congress (B) KC(B) 1989 R. Balakrishna Pillai Kerala
Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi KMDK 2013 E. R. Eswaran Tamil Nadu
Kongunadu Makkal Katchi KMK 2001 A.M. Raja Tamil Nadu
Lok Satta Party LSP 2006 Jayaprakash Narayan Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
Manipur Peoples Party MPP 1968 Sovakiran N. Manipur
Makkal Needhi Maiam MNM 2018 Kamal Haasan Tamil Nadu
Manithaneya Makkal Katchi MMK 2009 M. H. Jawahirullah Tamil Nadu
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam MDMK 1992 Vaiko Tamil Nadu
Odisha Janmorcha OJM 2013 Pyarimohan Mohapatra Odisha
Param Digvijay Dal PDD 2014 Adhyatmik Neta Krishna Mohan Shankar Yogi Uttar Pradesh
Peace Party of India PPI 2008 Mohamed Ayub Uttar Pradesh
Puthiya Tamilagam PTK 1996 K. Krishnasamy Tamil Nadu
Rashtriya Samaj Paksha RSP 2003 Mahadev Jankar Maharashtra
Rashtriya Ulama Council RUC 2008 Aamir Rashadi Madni Uttar Pradesh
Rayalaseema Parirakshana Samithi RPS 2013 Byreddy Rajasekhar Reddy Andhra Pradesh
Social Democratic Party of India SDPI 2009 A.Saeed Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Assam, Manipur, Telangana, Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala
Tamil Nadu Kongu Ilaingar Peravai KIP 2001 U. Thaniyarasu Tamil Nadu
Tamil Maanila Congress TMC 1996 G. K. Vasan Tamil Nadu
Uttarakhand Kranti Dal UKD 1979 Kashi Singh Airy Uttarakhand
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi VCK 1972 Thol. Thirumavalavan Tamil Nadu
Vishva Shakti Party VSP 2013 Dr.Tarun Kothari Delhi
Welfare Party of India WPI 2011 S. Q. R. Ilyas Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, West Bengal, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra
Jan Adhikar Party JAP 2016 Babu Singh Kushwaha Uttar Pradesh
Hindu Sena 2011 Vishnu Gupta New Delhi
Gorkha National Liberation Front GNLF 1980 Subhash Ghisingh West Bengal
Gorkha Janmukti Morcha GJM 2007 Roshan Giri West Bengal
Revolutionary Communist Party of India RCPI 1934 Saumyendranath Tagore Assam
Akhil Bharatiya Gorkha League ABGL 1943 Bharati Tamang West Bengal
Praja Socialist Party PSP 1952 Kerala
Rashtravadi Loktantrik Party RLP 2018 Manoj Kumar Singh New Delhi
Swaraj India SI 2016 Yogendra Yadav New Delhi, Karnataka
All India Mahila Empowerment Party MEP 2017 Dr. Nowhera Shaik Telangana, Karnataka
Rani Channamma Party RCP 2016 M B Desai Karnataka
Bahujan Azad Party BAP 2018 50 IIT Alumni[13]
All Indian Public Freedom Party AIPFP 2016 V. Siva Kumar Tamil Nadu
Naam Tamilar Katchi NTK 1958 Senthamizhan Seeman Tamil Nadu
Peoples Party United PPU 2013 Ghulam Rasool Doolwal Jammu and Kashmir
All India Hindustan Congress Party AIHCP 2015 Buddh Prakash Sharma Gujarat, Rajasthan, karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh
Indian Gandhiyan Party IGP 2012 Aashin U S Kerala

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  • A If a party is recognised as a national or state party, its symbol is reserved for its exclusive use in the country or in the state.[2]
  • B In all States/U.T.s except in the State of Assam, where its candidates will have to choose a symbol from out of the list of free symbols specified by the Commission.
  • C In addition to those included, the total is 1761.
  • D - Current leaders are presidents of their respective parties and not necessarily the leaders of their legislative group in the Indian Parliament.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Registration of political Parties". FAQs. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 21 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Names of National, State, registered-unrecognised parties and the list of free symbols" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 12 March 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d "State Party List" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 13 December 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "Goa Forward Party recognition" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 5 May 2017. Retrieved 19 May 2017. 
  5. ^ "Dynamics of elevation of political parties to State or National Party". Press Information Bureau. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  6. ^ "Trinamool Congress recognised as national party." The Hindu. The Hindu. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  7. ^ "Recognition of 'All India Trinamool Congress, as a National party" (PDF). ECI. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  8. ^ "Amendment of the Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968. Allotment of common symbol to candidates of registered un-recognized political parties". Press Information Bureau. 17 October 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  9. ^ "List of political parties registered after 16.09.2014 till 26.09.20" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 26 September 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  10. ^ "Manjhi's HAM recognised by poll panel". The Statesman. 19 July 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2016. 
  11. ^ "Allotment of Common Symbol -10B letter dt 15.9.15" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 15 September 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2016. 
  12. ^ "June 2015 Notification" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 2. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  13. ^ "50 IIT alumni quit jobs to form political party - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-04-22. 

http://www.stationeryprinting.tn.gov.in/extraordinary/2016/95-Ex-V-4.pdf

Further readingEdit

  • Subrata K. Mitra and V. B. Singh. 1999. Democracy and Social Change in India: but parties have to be 70per of decision A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the National Electorate. New Delhi: Sage Publications. ISBN 81-7036-809-X (India HB) ISBN 0-7619-9344-4 (U.S. HB).
  • Subrata K. Mitra, Mike Enskat, Clemens Spiess (eds.). 2004. Political Parties in South Asia. Greenwood: Praeger.