List of political parties in India

India has a multi-party system with recognition accorded to national and state and district level parties. The status is reviewed periodically by the Election Commission of India (ECI). Other political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India. Registered parties are upgraded as recognised national or state level parties based upon objective criteria. A recognised party enjoys privileges like a reserved party symbol,[A] free broadcast time on state run television and radio, a consultation in setting of election dates and giving input in setting electoral rules and regulations.[1]

This listing is according to the 2019 Indian general election and Legislative Assembly elections and any party aspiring to state or national party status must fulfil at least one of the concerned criteria. In addition, national and state parties have to fulfill these conditions for all subsequent Lok Sabha or State elections, or else they lose their status.[1] As per latest publication from Election Commission of India, the total number of parties registered was 2598, with 8 national parties, 52 state parties and 2538 unrecognised parties.[2][3][4][5][6]

All registered parties contesting elections need to choose a symbol from a list of available symbols offered by the EC. All 28 states of the country along with the union territories of Jammu and Kashmir, National Capital Territory of Delhi and Puducherry have elected governments unless President's rule is imposed under certain conditions.

National PartiesEdit

A registered party is recognised as a national party only if it fulfils any one of the three conditions listed below:[7]
  1. A party should win 2% of seats in the Lok sabha from at least three different states.[8]
  2. At a general election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in any four or more states and in addition it wins four Lok Sabha seats.
  3. A party gets recognition as a state party in four states.
8 recognised national parties[2][4]
Name Abbreviation Foundation
Founder(s) Party Supremo [D] Party symbol Headquarters
All India Trinamool Congress[E] AITC 1998 Kolkata office:36G Topsia Road, Kolkata-700039, Central office:30B, Harish Chatterjee Street, Kolkata-700026, New Delhi office:61 South Avenue, New Delhi 100 011
Bahujan Samaj Party BSP 1984 12, Gurdwara Rakabganj Road, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)
Bharatiya Janata Party BJP 1980   6-A, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Marg, Mandi House, New Delhi-110002 (Delhi)
Communist Party of India CPI 1925   Ajoy Bhavan, 15, Indrajit Gupta Marg, New Delhi-110002, (Delhi)
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M) 1964   27-29, A. K. Gopalan Bhavan, Bhai Vir Singh Marg, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)
Indian National Congress INC 1885   24, Akbar Road, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)
Nationalist Congress Party NCP 1999   10, Bishambhar Marg, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)
National People's Party[E] NPP 2013   M.G. Avenue, Floor, MDU Building, Imphal- 795001 (Manipur)

State PartiesEdit

A party has to fulfill any of the following conditions for recognition as a state party:
  1. A party should secure atleast 6% of valid votes polled in an election and win atleast 2 seats in a state assembly and 1 seat in Lok Sabha.
  2. A party should win minimum three percent of the total number of seats or a minimum of three seats in the Legislative Assembly.
  3. A party should win at least one seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any fraction thereof allotted to that State.
  4. Under the liberalised criteria, one more clause that it will be eligible for recognition as state party if it secures 8% or more of the total valid votes polled in the state.[9]
52 recognised state parties[2][4][5][6]
Name Abbreviation Foundation
Current leader(s) Recognised in State/Union Territory Symbol
Aam Aadmi Party AAP 2012  
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK 1972  
All India Forward Bloc AIFB 1939  
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen AIMIM 1927  
All India N.R. Congress AINRC 2011  
All India United Democratic Front AIUDF 2004  
All Jharkhand Students Union AJSU 1986  
Asom Gana Parishad AGP 1985  
Biju Janata Dal BJD 1997  
Bodoland People's Front BPF 1985  
Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam DMDK 2005  
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK 1949  
Goa Forward Party GFP 2016  
Hill State People's Democratic Party HSPDP 1968  
Indian National Lok Dal INLD 1999  
Indian Union Muslim League IUML 1948  
Indigenous People's Front of Tripura IPFT 2009  
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference JKNC 1932  
Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers Party JKNPP 1982  
Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party JKPDP 1998  
Janta Congress Chhattisgarh JCC 2016 Farmer Ploughing (within square farm)
Janata Dal (Secular) JD(S) 1999  
Janata Dal (United) JD(U) 1999  
Jannayak Janta Party JJP 2018  
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha JMM 1972  
Kerala Congress (M) KC(M) 1979  
Lok Janshakti Party LJP 2000  
Maharashtra Navnirman Sena MNS 2006  
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party MGP 1963  
Mizo National Front MNF 1959  
Mizoram People's Conference MPC 1972  
Naga People's Front NPF 2002 Rooster
Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party NDPP 2018 Globe
Pattali Makkal Katchi PMK 1989  
People's Democratic Alliance PDA 2012 Crown
People's Democratic Front PDF 2017
  • P. N. Syiem
People's Party of Arunachal PPA 1987  
Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD 1997  
Rashtriya Lok Dal RLD 1998  
Rashtriya Lok Samta Party RLSP 2013  
Rashtriya Loktantrik Party RLP 2018  
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP 1940  
Samajwadi Party SP 1992  
Shiromani Akali Dal SAD 1920  
Shiv Sena SS 1966  
Sikkim Democratic Front SDF 1993  
Sikkim Krantikari Morcha SKM 2013 Table lamp
Telangana Rashtra Samithi TRS 2001  
Telugu Desam Party TDP 1982  
United Democratic Party UDP 1972  
YSR Congress Party YSRCP 2011  
Zoram Nationalist Party ZNP 1997  

Unrecognised PartiesEdit

Unrecognised registered notable parties[C][2][3][4][5]
Name Abbreviation Foundation
Current leader(s) States/UT
Amma Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam AMMK 2018 T. T. V. Dhinakaran
Hindustani Awam Morcha[10] HAM 2015 Jitan Ram Manjhi
People's Democratic Front PDF 2001 Ajoy Biswas
Jan Adhikar Party Loktantrik[11] JAP 2015 Pappu Yadav
Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party SBSP 2002 Om Prakash Rajbhar
Jan Shakti Party of India[12] JSPI 2015 Gurjeet Singh Azad
Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi IJK 2010 T.R. Pachamuthu
Jammu and Kashmir Apni Party JKAP 2020 Altaf Bukhari
Jana Sena Party JSP 2014 Pawan Kalyan
Kerala Congress (Jacob) KC(J) 1991 Anoop Jacob
Kerala Congress (B) KC(B) 1989 R. Balakrishna Pillai
Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi KMDK 2013 E. R. Eswaran
Kongunadu Makkal Katchi KMK 2000 A. M. Raja
Naam Tamilar Katchi NTK 2009 Seeman
Lok Satta Party LSP 2006 Jaya Prakash Narayana
Manipur Peoples Party MPP 1968 Sovakiran N.
Amra Bangali AMB 1983 Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar
Makkal Needhi Maiam MNM 2018 Kamal Haasan
Manithaneya Makkal Katchi MMK 2009 M. H. Jawahirullah
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam MDMK 1992 Vaiko
Odisha Janmorcha OJM 2013 Pyarimohan Mohapatra
Param Digvijay Dal PDD 2014 Adhyatmik Neta Krishna Mohan Shankar Yogi
Peace Party of India PPI 2008 Mohamed Ayub
Puthiya Tamilagam PTK 1996 K. Krishnasamy
Rashtriya Samaj Paksha RSP 2003 Mahadev Jankar
Rashtriya Ulama Council RUC 2008 Aamir Rashadi Madni
Social Democratic Party of India SDPI 2009 M. K. Faizy
Tamil Nadu Kongu Ilaingar Peravai KIP 2001 U. Thaniyarasu
Tamil Maanila Congress TMC(M) 1996 G. K. Vasan
Uttarakhand Kranti Dal UKD 1979 Kashi Singh Airy
Bharatiya Minorities Suraksha Mahasangh BMSM 1983 Sundar Shaekhar
Vanchit Bahujan Aghadi VBA 2018 Prakash Ambedkar
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi VCK 1972 Thol. Thirumavalavan
Welfare Party of India WPI 2011 S. Q. R. Ilyas
Hindu Sena HS 2011 Vishnu Gupta
Gorkha National Liberation Front GNLF 1980 Subhash Ghisingh
Gorkha Janmukti Morcha GJM 2007 Roshan Giri
Revolutionary Communist Party of India RCPI 1934 Saumyendranath Tagore
Akhil Bharatiya Gorkha League ABGL 1943 Bharati Tamang
Praja Socialist Party PSP 1952
Swaraj India SI 2016 Yogendra Yadav
All India Mahila Empowerment Party MEP 2017 Nowhera Shaik
Naam Tamilar Katchi NTK 1958 Seeman
All India Hindustan Congress Party AIHCP 2015 Buddh Prakash Sharma
Indian Gandhiyan Party IGP 2012 Aashin U S
Jansatta Dal Loktantrik Jansatta Party 2018 Raghuraj Pratap Singh
Hind Janata Party HJP 2020 Subhash Bharatiya

See alsoEdit


  • A If a party is recognised as a national or state party, its symbol is reserved for its exclusive use in the country or in the state.[14][15]
  • B In all States/U.T.s except in the State of Assam, where its candidates will have to choose a symbol from out of the list of free symbols specified by the Commission.
  • C In addition to those included, the total is 1,761.
  • D Current leaders are presidents of their respective parties and not necessarily the leaders of their legislative group in the Indian Parliament.
  • E Recently Trinamool Congress and National People's Party were also recognised as National parties by the Election commission of India.


  1. ^ a b "Registration of political Parties". FAQs. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d "List of Political Parties & Symbol MAIN Notification". Election Commission of India. 15 March 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Amendment Notificaiton - List of Registered Unrecognised Parties and Symbols after 15 March 2019". Election Commission of India. 1 April 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d "Amendment Notificaiton - List of Registered Recognised Parties and Symbols & List of Registered Unrecognised Parties and Symbols after 1 April 2019". Election Commission of India. 25 September 2019.
  5. ^ a b c "Amending notification regarding political parties and their eletion symbol dated 10.01.2020". Election Commission of India. 15 January 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Merger of Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik), a recognized State Party in the State of Jharkhand with the Bharatiya Janata Party". Election Commission of India. 6 March 2020.
  7. ^ "Dynamics of elevation of political parties to State or National Party". Press Information Bureau. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  8. ^ "When is a Political Party recognized as a National or State Party?". FACTLY. 28 January 2017. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  9. ^ "Amendment of the Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968. Allotment of common symbol to candidates of registered un-recognized political parties". Press Information Bureau. 17 October 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  10. ^ "Manjhi's HAM recognised by poll panel". The Statesman. 19 July 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  11. ^ "Allotment of Common Symbol -10B letter dt 15.9.15" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 15 September 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  12. ^ "June 2015 Notification" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 2. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  13. ^ "Contact Us". Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  14. ^ "Names of National, State, registered-unrecognised parties and the list of free symbols" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 12 March 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  15. ^ "State Party List" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 13 December 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 February 2017.

Further readingEdit

  • Subrata K. Mitra and V. B. Singh. 1999. Democracy and Social Change in India: but parties have to be 70per of decision A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the National Electorate. New Delhi: Sage Publications. ISBN 81-7036-809-X (India HB) ISBN 0-7619-9344-4 (U.S. HB).
  • Subrata K. Mitra, Mike Enskat, Clemens Spiess (eds.). 2004. Political Parties in South Asia. Greenwood: Praeger.