Bihar Legislative Assembly
Bihar Legislative Assembly
Bihar Vidhan Sabha
|17th Legislative Assembly of Bihar|
|Bihar State Assembly, Patna, Bihar, India|
The Bihar Legislative Assembly came into existence in 1937. The Assembly had a strength of 152 members. According to the provisions of the Constitution of India, the first General Elections in the state were held in 1952. The total strength of membership in the Assembly was 331, including one nominated member. Dr. Shri Krishna Singh became the first Leader of the House and the Chief Minister, Dr. Anugrah Narayan Singh was elected the first Deputy Leader of the Assembly and became state's first Deputy Chief Minister. It was reduced to 318 during the second General Elections. In 1977, the total number of elected members of the Bihar Legislative Assembly was further raised from 318 to 324. With the creation of a separate State of Jharkhand, by an Act of Parliament titled as the Bihar Reorganisation Act, the strength of the Bihar Legislative Assembly was reduced from 324 to 243 members. Among 243 seats 38are S.C and 2are S.T reserved seats.
Bihar Legislative Assembly termsEdit
Following are the dates of constitution and dissolution of the Bihar Legislative Assembly. First sitting date and date of completion of term for each Vidhan Sabha can be different from the constitution and dissolution dates (respectively).
|1st||20 May 1952||31 March 1957||1,776|
|2nd||20 May 1957||15 March 1962||1,760|
|3rd||16 March 1962||16 March 1967||1,826|
|4th||17 March 1967||26 February 1969||712|
|5th||26 February 1969||28 March 1972||1,126|
|6th||29 March 1972||30 April 1977||1,858|
|7th||24 June 1977||17 February 1980||968|
|8th||8 June 1980||12 March 1985||1,738|
|9th||12 March 1985||10 March 1990||1,824|
|10th||10 March 1990||28 March 1995||1,844|
|11th||4 April 1995||2 March 2000||1,795|
|12th||3 March 2000||6 March 2005||1,830|
|13th||7 March 2005||24 November 2005||263|
|14th||24 November 2005||26 November 2010||1,829||Second Nitish Kumar ministry|
|15th||26 November 2010||20 November 2015||1,821||Third Nitish Kumar ministry (2010-13)
Fourth Nitish Kumar ministry (2013-15)
|16th||20 November 2015||14 November 2020||1821||Fifth Nitish Kumar ministry (2015-17)
Sixth Nitish Kumar ministry (2017-20)
|17th||16 November 2020||Incumbent||Seventh Nitish Kumar ministry|
The Bihar Legislative Assembly is not a permanent body and subject to dissolution. The tenure of the Legislative Assembly is five years from the date appointed for its first sitting unless dissolved sooner. Members of the Legislative Assembly are directly elected by the people.
There are three sessions (Budget session, Monsoon session, Winter session) every year.
The Sessions of Legislative Assembly are presided by Speaker. The Speaker certifies that whether a bill is ordinary bill or money bill. Generally he does not participate in voting but he casts his vote in the case of tie. Vijay Kumar Sinha is the current Speaker of Bihar Legislative Assembly. The Legislative Assembly also has a Secretariat which is headed by Secretary. He is under the disciplinary control of Speaker. The function of Secretary is to assist the Speaker. Bateshwar Nath Pandey is the current Secretary of Bihar Legislative Assembly.
- PTI (24 March 2021). "JDU's Maheshwar Hazari Elected Bihar Deputy Speaker Amid Assembly Boycott". NDTV. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
- "First Bihar assembly: Down memory lane". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 18 May 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
- "Bihar poll dates announced: Some facts youn need to know about Bihar Legislative Assembly". www.oneindia.com. Archived from the original on 20 November 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
- Etemaad (14 November 2020). "Bihar Governor Phagu Chauhan Formally Dissolved 16th Legislative Assembly". Retrieved 15 November 2020.
- Tewary, Amarnath (25 November 2020). "NDA nominee Vijay Kumar Sinha elected Bihar Assembly Speaker". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 January 2021.