Gopalganj district, India

Gopalganj is one of the administrative districts in the Indian state of Bihar. The district headquarters is the town of Gopalganj, and the district is part of Saran Division.[1] Major languages spoken are Bhojpuri, Hindi, and Urdu.

Gopalganj district
Bihar district location map Gopalganj.svg
Country India
StateBihar
DivisionSaran
HeadquartersGopalganj
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesGopalganj
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesBaikunthpur, Barauli, Gopalganj, Kuchaikote, Bhore, Hathua
Area
 • Total2,033 km2 (785 sq mi)
Area rank26th in the state of Bihar
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,562,012
 • Density1,260/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy65.47%
 • Sex ratio1021
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationBR-28
Major highwaysNH-28
Websitegopalganj.nic.in

GeographyEdit

Gopalganj district, India occupies an area of 2,033 square kilometres (785 sq mi),[2] comparatively equivalent to Spain's Tenerife Island.[3]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901628,381—    
1911597,141−0.51%
1921610,307+0.22%
1931648,526+0.61%
1941746,012+1.41%
1951822,854+0.99%
1961926,736+1.20%
19711,107,464+1.80%
19811,362,123+2.09%
19911,704,310+2.27%
20012,152,638+2.36%
20112,562,012+1.76%
source:[4]

According to the 2011 census Gopalganj district, India had a population of 2,562,012,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[6] or the US state of Nevada.[7] of which 1,267,666 are males while 1,294,346 are females. This gives it a ranking of 163rd in India (out of a total of 640).[5] Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 449,530 which is 17.54% of total population of Gopalganj district.[8] The district had a population density of 1,260 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,300/sq mi) .[9] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.02%.[9] Gopalganj had a literacy rate of 65.47%[10] and sex ratio of 1021 females for every 1000 males, Gopalganj ranks 1st in terms of sex-ratio (1,021) against the state’s 918.[9] The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 320,064 and 60,807 respectively.[10] Gopalganj district had 411,930 households in 2011.[9]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 96.09% of the population in the district spoke Bhojpuri, 1.85% Hindi and 1.76% Urdu as their first language.[11]

Based on the 2011 census:

  • Population: 2,562,012 (2.62% of the state)[12]
  • Density of population: 1260
  • Men: 1,267,666 (49.48%)[9]
  • Women: 1,294,346 (50.52%)
  • Urban population: 162,805 (6.35%)
  • Rural population: 2,399,207 (93.65%)
  • % of Scheduled castes: 12.49%[10]
  • % of Scheduled tribes: 2.37%[10]

Administrative DivisionEdit

Gopalganj is divided into 2 sub-divisions, 14 Blocks, 4 municipalities[13] and 234 Gram Panchayats (village councils).

Subdivision CD Block Hindi name Area (KM2) Population (2011)
2 14 १४ 2,033 2,562,012
Gopalganj Baikunthpur बैकुंठपुर 204.11 217,165
Barauli बरौली 184.38 263,876
Gopalganj गोपालगंज 195.47 219,527
Kuchaikote कुचायकोट 251.43 332,041
Manjha मांझा 141.47 199,452
Thawe थावे 69.99 116,106
Sidhwaliya सिधवलिया 120.13 141,563
Hathua Bhorey भोरे 147.73 178,199
Hathua हथुआ 146.65 221,804
Kateya कटेया 126.17 130,830
Panchdewari पंचदेवरी 92.82 99,933
Phulwariya फुलवरिया 95.56 130,801
Uchkagaon ऊँचकागांव 113.29 177,677
Vijayipur विजयीपुर 130.40 133,038

Urban councilsEdit

There are 4 urban area in Gopalganj district. 3 Nagar Panchayat and 1 Nagar Parishad. Although Hathua is also an urban area categorized as Census town but not counted as municipality.

Urban council Council's type Hindi name part of (Block) Area (KM²) Population (2011)
Gopalganj Nagar Parishad गोपालगंज Gopalganj 11.11 67,339
Kataiya Nagar Panchayat कटैया Kataiya 12.06 20,193
Mirganj Nagar Panchayat मीरगंज Unchkagaon 5.48 26,240
Barauli Nagar Panchayat बरौली Barauli 22.21 41877

Village councilsEdit

There are 234 Gram Panchayats in Gopalganj district grouped into 14 blocks. There are total 1566 villages in Gopalganj District. There are 169 uninhabited villages (out of 1,566 total villages) in the district of Gopalganj.[14]

ConstituenciesEdit

Vidhan Sabha ConstituenciesEdit

  1. Baikunthpur[15]
  2. Barauli
  3. Gopalganj
  4. Kuchaikote
  5. Bhore
  6. Hathua

Lok Sabha constituenciesEdit

  1. Gopalganj

EducationEdit

Initially, Gopalganj had little to offer in terms of good quality education to its residents. Presently Schools and colleges in the city are either run by the government or by private trusts and individuals. The schools are each affiliated with either the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), or the Bihar School Examination Board.[16] English is the medium of instruction in most private schools; though government run schools offer both English and Hindi. The Sainik School prepares boys for entry into the National Defence Academy. After completing their secondary education, which involves ten years of schooling, students typically enroll at Higher Secondary School in one of the three streams—Arts, Commerce or Science.

EconomyEdit

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Gopalganj one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[17] It is one of the 38 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[17]

TransportEdit

NH 28 passes through Gopalganj one can find the multiple buses for commuting in state and other state.

Siwan Junction railway station is the main railway station for Gopalganj. Thawe station also serves local passenger other small station: Hathua Road, Sasamusa, Sipaya-(Serves Kuchaikote, Khutwania, Dubey Khariya, Vinod Khariya and nearby Villages), and Tamkuhi Road.

Sabeya Airport, Jay Prakash Narayan Airport Patna and Mahayogi Gorakhnath Airport, Gorakhpur are the nearest commercial airports.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Welcome GOPALGANJ". Gopalganj.bih.nic.in. 2011-07-21. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21.
  2. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  3. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Tenerife2,034km2
  4. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  5. ^ a b "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Kuwait 2,595,62
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Nevada 2,700,551
  8. ^ Page 33 (2011). "Census" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 September 2021.
  9. ^ a b c d e Page 23 (2011). "Census" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 September 2021.
  10. ^ a b c d Page 24 (2011). "Census" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 September 2021.
  11. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  12. ^ "Gopalganj District At a Glance". Gopalganj.bih.nic.in. 2011-07-21. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2012-08-24.
  13. ^ "Municipalities | Website of Gopalganj District | India" (in American English). Retrieved 2021-09-07.
  14. ^ "Demography | Website of Gopalganj District | India" (in American English). Archived from the original on 1 August 2021. Retrieved 2021-09-06.
  15. ^ "Constituencies | Website of Gopalganj District | India" (in American English). Retrieved 2021-09-06.
  16. ^ "Bihar School Examination Board". Biharboard.bih.nic.in. 2010-12-03. Retrieved 2012-08-24.
  17. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 26°27′55″N 84°26′30″E / 26.4654°N 84.4416°E / 26.4654; 84.4416