Rashtriya Janata Dal

The Rashtriya Janata Dal (abbreviated as RJD; translation: National People's Party) is an Indian socialist political party, based in the states of Bihar, Jharkhand and Kerala. The party was founded in 1997 by Lalu Prasad Yadav.[7][8]

Rashtriya Janata Dal
AbbreviationRJD
Leader
PresidentLalu Prasad Yadav
Rajya Sabha leaderPrem Chand Gupta
Founder
Founded5 July 1997 (25 years ago) (1997-07-05)
Merger of
Split fromJanata Dal
Headquarters13, V. P. House, Rafi Marg, New Delhi, India-110001
Student wingChhatra Rashtriya Janata Dal
Youth wingYuva Rashtriya Janata Dal
Women's wingMahila Rashtriya Janata Dal
IdeologySocialism[1]
Secularism[2]
Progressivism[3]
Left-wing populism[4]
Political positionCentre-left[5] to left-wing[6]
Colours  Green
ECI StatusState party
AllianceUnited Progressive Alliance (2004–2021)
Mahagathbandhan (Bihar) (2015–present)
Mahagathbandhan (Jharkhand) (2019–present)
Seats in Lok Sabha
0 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
5 / 245
Seats in State Legislative Assemblies
Seats in Bihar Legislative Council
14 / 75
Election symbol
Indian Election Symbol Hurricane Lamp.png
Website
rjdonline.in

The mass base of the party has traditionally been Other Backward Classes , Dalits and Muslims and the party is considered as champion of cause of lower caste politics.[9] In 2008, RJD received the status of recognized national level party following its performance in north-eastern states.[10] RJD was derecognised as a national party on 30 July 2010.[11] Leading the Mahagathbandhan with over 115 MLAs, it is currently the single largest political party in Bihar.

HistoryEdit

FormationEdit

 
RJD Women's wing office in Delhi

On 5 July 1997, Lalu Prasad Yadav, Raghuvansh Prasad Singh, Mohammad Shahabuddin, Abdul Bari Siddiqui, Kanti Singh, Mohammed Taslimuddin along with seventeen Lok Sabha MPs and eight Rajya Sabha MPs along with supporters gathered at New Delhi formed the new political party, Rashtriya Janata Dal. It was formed as breakaway of Janata Dal. Lalu Prasad was elected as the first president of RJD. It is a centre-left party.

In the March 1998 national elections, RJD won 17 Lok Sabha seats from Bihar but failed to make significant headway in any other state. Later that year, the party formed an alliance with Mulayam Singh Yadav's Samajwadi Party as an anti-Bharatiya Janata Party secular coalition but the coalition failed in garnering any widespread support.

In UPAEdit

In the October 1999 elections, RJD fought the election in alliance with Indian National Congress but lost 10 Lok Sabha seats including the seat of Lalu Prasad Yadav.

In the 2000 state elections, however, it performed well, winning a majority of the seats in the state assembly in Bihar. Continuing its upswing in electoral fortunes, the party won 24 Lok Sabha seats in the 2004 elections that it fought in alliance with Indian National Congress. It was a part of Indian National Congress led United Progressive Alliance (UPA) from 2004 to May 2009, wherein Lalu Yadav held the position of the Minister of Railways.

In February 2005 Bihar Legislative Assembly election RJD won only 75 seats and lost the power. In the state elections held later that year – as a result of no party being able to form a government and RJD continued its downward slide winning only 54 seats.

In 2009 Indian general election, the RJD broke its alliance from UPA when seat sharing talks failed. RJD formed its alliance with Ram Vilas Paswan's Lok Janshakti Party and Mulayam Singh Yadav's Samajwadi Party what the media has dubbed the "Fourth Front". RJD performed poorly and won just four seats, all of them in Bihar. However, in 2010 Assembly election, the RJD did not continue their alliance with Samajwadi Party.

In 2014 Indian general election RJD came back to UPA and contested election in alliance with Indian National Congress and Nationalist Congress Party in Bihar. Out of 40 seats in Bihar, RJD will contest on 27 seats, INC on 12 and NCP on one. RJD won only four out of total forty Loksabha seats in Bihar.[12][13][14][15][16]

OrganisationEdit

The party leadership consists of the following bodies.

National PresidentEdit

Lalu Prasad Yadav is the National President of RJD.

National Vice PresidentEdit

The national vice president members of the party Mangani Lal Mandal, Mohd Ilyas Hussain, Ahmed Ashfaq Karim ,Rabri Devi , Raghuvansh Prasad Singh and Shivanand Tiwary.

National Secretary general : Abdul Bari Siddiqui.

National Treasurer  : Sunil Kumar Singh[17]

Political Affairs CommitteeEdit

National Executive CommitteeEdit

The national executive members of the party Lalu Prasad Yadav, Tejashwi Yadav, Tej Pratap Yadav, Misa Bharti, Prem Chandra Gupta ,Manoj Jha, Abdul Bari Siddiqui and Ram Chandra Purve.[18]

The Mahagathbandhan (Grand Alliance)Edit

On 14 April 2015, the RJD, Janata Dal (United), Janata Dal (Secular), the Indian National Lok Dal, Samajwadi Party, and Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) announced that they would merge into a new national Janata Parivar alliance in order to oppose the BJP, thus breaking their long time alliance with the INC.[19] This would give the alliance 14 Lok Sabha seats and 30 Rajya Sabha seats.

On 7 May 2015, the RJD expelled Rajesh Ranjan for six years due to anti-RJD activities after speculation rose that he may join the Biju Janata Dal for the 2015 Bihar Legislative Assembly election but he formed a new party called Jan Adhikar Party.[20]

In November 2015, RJD won the elections as party became the single largest party with 80 followed by Janata Dal (United) with 71 seats, BJP with 53 seats and Congress with 27 seats. In terms of vote share, BJP came first with 24.4%, followed by RJD with 18.4% and JD (U) with 16.8% and Congress got 6.7%. Janata Dal (United)'s Nitish Kumar became the Chief Minister and Lalu's son Tejashwi Yadav became the Deputy Chief Ministers of Bihar.

In July 2017, following the corruption cases against Tejashwi Yadav, Nitish Kumar asked Yadav to resign from the cabinet, which was refused by RJD. In order to protect his clean image towards corruption, Nitish Kumar resigned on 26 July 2017, ending RJD's stake in Bihar government. What followed next was a coalition BJP and JDU as a result Nitish Kumar became the Chief Minister again whereas Sushil Modi, a prominent BJP leader became the Deputy Chief Minister.[21][22][23]

Alliance between Indian National Congress and the RJD has factioned in October 2021.[24][25] When Tejashwi given tickets to candidates in Bihar By-elections,[26] where Congress was fixed to stand candidates.[27][28]

Electoral performanceEdit

Lok Sabha electionsEdit

Lok Sabha Term Indian
General election
Seats
contested
Seats
won
Votes Polled % of
votes
% of votes in
seats contested
State (seats) Ref.
13th Lok Sabha 1999 61 7 10,150,492 2.79 24.95% Bihar (7)
14th Lok Sabha 2004 42 24 93,84,147 2.4 Bihar (22) Jharkhand (2)
[29]
15th Lok Sabha 2009 44 4 52,80,084 1.3 Bihar (4)
[29]
16th Lok Sabha 2014 30 4 74,42,313 1.4 Bihar (4)
[29]
17th Lok Sabha 2019 21 0 66,31,585 1.1 N/A [29]

Bihar Vidhan Sabha (Lower House) ElectionEdit

Vidhan Sabha Term Bihar Assembly Elections Seats Contested Seats Won % of votes Party Votes
11th Vidhan Sabha 2000 293 124 28.34 10,500,361[30]
12th Vidhan Sabha 2005 February 210 75 25.07 6,140,223[31]
13th Vidhan Sabha 2005 October 175 54 23.45 5,525,081[32]
14th Vidhan Sabha 2010 168 22 18.84 5,475,656[33]
15th Vidhan Sabha 2015 101 80 18.4 6,995,509[34]
16th Vidhan Sabha 2020 144 75 23.11 9,738,855[35]

Jharkhand Vidhan Sabha ElectionEdit

Vidhan Sabha Term Jharkhand Assembly Elections Seats Contested Seats Won % of votes Party Votes
2nd Vidhan Sabha 2005 51 7 8.48 [36]
3rd Vidhan Sabha 2009 56 5 5.03 517,324[37]
4th Vidhan Sabha 2014 19 0 3.13 133,815[38]
5th Vidhan Sabha 2019 7 1 2.75 413,167[39]

List of Chief MinistersEdit

Chief MinistersEdit

No. Name

Constituency

Term of office Tenure length Party Assembly

(Election)

Ref
1 Lalu Prasad Yadav 10 March 1990 28 March 1995 5 years, 18 days Rashtriya Janata Dal Tenth Assembly
2 Lalu Prasad Yadav 4 April 1995 25 July 1997 2 years, 112 days Rashtriya Janata Dal Eleventh Assembly
3 Rabri Devi 25 July 1997 2 March 2000 1 year, 201 days Rashtriya Janata Dal Eleventh Assembly
4 Rabri Devi 11 March 2000 6 March 2005 4 years, 360 days Rashtriya Janata Dal Twelfth Assembly

Deputy Chief MinistersEdit

No. Name

Constituency

Term of office Tenure length Party Assembly

(Election)

Ref
1 Tejashwi Yadav 26 November 2015 26 July 2017 1 year, 244 days Rashtriya Janata Dal 17th Bihar Assembly

List of Central MinistersEdit

No. Name Term of office Portfolio Prime Minister
1 Lalu Prasad Yadav 24 May 2004 22 May 2009 Minister of Railways Manmohan Singh
2 Jay Prakash Narayan Yadav 24 May 2004 22 May 2009 Minister of Water Resources Manmohan Singh
3 Taslimuddin 24 May 2004 22 May 2009 Ministry of Agriculture and Minister of State in the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution. Manmohan Singh
4 Kanti Singh 24 May 2004 22 May 2009 Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Tourism
Minister of Women and Child Development
Manmohan Singh
5 Raghuvansh Prasad Singh 24 May 2004 24 May 2009 Minister of Rural Development Manmohan Singh
6 Md. Ali Ashraf Fatmi 24 May 2004 24 May 2009 Ministry of Human Resource Development Manmohan Singh
7 Raghunath Jha 24 May 2004 24 May 2009 Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises Manmohan Singh

Prominent membersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Party ideology".
  2. ^ "Lalu Yadav secular champion".
  3. ^ "RJD Website".
  4. ^ "Populism in India".
  5. ^ "Party political position".
  6. ^ "Populism in India".
  7. ^ "Profile: Laloo Prasad Yadav". 18 December 2006. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  8. ^ "Lalu Prasad Yadav: The shrewd politician's highs and lows". Rediff. 30 September 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  9. ^ Democracy against Development.
  10. ^ "RJD gets 'national' tag – India – The Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  11. ^ Balaji, J. (30 July 2010). "RJD-derecognised-as-national-party". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  12. ^ "Lok sabha election 2019- In comparison to different media channels the Exit polls are in favour of modi". Election Commission of India. 21 May 2019. Archived from the original on 19 May 2014.
  13. ^ Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD Lok Sabha candidates for general election 2014. Updatesindia.in (6 March 2014). Retrieved on 21 May 2014.
  14. ^ "Lok Sabha elections: RJD, Cong, NCP announce alliance in Bihar". The Times of India. PTI. 5 March 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2014.
  15. ^ RJD, Congress, NCP stitch up alliance in Bihar. Hindustan Times. Retrieved on 21 May 2014.
  16. ^ Vaibhav, Aditya (17 May 2014). "Election results 2014: JD(U), RJD decimated in Bihar". The Times of India. TNN. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  17. ^ "Sunil becomes Treasurer of RJD in no time".
  18. ^ "RJD announces new national executive team". Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  19. ^ "'Janata Parivar' formalised, Mulayam Singh named chief of new party | Zee News". Zeenews.india.com. 15 April 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  20. ^ "Madhepura MP Pappu Yadav expelled from RJD, may join hands with BJP | Zee News". Zeenews.india.com. 7 May 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  21. ^ "Nitish Kumar resigns as Bihar Chief Minister, says had become 'difficult for me to work'". The Indian Express. 26 July 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  22. ^ "Live updates: Nitish Kumar resigns as Bihar CM; Modi welcomes decision". The Hindu. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  23. ^ "Live | PM Modi Backs Nitish on 'Joining Fight Against Corruption'". The Quint. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  24. ^ "Bihar Bypolls 2021 : बिहार में महागठबंधन टूटा? कांग्रेस ने उपचुनाव में राजद के खिलाफ इन दिग्गजों को मैदान में उतारा". Navbharat Times (in Hindi). Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  25. ^ "खुल गई महागठबंधन की गांठ? बिहार उपचुनाव से पहले राजद-कांग्रेस में फूट की खबरों पर तेजस्वी यादव ने दी सफाई". Hindustan (in Hindi). Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  26. ^ श्री, निधि (October 2021). "Bihar News: उप चुनाव के लिए तारापुर और कुशेश्वरस्थान से NDA ने घोषित किया उम्मीदवार". ABP News (in Hindi). Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  27. ^ "बिहार: महागठबंधन में दरार! कांग्रेस ने उप चुनाव में RJD के खिलाफ उतारे उम्मीदवार". आज तक (in Hindi). Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  28. ^ "Bihar News: बिहार उप-चुनाव की 2 सीटों पर लड़ेगी राजद? तेजस्वी यादव ने दिया ये जवाब". Navbharat Times (in Hindi). Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  29. ^ a b c d "PC: Party performance over elections – Rashtriya Janata Dal".
  30. ^ Commission, Election. "ECI 2000 Election". Election Commission.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  31. ^ "Bihar Assembly Election Results in February 2005". Elections in India. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  32. ^ "Bihar Assembly Election Results in 2005". Elections in India. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  33. ^ "Bihar Assembly Election Results in 2010". Elections in India. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  34. ^ "Bihar Assembly Election Results in 2015". Elections in India. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  35. ^ "Bihar election result 2020: Seat wise full list of winners". India Today. 11 November 2020. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  36. ^ "Jharkhand Assembly Election Results in 2005". elections.in. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  37. ^ "Jharkhand Assembly Election Results in 2009". elections.in. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  38. ^ "Jharkhand Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) Election Results 2014". elections.in. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  39. ^ "Jharkhand Assembly Election Results 2019 | Jharkhand Election 2019 Results – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  40. ^ "Rashtriya Janata Dal expels 3 MLAs for anti-party activities". Newsonair.com. Archived from the original on 14 September 2020. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  41. ^ "Mohammad Shahabuddin:thakur navneet singh was also arrested meanwhile The Bahubali of Bihar is back". Indian Express. 15 September 2016.
  42. ^ Kumar, Anshuman (26 November 2019). "Jagdanand Singh becomes Bihar state president of Rashtriya Janata Dal". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 2 July 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  43. ^ "राजापाकड़ विधानसभा सीट: JDU और RJD में कड़ी टक्कर, किसे खेमे में जाएगी जीत?". Aajtak. Retrieved 21 November 2020.

External linksEdit