Bihar Legislative Council

Bihar Vidhan Parishad, also known as Bihar Legislative Council, is the upper house of the bicameral legislature of the state of Bihar in India.

Bihar Legislative Council
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
6 years
Leadership
Chairman (Acting)
Awadhesh Narain Singh, BJP
since June 2020
Deputy Chairman
Awadhesh Narain Singh, BJP
since June 2020
Leader of the House
(Chief Minister)
Nitish Kumar, JD(U)
since 27 July 2017
Government's Chief Whip
Sanjay Kumar Singh, JD(U)
since 27 July 2017
Government's Deputy Chief Whip
Reena Yadav, JDU
since 22 February 2021
Leader of the Opposition
Vacant, None have more than 10% membership
since 23 June 2020
Structure
Seats75 (63 Elected + 12 Nominated)
Bihar Vidhan Parishad 2020.svg
Political groups
Government (46)
  •   JD(U) (23)
  •   BJP (21)
  •   HAM (1)
  •   VIP (1)

Opposition (12)

Others (1)

Vacant (16)

  •   Vacant (16)
Elections
Single transferable vote
Meeting place
Bihar Legislative Council, Patna, Bihar, India
Website
http://www.biharvidhanparishad.gov.in

HistoryEdit

A new Province of Bihar and Odisha was created by the Government of India on 12 December 1911. The Legislative Council with a total of 43 members belonging to different categories was formed in 1912. The first sitting of the Council was convened on 20 January 1913 at Patna College Bankipore. In 1920 Bihar and orrisa declared governor province, as per Government of India Act 1919. As per Government of India Act 1935 Bihar and Orissa was split into separate provinces of Bihar and Orissa. In 1936, [Bihar] attained its separate Statehood. Under the Government of India Act, 1919, the unicameral legislature got converted into bicameral one, i.e., the Bihar Legislative Council and the Bihar Legislative Assembly. Under the Government of India Act, 1935, the Bihar Legislative Council consisted of 29 members. On March 21, 1938, the session of the Bihar Legislative Council took place in a newly built building. On 1 April 1950, the secretariat of BLC started functioning. After the first General Elections 1952, the number of members was increased up to 72 and by 1958 the number was raised to 96. With the creation of Jharkhand, as a result of the Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000 passed by the Parliament, the strength of the Bihar Legislative Council has been reduced from 96 to 75 members. Some veteran council members B. P. Mandal, Jagannath Mishra, Satyendra Narain Singh and Lalu Prasad Yadav have also served as Chief Minister of Bihar.

WorkingEdit

Bihar Legislative Council is a permanent body and not subject to dissolution. But as nearly as possible, one-third of the members thereof retire as soon as may be on the expiration of every second year. Members are now elected or nominated for six years and one-third of them retire every second year. The presiding officers of Vidhan Parishad are now known as Chairman and Deputy Chairman. Members of the upper house, the Legislative Council are indirectly elected through an electoral college. There are 27 Committees which are, at present, functional in the Council. Besides, there are three Financial Committees consisting of the members of the two Houses of the State Legislature.

Current membersEdit

  • Chairman (Acting): Awadhesh Narayan Singh
  • Deputy Chairman : Awadhesh Narayan Singh
  • Leader of the House : Nitish Kumar
  • Deputy Leader of the House : Vacant
  • Government's Chief Whip : Sanjay Kumar Singh
  • Government's Deputy Chief Whip : Rajnish Kumar
  • Leader of the Opposition : Vacant

Elected by Legislative Assembly MembersEdit

Keys:   JD(U) (12)   BJP (6)   RJD (5)   INC (2)   HAM(S) (1)   VIP (1)

# Member Party Term Start Term End
1. Bhishm Sahni Janata Dal (United) 29-June-2020 28-June-2026
2. Kumud Verma Janata Dal (United) 29-June-2020 28-June-2026
3. Gulam Gaus Janata Dal (United) 29-June-2020 28-June-2026
4. Nitish Kumar Janata Dal (United) 07-May-2018 06-May-2024
5. Rameshwar Mahto Janata Dal (United) 07-May-2018 06-May-2024
6. Khalid Anwar Janata Dal (United) 07-May-2018 06-May-2024
7. Sanjay Kumar Jha Janata Dal (United) 31-May-2019 06-May-2024
8. Gulam Rasool Balyawi Janata Dal (United) 22-July-2016 22-July-2022
9. Tanveer Akhtar Janata Dal (United) 22-July-2016 22-July-2022
10. C. P. Sinha Janata Dal (United) 22-July-2016 22-July-2022
11. Ranvijay Singh Janata Dal (United) 23-June-2020 22-July-2022
12. Qamar Alam Janata Dal (United) 23-June-2020 22-July-2022
13. Sanjay Mayukh Bharatiya Janata Party 29-June-2020 28-June-2026
14. Samrat Chaudhary Bharatiya Janata Party 29-June-2020 28-June-2026
15. Mangal Pandey Bharatiya Janata Party 07-May-2018 06-May-2024
16. Sanjay Paswan Bharatiya Janata Party 07-May-2018 06-May-2024
17. Syed Shahnawaz Hussain Bharatiya Janata Party 21-January-2021 06-May-2024
18. Arjun Sahani Bharatiya Janata Party 22-July-2016 22-July-2022
19. Rambali Singh Chandravanshi Rashtriya Janata Dal 29-June-2020 28-June-2026
20. Sunil Singh Rashtriya Janata Dal 29-June-2020 28-June-2026
21. Farooq Shaikh Rashtriya Janata Dal 29-June-2020 28-June-2026
22. Rabri Devi Rashtriya Janata Dal 07-May-2018 06-May-2024
23. Ram Chandra Purve Rashtriya Janata Dal 07-May-2018 06-May-2024
24. Sameer Kumar Singh Indian National Congress 29-June-2020 28-June-2026
25. Prem Chandra Mishra Indian National Congress 07-May-2018 06-May-2024
26. Santosh Suman Hindustani Awam Morcha (Secular) 07-May-2018 06-May-2024
27. Mukesh Sahani Vikassheel Insaan Party 21-January-2021 22-July-2022

Elected from Local Authorities ConstituenciesEdit

Keys:   BJP (12)   JD(U) (6)   RJD (1)   INC (1)   Vacant (4)

# Constituency Member Party Term Start Term End
1 Patna Vacant 16-July-2021
2 Bhojpur Radha Charan Sah Janata Dal (United) 23-June-2020 16-July-2021
3 Gaya-Jehanabad-Arwal Manorama Devi Janata Dal (United) 17-July-2015 16-July-2021
4 Nalanda Reena Devi Janata Dal (United) 17-July-2015 16-July-2021
5 Rohtas-Kaimur Santosh Kumar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 17-July-2015 16-July-2021
6 Nawada Salman Raghib Janata Dal (United) 17-July-2015 16-July-2021
7 Aurangabad Rajan Kumar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 17-July-2015 16-July-2021
8 Saran Sachchidanand Rai Bharatiya Janata Party 17-July-2015 16-July-2021
9 Siwan Tunna Pandey Bharatiya Janata Party 17-July-2015 16-July-2021
10 Darbhanga Vacant 16-July-2021
11 East Champaran Rajesh Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party 17-July-2015 16-July-2021
12 Muzaffarpur Dinesh Prasad Singh Janata Dal (United) 17-July-2015 16-July-2021
13 Vaishali Subodh Kumar Rashtriya Janata Dal 17-July-2015 16-July-2021
14 Samastipur Hari Narayan Chaudhary Bharatiya Janata Party 17-July-2015 16-July-2021
15 West Champaran Rajesh Ram Indian National Congress 17-July-2015 16-July-2021
16 Sitamarhi-Sheohar Vacant 16-July-2021
17 Purnia-Araria-Kishanganj Dilip Kumar Jaiswal Bharatiya Janata Party 17-July-2015 16-July-2021
18 Bhagalpur-Banka Vacant 16-July-2021
19 Munger-Jamui-Lakhisarai Sanjay Prasad Janata Dal (United) 23-June-2020 16-July-2021
20 Katihar Ashok Kumar Agrawal Bharatiya Janata Party 17-July-2015 16-July-2021
21 Saharsa-Madhepura-Supaul Nutan Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 17-July-2015 16-July-2021
22 Madhubani Suman Kumar Mahaseth Bharatiya Janata Party 17-July-2015 16-July-2021
23 Gopalganj Aditya Narayan Pandey Bharatiya Janata Party 17-July-2015 16-July-2021
24 Begusarai-Khagaria Rajnish Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party 17-July-2015 16-July-2021

Elected from Graduates ConstituenciesEdit

Keys:  JD(U) (3)   BJP (2)   Independent (1)

# Constituency Member Party Term Start Term End
1 Tirhut Devesh Chandra Thakur Janata Dal (United) 17-Nov-2020 16-Nov-2026
2 Patna Neeraj Kumar Janata Dal (United) 17-Nov-2020 16-Nov-2026
3 Koshi N.K.Yadav Bharatiya Janta Party 17-Nov-2020 16-Nov-2026
4 Darbhanga Sarvesh kumar Independent 17-Nov-2020 16-Nov-2026
5 Saran Virendra Narayan Yadav Janata Dal (United) 09-May-2017 08-May-2023
6 Gaya Awadhesh Narain Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 09-May-2017 08-May-2023

Elected from Teachers ConstituenciesEdit

Keys:  JD(U) (2)   CPI (2)   BJP (1)   INC (1)

# Constituency Member Party Term Start Term End
1 Patna Nawal Kishore Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party 17-Nov-2020 16-Nov-2026
2 Darbhanga Madan Mohan Jha Indian National Congress 17-Nov-2020 16-Nov-2026
3 Saran Kedar Nath Pandey Communist Party of India 17-Nov-2020 16-Nov-2026
4 Tirhut Sanjay Kumar Singh Communist Party of India 17-Nov-2020 16-Nov-2026
5 Koshi Sanjeev Kumar Singh Janata Dal (United) 09-May-2017 08-May-2023
6 Gaya Sanjeev Shyam Singh Janata Dal (United) 09-May-2017 08-May-2023

NominatedEdit

Keys:  Vacant (12)

# Member Party Term Start Term End
1 Vacant 2020 2026
2 Vacant 2020 2026
3 Vacant 2020 2026
4 Vacant 2020 2026
5 Vacant 2020 2026
6 Vacant 2020 2026
7 Vacant 2020 2026
8 Vacant 2020 2026
9 Vacant 2020 2026
10 Vacant 2020 2026
11 Vacant 2020 2026
12 Vacant 2020 2026

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit