List of chief ministers of Bihar
The Chief Minister of Bihar is the chief executive of the Indian state of Bihar. As per the Constitution of India, the Governor of Bihar is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Bihar Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.
|Chief Minister of Bihar|
|Appointer||Governor of Bihar|
|Inaugural holder||Sri Krishna Singh|
|Formation||2 April 1946|
From 1946, 23 people have been Chief Minister of Bihar. The inaugural holder was Sri Krishna Sinha of the Indian National Congress, he also has the longest incumbency. The current incumbent is Nitish Kumar who resigned on 26 July 2017 but was again sworn in as the CM on 27 July 2017 with new cabinet ministers hence having incumbency since 22 February 2015 including 1 day as care taker.
Chief Ministers of BiharEdit
|Colour key for parties|
|1||Sri Krishna Singh||Basantpur West||2 April 1946||1957||5419 days||Indian National Congress||1st Assembly (1952–1957)|
|1957||31 January 1961||2nd Assembly (1957–1962)|
|2||Deep Narayan Singh||1 February 1961||18 February 1961||18 days|
|3||Binodanand Jha||Rajmahal||18 February 1961||1962||956 days|
|1962||2 October 1963||3rd Assembly (1962–1967)|
|4||K. B. Sahay||Patna West||2 October 1963||5 March 1967||1250 days|
|5||Mahamaya Prasad Sinha||Patna West||5 March 1967||28 January 1968||330 days||Jana Kranti Dal||4th Assembly (1967–1968)|
|6||Satish Prasad Singh||28 January 1968||1 February 1968||5 days||Samyukta Socialist Party|
|7||B. P. Mandal Yadav||1 February 1968||2 March 1968||31 days|
|8||Bhola Paswan Shastri||Korha||22 March 1968||29 June 1968||100 days||Indian National Congress|
|N/A||29 June 1968||26 February 1969||N/A|
|9||Harihar Singh||Nayagram||26 February 1969||22 June 1969||117 days||Indian National Congress||5th Assembly (1969–1972)|
|(8)||Bhola Paswan Shastri ||Korha||22 June 1969||4 July 1969||13 days||Indian National Congress (O)|
|N/A||6 July 1969||16 February 1970||N/A|
|10||Daroga Prasad Rai Yadav||Parsa||16 February. 1970||22 December 1970||310 days||Indian National Congress|
|11||Karpoori Thakur||Tajpur||22 December 1970||2 June 1971||163 days||Socialist Party|
|(8)||Bhola Paswan Shastri ||Korha||2 June 1971||9 January 1972||222 days
(total 335 days)
|Indian National Congress|
|N/A||9 January 1972||19 March 1972||N/A|
|12||Kedar Pandey||Nautan||19 March 1972||2 July 1973||471 days||Indian National Congress||6th Assembly (1972–1977)|
|13||Abdul Gafoor||Member of Bihar Legislative Council||2 July 1973||11 April 1975||649 days|
|14||Jagannath Mishra||Jhanjharpur||11 April 1975||30 April 1977||750 days|
|N/A||30 April 1977||24 June 1977||N/A|
|(11)||Karpoori Thakur||Phulpuras||24 June 1977||21 April 1979||668 days||Janata Party||7th Assembly (1977–1980)|
|15||Ram Sundar Das||Sonepur||21 April 1979||17 February 1980||303 days|
|N/A||17 February 1980||8 June 1980||N/A|
|(14)||Jagannath Mishra ||Jhanjharpur||8 June 1980||14 August 1983||1133 days||Indian National Congress (I)||8th Assembly (1980–1985)|
|16||Chandrashekhar Singh||14 August 1983||12 March 1985||577 days|
|17||Bindeshwari Dubey||Shahpur||12 March 1985||13 February 1988||1068 days||9th Assembly (1985–1990)|
|18||Bhagwat Jha Azad||Member of Bihar Legislative Council||14 February 1988||10 March 1989||391 days|
|19||Satyendra Narayan Sinha||Member of Bihar Legislative Council||11 March 1989||6 December 1989||271 days|
|(14)||Jagannath Mishra ||Jhanjharpur||6 December 1989||10 March 1990||95 days|
(total 1978 days)
|20||Lalu Prasad Yadav||Member of Bihar Legislative Council||10 March 1990||28 March 1995||1845 days||Janata Dal||10th Assembly (1990–95)|
|N/A||28 March 1995||4 April 1995||N/A|
|(20)||Lalu Prasad Yadav ||Raghopur||4 April 1995||25 July 1997||844 days
(total 2689 days)
|Janata Dal, Rashtriya Janata Dal||11th Assembly (1995–2000)|
|21||Rabri Devi||Member of Bihar Legislative Council||25 July 1997||11 February 1999||538 days||Rashtriya Janata Dal|
|N/A||11 February 1999||9 March 1999||N/A|
|(21)||Rabri Devi ||Member of Bihar Legislative Council||9 March 1999||2 March 2000||359 days||Rashtriya Janata Dal|
|22||Nitish Kumar [c]
||3 March 2000||10 March 2000||8 days||Samata Party||12th Assembly (Excludes Jharkhand) (2000–05)|
|(21)||Rabri Devi ||Raghopur||11 March 2000||6 March 2005||1821 days
(total 2718 days)
|Rashtriya Janata Dal |
|N/A||7 March 2005||24 November 2005||N/A||13th Assembly (2005)|
(February 2005 election)
|(22)||Nitish Kumar ||Member of Bihar Legislative Council||24 November 2005||26 November 2010||3099 days||Janata Dal (United)||14th Assembly (2005–10)|
(October 2005 election)
|26 November 2010||20 May 2014||15th Assembly (2010–15)|
|23||Jitan Ram Manjhi||Makhdumpur||20 May 2014||22 February 2015||278 days|
|(22)||Nitish Kumar ||Member of Bihar Legislative Council||22 February 2015||20 November 2015||1989 days|
|20 November 2015||Incumbent||16th Assembly (2015–20)|
Notes and referencesEdit
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chief ministers of Bihar.|
- Cite error: The named reference
partywas invoked but never defined (see the help page).
- President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.
- On 15 November 2000, the new state of Jharkhand was carved out of Bihar.
- Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Bihar as well.
- "Chief Ministers of Bihar". Bihar Chief Minister's website. Archived from the original on 19 March 2011.
- Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.
- "The Hindu : Nitish Kumar sworn in CM". www.hindu.com. Retrieved 3 April 2018.