National Democratic Alliance

National Democratic Alliance (NDA) is an Indian big tent political alliance led by the right-wing Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).[1] It was founded in 1998 and currently controls the government of India as well as the government of 18 Indian states.

National Democratic Alliance
AbbreviationNDA
ChairpersonAmit Shah
Lok Sabha leaderNarendra Modi
(Prime Minister)
Rajya Sabha leaderPiyush Goyal
Founder
Founded1998
IdeologyBig tent
Political positionRight-wing (BJP)[1]
Alliance27 parties
Seats in Lok Sabha
334 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
115 / 245
Seats in State Legislative AssembliesSee § Strength in legislative assemblies

Its first chairman was Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. L. K. Advani, the former Deputy Prime Minister, took over as chairman in 2004 and served until 2014, and Amit Shah has been the chairman since 2014. The coalition ruled from 1998 to 2004. The alliance returned to power in the 2014 general elections with a combined vote share of 38.5%.[2] Its leader Narendra Modi was sworn in as Prime Minister of India on 26 May 2014. In the 2019 general election, the alliance further increased its tally to 353 seats with combined vote share of 45.43%.[3]

History

 
First Prime Minister from NDA, Atal Bihari Vajpayee
 
Prime Minister Narendra Modi

The NDA was formed in May 1998 as a coalition to contest the general elections. The main aim of the NDA was to form an anti-Indian National Congress coalition. It was led by the BJP, and included several regional parties, including the Samta Party and the AIADMK, as well as Shiv Sena, But Shiv Sena broke away from the alliance in 2019 to join the Congress led United Progressive Alliance. The Shiv Sena was the only member which shared the Hindutva ideology of the BJP.[4][5] After the election, it was able to muster a slim majority with outside support from the Telugu Desam Party, allowing Atal Bihari Vajpayee to return as prime minister.[6]

The government collapsed within a year because the AIADMK withdrew its support. After the entry of a few more regional parties, the NDA proceeded to win the 1999 elections with a larger majority. Vajpayee became Prime Minister for a third time, and this time served a full five-year term.[7]

The NDA called elections in early 2004, six months ahead of schedule. Its campaign was based around the slogan of "India Shining" which attempted to depict the NDA government as responsible for a rapid economic transformation of the country. However, the NDA suffered a defeat, winning only a 186 seats in the Lok Sabha, compared to the 222 of the United Progressive Alliance led by the Congress, with Manmohan Singh succeeding Vajpayee as prime minister. Commentators have argued that the NDA's defeat was due to a failure to reach out to the rural masses.[8][9]

Structure

The National Democratic Alliance does not have a formal governing structure such as an executive board or politburo. It has been up to the leaders of the individual parties to make decisions on issues such as sharing of seats in elections, allocation of ministries and the issues that are raised in Parliament. Given the varied ideologies among the parties, there have been many cases of disagreement and split voting among the allies.

Owing to ill health, George Fernandes, who was the NDA convener until 2008, was discharged of his responsibility and replaced by Sharad Yadav, the then national president of the JD(U) political party. On 16 June 2013, the JD(U) left the coalition and Sharad Yadav resigned from the role of the NDA convener. Then the CM of Andhra Pradesh Chandrababu Naidu was made the NDA convener.[10]

On 27 July 2017 JD(U) with the help of BJP formed the government in Bihar. Later, on 19 August 2017 JD(U) formally rejoined the NDA after 4 years.[11]

Strength in parliament

Members of the National Democratic Alliance
Party LS 543 RS 245 Party Status
BJP 301 94 National Party
JDU 16 5 Bihar
AIADMK 1 6 Tamil Nadu
LJP 6 - Bihar
AD(S) 2 - Uttar Pradesh
NPP 1 1 Meghalaya
AJSU 1 - Jharkhand
NDPP 1 - Nagaland
SKM 1 - Sikkim
RPI(A) - 1 Maharashtra
AGP - 1 Assam
PMK - 1 Tamil Nadu
TMC(M) - 1 Tamil Nadu
AINRC - - Puducherry
Independent 3 1 None
Nominated - 3 None
Total 334 115 India

Governments

 
Current ruling parties in India
  BJP (12)
  INC (3)
  Other parties (AAP, AITC, BJD, CPI(M),MNF, TRS and YSRCP (7)

The BJP has previously been the sole party in power in Delhi, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Rajasthan. It has also ruled Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh as part of coalition and alliance governments.

The BJP has never been in power in 3 states - Kerala, Telangana, (between 1999 and 2004 BJP in alliance with TDP ruled a United Andhra Pradesh) and West Bengal. But BJP led NDA has ruled many local governing institutions including corporations, municipalities, panchayats and has also been elected to many Lok Sabha constituencies, state assembly constituencies and local body divisions and wards in these 3 states.

List of current NDA governments


S.No State/UT NDA Govt since Chief Minister Party/alliance partner Seats in Assembly

Last election

Name Party Seats Since 1 2 3 Others Independent
1 Assam 19 May 2016 Himanta Biswa Sarma BJP 60 10 May 2021 AGP

(9)

UPPL(5) 74/126 02 May 2021
2 Arunachal Pradesh 16 September 2016 Pema Khandu BJP 48 16 September 2016 NPP (4) 3 55/60 23 May 2019
3 Bihar 27 July 2017 Nitish Kumar JD(U) 43 27 July 2017 BJP

(74)

HAM

(4)

VIP (4) 1 126/243 10 November 2020
4 Gujarat 28 February 1998 Vijay Rupani BJP 112 7 August 2016 112/182 18 December 2017
5 Goa 6 March 2012 Pramod Sawant BJP 27 19 March 2019 1 28/40 11 March 2017
6 Haryana 19 October 2014 Manohar Lal Khattar BJP 40 26 October 2014 JJP

(10)

5 55/90 24 October 2019
7 Himachal Pradesh 18 December 2017 Jai Ram Thakur BJP 43 27 December 2017 43/68 18 December 2017
8 Karnataka 26 July 2019 Basavaraj Bommai BJP 119 26 July 2019 3 122/224 15 May 2019
9 Manipur 11 March 2017 N. Biren Singh BJP 24 15 March 2017 NPP (4) NPF (4) 3 35/60 11 March 2017
10 Madhya Pradesh 23 March 2020 Shivraj Singh Chauhan BJP 125 23 March 2020 7 132/230 December 2018
11 Meghalaya 6 March 2018 Conrad Sangma NPP 21 6 March 2018 UDP

(8)

PDF

(4)

BJP (2) HSPDP (2) 2 39/60 3 March 2018
12 Nagaland 8 March 2018 Neiphiu Rio NDPP 20 8 March 2018 BJP (12) 2 34/60 3 March 2018
13 Puducherry 7 May 2021 N. Rangasamy AINRC 10 7 May 2021 BJP (9) 6 25/33 03 May 2021
14 Tripura 9 March 2018 Biplab Kumar Deb BJP 36 9 March 2018 IPFT (7) 43/60 3 March 2018
15 Sikkim 23 May 2019 Prem Singh Tamang SKM 19 23 May 2019 BJP (12) 31/32 23 May 2019
16 Uttar Pradesh 11 March 2017 Yogi Adityanath BJP 306 17 March 2017 AD(S) (9) 315/403 11 March 2017
17 Uttarakhand 18 March 2017 Pushkar Singh Dhami BJP 56 3 July 2021 56/70 11 March 2017

Strength in legislative assemblies

Strength in state legislative assemblies

State/UT Seats BJP NDA Overall Tally CM of Ref(s)
Andhra Pradesh 175 0 JSP (1)
1 / 175
YSRCP [13]
Arunachal Pradesh 60 48 NPP (4)
55 / 60
BJP [14]
IND (3)
Assam 126 60 AGP (9)
74 / 126
BJP [15]
UPPL (5)
Bihar 243 74 JDU (43)
126 / 243
JD(U) [16]
HAM (4)
VIP (4)
IND (1)
Chhattisgarh 90 14 None
14 / 90
INC [17]
Goa 40 27 IND (1)
28 / 40
BJP [18]
Gujarat 182 112 None
112 / 182
BJP [19]
Haryana 90 40 JJP (10)
55 / 90
BJP [20]
IND (5)
Himachal Pradesh 68 43 None
43 / 68
BJP [21]
Jharkhand 81 26 AJSU (2)
30 / 81
JMM [22]
IND (2)
Karnataka 224 119 IND (3)
122 / 224
BJP [23]
Kerala 140 0 None
0 / 140
LDF [24]
Madhya Pradesh 230 125 IND (7)
132 / 230
BJP [25]
Maharashtra 288 106 RSP (1)
114 / 288
SHS [26]
JSS (1)
IND (6)
Manipur 60 24 NPP (4)
36 / 60
BJP [27]
NPF (4)
IND (3)
Meghalaya 60 2 NPP (21)
39 / 60
NPP [28]
UDP (8)
PDF (4)
HSPDP (2)
IND (2)
Mizoram 40 1 None
1 / 60
MNF [29]
Nagaland 60 12 NDPP (20)
34 / 60
NDPP [30]
IND (2)
Odisha 147 22 IND (1)
23 / 147
BJD [31]
Punjab 117 2 None
2 / 117
INC [32]
Rajasthan 200 71 None
71 / 200
INC [33]
Sikkim 32 12 SKM (19)
31 / 32
SKM [34]
Tamil Nadu 234 4 AIADMK (66)
75 / 234
DMK [35]
PMK (5)
Telangana 119 2 None
2 / 119
TRS [36]
Tripura 60 36 IPFT (7)
43 / 60
BJP [37]
Uttar Pradesh 403 306 AD(S) (9)
315 / 403
BJP [38]
Uttarakhand 70 56 None
56 / 70
BJP [39]
West Bengal 294 74 None
74 / 294
AITC [40]
Delhi 70 8 None
8 / 70
AAP [41]
Jammu and Kashmir 90 NA [42]
Puducherry 33 9 AINRC (10)
25 / 33
AINRC [43]
IND (6)
Total 4126 1435 305
1,740 / 4,036
NDA (17) 31

List of presidents and vice presidents

Note that it refers to nomination by alliance, as the offices of President and Vice President are apolitical.

Presidents

No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office

Electoral mandates

Time in office

Previous post Vice president Party[44]
11   Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam
(1931–2015)
25 July 2002 24 July 2007 Chief Scientific Advisor to the

Prime Minister

Krishan Kant (2002)

Bhairon Singh Shekhawat (2002–07)

Independent  
2002
5 years, 0 days
Kalam was an educator and engineer who played a leading role in the development of India's ballistic missile and nuclear weapons programs.[45] He also received the Bharat Ratna. He was popularly known as "People's President".[46][47][48]
14   Ram Nath Kovind
(b.1945)
25 July 2017 Incumbent
(Term ends on 25 July 2022)
Governor of Bihar Mohammad Hamid Ansari (2017)

Venkaiah Naidu (2017–Incumbent)

Bharatiya Janata Party  
2017
4 years, 5 days
Kovind was governor of Bihar from 2015 to 2017 and a Member of Parliament from 1994 to 2006. He is the second Dalit president (after K. R. Narayanan) and is the first president from the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and is an active member of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) since his youth.[49]

Vice presidents

No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)[50]
Elected
(% votes)
Took office Left office Term President(s) Party
11   Bhairon Singh Shekhawat  
(1925–2010)
2002
(59.82)
19 August 2002 21 July 2007 4 years, 273 days A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Bharatiya Janata Party  
13   Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu
(1948–)
2017
(67.89)
11 August 2017 Incumbent 3 years, 353 days Ram Nath Kovind Bharatiya Janata Party  

List of prime ministers

No. Prime ministers Portrait Term in office Lok Sabha Cabinet Constituency
Start End Tenure
1 Atal Bihari Vajpayee   19 March 1998 10 October 1999 6 years, 64 days 12th Vajpayee II Lucknow
10 October 1999 22 May 2004 13th Vajpayee III
2 Narendra Modi   26 May 2014 (Incumbent) 7 years, 65 days 16th Modi I Varanasi
17th Modi II

List of current chief ministers

Incumbent chief ministers from the National Democratic Alliance
S.No State Name Portrait Cabinet
1. Arunachal Pradesh Pema Khandu   Pema Khandu II
2. Assam Himanta Biswa Sarma   Sarma I
3. Bihar Nitish Kumar   Nitish Kumar VII
4. Goa Pramod Sawant   Pramod Sawant I
5. Gujarat Vijay Rupani   Vijay Rupani II
6. Haryana Manohar Lal Khattar   Manohar Lal Khattar II
7. Himachal Pradesh Jai Ram Thakur   Jai Ram Thakur I
8. Karnataka Basavaraj Bommai   Bommai I
9. Madhya Pradesh Shivraj Singh Chouhan   Shivraj Singh Chouhan IV
10. Manipur N. Biren Singh   N. Biren Singh I
11. Meghalaya Conrad Sangma   Conrad Sangma I
12. Nagaland Neiphiu Rio   Neiphiu Rio IV
13. Puducherry N. Rangaswamy   N. Rangaswamy IV
14. Sikkim Prem Singh Tamang   Prem Singh Tamang I
15. Tripura Biplab Kumar Deb   Biplab Kumar Deb I
16. Uttar Pradesh Yogi Adityanath   Yogi Adityanath I
17. Uttarakhand Pushkar Singh Dhami Pushkar Singh Dhami I

List of deputy chief ministers

Deputy chief ministers from the National Democratic Alliance
S.No State Name Portrait
1. Arunachal Pradesh Chowna Mein  
2. Bihar Tarkishore Prasad  
3. Renu Devi
4. Goa Manohar Ajgaonkar
5. Chandrakant Kavlekar
6. Gujarat Nitinbhai Patel  
7. Haryana Dushyant Chautala  
8. Karnataka C. N. Ashwath Narayan  
9. Govind Karjol
10. Laxman Savadi  
11. Manipur Yumnam Joykumar Singh  
12. Meghalaya Prestone Tynsong  
13. Nagaland Yanthungo Patton  
14. Tripura Jishnu Dev Varma  
15. Uttar Pradesh Keshav Prasad Maurya  
16. Dinesh Sharma  

Candidates in elections

Lok Sabha general elections

Electoral history

Lok Sabha 1998 general election

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No. Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
Seats Loss
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All States and UTs 388 182 206
2 West Bengal Trinamool Congress West Bengal 28 7 21
3 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Pondicherry
23 18 5
4 Samata Party
  • Bihar
  • Uttar Pradesh
23 12 11
5 Shiv Sena Maharashtra 22 6 16
6 Biju Janata Dal Orissa 12 9 3
7 Lok Shakti
  • Karnataka
  • Nagaland
11 3 8
8 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 8 8 0
9 Pattali Makkal Katchi Tamil Nadu 5 4 1
10 Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 5 3 2
11 Haryana Vikas Party Haryana 4 1 3
12 NTR Telugu Desam Party (LP) Andhra Pradesh 3 0 3
13 Janata Dal
  • Punjab
  • Bihar
2 2 0
14 Manipur State Congress Party Manipur 1 1 0
15 Janata Party Tamil Nadu 1 1 0
16 Sikkim Democratic Front Sikkim 1 1 0
17 Satnam Singh Kainth (independent candidate supported by BJP) Punjab 1 1 0
18 Vazhappady K. Ramamurthy (independent candidate supported by BJP) Tamil Nadu 1 1 0
19 Maneka Gandhi (independent candidate supported by BJP) Uttar Pradesh 1 1 0
20 Suresh Kalmadi (independent candidate supported by BJP) Maharashtra 1 0 1
Total NDA candidates 541 261 280

Lok Sabha 1999 general election

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No. Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
Seats Loss
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All States and UTs 339 182 157
2 Janata Dal (United)
  • Bihar
  • Karnataka
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Kerala
  • Rajasthan
  • Lakshadweep
41 21 20
3 Telugu Desam Party Andhra Pradesh 34 29 5
4 All India Trinamool Congress
  • West Bengal
  • Tripura
29 8 21
5 Shiv Sena Maharashtra 22 15 7
6 Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 19 12 7
7 Biju Janata Dal Orissa 12 10 2
8 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 9 2 7
9 Pattali Makkal Katchi
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Pondicherry
8 5 3
10 Indian National Lok Dal Haryana 5 5 0
11 Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 5 4 1
12 Akhil Bharatiya Loktantrik Congress Uttar Pradesh 4 2 2
13 Bihar People's Party Bihar 2 0 2
14 Himachal Vikas Congress Himachal Pradesh 1 1 0
15 Manipur State Congress Party Manipur 1 1 0
16 MGR Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 1 1 0
17 Sikkim Democratic Front Sikkim 1 1 0
18 Tamizhaga Rajiv Congress Tamil Nadu 1 0 1
19 Democratic Bahujan Samaj Morcha Punjab 1 0 1
20 Arunachal Congress Arunachal Pradesh 1 0 1
21 Socialist Republican Party Kerala 1 0 1
22 Maneka Gandhi (independent candidate supported by BJP) Uttar Pradesh 1 1 0
23 Vanlalzawma (independent candidate supported by BJP) Mizoram 1 1 0
24 Sansuma Khunggur Bwiswmuthiary (independent candidate supported by BJP) Assam 1 1 0
25 Pawan Pandey (independent candidate supported by BJP) Uttar Pradesh 1 0 1
26 Natabar Bagdi (independent candidate supported by BJP) West Bengal 1 0 1
27 Elwin Teron (independent candidate supported by BJP) Assam 1 0 1
Total NDA candidates 543 302 241

Lok Sabha 2004 general election

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No. Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
Seats Loss Reference
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All States and UTs 364 138 226
2 Janata Dal (United)
  • Bihar
  • Karnataka
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Lakshadweep
  • Assam
33 8 25
3 Telugu Desam Party Andhra Pradesh 33 5 28
4 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 33 0 33
5 All India Trinamool Congress
  • West Bengal
  • Meghalaya
  • Tripura
31 2 29
6 Shiv Sena Maharashtra 22 12 10
7 Biju Janata Dal Orissa 12 11 1
8 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 10 8 2
9 Indian Federal Democratic Party Kerala 1 1 0
10 Sikkim Democratic Front Sikkim 1 1 0
11 Naga People's Front Nagaland 1 1 0
12 Mizo National Front Mizoram 1 1 0
13 Sansuma Khunggur Bwiswmuthiary (Independent candidate)
supported by BJP
Assam 1 1 0
Total NDA Candidates 543 189 354

Lok Sabha 2009 general election

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No. Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
Seats Loss References
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All States and UTs 433 116 317 [51][52][53]

[54]

2 Janata Dal (United)
  • Bihar
  • Jharkhand
  • Kerala
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Uttar Pradesh
32 20 12 [55]
3 Shiv Sena
  • Maharashtra
  • Tamil Nadu
24 11 13 [56]
4 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 10 4 6
5 Rashtriya Lok Dal Uttar Pradesh 7 5 2
6 Asom Gana Parishad Assam 6 1 5
7 Indian National Lok Dal Haryana 5 0 5
8 Naga People's Front Nagaland 1 1 0
9 Ajitrao Ghorpade (independent candidate supported by BJP) Maharashtra 1 0 1 [57]
10 H. Lallungmuana (independent candidate supported by BJP) Mizoram 1 0 1 [58]
Total 520 158 362

Lok Sabha 2014 general election

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No. Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
Seats Loss References
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All states and UTs 422 282 140
[59][60][61][62][63][64][65][66][67][68]
2 Telugu Desam Party Andhra Pradesh 30
16
14
3 Shiv Sena Maharashtra 23 18
5
4 Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 14
0
14
[69][70][71][72][73][74]
5 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 10
4
6
6 Pattali Makkal Katchi Tamil Nadu 8
1
7
7 Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 7
0
7
8 Lok Janshakti Party Bihar 7
6
1
9 Rashtriya Lok Samta Party Bihar 3
3
0
10 Apna Dal Uttar Pradesh 2
2
0
11 Swabhimani Paksha Maharashtra 2
1
1
12 Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) Haryana 2
0
2
[75]
13 All India N.R. Congress Puducherry 1
1
0
14 National People's Party Meghalaya 1
1
0
15 Naga People's Front Nagaland 1
1
0
16 Puthiya Needhi Katchi Tamil Nadu 1
0
1
17 Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi Tamil Nadu 1
0
1
18 Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi Tamil Nadu 1
0
1
19 Republican Party of India (A) Maharashtra 1
0
1
20 Rashtriya Samaj Paksha Maharashtra 1
0
1
21 Revolutionary Socialist Party (Bolshevik) Kerala 1
0
1
22 Kerala Congress (Nationalist) Kerala 1
0
1
23 Mizo National Front Mizoram 1
0
1
24 Urkhao Gwra Brahma (Independent candidate) Assam 1
0
1
Total NDA Candidates 542 336 206

Contested by BJP symbol lotus

Lok Sabha 2019 general election

Constituents of National Democratic Alliance (pre-poll alliance)
No. Party Alliance in states Seats
contested
Seats
won
Seats Loss References
1 Bharatiya Janata Party All states and UTs 437 303 134 [76][77][78][79][80][81][82][83][84]
2 Shiv Sena Maharasthra 23 18 5
3 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 20 1 19 [78]
4 Janata Dal (United) Bihar 17 16 1 [79]
5 Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 10 2 8 [80]
6 Pattali Makkal Katchi Tamil Nadu 7 0 7 [78]
7 Lok Janshakti Party Bihar 6 6 0 [79]
8 Bharath Dharma Jana Sena Kerala 4 0 4 [82]
9 Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 4 0 4 [81]
10 Asom Gana Parishad Assam 3 0 3
11 Apna Dal (Sonelal) Uttar Pradesh 2 2 0
12 All Jharkhand Students Union Jharkhand 1 1 0
13 Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party Nagaland 1 1 0
14 Rashtriya Loktantrik Party Rajasthan 1 1 0
15 Tamil Maanila Congress Tamil Nadu 1 0 1 [78]
16 Puthiya Needhi Katchi Tamil Nadu 1 0 1 [78]
17 Puthiya Tamilagam Tamil Nadu 1 0 1 [78]
18 Bodoland People's Front Assam 1 0 1 [84]
19 Kerala Congress (Thomas) Kerala 1 0 1 [82]
20 All India N.R. Congress Pudhucherry 1 0 1 [83]
21 Sumalatha (independent candidate supported by BJP) Karnataka 1 1 0
Total 543 352 191

Contested by AIADMK two leaves symbol

Past members

Party Base State Year of withdrawal Reason for withdrawal
Lok Shakti Bihar 1999 Merged with Janata Dal (United) for 1999 Elections
J & K National Conference Jammu and Kashmir 2002 Blaming the BJP for its loss in the Jammu and Kashmir state elections.
Samta Party Bihar 2003 Merged with Janata Dal (United) in 2003
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 2004 Aligned with Congress Party during 2004 elections
Haryana Vikas Party Haryana 2004 Merged with Congress
Indian Federal Democratic Party Kerala 2004 Following the 2004 election, Merged with Kerala Congress
All India Trinamool Congress National Party 2007 Aligned with the Congress party before the 2009 elections.
Janata Dal (Secular) Karnataka 2007 Left the alliance in 2007 Due To Not Signing Of MOU[85]
Indian National Lok Dal Haryana 2009 Left due to seat sharing disagreements during assembly elections 2009.
Biju Janata Dal Odisha 2009 Left the alliance just over a month before the 2009 elections.
Telangana Rashtra Samithi Telangana 2009 Left the alliance post defeat in 2009 election.
Ladakh Union Territory Front Jammu and Kashmir 2010 Merged with BJP.
Kamtapur Progressive Party West Bengal 2010 Withdrew Support due to Merger with Kamtapur People's Party.
Uttarakhand Kranti Dal Uttarakhand 2012 Withdrew Support before State Elections
Rashtriya Lok Dal Uttar Pradesh 2012 Has allied with Congress for 2012 Uttar Pradesh legislative assembly election
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha Jharkhand 2012 Withdrew from alliance in 2012
Janata Party Tamil Nadu 2013 Merged with BJP
Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) Haryana 2014 Withdrew from alliance before 2014 Haryana Legislative Assembly election[86] Merged with Congress in 2016
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 2014 Withdrew alliance in a view to Tamil Nadu Elections 2016
Kerala Congress (Nationalist) (Noble Mathew) Kerala 2016 Merged with BJP[87]
Kerala Janapaksham Kerala 2016 Merged with BJP
Revolutionary Socialist Party of Kerala (Bolshevik) Kerala 2016 Withdrew alliance in a view to 2016 Kerala Legislative Assembly election[88]
Maraland Democratic Front Mizoram 2017 Merged with BJP[89]
Swabhimani Paksha Maharashtra 2017 Broke the alliance[90]
Telugu Desam Party Andhra Pradesh 2018 Withdrawn Support from NDA on 16 March 2018 over the demand of Special Category status to Andhra Pradesh and failure to Implement the corresponding Bifurcation Act.
Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party Jammu and Kashmir 2018 BJP withdrawn support from JKPDP-led government on 19 June 2018.
Rashtriya Lok Samata Party Bihar 2018 Withdrawn from NDA ahead of 2019 Indian general election.
Gorkha Janmukti Morcha West Bengal 2019 Withdrawn from NDA ahead of 2019 Indian general election.[91]
Janadhipathya Samrakshana Samithi (Rajan Babu) Kerala 2019 Merged with Janadhipathya Samrakshana Samithi
Pravasi Nivasi Party Kerala 2019 Withdrawn from NDA ahead of 2019 Indian general election
Janadhipathya Rashtriya Sabha Kerala 2019
Kerala Vikas Congress Kerala 2019 One faction merged with Kerala Congress (B), one faction still in NDA.
Shiv Sena Maharashtra 2019 Disagreement over power sharing after 2019 Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election
Shiromani Akali Dal Punjab 2020 Broke alliance on the issue of 3 Agriculture reforms Laws.[92]
Gorkha Janmukti Morcha West Bengal 2020 Has allied with All India Trinamool Congress.
Rashtriya Loktantrik Party Rajasthan 2020 Broke alliance on the issue of 3 agriculture reforms laws
Bodoland People's Front Assam 2021 Alliance broken ahead of 2021 Assam elections.
Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 2021 Broke alliance for not issuing demanded number of constituency in 2021 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election
Goa Forward Party Goa 2021 Broke alliance over concerns for the environment and alleged that the BJP were apathetic towards unemployed Goans.[93]

Timeline

2011

2012

Presidential election
Vice-Presidential election

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

JJP joined hands with NDA to forming a stable government at Haryana with BJP[127]

Shiv Sena exited from the NDA, as BJP is not wiling to agree for Sharing CM Post with Shiv Sena to form government in Maharashtra.[128]

BJP, AJSU sever ties in Jharkhand days before Assembly elections 2019.[129]

  • On 23 November 2019 in Maharashtra, NCP (Ajit Pawar Faction) joined NDA, Ajit Pawar took oath as Maharashtra's Deputy Chief Minister.
  • On 26 November 2019 in Maharashtra, Ajit Pawar resigns as Maharashtra's Deputy Chief Minister.With immediate effect Devendra Fadnvis also resigns from the post of CM of Maharashtra.He is the 1st Cm of Maharashtra who serves only 79 hours as a CM of Maharashtra.

2020

2021

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ a b "Radical shifts: The changing trajectory of politics in West Bengal". 29 March 2021.
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External links