Telangana Rashtra Samithi

The Telangana Rashtra Samithi (pronounced [telaṅgaːna raːʃʈra samiti]; transl. Telangana state council; abbr. TRS) is an Indian regional political party based in Telangana. It was founded on 27 April 2001 by K. Chandrashekar Rao, with a single-point agenda of creating a separate Telangana state with Hyderabad as its capital.[9] It has been instrumental in carrying forth a sustained agitation for the granting of statehood to Telangana.[10]

Telangana Rashtra Samithi
AbbreviationTRS
PresidentK. Chandrashekar Rao
ChairpersonK. T. Rama Rao
Lok Sabha leaderNama Nageswara Rao
Rajya Sabha leaderK. Keshava Rao
FounderK. Chandrashekar Rao
Founded27 April 2001 (19 years ago) (2001-04-27)
Split fromTelugu Desam Party
HeadquartersTelangana Bhavan, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad, Telangana 500034[1]
NewspaperNamasthe Telangana, Telangana Today[2]
Student wingTRS Vidyarthi (TRSV)[3]
IdeologyRegionalism[4]
Populism[5]
Federalism[6]
Economic liberalism[7]
ColoursPink
ECI StatusState Party[8]
Alliance
Seats in Lok Sabha
9 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
7 / 245
Seats in Telangana Legislative Assembly
103 / 119
Seats in Telangana Legislative Council
26 / 40
Election symbol
TRS-Party-Symbol-CAR1.jpg
Party flag
TRS Flag.svg
Website
www.trspartyonline.org

In the 2014 Telangana Assembly Election, the party won a majority of seats and formed the first government of the state with K. Chandrashekar Rao as its chief minister. In the 2014 general election the party won 11 seats, making it the eighth largest party in Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament.

After a landslide victory in 2018 Telangana Legislative Assembly election, the party formed the government in the state for the second time.[11] In the 2019 Indian general election, the party's tally has fallen to 9 seats in the Lok Sabha.[12] As of September 2020, the party holds 7 seats in upper house of Rajya Sabha.[13]

IdeologyEdit

On 27 April 2001, K. Chandrashekar Rao (KCR), resigned as Deputy Speaker, Telugu Desam Party.[14] He stood for the people of the Telangana region, who he opined were being categorically discriminated against within the undivided state of Andhra Pradesh. Consequently, Rao argued that only the creation of a separate state of Telangana would allow for the alleviation of the people's predicament.[15] Accordingly, KCR founded the Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) Party at Jala Drushyam, Hyderabad in April 2001, with the objective of achieving statehood for Telangana.[14] The party initially won one-third of Mandal Parishad Territorial Constituencies (MPTC) and one-quarter of Zilla Parishad Territorial Constituencies (ZPTC) in Siddipet within sixty days of the formation of the party.[16]

PoliticsEdit

2004 ElectionsEdit

In the aftermath of 2004 Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly election, the party won 26 state assembly seats and also won 5 parliament seats. The TRS formed an alliance with Indian National Congress and joined the United Progressive Alliance. In September 2006 the party withdrew support for the central government on the grounds of indecision by the government over the delivery of its electoral promise to create Telangana.[17] On 13 September 2006, Rao triggered a by-election in his Lok Sabha constituency of Karimnagar, claiming provocation from one of the Congress MLAs. He won the subsequent by-election with a strong majority. All TRS MLAs and MPs resigned their positions in April 2008 when the Central government did not meet their demand for a separate state in its latest budget session. The by-election was held on 29 May 2008. In the by-elections, 2008, TRS won 7 out of the 16 assembly segments and 2 out of the 4 loksabha segments that it resigned, a significant defeat for the party. TRS Chief K. Chandrasekhar Rao offered to resign after the by-election losses, but instead remained in office.

2009 ElectionsEdit

In 2009, TRS formed an alliance with TDP and joined the Bharatiya Janata Party-led National Democratic Alliance.[18] The party contested 45 Assembly and 9 Parliament seats to win only 10 Assembly and 2 parliament seats. This was considered another major defeat.

2014 ElectionsEdit

In the 2014 Assembly and National Elections, TRS did not align with NDA or UPA and fought the elections on its own. TRS, which led the campaign for a separate State for more than a decade, emerged victorious by winning 11 of the 17 Lok Sabha seats and 63 of the 119 Assembly seats, and emerged as the party with the largest vote share in Telangana. The TRS' campaign had no other stars except KCR who addressed over 300 public meetings, heli-hopping around and often addressing more than 10 meetings in a single day. The TRS not only retained its north Telangana stronghold but also made inroads in south Telangana, a Congress bastion.[19]

It was only after the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh, and the creation of separate Telangana state that the party begun to deliver electoral success. TRS won 64 out of 110 seats it contested in the 2014 Assembly elections in the newly formed state, and went on to form the government. K. Chandrashekar Rao, has taken oath as the first Chief Minister of the new state of Telangana on 2 June 2014.

2018 Telangana Legislative Assembly ElectionsEdit

The TRS Government headed by Chief Minister K. Chandrasekhar Rao on 6 September 2018 dissolved the Legislative Assembly, the first after the formation of Telangana, to pave the way for early elections in the state.[20] The party has announced a list of 104 candidates for elections on the same day.[21]

In 2018 Telangana Legislative Assembly election, held the nearly three months after the house dissolution, the TRS party won the assembly elections with massive majority. Won with 88 constituency seats which is more than 70% of 119 seats.[22]

2019 Indian General ElectionEdit

In May 2019, TRS Chief Rao flouted the idea of Federal Front, aiming for a non-Congress and non-BJP government at the centre.[23]

MembershipEdit

TRS Party president K Chandrasekhar Rao announced a schedule for the membership drive, which began on 3 February 2015, and elections to party committees from the village level. After a spectacular victory in the Assembly and Lok Sabha elections in Telangana, The TRS Party is now focused on strengthening it in the state.

KCR said the TRS Membership Drive 2015[24] would continue till 20 February. Elections to party committees at different levels would be held during March and April.

TRS party officially started registration process to get membership from 3 February 2015.[25]

List of Chief ministers and deputy chief ministerEdit

Chief ministers of TelanganaEdit

No.[a] Name
(Constituency)[b]
Portrait Term
(tenure length)
Assembly
(election)
Ref.
1 K. Chandrasekhar Rao
(Gajwel)
  2 June 2014 – 12 December 2018
(4 years, 6 months and 10 days)
First Assembly
(2014 election)
[28]
13 December 2018 – present
(1 year, 9 months and 1 day)
Second Assembly
(2018 election)
[29]

Deputy Chief Ministers of TelanganaEdit

S. No. Name Portrait Took Office Left Office Term Chief Minister
1 Mohammad Ali   2 June 2014[30] 12 December 2018 4 years, 193 days K. Chandrashekar Rao
2 T. Rajaiah   2 June 2014 25 January 2015[31] 237 days
3 Kadiyam Srihari   25 January 2015[32] 12 December 2018 3 years, 321 days

Election resultsEdit

Key
  Denotes by-election

State Legislative Assembly electionsEdit

Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
Year Seats Contested Seats Won Change of Seats Ref.
2004 54 26  26 [33]
2008  16 7 [34]
2009 45 10  16 [35]
2010  11 11
2011  1 1
2012  5 5
2012  1 1
Telangana Legislative Assembly
Year Seats Contested Seats Won Change of Seats Ref.
2014 110 64  53
2016  1 1
2016  1 1
2018 119 88  25 [22]

Lok Sabha electionsEdit

Year Seats Contested Seats Won Change of Seats Ref.
2004 22 5  5 [36]
2008  4 2
2009 9 2  3 [37]
2014 17 11  9 [37]
2014  1 1
2015  1 1
2019 17 9  2

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ A number in parentheses indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.
  2. ^ Sources:
    • First Legislative Assembly[26]
    • Second Legislative Assembly[27]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Contact". TRS.
  2. ^ "Telangana's newest English daily likely to serve as KCR's mouthpiece". Hindustan Times. 18 May 2016. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  3. ^ "KCR to give key posts for TRSV student leaders". Telanganatoday.com. Archived from the original on 22 December 2018. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  4. ^ Hyderabad, K. VENKATESHWARLU in (23 April 2004). "Regionalism and sub-regionalism". Frontline. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  5. ^ "One year of Telangana a mixed bag for KCR". The Tribune. Archived from the original on 21 July 2018. Retrieved 20 July 2018. The Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS), led by Chandrasekhar Rao, took over the reins of the new state amid euphoria and high expectations. ... Blending boldness with populism, KCR has earned the reputation for being a tough task master
  6. ^ "PM only paying lip-service to federalism: TRS". Moneycontrol.com. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2019. We would have believed, we would have hoped that he being former Chief Minister himself would have empowered states much much more because stronger the states, stronger the country; that's true federalism; can't just be federalism for lip-service.
  7. ^ "'BLF to challenge TRS, BJP's neo-liberal agenda'". The Hindu. speakers expressed their firm belief in a Bahujan Left Front (BLF) to bring an end to the pro-liberal economic policies of Telangana Rashtra Samithi government.
  8. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 January 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  9. ^ "The Hindu : Telangana finds a new man and moment". Thehindu.com.
  10. ^ "Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) – Party History, Symbol, Founders, Election Results and News". Elections.in. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  11. ^ "Telangana Election Results 2018: TRS wins 88 seats, KCR set to return for a second term". The Financial Express. 12 December 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  12. ^ "Election Results 2019 Telangana: TRS wins 9 out of 17 seats | As it happened". India Today. 23 May 2019. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  13. ^ Khan, Fatima (8 September 2020). "Congress eyes Rajya Sabha deputy chairperson post but numbers pose a challenge". ThePrint. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  14. ^ a b "Dy. Speaker resigns, launches new outfit". The Hindu. 28 April 2001. Archived from the original on 5 March 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2014.
  15. ^ "Telangana finds a new man and moment". Hinduonnet.com. 19 May 2001. Archived from the original on 8 January 2009. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
  16. ^ "Timeline - Telangana Rashtra Samithi". Trspartyonline.org. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  17. ^ "TRS pulls out of UPA alliance, withdraws support to govt". DNA India. 22 August 2006. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  18. ^ "Discontent in TRS over joining NDA". India Today. 13 May 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  19. ^ "TRS wins Telangana". Hyderabad, India: Deccan-Journal. 28 May 2014. Archived from the original on 29 May 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  20. ^ "Telangana Assembly dissolved; Stage set for early polls in Telangana". Indtoday.com. 6 September 2018. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  21. ^ "KCR announces TRS list of 105 candidates for Telangana Elections 2019". Indtoday.com. 6 September 2018. Archived from the original on 2 April 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  22. ^ a b "Telangana Election Results 2018: TRS wins 88 seats, KCR set to return for a second term". The Financial Express. 12 December 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  23. ^ "Federal Front: TRS chief KCR aims for non-BJP, non-Cong front; to meet Kerala CM Pinarayi Vijayan today". www.timesnownews.com. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  24. ^ Telangana (4 February 2015). "How To Join TRS Party - Telangana State". Telanganastateinfo.com. Archived from the original on 4 February 2015. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
  25. ^ News, Telangana (4 February 2015). "How To Join Telangana Rashtra Samithi". Telanganastateinfo.com. Archived from the original on 4 February 2015. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
  26. ^ "Member List of First Telangana Legislative Assembly". Telangana Legislature. Archived from the original on 1 January 2018. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  27. ^ "Member List of Second Telangana Legislative Assembly". Telangana Legislature. Archived from the original on 8 January 2020. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  28. ^ Shankar, Kunal (26 June 2015). "A mixed bag". Frontline. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  29. ^ Apparasu, Srinivasa Rao (28 January 2019). "KCR likely to expand Telangana cabinet in February's first week". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  30. ^ "KCR keeps his promise; Mehmood Ali becomes first Deputy CM of Telangana". Two Circles. Archived from the original on 1 October 2017. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  31. ^ "Telangana Deputy Chief Minister Rajaiah sacked". The Hindu. 25 January 2015. Archived from the original on 1 February 2016. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
  32. ^ "Kodiyam Srikari: As EDUCATION MINISTER & DEPUTY CM". Archived from the original on 6 October 2019. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  33. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 January 2012. Retrieved 31 December 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  34. ^ Front Page : TRS receives a setback in by-polls Archived 15 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine. The Hindu (2 June 2008). Retrieved on 2013-07-28.
  35. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 August 2016. Retrieved 31 December 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  36. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 12 January 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  37. ^ a b "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 August 2016. Retrieved 31 December 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit

  Media related to Telangana Rashtra Samithi at Wikimedia Commons