Telugu Desam Party
Telugu Desam Party (translation: Party of the Telugu Land), abbreviated as TDP, is a regional political party active in the southern states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. The party was founded by N.T. Ramarao on 29 March 1982. After 1995, the party is headed by N. Chandrababu Naidu, former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. The party's headquarters is located at NTR Bhavan in Hyderabad.
|Leader||N. Chandrababu Naidu|
|Chairperson||N. Chandrababu Naidu|
|Lok Sabha leader||Ram Mohan Naidu Kinjarapu|
|Rajya Sabha leader||Thota Seetharama Lakshmi|
|Founder||N. T. Rama Rao|
|Founded||29 March 1982|
|Headquarters||NTR Bhavan, Road No. 2, Hyderabad, Telangana, India|
|Student wing||Telugu Nadu Students Federation (TNSF)|
|Youth wing||Telugu Yuvata|
|Women's wing||Telugu Mahila|
|Labour wing||Telugu Nadu Trade Union Council (TNTUC)|
|Peasant's wing||Telugu Raithu|
|Political position||Centre to centre-right|
|ECI Status||State Party|
|Alliance||NDA (1999–2005; 2014–2018)|
National Front (1989–1996)
United Front (1996–1998)
United Progressive Alliance
|National convener||Chandrababu Naidu|
|Seats in Lok Sabha|
3 / 543
|Seats in Rajya Sabha|
2 / 245
|Seats in Andhra Pradesh|
|Seats in Telangana|
N. T. Rama Rao became the 10th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh in 1983, within nine months of the party's formation, thus forming the first non-Congress government in Andhra Pradesh. TDP was the first regional party to become the main opposition party in 8th Lok Sabha from 1984 to 1989.
After the party's electoral defeat in the Lok Sabha and Assembly polls held on 11th April 2019, the TDP's legislature party in the Rajya Sabha merged with that of the BJP.
Ideology and SymbolismEdit
Telugu Desam Party follows a pro-Telugu ideology. It was founded as an alternative to the Congress hegemony, by emphasizing on the Telugu regional pride and a party for farmers, backward castes and middle class people. Since the 1990s, it has followed an economically liberal policy that has been seen as pro-business and pro-development party. The TDP uses yellow as the background colour for the flag with a hut, wheel and plough symbol in the foreground. A bicycle is used as the official party symbol.
Lok Sabha election historyEdit
The total number of Lok Sabha seats in (previously undivided) Andhra Pradesh (1956-2014) was 42. After the 2014 bifurcation, there are 25 Lok Sabha seats in Andhra Pradesh and 17 Lok Sabha seats in Telangana. The National United Front was formed with N. T. Rama Rao as chairperson. Under the leadership of Chandrababu Naidu the NDA government was formed with Atal Bihari Vajpayee as the Prime Minister of India. The TDP had G. M. C. Balayogi as the 12th Speaker of the Lok Sabha. TDP was the second largest party in 1984 Indian General Elections, winning 30 seats with 4.31% of votes, thus achieving the distinction of becoming the first regional party to become a national opposition party. But in the next election they were just limited to 2 seats out of 42, which remains till date as the biggest defeat for the party.
|Year||General Election||Seats won||Change of Seats||Vote %||Change of Vote %|
|1984||8th Lok Sabha||30||-||4.31%||-|
|1989||9th Lok Sabha||2||28||3.29%||1.02%|
|1991||10th Lok Sabha||13||11||2.96%||0.33%|
|1996||11th Lok Sabha||16||3||2.97%||0.01%|
|1998||12th Lok Sabha||12||4||2.77%||0.20%|
|1999||13th Lok Sabha||29||17||3.65%||0.83%|
|2004||14th Lok Sabha||5||24||3.04%||0.61%|
|2009||15th Lok Sabha||6||1||2.51%||0.53%|
|2014||16th Lok Sabha||17||11||2.52%||0.01%|
|2019||17th Lok Sabha||03||14||2.04%||0.48%|
List of Chief MinistersEdit
- N. T. Rama Rao
- First term (9 January 1983 – 16 August 1984).
- Second term (16 September 1984 – 2 December 1989).
- Third term (12 December 1994 – 1 September 1995).
- N. Chandrababu Naidu
- First term (1 September 1995 – 1999).
- second term (1999-13 May 2004)
- Third term (8 June 2014 –30 May 19) (first Chief Minister Naidu assumed office to post-divided State / Newly formed State of Andhra Pradesh on 2 June 2014.
Currently, there are 4 National General Secretaries, youngest person in the history of TDP to hold this position is Ram Mohan Naidu Kinjarapu, followed by Nara Lokesh, E. Peddireddy and M. A. Sharif.
- "contact TDP". Telugudesam.org. Archived from the original on 4 February 2014. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
- "Telugu Nadu Students Federation (TNSF) holds dharna at TSPSC". newswala.com. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- "TDP appoints leaders for its frontal wings". thehindu.com. 25 May 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- "Andhra Pradesh Telugu Desam Party". India Mapped. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
- "Telugu Desam Party (TDP)". Elections.in. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
The Telugu Desam Party has a centre-left political position and operates on the political ideologies of Populism, Regionalism and Social Liberalism.
- "Why no centre-right political party in India today?". Rediff.com. 17 February 2014.
- "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
- "Telangana Election Results 2018 Live: Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) (MLA) Elections Result, News & Updates". News18.
- "TDP plans to emerge as a national party". 27 May 2014 – via www.thehindu.com.
- List of Chief Ministers of Andhra Pradesh
- 1984 Indian general election
- "New National General Secretaries of TDP".