Telugu Desam Party

The Telugu Desam Party (translation: Party of the Telugu Land), abbreviated TDP, is a regional Indian political party active in the southern states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.[8] The party was founded by N.T. Rama Rao on 29 March 1982. Since 1995 the party is headed by N. Chandrababu Naidu, former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. The party's headquarters is located at NTR Bhavan in Hyderabad.

Telugu Desam Party
AbbreviationTDP
LeaderN. Chandrababu Naidu
ChairpersonN. Chandrababu Naidu
SecretaryNara Lokesh
Lok Sabha leaderRam Mohan Naidu Kinjarapu
Rajya Sabha leaderKanakamedala Ravindra Kumar
FounderN. T. Rama Rao
Founded29 March 1982 (38 years ago) (1982-03-29)
HeadquartersNTR Bhavan, Road No. 2, Hyderabad, Telangana, India[1]
Student wingTelugu Nadu Students Federation (TNSF)[2]
Youth wingTelugu Yuvata[3]
Women's wingTelugu Mahila[3]
Labour wingTelugu Nadu Trade Union Council (TNTUC)[3]
Peasant's wingTelugu Raithu[3]
IdeologyEconomic liberalism[4]
Political positionCentre-right[5]
ColoursYellow
ECI StatusState Party[6]
AllianceNDA (1999–2005; 2014–2018)
National Front (1989–1996)
United Front (1996–1998)
UPA
(2009; 2018–2019)
Federal Front
(2019)
Seats in Lok Sabha
3 / 543
Seats in Andhra Pradesh
Seats in Telangana
Election symbol
Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Website
www.telugudesam.org

N. T. Rama Rao became the 10th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh in 1983, within nine months of the party's formation, thus forming the first non-Indian National Congress (INC) government in Andhra Pradesh. TDP was the first regional party to become the main opposition party at the 8th Lok Sabha from 1984 to 1989.[9]

On 16 March 2018 the TDP walked out of Prime Minister Narendra Modi's National Democratic Alliance (NDA).

After the TDP's electoral defeat in the Lok Sabha and Assembly polls held on 11 April 2019, the TDP's legislature party in the Rajya Sabha merged with that of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).[10]

Ideology and SymbolismEdit

The Telugu Desam Party follows a pro-Telugu ideology. It was founded as an alternative to the Congress hegemony, by emphasizing on the Telugu regional pride and a party for farmers, backward castes and middle class people. Since the 1990s, it has followed an economically liberal policy that has been seen as pro-business and pro-development party. The TDP uses yellow as the background colour for the flag with a hut, wheel and plough symbol in the foreground. A bicycle is used as the official party symbol.

Lok Sabha election historyEdit

The total number of Lok Sabha seats in (previously undivided) Andhra Pradesh (1956-2014) was 42. After the 2014 bifurcation of the state, there are 25 Lok Sabha seats in Andhra Pradesh and 17 Lok Sabha seats in Telangana. The National United Front was formed with N. T. Rama Rao as chairperson. Under the leadership of Chandrababu Naidu the NDA government was formed with Atal Bihari Vajpayee as the Prime Minister of India. The TDP had G. M. C. Balayogi as the 12th Speaker of the Lok Sabha. TDP was the second largest party in 1984 Indian General Elections, winning 30 seats with 4.31% of votes, thus achieving the distinction of becoming the first regional party to become a national opposition party. But in the next election they were just limited to 2 seats out of 42, which remains till date as the biggest defeat for the party.

Year General Election Seats won Change of Seats Vote % Change of Vote %
1984 8th Lok Sabha 30 - 4.31% -
1989 9th Lok Sabha 2   28 3.29%   1.02%
1991 10th Lok Sabha 13   11 2.96%   0.33%
1996 11th Lok Sabha 16   3 2.97%   0.01%
1998 12th Lok Sabha 12   4 2.77%   0.20%
1999 13th Lok Sabha 29   17 3.65%   0.83%
2004 14th Lok Sabha 5   24 3.04%   0.61%
2009 15th Lok Sabha 6   1 2.51%   0.53%
2014 16th Lok Sabha 17   11 2.52%   0.01%
2019 17th Lok Sabha 3   14 2.04%  0.48%

Vidhan Sabha ElectionEdit

Andhra PradeshEdit

Year Seats Contested Seats won Change of Seats Vote % Change of Vote %
1983 289 201 - 46.3% -
1985 250 202  1 46.2%  0.10%
1989 241 74  128 36.54%  9.67%
1994 251 216  142 44.14%  7.6%
1999 269 180  36 44.14%  0.27%
2004 267 47  133 37.59%  6.55%
2009 225 92  45 28.12%  9.47%
2014 237 117  25 32.53%  4.41%
Bifurcated Andhra Pradesh
2019 175 23  79 39.17% -

TelanganaEdit

Year Seats Contested Seats won Change of Seats Vote % Change of Vote %
2018 13 2   13 3.51% -

List of Chief MinistersEdit

S.No Chief Minister Terms of office
1 N. T. Rama Rao 9 January 1983 – 16 August 1984
16 September 1984 – 2 December 1989
12 December 1994 – 1 September 1995
2 N. Chandrababu Naidu 1 September 1995 – 10 October 1999
11 October 1999 - 13 May 2004
8 June 2014 - 29 May 2019

National General-SecretaryEdit

Currently, there are 4 National General Secretaries, youngest person in the history of TDP to hold this position is Ram Mohan Naidu Kinjarapu, followed by Nara Lokesh, E. Peddireddy and M. A. Sharif.[11]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "contact TDP". Telugudesam.org. Archived from the original on 4 February 2014. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
  2. ^ "Telugu Nadu Students Federation (TNSF) holds dharna at TSPSC". newswala.com. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d "TDP appoints leaders for its frontal wings". thehindu.com. 25 May 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  4. ^ https://frontline.thehindu.com/static/html/fl2112/stories/20040618004402300.htm
  5. ^ "Why no centre-right political party in India today?". Rediff.com. 17 February 2014.
  6. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  7. ^ "Telangana Election Results 2018 Live: Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) (MLA) Elections Result, News & Updates". News18.
  8. ^ "TDP plans to emerge as a national party". 27 May 2014 – via www.thehindu.com.
  9. ^ 1984 Indian general election
  10. ^ https://www.ndtv.com/india-news/2-of-6-telugu-desam-party-rajya-sabha-mps-say-they-are-joining-bjp-2056491
  11. ^ "New National General Secretaries of TDP".

External linksEdit