Telugu Desam Party

The Telugu Desam Party (TDP; transl. 'Party of the Telugu country'), is a regional Indian political party active in the southern states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.[9] The party was found by N. T. Rama Rao on 29 March 1982. Since 1995 the party has been headed by N. Chandrababu Naidu, former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. The party's headquarters is located at NTR Bhavan in Hyderabad. It is a Party which has a strong presence both at state level and central politics. TDP espoused no specific ideology except for its commitment of safeguarding “the political, economic, social, and cultural foundations of Telugu-speaking people.” TDP was the first regional party in independent India to have formed the main opposition in the 8th Lok Sabha (1984). Currently, TDP currently holds 3 Lok Sabha Seats.[10]

Telugu Desam Party
PresidentN. Chandrababu Naidu
General SecretaryNara Lokesh
Lok Sabha leaderRam Mohan Naidu Kinjarapu
Rajya Sabha leaderKanakamedala Ravindra Kumar
FounderN. T. Rama Rao
Founded29 March 1982 (40 years ago) (1982-03-29)
HeadquartersNTR Bhavan, Road No. 2, Hyderabad, Telangana, India[1]
Student wingTelugu Nadu Students Federation (TNSF)[2]
Youth wingTelugu Yuvata[3]
Women's wingTelugu Mahila[3]
Labour wingTelugu Nadu Trade Union Council (TNTUC)[3]
Peasant's wingTelugu Raithu[3]
Economic liberalism[6]
Political positionCentre[7]
ECI StatusState Party[8]
AllianceNational Front (1989–1996)
United Front (1996–1998)
Third Front (2005–2014)
National Democratic Alliance (1999–2005; 2014–2018) United Progressive Alliance (2018–2019)
Seats in Lok Sabha
3 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
1 / 245
Seats in Andhra Pradesh
Seats in Telangana
Election symbol
Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png

N. T. Rama Rao became the 10th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh in 1983, within nine months of the party's formation, thus forming the first non-Indian National Congress (INC) government in Andhra Pradesh. TDP was the first regional party to become the main opposition party at the 8th Lok Sabha from 1984 to 1989.[11]

On 16 March 2018 the TDP walked out of the National Democratic Alliance (NDA).

Ideology and SymbolismEdit

The Telugu Desam Party follows a pro-Telugu ideology. It was founded as an alternative to the Congress hegemony, by emphasizing Telugu regional pride and serving as the party for farmers, backward castes and middle-class people. Since the 1990s,[12] it has followed an economically liberal policy that has been seen as pro-business and pro-development.

The TDP uses yellow as the background colour for the flag with a hut, wheel and plough symbol in the foreground. A bicycle is used as the official party symbol.

Those were the days where Telugites lives were filled with darkness, having no recognition at the National front. Our State was merely considered as a contributor to Member of parliament seats. Our Elected representatives compromised for Corruption. In simple words, No Identity, No Respect, No Jobs, not enough availability of basic amenities like water, electricity etc. and zero development in the state.

Six chief ministers in 5 years had spurred revolt in people's minds and then Shri. NTR Garu came up with a slogan called “TELUGU VAARI AATMA GOURAVAM” putting end to it all.

Then Tdp travelled with the main motive of providing FCS (Food, Cloth, Shelter) for all needy people and protecting the weaker and working sections. NTR gave equal rights to girl child for Parents Inherent properties

TDP Karyakartha Sanskhema Nidhi (TDP Karyakartha’s Insurance/Wellness Scheme)Edit

Membership at Telugu Desam has been an age-old ritual that makes party members feel privileged and connected to the cause of the party. For the first time ever in the country, TDP went a notch higher by bringing in a slew of benefits for members such as Rs. 2 Lakh insurance coverage (both death and accident), discounts in hospitals spread across the length and breadth of the two states and neighboring states, concession in bus travel and others. It is making use of technology to record data in a bid to reduce manual errors. By charging a membership fee of Rs. 100/-, we built a strong eco-system where members feel involved and responsible in their various capacities and the party is made accountable for the security and welfare of everyone.

Accidental Insurance: Every active member will be eligible for Rs. 2 lakh insurance and other benefits as mentioned below:

In the event of accidental death of the member, the family will receive 100% sum insured. In case of Permanent Total Disablement due to an accident, the member will receive 100% sum insured. Loss of two limbs / both eyes / one limb and one eye wherein 100% of the capital sum insured is payable. Loss of one limb or one eye wherein 50% of the capital sum insured is payable. In the event of the death of the member, Rs. 5,000/- each will be offered towards education of Children (not more than two). The above conditions will be applied for deaths / injuries caused by terror attacks, wild animal attacks, snakebite, insect-bite, electric shock, travel on air and water etc. Cash reimbursement of up to Rs. 50,000/- will also be offered to members to cover medical expenses arising out of admission into the hospital due to an accident.[13]

Historical Movements in the development of Andhra N. T. Rama RaoEdit

During N.T.R's period (1983–1995)

N. Taraka Rama Rao

NTR won the love and affection of people with his charisma, support of bureaucrats and dedication and ruled as a chief minister. He introduced Rs.Two per kg rice scheme, abolition of village secretaries (patwaris), Introduction of Mandal system to end corruption in administration from grass root level. Educational reforms, regulation of vigilance, and Introduction of common entrance exams for all professional courses to recognize merit (EAMCET). Women empowerment and Protection of inheritance rights of women and varying succession laws (A daughter inherits equally as a son in her father's property) Telugu Ganga Project: Gave water to Chennai to resolve the water scarcity issue which build brotherhood relationship between the 2 states.[14][15]NTR JANATA VASTRA

A scheme started to distribute free clothes to poor people, It helped many people who had less clothes and torn clothes.

NTR 2Rs Rice/Kg

He introduced 2 Rs per kg rice which helped many people in Andhra Pradesh to taste rice until the date of introducing this scheme many people were not able to eat full meals on daily basis.[16]

Telugu ganga project stone foundation program Telugu Ganga Project is an Inter State Project formulated to irrigate 5.75 Lakh acres in drought prone areas of Kurnool, Kadapa and Chittoor Districts of Rayalaseema and upland areas of Nellore District in Andhra Pradesh. Conveying 15 TMC of Krishna water to Chennai City for drinking purposes from the contribution of three Krishna River basin States, Maharashtra, Karnataka and erstwhile Andhra Pradesh with 5 TMC from each State. In 1983, the Hon’ble Chief Minister of A.P., Sri N.T.Rama Rao and the Hon’ble Chief Minister of T.N., Sri M.G.Ramachandran have laid the foundation stone to S.P.V.B. Reservoir of Telugu Ganga Project which was inaugurated by the then Prime Minister of India, Smt. Indira Gandhi[17]

Historical Movements in the development of Andhra N. Chandrababu NaiduEdit

During C.B.N's period (1995 – present)

N. Chandrababu Naidu

[18] Deepam scheme to provide LPG cooking gas connections to rural women, got one million LPG connections via this scheme.[19]Janmabhoomi Programme (First C.M in India to launch it in February 1996): To involve people in the reconstruction and revitalization of the society. Planning to identify people-represented problems through Gram Sabha discussions by regional officers, especially in villages. The core concentrated areas are community work, primary school education, drinking water, health and hospitals, family welfare, and environmental protection through watershed and joint forest management activities.[20][21]HITEC City: In November 1998, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, then prime minister of India and Chandrababu Naidu inaugurated the HITEC City (nickanamed Cyberabad) by opening the Cyber Towers, a landmark building in Hyderabad. HITECH CITY The Hyderabad Information Technology and Engineering Consultancy City, abbreviated as HITEC City, is an Indian information technology, engineering, health informatics, and bioinformatics, business district located in Hyderabad, Telangana, India.[22]

HITEC City was commissioned for the promotion of Information Technology in the erstwhile combined state of Andhra Pradesh, by the then Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu, to the west of Hyderabad and was inaugurated by the then Prime Minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee on 22 November 1998.[23]

HITEC City is spread across 81 ha (200 acres) of land under suburbs of Madhapur, Gachibowli, Kondapur, Manikonda, Nanakramguda and Shamshabad. The combined technology township is also known as Cyberabad.

Cyber Towers was the first tower to be built for promotion of Information Technology (IT) within 14 months and the attractive unique design was selected by N. Chandrababu Naidu in 1997 to stand as a Monument in city of Hyderabad and as architectural masterpiece in the center of Cyberabad with transforming the City of Pearls, Hyderabad as the City of Destiny for IT and Pharmaceutical companies while also set up a separate Cyberabad Metropolitan Police Commissionerate and totally revamped the way of policing under safety and surveillance accomplishing HITEC City has emerged as the symbolic heart of cosmopolitan Hyderabad.[24][25]

Companies such as Orbees Business Solutions, Knowledge Matrix India Pvt Ltd., 7 Hills Business Solutions, App Labs, Keane Inc NTT DATA, Microsoft, Patni Computer Systems, Oracle Corporation, GE Capital, Whishworks, Prithvi Information Solutions, Naia Software Solutions India Pvt Ltd., Four Soft operate, and call centers operate from this four-quadrant, 10-story building.

Microsoft in Hyderabad In 1997 when Bill Gates visited India, Andhra Pradesh chief minister Chandrababu Naidu wanted a one-on-one interaction with the Microsoft founder.[26]

He got an appointment with great difficulty. Gates gave him 10 minutes, which ultimately ended up spending 45 minutes with him.[27]

Gates agreed with him, he quickly came down to business and asked what Naidu expected from him. Then Naidu replied telling he didn't want anything, but he should just start a Microsoft development center in Hyderabad. To which, Gates said If at all I have a development center outside Seattle, 100 per cent, I will have it in Hyderabad and finally those words came true in 1998 when it was started in Hyderabad which is the headquarters to all the Microsoft offices in India, with only 12 employees. Which is the topmost IT company in India today with nearly 8000 employees.

E-governance: (First C.M) Launched e-Seva centers in 2001 for paperless and speedy delivery of results to applicants. These e-Seva centers were one-stop solutions providing all government information and services online such as utility bills, banking services, issuing birth and death certificates, written test for drivers licence, government orders, and APSRTC tours and travel operators booking.

Dwakra Mahila Runa Mafi: Helped the DWAKRA Women in the State to waive off their loans.

Rajiv Gandhi International Airport: Begumpet Airport was unable to handle air traffic, To promote the planned development of the area around the international airport, the Naidu government declared a special development area and called it as Hyderabad Airport Development Authority (HADA).

Electricity lanes: During 1995-2004 around 54 kilometers of electricity lines have been laid on daily basis, Many villages have seen Electricity For the First time.

In 1999: Vision 2020: Poverty must be eradicated, healthy life along with practice and income; happy life for little girls; cities and villages clean, green; startups; women empowerment; New techniques in agriculture; people's voice should be heard loud and clear during the rule.

After Bifurcation from 2014 – 2019 Sunrise Andhra Pradesh-Vision 2029


As per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014, Hyderabad became the capital of the then newly formed state of Telangana, post bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh. However, Hyderabad would remain as the joint capital of both states for a period not exceeding ten years. Amaravati is a proposed city and the capital of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Chief Minister Sri Nara Chandrababu Naidu envisioned Amaravati to be the people-centric pioneer Smart City of India, built around sustainability and livability principles, and to be the happiest city in the world. The Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority (APCRDA) was setup to Develop and implement economic development policies for Amaravathi & Capital Region, promote Amaravati & Capital Region for investments from across the globe. Facilitate investments in Amaravati & Capital Region. The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone at a ceremonial event in Uddandarayunipalem village on 22 October 2015. Among the innovative features on the drawing board are navigation canals around the city and connecting to an island in the Krishna River. The Government has envisaged an investment needed of US$2–4 billion for the development of the city.

Narendra Modi being briefed about 'Layout Plan of Amaravathi City' - the new Capital of Andhra Pradesh. The Union Minister for Urban Development, Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation and Parliamentary Affairs.jpg

The State Government identified the Capital City area between Vijayawada and Guntur cities on the Southern bank of River Krishna upstream of Prakasam Barrage. The Amaravati Capital City has an area of 217.23 km2 and is spread across 25 villages in 3 mandals (Thulluru, Mangalagiri and Tadepalli) of Guntur district. The 25 villages in the Capital City area have about 1 lakh population in about 27,000 households. The Andhra Pradesh State Cabinet meeting passed a resolution of 1 September 2014 to locate the Capital City in a central place of the state, around Vijayawada, and to go for decentralized development of the state with 3 Mega Cities and 14 Smart Cities. The government under the leadership of Sri Nara Chandrababu Naidu, has found a solution to the problem to the troubles of land acquisition in building a new capital city using “Land Pooling” scheme. It is the world's largest successful voluntary land pooling, with 27,956 farmers offering 33,920 acres within three months, launching the project. The city is being designed to have 51% green space and 10% of water bodies, with a plan to house some of the most iconic buildings there. It is being modeled on Singapore, with the master plan being prepared by two Singapore government-appointed consultants.[28]

Hundreds of multistoried residential quarters for All India Services officers, legislators, state government employees and Secretariat staff, besides villas and other residential bungalows for high court judges constructed during the Naidu regime of which many were nearing completion, were immediately halted by the Jagan government in May 2019. The Amaravati project has substantially slowed with no deadline in sight. As of July 2019, the World Bank dropped funding for Amaravati. As of 2020, the fate of Amaravati as the sole capital of Andhra Pradesh hangs in balance as the incumbent YSRCP government under the leadership of Y.S. Jagan Reddy has proposed to move the Executive and Judicial components of the capital to Visakhapatnam and Kurnool respectively. There has been a continuing backlash from the farmers of the region against this decision of the Government for the past 800 days. The agitators are still awaiting the Chief Minister's appointment for a plausible solution.

Narendra Modi being briefed about 'Master Plan 2050 of Amaravathi City' - the new Capital of Andhra Pradesh. The Union Minister for Urban Development, Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation and Parliamentary Affairs.jpg

NTR Bharosa Aims to provide pension of ₹1,000 per month to more than 40 lakh people who are in their old age, widow, physically challenged.

Mukhyamantri Yuvanestham Aims to provide financial assistance to unemployed youth.[29]

Pasupu Kumkuma Aims to provide financial help to women in self-help groups.[30]

Foundation of Amaravati His ambition was to make Amaravati one of the happiest cities, encompassing the highest standards of livability and infrastructure with a thriving economic environment. It is the world's largest successful voluntary land pooling, with 27,956 farmers offering 33,920 acres within three months, launching the project.[31]

KAPU Videshi Vidya Deevena Scheme Applicable for members from economically weak families of Kapu Community of Andhra Pradesh who aspire to do their Graduate (only MBBS), Post Graduate, MS or Ph.D. Courses abroad. Financial assistance of Rs 1,000,000 (Rs Ten Lakh) shall be granted to the selected applicants through the prescribed process.[32]

Irrigation projects Completed 9 irrigation projects like gandikota, thotapalli, pattiseema, gollapalli, purushottama patnam, muchumarri project, siddapur project, remaining 7 projects will coompleted by ending of 2018. Krishna Godavari delta Pattiseema project completed in 1 year. Polavaram project works are restarted in and almost 80% of work done. If that project completes, it can serve water for all over state. Handri-Neeva project completed the first phase and distributing water to rayalaseema. Second phase work also completed by around 70%. Godavari -Penna interlinking project phase 1 started. With this Guntur and Prakasham can get enough water. ROADS[33][34][35]

Roads: As Of Now 17,000 km of roads are laid in andhra pradesh which is an all-time record in India.tirupati,vizag,amaravti got swach awards in India as best swach cities

REVENUE Revenue of AP in 2015 is around 90 thousand crores whereas in Telangana it is around 1lakh crores. At the end of CBN's governance revenue is 1,50,000 crores whereas in Telangana it is 1,40,000 crores. Ap got almost 40% growth of revenue under CBN

EMPLOYEMENT TIRUPATHI: Zoho Corporation, AGS Health, Exafluence, Naestech, YIIT, ANS, Ingenies, and Parikar Vijayawada: Ashok leyland Hero motors, Apollo Tyres, Isuzu Motors, Cadbury, Asian Paints and many more Industries have rallied to Andhra Pradesh considering the 24*7 power, abundance of water and good governance in Andhra Pradesh. Vizag IT Hub: Med-tech zone, Asian paints, Direct flights to Singapore, Malaysia, Dubai and Sri Lanka have started from Vizag to make it more accessible to the world. ISUZU, HERO, KIA ($2 Billion has been invested into Andhra Pradesh by Kia Motors), REDMI, Koran city in Anathapur and SRI CITY (Chittor & Nellore) - Mobile manufacturing hub. HUD-HUD Cyclone

Hud Hud cyclone is brutally hitted the vizag at that time It need the biggest need of leadership. CBN rose above everyone and helped Vizag recover at jet speed.[36][37][38]

CBN with Modi during HudHud Cylone


Major universities like IIT,IIM, AIIMS, AMRITA,VIT, SRM came to state under his governance.[39][40]


ANNA Canteens: Serve breakfast, lunch and dinner at Rs 5 to common man

Anna Canteen


The state government is setting up 203 Anna Canteens in 110 municipalities.

Pensions increased from 1000 to 2000 rupees. Rythu Runa Mafi Yojana: Farm loan waiver scheme under which the Andhra Pradesh state government has waived-off farmers loan in the state under 3 phases. NTR Sujala has been implemented in various places across the state where clean water is made accessible at very low cost of only Rs. 2 for 20 Litres of Water. Bill Gates at Vishakhapatnam in 2017

In 2017, Bill Gates again met Naidu at Vishakhapatnam, Addressing the valedictory of the three-day AP AgTech Summit 2017, the co-chair of Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation where he recalled that he was really excited at meeting Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu for the first time over 20 years ago.[42]

While addressing the people he said "Andhra Pradesh is taking bold steps. I expect we will be accelerating it (technology usage). More than half of India's population engaged in growth in the agriculture, and three-fourths of rural women are engaged in agriculture. Apart from gender equality, research has shown that having more women also increases production by 20 to 30 per cent," Gates said at the valedictory session of the AP Ag Tech Summit-2017. He also added “e economy will not only lead to a higher Gross Domestic Product (GDP) but also lift people out of poverty.”

Gates visited the exhibition stalls in the summit along with Andhra Pradesh chief minister.

The summit focused on innovative ideas, technologies and global best practices to push agricultural transformation in the state.

Lok Sabha Election HistoryEdit

The total number of Lok Sabha seats in (previously undivided) Andhra Pradesh (1956-2014) was 42. After the 2014 bifurcation of the state, there are 25 Lok Sabha seats in Andhra Pradesh and 17 Lok Sabha seats in Telangana. The National United Front was formed with N. T. Rama Rao as chairperson. Under the leadership of Chandrababu Naidu the NDA government was formed with Atal Bihari Vajpayee as the Prime Minister of India. The TDP had G. M. C. Balayogi as the 12th Speaker of the Lok Sabha. TDP was the second largest party in 1984 Indian General Elections, winning 30 seats with 4.31% of votes, thus achieving the distinction of becoming the first regional party to become a national opposition party. However, in the next election they were reduced to only 2 seats out of 42 contested, which has to this day remained the biggest defeat for the party.

Vote share in consecutive Lok Sabha elections
Year Legislature Party leader Seats won Change in seats Percentage
of votes
Vote swing Popular vote Outcome Ref.
1984 8th Lok Sabha N.T. Rama Rao
30 / 543
  30 4.31%   4.31% 10,132,859 Opposition [43]
1989 9th Lok Sabha
2 / 543
  28 3.29%   1.02% 9,909,728 Others [44]
1991 10th Lok Sabha
13 / 543
  11 2.99%   0.30 8,223,271 Others [45]
1996 11th Lok Sabha N. Chandrababu Naidu
16 / 543
  3 2.97%   0.02 9,931,826 Others [46]
1998 12th Lok Sabha
12 / 543
  4 2.77%   0.20 10,199,463 Government [47]
1999 13th Lok Sabha
29 / 543
  17 3.65%   0.88 13,297,370 Government [48]
2004 14th Lok Sabha
5 / 543
  24 3.04%   0.61 11,844,811 Others [49]
2009 15th Lok Sabha
6 / 543
  1 2.51%   0.53 10,481,659 Others [50]
2014 16th Lok Sabha
16 / 543
  10 2.55%   0.04 14,099,230 Government [51]
2019 17th Lok Sabha
3 / 543
  13 2.04%   0.51 12,515,345 Others

Sasana Sabha Election HistoryEdit

United Andhra PradeshEdit

Vote share in consecutive United Andhra Pradesh Assembly elections
Year Legislature Party leader Seats won Change in seats Percentage
of votes
Vote swing Popular vote Outcome Ref.
1983 N.T. Rama Rao
201 / 294
  201 46.30%   46.30% Government
202 / 294
  1 46.21%   0.09% Government
74 / 294
  128 36.54%   9.67% Opposition
226 / 294
  152 44.14%   7.60% Government
1999 N. Chandrababu Naidu
180 / 294
  46 43.87%   0.27% Government
2004 12th Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
47 / 294
  133 37.59%   6.28% 13,444,168 Opposition
2009 13th Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
92 / 294
  45 28.12%   9.47% 11,826,457 Opposition
2014 14th Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
117 / 294
  25 32.53%   4.41% 15,746,215 Government

Andhra PradeshEdit

Vote share in consecutive Andhra Pradesh Assembly elections
Year Legislature Party leader Seats won Change in seats Percentage
of votes
Vote swing Popular vote Outcome Ref.
2019 15th Andhra Pradesh Assembly N. Chandrababu Naidu
23 / 175
  79 39.26%   12,304,668 Opposition [52]


Vote share in consecutive Telangana Assembly elections
Year Legislature Party leader Seats won Change in seats Percentage
of votes
Vote swing Popular vote Outcome Ref.
2018 2nd Telangana Assembly N. Chandrababu Naidu
2 / 119
  13 3.51%   725,845 Others [53]

List of Chief MinistersEdit

Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh

No. Portrait Name
Tenure Assembly Ministry
Assumed Office Left Office Time in Office
1   N. T. Rama Rao


9 January 1983 16 August 1984 7 years, 195 days 7th Rao 1
16 September 1984 9 March 1985
9 March 1985 2 December 1989 8th Rao 2
12 December 1994 1 September 1995 10th Rao 3
2   N. Chandrababu Naidu


1 September 1995 11 October 1999 13 years, 245 days Naidu 1
11 October 1999 13 May 2004 11th Naidu 2
8 June 2014 29 May 2019 14th Naidu 3
3   N. Bhaskara Rao


16 August 1984 16 September 1984 31 days 7th  

List of Union MinistersEdit

Portfolio Minister Tenure Prime Minister Government
Assumed Office Left Office Time in Office
Minister of Information and Broadcasting P. Upendra 6 December 1989 10 November 1990 339 days Vishwanath Pratap Singh Janata Dal
(National Front)
Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
Minister of Rural Development Kinjarapu Yerran Naidu 1 June 1996 19 March 1998 1 year, 291 days H. D. Deve Gowda
Inder Kumar Gujral
Janata Dal
(United Front)
Minister of Commerce Bolla Bulli Ramaiah 29 June 1996 19 March 1998 1 year, 263 days
Minister of Textiles 20 January 1998 19 March 1998 58 days
Minister of Urban Development Ummareddy Venkateswarlu 9 June 1997 19 March 1998 283 days
Minister of Civil Aviation Ashok Gajapathi Raju 26 May 2014 9 March 2018 3 years, 287 days Narendra Modi Bharatiya Janata Party
Ministry of Science and Technology & Earth sciences Y. S. Chowdary 9 Nov 2014 9 March 2018 3 years, 120 days

National General-SecretaryEdit

Currently, there are 4 National General Secretaries. The youngest person in the history of TDP to hold this position is Ram Mohan Naidu Kinjarapu, followed by Nara Lokesh,[54]

See alsoEdit



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