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Telugu Desam Party (translation: Party of the Telugu Land), abbreviated as TDP, is a regional political party active in the Southern States of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.[7] The party was founded by N. T. Rama Rao on 29 March 1982. Since 1995,[8] the party is headed by N. Chandrababu Naidu, the incumbent Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. The party's headquarters is located at NTR Bhavan in Hyderabad.

Telugu Desam Party
Abbreviation TDP
Leader N. Chandrababu Naidu
President N. Chandrababu Naidu
Chairperson N. Chandrababu Naidu
Parliamentary Chairperson Y. S. Chowdary
Lok Sabha leader Thota Narasimham
Founder N. T. Rama Rao
Founded 29 March 1982 (36 years ago) (1982-03-29)
Headquarters NTR Bhavan, Road No. 2, Hyderabad, Telangana, India[1]
Student wing Telugu Nadu Students Federation (TNSF)[2]
Youth wing Telugu Yuvata[3]
Women's wing Telugu Mahila[3]
Labour wing Telugu Nadu Trade Union Council (TNTUC)[3]
Peasant's wing Telugu Raithu[3]
Ideology Regionalism
Conservatism
Integral humanism
Economic liberalism
Political position Centre-right
Colours Yellow
ECI Status State Party[4]
Alliance NDA (1999-2005; 2014-2018)
National Front (1989-1996)
United Front (1996-1998)
Third Front (2009)
National convener Chandrababu Naidu
Seats in Lok Sabha
16 / 545
[5](currently 536 members + 1 Speaker)
Seats in Rajya Sabha
6 / 245
Seats in Andhra Pradesh
Seats in Telangana
3 / 120
(Legislative Assembly)
Election symbol
Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Website
www.telugudesam.org

N. T. Rama Rao became the 10th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh in 1983, within nine months of the party's formation, thus forming the first non-Congress government in Andhra Pradesh.[9] TDP was the first regional party to become the main opposition party in 8th Lok Sabha from 1984 to 1989.[10]

On March 16th 2018, Telugu Desam Party (TDP) lead by its leader N Chandrababu Naidu walked out of Prime Minister Narendra Modi's coalition on over financial support for Andhra Pradesh.[11]

Contents

Ideology and symbolismEdit

Telugu Desam Party follows a pro-Telugu ideology. It was founded as an alternative to the Congress hegemony, by emphasizing on the Telugu regional pride and a party for farmers, backward castes and middle Class people. Since the 1990s, it has followed an economically liberal policy that has been seen as pro-business and pro-development at the cost of the rural areas. The TDP uses yellow as the background colour for the flag with a hut, wheel and plough symbol in the foreground. A bicycle is used as the official party symbol.

Election historyEdit

Lok SabhaEdit

The total number of Lok Sabha seats in (previously undivided) Andhra Pradesh (1956-2014) was 42. After the 2014 bifurcation, there are 25 Lok Sabha seats in Andhra Pradesh and 17 Lok Sabha seats in Telangana. The National United Front was formed with N. T. Rama Rao as chairperson. Under the leadership of Chandrababu Naidu the NDA government was formed with Atal Bihari Vajpayee as the Prime Minister of India. The TDP had G. M. C. Balayogi as the 12th Speaker of the Lok Sabha. TDP was the second largest party in 1984 Indian General Elections, winning 30 seats with 4.31% of votes, thus achieving the distinction of becoming the first regional party to become a national opposition party.

Year General Election Seats won Change of Seats Vote% Change of Vote%
1984 8th Lok Sabha 30 - 4.31% -
1989 9th Lok Sabha 2   28 3.29%   1.02%
1991 10th Lok Sabha 13   11 2.96%   0.33%
1996 11th Lok Sabha 16   3 2.97%   0.01%
1998 12th Lok Sabha 12   4 2.77%   0.20%
1999 13th Lok Sabha 29   17 3.65%   0.83%
2004 14th Lok Sabha 5   24 3.04%   0.61%
2009 15th Lok Sabha 6   1 2.51%   0.53%
2014 16th Lok Sabha 16   10 2.52%   0.01%

List of Chief MinistersEdit

  • N. T. Rama Rao
    • First term (9 January 1983 – 16 August 1984).
    • Second term (16 September 1984 – 2 December 1989).
    • Third term (12 December 1994 – 1 September 1995).
  • N. Chandrababu Naidu
    • First term (1 September 1995 – 13 May 2004).
    • Second term (8 June 2014 – Incumbent) (first Chief Minister to assume office of post-divided State / Newly formed State of Andhra Pradesh on 2 June 2014 to till date.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit