Telugu Desam Party
Telugu Desam Party (translation: Party of the Telugu Land), abbreviated as TDP, is a regional political party active in the Southern States of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. The party was founded by N. T. Rama Rao on 29 March 1982. Since 1995, the party is headed by N. Chandrababu Naidu, the incumbent Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. The party's headquarters is located at NTR Bhavan in Hyderabad.
N. T. Rama Rao became the 10th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh in 1983, within nine months of the party's formation, thus forming the first non-Congress government in Andhra Pradesh. TDP was the first regional party to become the main opposition party in 8th Lok Sabha from 1984 to 1989.
Ideology and symbolismEdit
Telugu Desam Party follows a pro-Telugu ideology. It was founded as an alternative to the Congress hegemony, by emphasizing on the Telugu regional pride and a party for farmers, backward castes and middle Class people. Since the 1990s, it has followed an economically liberal policy that has been seen as pro-business and pro-development at the cost of the rural areas. The TDP uses yellow as the background colour for the flag with a hut, wheel and plough symbol in the foreground. A bicycle is used as the official party symbol.
The total number of Lok Sabha seats in (previously undivided) Andhra Pradesh (1956-2014) was 42. After the 2014 bifurcation, there are 25 Lok Sabha seats in Andhra Pradesh and 17 Lok Sabha seats in Telangana. The national united front was formed with N. T. Rama Rao as chairperson. Under the leadership of Chandrababu Naidu the NDA government was formed with Atal Bihari Vajpayee as the Prime Minister of India. The TDP had G. M. C. Balayogi as the 12th Speaker of the Lok Sabha.
|Year||General Election||Seats won||Change of Seats||Vote%||Change of Vote%|
|1984||8th Lok Sabha||30||-||4.31%||-|
|1989||9th Lok Sabha||2||28||3.29%||1.02%|
|1991||10th Lok Sabha||13||11||2.96%||0.33%|
|1996||11th Lok Sabha||16||3||2.97%||0.01%|
|1998||12th Lok Sabha||12||4||2.77%||0.20%|
|1999||13th Lok Sabha||29||17||3.65%||0.83%|
|2004||14th Lok Sabha||5||24||3.04%||0.61%|
|2009||15th Lok Sabha||6||1||2.51%||0.53%|
|2014||16th Lok Sabha||16||10||2.52%||0.01%|
List of Chief MinistersEdit
- N. T. Rama Rao
- First term (9 January 1983 – 16 August 1984).
- Second term (16 September 1984 – 2 December 1989).
- Third term (12 December 1994 – 1 September 1995).
- N. Chandrababu Naidu
- First term (1 September 1995 – 13 May 2004).
- Second term (8 June 2014 – Incumbent) (first Chief Minister to assume office of post-divided State / Newly formed State of Andhra Pradesh on 2 June 2014 to till date.
Telugu Desam Party was the second largest party in 1984 Indian General Elections, winning 30 seats with 4.31% of votes, thus achieving the distinction of becoming the first regional party to become a national opposition party.
- "contact TDP". Telugudesam.org. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
- "Telugu Nadu Students Federation (TNSF) holds dharna at TSPSC". newswala.com. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- "TDP appoints leaders for its frontal wings". thehindu.com. 25 May 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
- "Members: Lok Sabha". loksabha.nic.in. Lok Sabha Secretariat. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
- "TDP wins 102 out of 175 seats".
- "SONNY". www.skrillex.com. Retrieved 2016-12-10.
- List of Chief Ministers of Andhra Pradesh
- Indian general election, 1984