Khammam district

Khammam district is a district in the eastern region of the Indian state of Telangana. The city of Khammam is the district headquarters. The district shares boundaries with Suryapet, Mahabubabad, Bhadradri districts and with Andhra pradesh state.

Khammam district
Ratham Hills near Pamulapalli
Ratham Hills near Pamulapalli
Location of Khammam district in Telangana
Location of Khammam district in Telangana
CountryIndia
StateTelangana
HeadquartersKhammam
Tehsils21
Government
 • District collectorSri R.V. Karnan, IAS
 • Lok Sabha constituencies1
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies10
Area
 • Total4,360 km2 (1,680 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total1,401,639
 • Density320/km2 (830/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationTS–4[2] Sakshi
Websitekhammam.telangana.gov.in

HistoryEdit

 
Khammam Fort Entrance view from below
 
Khammam was part of Warangal District until 1953

Paleolithic man probably roamed around the areas of lower Godavari valley[3] and the surroundings of Bhadrachalam, Kothagudem, Wyra, Sathupally and Paloncha Taluks in the district. Prehistoric rock paintings were found near Neeladri konda[4] near Lankapalli of Sathupally Taluk.

Megalithic Dolmens were found at Janampet[5] of Pinapaka Taluk. Megalithic site on the campus of Government Degree college in Khammam has yielded pottery and skeletal remains.[6] Kistapuram[7] and Padugonigudem[8] villages in Gundala Taluk of the district were rich in Megalithic cultural remnants explored and discovered recently.

The southern parts of Khammam district flourished as famous Buddhist centers along with Amaravathi and Vijayapuri along the rivulets Munneru, Wyra and Murredu. Important Buddhist sites in the district are Nelakondapalli, Mudigonda, Aswaraopeta and Karukonda[9] near Kothagudem.

Post IndependenceEdit

Khammam town which was the seat of Taluk Administration was a part of the larger Warangal district, till 1 October 1953. Six taluks of the Warangal district viz., Khammam, Madhira, Yellandu, Paloncha, Kothagudem and Burgampadu were carved out as a new district with Khammam as headquarters. On 1 November 1956, Hyderabad state was dissolved, and Khammam district became part of Andhra Pradesh.

In 1959, Bhadrachalam revenue division consisting of Bhadrachalam and Nuguru Venkatapuram Taluks of East Godavari district, which were on the other side of the river Godavari were merged into Khammam on grounds of geographical contiguity and administrative viability. Aswaraopeta was also part of West Godavari District up to 1959. In 1973 a new taluk with Sathupalli as headquarters was carved out from Madhira and Kothagudem taluks. In the year 1976 three new taluks were formed viz., Tirumalayapalem, Aswaraopeta and Manuguru by bifurcating Khammam, Kothagudem and Burgampadu taluks respectively.
In the year 1985, following the introduction of the mandal system, the district has been divided into 46 mandals, under four Revenue Divisions – Khammam, Kothagudem, Paloncha and Bhadrachalam.

On 2 June 2014, Khammam together with nine other districts became the new state of Telangana, which was separated from Andhra Pradesh. On 11 July 2014, the Lok Sabha approved a bill transferring seven mandals of Khammam district (Kukunoor, Velairpadu, Bhurgampadu, Chintoor, Kunavaram, Vararamachandrapuram and Bhadrachalam) back to Andhra Pradesh, in order to facilitate the Polavaram Irrigation project.[10][11]

GeographyEdit

Khammam district occupies an area of 4,453.00 square kilometres (1,719.31 sq mi).[12]

DemographicsEdit

As of 2011 Census of India, the district has a population of 1,389,566.[12]

Administrative divisionsEdit

The district has two revenue divisions of Kallur and Khammam. These are sub-divided into 21 mandals.[12][13] Rv Karnan is the present collector of the district.[14]

MandalsEdit

The mandals of Chinturu, Kunavaram, Nellipaka and Vararamachandrapuram were added to East Godavari district based on Polavaram ordinance.[15]

The list of 21 mandals in Khammam district under 2 revenue divisions are listed in the following table:

S.No. Khammam Division S.No. Kalluru Division
1 Bonakal 16 Kalluru
2 Chinthakani 17 Thallada
3 Raghunathapalem (New) 18 Enkuru
4 Khammam (rural) 19 Penuballi
5 Khammam 20 Sathupally
6 Konijerla 21 Vemsoor
7 Kusumanchi
8 Madhira
9 Mudigonda
10 Nelakondapalli
11 Kamepalli
12 Singareni
13 Thirumalayapalem
14 Wyra
15 Yerrupalem

EconomyEdit

 
Coal Handling Ropeway near Pamulapalli village (supply of coal from Manugur open cast mine to Aswapuram Heavy Water Plant)

In 2006 the Indian government named Khammam one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[16] It is one of the districts in Telangana currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[16]

Notable personalitiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "District at Glace". Khammam District. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Vehicle Registration Codes For New Districts In Telangana". sakshipost.com.
  3. ^ Paleolithic History of Godavari valley. 1984.
  4. ^ Murty, M. L. K. (2003). Comprehensive History and Culture of Andhra Pradesh: Pre- and protohistoric ... ISBN 9788125024750.
  5. ^ "Archeological Survey of India".
  6. ^ Sridhar, P (4 June 2012). "Excavation throws light on burial practices of megalithic age". The Hindu. Chennai, India.
  7. ^ Sridhar, P. (22 February 2012). "Three megalithic sites discovered". The Hindu. Chennai, India.
  8. ^ "3,000-year-old megalithic site discovered in Khammam". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 22 April 2011. Archived from the original on 26 April 2011.
  9. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation (Amendment) Bill, 2014" Accessed 13 July 2014 [1]
  11. ^ "Protests against Centre, Andhra Pradesh in Khammam over Polavaram Bill". Deccan Chronicle, 12 July 2014. Accessed 13 July 2014. [2]
  12. ^ a b c "New districts". Andhra Jyothy.com. 8 October 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  13. ^ "Administrative Map of Khammam District". Khammam District. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  14. ^ "K Chandrasekhar Rao appoints collectors for new districts". Deccan Chronicle. 11 October 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  15. ^ "Ordinance on Polavaram project promulgated". The Hans India. Hyderabad. 29 May 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
  16. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.

External linksEdit