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1984 Indian general election

General elections were held in India in 1984 soon after the assassination of previous Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi, though the vote in Assam and Punjab was delayed until 1985 due to ongoing fighting.

1984 Indian general election

← 1980 24, 27 and 28 December 1984 1989 →

All 541 seats in the Lok Sabha
271 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Rajiv Gandhi (1987).jpg NT Rama Rao 2000 stamp of India.jpg
Leader Rajiv Gandhi N.T. Rama Rao
Party INC Telugu Desam
Leader's seat Amethi None
Seats won 414 30
Seat change Increase61 Increase30
Percentage 48.12% 4.06%
Swing Increase5.45% Increase4.06%

Wahlergebnisse Indien 1984.svg

Prime Minister before election

Rajiv Gandhi
INC+

Elected Prime Minister

Rajiv Gandhi
INC+

The election was a landslide victory for the Indian National Congress of Rajiv Gandhi (son of Indira Gandhi), which won 404 of the 514 seats elected in 1984 and a further 10 in the delayed elections. The Telugu Desam Party of N. T. Rama Rao, a regional political party from the southern state of Andhra Pradesh, was the second largest party, winning 30 seats, thus achieving the distinction of becoming the first regional party to become a national opposition party. Voting was held immediately after the assassination of Indira Gandhi and the 1984 anti-Sikh riots in November and most of India supported Congress.

The Bharatiya Janata Party won its first two seats, in Hanamkonda and Mahesana.

ResultsEdit

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Indian National Congress 115,478,267 49.10 404 +51
Bharatiya Janata Party 18,202,853 7.74 2 New
Janata Party 16,210,514 6.89 10 –21
Lok Dal 14,040,064 5.97 3 New
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 13,809,950 5.87 22 –15
Telugu Desam Party 10,132,859 4.31 30 New
Communist Party of India 6,363,430 2.71 6 –4
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 5,695,179 2.42 2 –14
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 3,968,967 1.69 12 +10
Indian Congress (Socialist) 3,577,377 1.52 4 New
Indian Congress (J) 1,511,515 0.64 1 New
Revolutionary Socialist Party 1,173,869 0.50 3 –1
All India Forward Bloc 1,055,556 0.45 2 –1
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference 1,010,243 0.43 3 0
Indian Union Muslim League 658,821 0.28 2 0
Kerala Congress (Joseph) 598,113 0.25 2 New
Doordashi Party 508,426 0.22 0 New
Peasants and Workers Party of India 463,963 0.20 1 +1
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha 332,403 0.14 0 New
Kerala Congress 258,591 0.11 0 –1
All India Muslim League 224,155 0.10 0 0
Gandhi Kamraj National Congress 217,104 0.09 0 New
Socialist Unity Centre of India 196,767 0.08 0 0
Republican Party of India (Khobragade) 165,320 0.07 0 0
Manipur Peoples Party 149,019 0.06 0 0
Tamil Nadu Congress (K) 144,076 0.06 0 New
Naga National Democratic Party 113,919 0.05 0 New
Jammu & Kashmir Panthers Party 95,149 0.04 0 New
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party 83,122 0.04 0 –1
Peoples Party of Arunachal 78,455 0.03 0 0
Republican Party of India 22,877 0.01 0 0
Jharkhand Party 18,837 0.01 0 –1
Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Conference 646 0.00 0 New
Independents 18,623,803 7.92 5 –4
Invalid/blank votes 6,062,678
Total 241,246,887 100 514 –15
Registered voters/turnout 379,540,608 63.56
Source EIC

Delayed elections in Assam and PunjabEdit

 
Results from 1985
Party Votes % Seats
Indian National Congress 4,628,777 32.14 10
Shiromani Akali Dal 2,577,279 17.90 7
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 462,576 3.21 0
Indian Congress (Socialist) 457,705 3.18 1
Communist Party of India 369,687 2.57 0
Plain Tribals Council of Assam 310,150 2.15 1
Bharatiya Janata Party 263,284 1.83 0
Janata Party 420,082 2.92 0
Lok Dal 46,627 0.32 0
Independents 4,864,958 33.78 8
Invalid/blank votes 646,951
Total 15,048,076 100 27
Registered voters/turnout 20,834,725 72.23
Source: ECI

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit