N. Chandrababu Naidu
Nara Chandrababu Naidu (born 20 April 1950) is an Indian politician who was the former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh serving since 2014. He was the first chief minister of the state since it was divided. Previously he served as Chief Minister of esrtwhile united Andhra Pradesh from 1994 to 2004, before the state was divided, and as the Leader of the opposition in the United Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly from 2004 to 2014. He is currently the National President of Telugu Desam Party.
Naidu has won a number of awards, including IT Indian of the Millennium from India Today, Business Person of the Year by The Economic Times, South Asian of the Year from Time Asia and membership in the World Economic Forum's Dream Cabinet. Naidu chaired the National IT Panel under the NDA government and was described as one of the "hidden seven", working wonders around the world, by Profit (Oracle Corporation's monthly magazine).
Early life and education
Naidu was born in 20 April 1950 at Naravaripalle, Chittor district, Andhra Pradesh in an agricultural family. His father, N. Kharjura Naidu, worked in agriculture and his mother Amanamma was a housewife. Since his village had no school, Naidu attended primary school in Seshapuram upto class five and the Chandragiri Government High School upto class nine. He went to Tirupati for his higher education, studying there from class 10 until he received his master's degree. Naidu completed his BA degree in 1972.
Early political career
Naidu was drawn to politics at an early age, and joined Youth Congress as a student leader in Chandragiri, near Tirupati in Chittoor district. After emergency was imposed on the country in 1975, He became close supporter of Youth Congress president, Sanjay Gandhi and Narala Saikiran.
Legislative career, 1978–1983
Naidu became a Congress (I) member of the Andhra Pradesh legislative assembly (MLA) for Chandragiri constituency in 1978. The party's 20% quota for youth to run for the office was beneficial for Naidu on that occasion. Not long afterwards, he was appointed as technical education and cinematography minister in T .Anjaiah's government at the age of 28. He was the youngest minister in the Congress(I) cabinet.
Telugu Desam Party
In 1982, NTR formed the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) and swept the assembly polls held in 1983. Naidu, who was then still in the INC, was defeated by a TDP candidate in Chandragiri. He joined the TDP soon after.
Rise in the party
Naidu got the chance to show his political skills in August 1984, when Nadendla Bhaskara Rao staged a coup against NTR. He rallied the TDP MLAs together, and paraded them before the President of India. NTR was reinstated as the chief minister of Andhra Pradesh 31 days later. Impressed with his son-in-law's manoeuvres, NTR appointed Naidu as the General Secretary of the party and he began playing an important role in the TDP after Rao's coup attempt. Later when NTR married Lakshmi Parvathi, Naidu took over the TDP legislative party predicting the problems in the party and became Chief Minister Of United Andhra Pradesh
Legislative career, 1989–1994
In the 1989 assembly election, Chandrababu Naidu contested from Kuppam and won by 5,000 votes. INC however had regained power in the election so Naidu had to sit in the Opposition. He served as coordinator of the Telugu Desam Party, in which capacity he effectively handled the party's role of main opposition in the assembly which won him wide appreciation from both the party and the public. His role during this phase both inside the Legislative Assembly and outside was a critical factor for the subsequent success of the party at the hustings.
Becoming Chief Minister
On 1 September 1995 Chandrababu Naidu came to power as Chief Minister by revolting against N.T Rama Rao. In a last interview, with Reuters, Mr. Rama Rao compared himself to Shah Jehan, a 17th-century Mogul emperor who was imprisoned by his son, and predicted that he would gain his revenge against what he called "the backstabbers" in his family, especially his son-in-law and successor as Chief Minister, N. Chandrababu Naidu.
As Chief Minister (1995–2004)
In 2000 both Bill Clinton (President of the United States at the time) and Tony Blair (Prime Minister of the United Kingdom at the time) visited Hyderabad and met with Naidu whilst he was chief minister. He was the longest-serving chief minister of the United Andhra Pradesh and First chief minister of residual Andhra Pradesh
Aparisim Ghosh of the American news magazine, Time commented, "In just five years, he has turned an impoverished, rural backwater place into India's new information-technology hub", and the magazine named him South Asian of the Year.
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- Universal, low-cost education and healthcare
- Rural employment
- Replacement of small investors with large corporations
In implementing Vision 2020, Naidu privatised the health care and education of the state and indirectly may have helped to drive out small farmers from the farmlands so that big corporations can do large-scale farming similar to some western countries. He said agriculture is not sustainable / profitable in current conditions and farmers have to find other options for living. This has caused controversy among farmers. Moreover, Naidu's government has bought over 34,000 acres of fertile land from farmers to build the new capital of Amaravati.
The push towards wanton privatisation by the TDP has alienated several workers' unions among PSUs, and has also caused protest amongst private sector workers against unjust policies in the face of exploitation of contractors by the emboldened private sector industrial firms.
1999 election victory
The Telugu Desam Party, led by Naidu, won a majority in the state legislature: 185 of 294 seats in the Assembly and 29 of 42 in the 1999 general election, making it the second-largest party in the BJP-led NDA coalition government.
Naidu discussed his plan to develop the state of Andhra Pradesh by making the major cities showpieces for foreign investment especially in "key sectors such as information technology, biotechnology, healthcare and various outsourcing services". He coined the slogan "Bye-bye Bangalore, hello Hyderabad" to further this aim. Microsoft Corporation has established a software-development center in Hyderabad. Naidu encouraged other global IT companies (IBM, Dell, Deloitte, Computer Associates and Oracle) to move to Hyderabad, making presentations to global CEOs convincing them to invest in Hyderabad.
In his tenure by end of the financial year 2003–04 software exports from Hyderabad reached $1 billion. and it becomes a fourth largest exporting city in the country. By 2013–14 exports had grown by more than 10 times, employing about 320,000 people directly working in this IT & ITES fields in Hyderabad alone.
2003 assassination attempt
On 1 October 2003 Naidu survived a land-mine blast, escaping with a fractured left collarbone and hairline fractures of two right ribs. The blast occurred about 16:00 IST when Naidu was traveling in a convoy to the Lord Venkateswara temple in the Tirumala hills for the annual Brahmotsavam festival. State Information Minister B. Gopalakrishna Reddy, Telugu Desam legislator and Ch. Krishnamurthy and driver Srinivasa Raju were also injured. Telugu Desam legislator Bojjala Gopala Krishan Reddy was seriously injured.
2004 election defeat
The Telugu Desam Party (led by Naidu) failed to retain power after two successive wins, losing power to the Indian National Congress led by Dr.Y.S Rajashekara Reddy after winning only 47 of 294 seats in the state assembly and five of 42 in the Lok Sabha. While many of his ministers lost, Naidu won decisively in Kuppam.
2009 election defeat
The Telugu Desam Party (led by Naidu) formed maha kootami with support of KCR who pitched for a separate state of Telangana but he could not get into power, again losing to the Indian National Congress led by Dr. Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy.His party won only 92 of 294 seats in the state assembly and 6 of 42 in the Lok Sabha.
2014 Elections Victory
The Telugu Desam Party (led by Naidu) alliance with Bharatiya Janata Party and Jana Sena Party founded by Telugu film actor Pawan Kalyan returned to power, in the state of Andhra Pradesh winning 102 seats out of 175 seats. Naidu led TDP to an outright majority in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Chandrababu Naidu took oath as the first Chief Minister of the residuary state of Andhra Pradesh at Mangalgiri in the grounds of Acharya Nagarjuna University near Guntur.
The Heritage Group was founded in 1992 by Chandra Babu Naidu. In the year 1994, HFL went to Public Issue to raise resources, which was oversubscribed 54 times and its shares are listed under B1 Category on BSE (Stock Code: 519552) and NSE (Stock Code: HERITGFOOD). Currently the organization is being led by Nara Brahmini, his daughter-in-law. Heritage has hundreds of outlets all across Andhra Pradesh and comprises a solid portion of Chandrababu Naidu's current assets.
After the division of Telangana from Andhra Pradesh, The state was forced to have a new capital and distribute it development unlike Hyderabad  With Amaravathi decided as a new capital, Visakhapatnam is declared as a IT Hub with having its ITSEZ – Special Economic Zone. As part of the developments he has started a program called AP Cloud Initiative and also launched Digital Summit
Foundation of Amaravati
The foundation for the city was laid at Uddandarayunipalem on 22 October 2015. The Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi, the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh N. Chandrababu Naidu, the Chief Minister of Telangana Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao, the Japanese minister for economy, trade and industry Yosuke Takagi and the Singaporean Minister for Trade and Industry S. Iswaran laid the foundation for the city.
– India's Global Leader by Tejaswini Pagadala
– Manasulo Mata, An Autobiography of Chandrababu Naidu
- At 35, the state's youngest assembly member and minister
- Longest serving Chief Minister for the combined state of Andhra Pradesh (1995–2004)
- First Chief Minister of the newly formed state of Andhra Pradesh from 8 June 2014.
- Longest-serving leader of opposition in the Andhra Pradesh assembly
- Voted IT Indian of the Millennium in a poll by India Today and 20:20 Media
- He was named "SOUTH ASIAN OF THE YEAR" by the TIME Magazine, USA
- He was described as one of the Hidden Seven working wonders around the world, by Profit, a monthly magazine published by Oracle Corporation, US.
- Business Person of the Year by Economic Times
- He calls himself as "CEO of Andhra Pradesh"
- The Pune-based organisation, Bharatiya Chatra Sansad, in partnership with MIT School of Governance, has honoured him with "Aadarsh Mukhyamantri Puraskar" (Model CM Award) in its 6th annual session on 30 January 2016.
- Transformative Chief Minister Award’ in May 2017
Note for Vote case
The 2015 political scandal started off when the Telugu Desam Party Leaders of Telangana state were caught in a video footage, aired in the media, offering bribes to a nominated MLA for his vote in the 2015 elections of the Telangana Legislative Council.
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N. T. Rama Rao
| Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
1 September 1995 – 14 May 2004
Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy
N. Kiran Kumar Reddy
| Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
8 June 2014 – 23 May 2019
Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy