16th Lok Sabha
Members of the 16th Lok Sabha were elected during the 2014 Indian general election. The elections were conducted in 9 phases from 7 April 2014 to 12 May 2014 by the Election Commission of India. The results of the election were declared on 16 May 2014. The Bharatiya Janata Party (of the NDA) achieved an absolute majority with 282 seats out of 543, 166 seats more than in the previous 15th Lok Sabha. Its PM candidate Narendra Modi took office on 26 May 2014 as the 14th prime minister of India. The first session was convened from June 4 to June 11, 2014.
There was no leader of the opposition in the 16th Lok Sabha as the Indian Parliament rules state that a party in the Lok Sabha must have at least 10% (55) of the total seats (545) in order to be considered the opposition party. The Indian National Congress (of the UPA) could only manage 44 seats while the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam party from Tamil Nadu came a close third with 37 seats. Mallikarjun Kharge was declared the leader of the Indian National Congress in the Lok Sabha.
The pro-tem Speaker Kamal Nath was administered oath on 4 June 2014 & presided over the election of the Speaker of the Lok Sabha. Sumitra Mahajan was elected as its Speaker on 6 June 2014 and would remain in office until the day before the first sitting of the 17th Lok Sabha. M Thambidurai was elected as Deputy Speaker on 13 August 2014.
- Speaker: Sumitra Mahajan, BJP
- Deputy Speaker: M. Thambidurai, AIADMK
- Secretary-General: Snehlata Shrivastava
- Leader of the House: Narendra Modi, BJP
- Leader of the Opposition: None, as no opposition party received 10% membership of the House. The single largest opposition party in the Lok Sabha was the Indian National Congress, with 44 seats.
Party-wise Distribution of Seats
Following 36 political parties were represented in 16th Lok Sabha:
About one-third of all winners had at least one pending criminal case against them, with some having serious criminal cases.
* Criteria for "serious" criminal cases:
- Offence for which maximum punishment is of 5 years or more.
- If an offence is non-bailable.
- If it is an electoral offence (e.g. IPC 171E or bribery).
- Offence related to loss to exchequer.
- Offences that are assault, murder, kidnap, rape related.
- Offences that are mentioned in Representation of the People Act (Section 8).
- Offences under Prevention of Corruption Act.
- Crimes against women.
Compared to the 15th Lok Sabha, there was an increase of members with criminal cases. In 2009, 158 (30%) of the 521 members analysed had criminal cases, of which 77 (15%) had serious criminal cases.
As of May 2014, out of the 542 members analysed, 443 (82%) are having assets of ₹1 crore (US$140,000) or more. In the 15th Lok Sabha, out of 521 members analysed, 300 (58%) members had assets of ₹1 crore (US$140,000) or more.
The average assets per member are ₹14.7 crore (US$2.1 million) (in 2009, this figure was ₹5.35 crore (US$770,000)).
|Political party||No. of members||Average assets per member|
|BJP||281||₹11.5 crore (US$1.7 million)|
|INC||44||₹13.2 crore (US$1.9 million)|
|AIADMK||37||₹6.4 crore (US$930,000)|
|AITC||34||₹2.5 crore (US$360,000)|
|Others||146||₹25.0 crore (US$3.6 million)|
|Total||542 (Excluding Speaker)||₹14.7 crore (US$2.1 million)|
Age-wise distribution of the 542 members in the 16th Lok Sabha as of 16 May 2018
|Age Group||No. of members|
|Age between 71 and 80||53|
|Age between 61 and 70||161|
|Age between 51 and 60||164|
|Age between 41 and 50||103|
|Age <= 40||46|
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- A third of MPs have criminal cases, Shiv Sena tops list: report | NDTV.com
- Every third newly-elected MP has criminal background - The Times of India