Pattali Makkal Katchi
Paattali Makkal Katchi (English: Working people's party, abbreviated in English as PMK) is a political party in Tamil Nadu, India, founded by S. Ramadoss in 1989 as a political outfit for the Vanniyars (OBC), the dominant caste in northern Tamil Nadu.
|President||G. K. Mani|
|Founded||16 July 1989|
|Headquarters||Tindivanam, Villupuram District, Chennai - 604001, Tamil Nadu|
|ECI Status||State Party|
|Alliance||National Democratic Alliance (1998-2004, 2014 – present) |
United Progressive Alliance (2004-2009, 2011-13)
United National Progressive Alliance (2009-2010)
|Seats in Lok Sabha|
0 / 543
|Seats in Rajya Sabha|
1 / 245
|Seats in Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly|
0 / 234
PMK was founded by S. Ramadoss, an activist, on 16 July 1989. Ahead of the 2004 elections, PMK joined the Democratic Progressive Alliance, a broad Tamil political front which also included the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), Indian National Congress (INC), Communist Party of India, Communist Party of India (Marxist) and Indian Union Muslim League. PMK was able to obtain a significant share of power both in the regional government in Tamil Nadu and the Central Government due to a significant number of seats they obtained which helped the United Progressive Alliance ( UPA-I ) to form the Government.
Following the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, the PMK joined the United Progressive Alliance led by the INC. In June 2008, during the final months of the bitter relationship between the DMK and the PMK, the ruling DMK in Tamil Nadu severed its ties with the PMK, an outside supporter of the Karunanidhi Government. However, the DMK did not press for the party's removal from the UPA Government at the Centre. On 26 March 2009, PMK declared that, it would join the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam ( AIADMK ) led front and left the United Progressive Alliance (UPA).
PMK contested in the 2014 Lok Sabha election in an alliance with Bharatiya Janata Party led NDA and its candidate Anbumani Ramadoss won from Dharmapuri Lok Sabha constituency, where he was one of two non-AIADMK MPs from Tamil Nadu the other being from its ally BJP.
The leaders of Pattali Makkal Katchi, who are also the national executives of the party are listed below:
- S. Ramadoss, Founder-Leader of PMK
- G.K. Mani, President of PMK
- Anbumani Ramadoss, Former Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha. He is the son of S. Ramadoss and former Union Minister of Health. His important contributions include his leadership in the பசுமை தாயகம் -Pasumai Thayagam ( meaning 'Green Motherland' ) movement, which has found wide acceptance among the people of the land. He is the party's Chief Minister Candidate for the 2016 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election.
- N.T. Shanmugam, Former Minister of State for Food Processing Industries. He has remained a member of the Lok Sabha from the Vellore constituency in Tamil Nadu in the 1998-99 elections.
- A.K. Moorthy, Former Union Minister. As a Member of Parliament of the 14th Lok Sabha, Moorthy represented the Chengalpattu constituency of Tamil Nadu.
- Rangasamy Velu, Former Union Minister of Railways. He was a member of the 14th Lok Sabha, representing the Arakkonam constituency of Tamil Nadu. He remained in the Railway Ministry from 2004 to 2009
- Vadivel Ravanan, General secretary of PMK
- Thilagabama, Treasurer of PMK
- Pu.Tha.Arulmozhi, Election duty committee
- Advocate K Balu, PMK Spokesperson
- Manjula Elavarasan, Deputy Secretary of State Women wing
Tamil Nadu Assembly
|2006||13th Assembly||18,63,749||18||31||DMK +|
|2011||14th Assembly||19,27,783||3||30||DMK +|
Lok Sabha election
|1996||11th Lok Sabha||5,52,118||0||15||PT|
|1998||12th Lok Sabha||15,48,976||4||5||NDA|
|1999||13th Lok Sabha||22,36,821||5||7||NDA|
|2004||14th Lok Sabha||19,27,367||5||5||DPA|
|2009||15th Lok Sabha||19,44,619||0||6||TF|
|2014||16th Lok Sabha||1||8||NDA|
|2019||17th Lok Sabha||22,97,431||0||7||NDA|
DPA - Democratic Progressive Alliance NDA - National Democratic Alliance TF - Third Front PT - PMK-Tiwari Congress Front
Lok Sabha MembersEdit
|1||1998||12th Lok Sabha||Ezhilmalai||Chidambaram||Union Minister of State, Health and Family Welfare (Independent Charge), 1999|
|2||1998||12th Lok Sabha||Durai||Vandavasi|
|3||1998||12th Lok Sabha||K.Parymohan||Dharmapuri|
|4||1998||12th Lok Sabha||N.T. Shanmugam||Vellore|
|5||1999||13th Lok Sabha||Durai||Vandavasi||Re-elected for 2nd term|
|6||1999||13th Lok Sabha||P D Elangovan||Dharmapuri|
|7||1999||13th Lok Sabha||A.K. Moorthy||Chengalpattu||Union Minister of State, Ministry of Railways (July 2002- 15 Jan.2004)|
|8||1999||13th Lok Sabha||E Ponnuswamy||Chidambaram||Minister of State, Petroleum and Natural Gas (1999-2001)|
|9||1999||13th Lok Sabha||N.T. Shanmugam||Vellore||Re-elected for 2nd term
Union Minister of State (Independent Charge), Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (Oct 1999 to May 2000)
Union Minister of State (Independent Charge), Ministry of Coal (May 2000 to Feb 2001)
Union Minister of State (Independent Charge), Ministry of Food Processing Industries (July 2002 to Jan 2004)
|10||2004||14th Lok Sabha||K Dhanaraju||Tindivanam|
|11||2004||14th Lok Sabha||A.K. Moorthy||Chengalpattu||Re-elected for 2nd term|
|12||2004||14th Lok Sabha||E Ponnuswamy||Chidambaram||Re-elected for 2nd term|
|13||2004||14th Lok Sabha||Senthil Raman||Dharmapuri|
|14||2004||14th Lok Sabha||Rangasamy Velu||Arakkonam||Union Minister of State, Railways (2004) on 29 March 2009 He Resigned from Union Minister of State, Railways|
|15||2014||16th Lok Sabha||Anbumani Ramadoss||Dharmapuri|
Pattali Makkal Katchi Parliamentary PartyEdit
- 1989Founder, General-Secretary, Pattali Makkal Katchi
- 1999, P D Elangovan was selected as Leader of Pattali Makkal Katchi Parliamentary Party, Lok Sabha
- 2004, E Ponnuswamy Deputy Leader, PMK, Lok Sabha
Rajya Sabha MembersEdit
|1||Anbumani Ramadoss||Member, Rajya Sabha||2004-2010|
|Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare||2004 - 2009|
|Member, Rajya Sabha||2019-|
Union Council of MinistersEdit
- "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
- "PMK allotted 'mango' symbol for 2016 polls". The Hindu. 25 March 2016. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
- Thirunavukkarasu, R. (2001). "Election 2001: Changing Equations". Economic and Political Weekly. 36 (27): 2486–2489. ISSN 0012-9976. JSTOR 4410818.
- "DMK snaps ties with PMK". The Hindu. 18 June 2008. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
- "DMDK to sign poll deal with BJP - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
- "Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK) – Party History, Symbol, Founders, Election Results and News". www.elections.in. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
- "Election observer must manage Arasu Cable till polls: PMK". The Hindu. 20 March 2016. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
- "Pattali Makkal Katchi CM Candidate Anbumani - Website". Anbumani for CM. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
- "PMK Election Manifesto - Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election, 2016" (PDF). PMK Election Manifesto 2016. http://www.anbumani4cm.com. External link in