2014 Indian general election in Tamil Nadu

The 2014 Indian general election polls in Tamil Nadu were held for 39 seats in the state on 24 April 2014.[1]

Indian general election, 2014 (Tamil Nadu)

← 2009 24 April 2014 2019 →

39 seats
Opinion polls
Turnout73.74% (Increase0.71%)
  First party Second party
  J Jayalalithaa.jpg PM Modi Portrait(cropped).jpg
Leader J. Jayalalithaa Narendra Modi
Party AIADMK BJP
Alliance NDA
Seats won 37 2 (PMK 1 BJP 1)
Seat change Increase28 Increase2
Popular vote 17,983,168 7,523,829
Percentage 44.3% 18.5%
Swing Increase21.4% Decrease4.2%

  Third party Fourth party
  Kalaignar M. Karunanidhi.jpg Rahul Gandhi (cropped).jpg
Leader M. Karunanidhi Rahul Gandhi
Party DMK INC
Alliance DPA UPA
Seats won 0 0
Seat change Decrease18 Decrease8
Popular vote 10,887,347 1,751,123
Percentage 26.8% 4.3%
Swing Decrease0.7% Decrease10.7%

2014 Tamil Nadu Lok Sabha result by constituency.PNG
Result by Constituencies
Green = AIADMK and Orange = NDA

The total voter strength of Tamil Nadu is 53,752,682.[2] The voting turnout in the election was 73.67%.[3]

The results of the elections were declared on 16 May 2014.

BackgroundEdit

As the term of 15th Lok Sabha ended in May 2014, Election Commission of India decided to conduct the election for the next Lok Sabha in April–May 2014.

Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) under M. Karunanidhi was part of both (United Progressive Alliance) UPA government until it withdrew support on 19 March 2013 over Sri Lanka issues.[4] DMK suspended their south zone organisational secretary M. K. Alagiri for violating party discipline and later expelled him from the party in March 2014.[5][6]

In October 2013, Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK) formed an alliance with smaller parties and caste groups as alternative to Dravidian parties and named it as Social Democratic Alliance (SDA).[7][8] SDA announced candidates for 10 seats and started their campaign. Gandhiya Makkal Iyakkam leader Tamilaruvi Manian played a significant role to bring parties into the BJP led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) as alternative to Congress led UPA.[9]

In the Indian National Congress (INC), shipping minister G. K. Vasan[10] and finance minister P. Chidambaram were opt out from the election.[11]

The election process are carried out by the state election commission headed by Praveen Kumar and for the first time, Section 144 of CrPC used in the election for 36 hours before polling to prevent cash distribution to bribe voters.[12] As of 23 April, commission seized 390 million (390 million) of money in the state.[13]

Alliances and partiesEdit

AIADMKEdit

In the beginning of the year, AIADMK leader Jayalalithaa stated that she will campaign and win all 39 seats by allying with left parties. AIADMK party members declared herself as the Prime Minister candidate despite rumours that she might support Narendra Modi.[14] On 24 February, Jayalalitha announced candidates for all the 39 constituencies of Tamil Nadu.[15]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. AIADMK   J. Jayalalithaa 39

National Democratic AllianceEdit

 
NDA seat sharing by constituencies

The BJP under PM candidate Narendra Modi have formed an alliance with MDMK, PMK, DMDK, IJK, KMDK and seats were allotted on 20 March 2014.[16]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. DMDK   Vijayakanth 14
2. Pattali Makkal Katchi   S. Ramadoss 8
3. Bharatiya Janata Party Pon Radhakrishnan 7
4. MDMK   Vaiko 7
5. Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi T. R. Pachamuthu 1
6. KMDK E. R. Eswaran 1
7. Puthiya Needhi Katchi A. C. Shanmugam 1

Democratic Progressive AllianceEdit

Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam named its alliance as Democratic Progressive Alliance. It formed alliance with VCK, MMK, IUML and Puthiya Tamizhagam.[17]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam   M. Karunanidhi 34
2. Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi Ring Thol. Thirumavalavan 2
3. Manithaneya Makkal Katchi M. H. Jawahirullah 1
4. Indian Union Muslim League   K. M. Kader Mohideen 1
5. Puthiya Tamizhagam K. Krishnasamy 1

United Progressive AllianceEdit

The INC under the leadership of Rahul Gandhi stated that they will decide on a PM candidate after the election. They lost their major ally from UPA 1 and 2 administration DMK last year. They decided to contest alone, to all 39 seats in the state.[18]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. Indian National Congress Hand B. S. Gnanadesikan 39

CPI(M)-CPIEdit

 
U. Vasuki campaigning in North Chennai

After six rounds of seat-sharing talks with AIADMK for the Lok Sabha seats in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry failed to bear fruit, the Communist Party of India (Marxist) and the Communist Party of India opted to make an alliance of their own.[19][20] On 14 March 2014 the two parties held a joint press conference in Chennai, declaring that CPI(M) would contest nine seats in Tamil Nadu and CPI would contest eight seats in Tamil Nadu and the Puducherry seat.[19]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. Communist Party of India (Marxist) Hammer and sickle G. Ramakrishnan 9
2. Communist Party of India D. Pandian 8

Aam Aadmi PartyEdit

Aam Aadmi Party announced its candidates for 25 seats.[21]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. Aam Aadmi party   David Barun Kumar 25

Opinion pollEdit

Conducted in Month(s) Ref Polling Organisation/Agency
INC BJP AIADMK DMK Others
Aug–Oct 2013 [22] Times Now-India TV-CVoter 1 0 28 5 5
Dec 2013 – Jan 2014 [23] India Today-CVoter 0 29 5 5
Jan–Feb 2014 [24] Times Now-India TV-CVoter 1 0 27 5 6
March 2014 [25] NDTV- Hansa Research 0 0 27 10 2
March–April 2014 [26] CNN-IBN-Lokniti-CSDS 0 6 – 10
(In alliance)
15–21 10 – 16
(In alliance)
0
April 2014 [27] NDTV- Hansa Research 0 3
(In alliance)
22 14
(In alliance)
0
4–12 April 2014 [28] India Today-Cicero 0 4 – 6
(In alliance)
20–24 9 – 13
(In alliance)
0–2

List of candidatesEdit

List of candidates of prominent political parties
Constituency name AIADMK DPA NDA Congress CPI(M)-CPI AAP
Arni Gingee Seval V. Elumalai R. Sivanandam A. K. Moorthy K. Vishnu Prasath
Arakkonam K. Hari N. R. Ilango R. Velu Nassey Rajesh S. Rajesh
Chennai (North) T. G. Venkatesh Babu R. Girirajan Soundarapandian Biju Chako U. Vasuki S. Srinivason
Chennai (South) J. Jeyavardhan T. K. S. Elangovan La Ganesan S. V. Ramani M. Jahir Hussain
Chennai (Central) S. R. Vijayakumar Dayanidhi Maran J. K. Raveendran C. D. Maiyappan J Prabhakar
Chidambaram M. Chandirakasi Thol. Thirumavalavan Sudha Valla Perumalan
Coimbatore A. P. Nagarajan K. Ganesh Kumar C. P. Radhakrishnan R. Prabhu P.R. Natarajan Pon Chandran
Cuddalore A. Arunmozhithevan K. Nandagopalakrishnan Jai Sankar S. Azhagiri Balasubramanian A G Syed Mohideen
Dharmapuri P. S. Mohan R. Thamaraichelvan Anbumani Ramadoss Rama. Suganthan.
Dindigul M. Udayakumar S. Gandhirajan A. Krishnamoorthy N. S. V. Chitthan N. Pandi S. Elanchezian
Erode S. Selvakumara Chinnaiyan Pavithravalli A. Ganesha Murthi C. Gopi K K Kumarasamy
Kallakurichi K. Kamaraj Era Manimaran V. P. Eswaran R. Devadass K Mohamed Yasin
Kancheepuram Maragatham Kumaravel G. Selvam Mallai Sathya T. Vishwanathan
Kanniyakumari D. John Thangam F. M. Rajarathinam Pon. Radhakrishnan H. Vasanthakumar A.V. Bellarmin Dr. S.P. Udayakumar
Karur M. Thambidurai M. Chinnasamy N. S. Krishnan S. Jothi Mani R. Valayapathi
Krishnagiri K. Ashok Kumar P. Chinnapillappa G. K. Mani A. Chellakumar
Madurai R. Gopalakrishnan Velusamy Sivamuthukumar Bharath Natchiappan P. Vikaram Kamacis M
Mayiladuthurai R. K. Bharathimohan S. Hyder Ali Agoram Mani Shankar Aiyar
Nagapattinam K. Gopal A. K. S. Vijayan Vadivel Ravanan Senthil Pandian G. Palanisamy
Namakkal P. R. Sundaram S. Gandhiselvan S K Vel G. R. Subramaniam Dr. T S Chellakumarsamy
Perambalur R. P. Marudairaj S. Prabhu T. R. Pachamuthu M. Rajasekharan
Pollachi C. Mahendran Pongalur Palanisamy E. R. Eswaran K. Sathu Selvaraj
Ramanathapuram A. Anwarraja S. Mohammed Jaleel S. Kuppuramu S. U. Thiranavukkarasar R.T. Uma Mahswari
Salem V. Pannerselvam Umarani L. K. Sudhish Mohan Kumar Mangalam Satheesh Kumar
Sivaganga P. R. Senthilnathan Suba. Durairaj H. Raja Karthi Chidambaram S. Krishnan Thamil Arima
Sriperumbudur K. N. Ramachandran Jegathratchagan Masilamani Arul Ambarasu S A N Vasigaran
Tenkasi Vasanthi Murugesan K. Krishnasamy Sadan Thirumalaikumar K. Jayakumar P. Lingam
Thanjavur K. Parasuraman T. R. Baalu M. Muruganantham T. Krishnaswamy S. Tamilselvi S. Palanirajan
The Nilgiris C. Gopalakrishnan A. Raja Nomination rejected P. Gandhi Prof M T Rani
Theni R. Parthiban Pon. Muthuramalingam Alagu Sundaram Haroon Rashid J Ramprakash
Thiruvallur P. Venugopal Ravikumar V Yuvaraj M. Jayakumar A.S. Kannan Balamurugan B
Thoothukudi J. Jeyasingh Thyagaraj Natterjee B. Jagan S. Joyal APCV Shanmugam A. Mohanraj M. Pushparayan
Tiruchirappalli P. Kumar N. M. U. Anbazhagan A. M. G. Vijayakumar Charubala Tondaiman S. Sridhar P Ravi
Tirunelveli K. R. P. Prabakaran Devadoss Sundaram S. Sivananaindha Perumal S. S. Ramasubbu Jesuraj M.P
Tiruppur V. Sathyabama Senthilnathan N. Dineshkumar EVKS Elangovan K. Subbarayan
Tiruvannamalai R. Vanaroja C. N. Annadurai Ethiroli Maniyan A. Subramanian
Vellore B. Senguttuvan M. Abdul Rahman A. C. Shanmugam Vijay Elanchezian Imdad Shariff
Villupuram S. Rajendran K. Muthaian Uma Sankar K. Rani G. Anandhan
Virudhunagar D. Radhakrishnan S. Rathnavel Vaiko Manickam Tagore K. Samuel Raj

ResultsEdit

Party-wise resultsEdit

 
2014 Tamil Nadu lok sabha result
Green = AIADMK, Orange = BJP and Lime = PMK
Results of the 2014 Lok Sabha Election of Tamil Nadu by alliances/parties:[29]
Alliance/Party Seats won Change Popular Vote Vote %
AIADMK 37 +28 17,983,168 44.3%
NDA 2 +2 7,523,829 18.5%
BJP 1 +1 2,222,090 5.5%
PMK 1 +1 1,804,812 4.4%
DMDK 0 - 2,079,392 5.1%
MDMK 0 -1 1,417,535 3.5%
DPA 0 0 10,887,347 26.8%
DMK 0 -18 9,575,850 23.6%
VCK 0 -1 606,110 1.5%
PT 0 - 262,812 0.6%
MMK 0 - 236,679 0.6%
IUML 0 - 205,896 0.5%
INC 0 -8 1,751,123 4.3%
Others 0
CPI(M) 0 -1 220,614 0.5%
CPI 0 -1 219,866 0.5%
AAP 0 - 203,175 0.5%
BSP 0 - 155,964 0.4%
IND 0 - 866,509 2.1%
NOTA 0 - 582062 1.4%
Total 39 100%

Note: IJK, KMDK and PNK were contested under the BJP symbol.

Constituency-wise resultsEdit

Constituency-wise results:[30]

Constituency Turnout % Winning Candidate Winning Party Runner-up Candidate Runner-up Party Margin
Thiruvallur 73.67   P. Venugopal AIADMK D. Ravikumar VCK 323430
Chennai (North) 64.01   T. G. Venkatesh Babu AIADMK R. Girirajan DMK 99704
Chennai (South) 60.44   J. Jayavardhan AIADMK T. K. S. Elangovan DMK 136625
Chennai (Central) 61.39   S. R. Vijayakumar AIADMK Dayanidhi Maran DMK 45841
Sriperumbudur 66.10   K. N. Ramachandran AIADMK S. Jagathrakshakan DMK 102646
Kancheepuram 76.33   K. Maragatham AIADMK G. Selvam DMK 146866
Arakkonam 77.74   G. Hari AIADMK N.R. Elango DMK 240766
Vellore 74.31   B. Senguttuvan AIADMK A. C. Shanmugam PNK 59393
Krishnagiri 77.49   K. Ashok Kumar AIADMK P. Chinnapillappa DMK 206591
Dharmapuri 81.18   Anbumani Ramadoss PMK P. S. Mohan AIADMK 77146
Tiruvannamalai 78.98   R. Vanaroja AIADMK C. N. Annadurai DMK 168606
Arani 80.06   V. Elumalai AIADMK R. Sivanadham DMK 243844
Villupuram 77.01   S. Rajendran AIADMK K. Muthaian DMK 193367
Kallakurichi 78.41   K. Kamaraj AIADMK R. Manimaran DMK 223507
Salem 76.80   V. Pannerselvam AIADMK Umarani DMK 267610
Namakkal 79.73   P. R. Sundaram AIADMK S. Gandhiselvan DMK 294374
Erode 76.39   S. Selvakumara Chinnayan AIADMK A. Ganesha Murthi MDMK 211563
Tiruppur 76.38   V. Sathyabama AIADMK N. Dineshkumar DMDK 179315
Nilgiris 73.55   C. Gopalakrishnan AIADMK A. Raja DMK 124002
Coimbatore 68.40   P. Nagarajan AIADMK C. P. Radhakrishnan BJP 42016
Pollachi 73.31   C. Mahendran AIADMK E. R. Eswaran KMDK 140974
Dindigul 77.38   M. Udhayakumar AIADMK S. Gandhirajan DMK 127845
Karur 80.65   M. Thambidurai AIADMK M. Chinnasamy DMK 195247
Tiruchirappalli 71.28   P. Kumar AIADMK Mu. Anbazhagan DMK 150476
Perambalur 80.25   R. P. Marutharajaa AIADMK S. Prabhu DMK 213048
Cuddalore 78.94   A. Arunmozhithevan AIADMK K. Nandagopalakrishnan DMK 203125
Chidambaram 79.70   M. Chandrakasi AIADMK Thol. Thirumavalavan VCK 128495
Mayiladuthurai 76.03   R. K. Bharathi Mohan AIADMK S. Hyder Ali MMK 277050
Nagapattinam 77.86   K. Gopal AIADMK A. K. S. Vijayan DMK 106079
Thanjavur 75.57   K. Parasuraman AIADMK T. R. Baalu DMK 144119
Sivaganga 72.75   P.R. Senthilnathan AIADMK Suba. Durairaj DMK 225144
Madurai 67.74   R. Gopalakrishnan AIADMK V. Velusamy DMK 197436
Theni 74.70   R. Parthipan AIADMK Pon. Muthuramalingam DMK 314532
Virudhunagar 74.91   T. Radhakrishnan AIADMK Vaiko MDMK 145551
Ramanathapuram 68.77   A. Anwhar Raajhaa AIADMK S. Mohammed Jaleel DMK 119324
Thoothukudi 69.97   Jeyasingh Thiyagaraj Natterjee AIADMK P. Jegan DMK 124002
Tenkasi 73.76   M. Vasanthi AIADMK K. Krishnasamy PT 161774
Tirunelveli 67.77   K. R. P. Prabakaran AIADMK Devadasa Sundaram DMK 126099
Kanniyakumari 67.53   Pon. Radhakrishnan BJP H. Vasanthakumar INC 128662

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Lok Sabha elections begin April 7, counting on May 16". India today. 5 March 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
  2. ^ Electorate for 2014 General Elections
  3. ^ "EC revises TN turnout to 73.67%". The Hindu. 26 April 2014. Retrieved 4 May 2014.
  4. ^ "DMK quits UPA, govt to bring resolution on Sri Lanka in Parliament". Times of India. 19 March 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  5. ^ "DMK suspends Alagiri". The Hindu. 24 January 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  6. ^ "Alagiri expelled from DMK". The Hindu. 25 March 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  7. ^ "Ramadoss announces Social Democratic Alliance". The New Indian Express. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  8. ^ "PMK, an alternative to Dravidian parties". The Hindu. 2 January 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  9. ^ "BJP banking on Modi magic in Tamil Nadu too". The Hindu. 26 September 2013. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  10. ^ "Vasan not to contest Lok Sabha polls". The Hindu. 11 March 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  11. ^ "Congress 4th list out, Chidambaram not to fight 2014 polls". IBN live. 21 March 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  12. ^ "Sec 144 Invoked to Curb Cash Flow". The New Indian Express. 23 April 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2014.
  13. ^ "EC seizes Rs. 240 crore cash, liquor". The Hindu. 23 April 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2014.
  14. ^ "Tamil Nadu: Jayalalithaa decides AIADMK will fight Lok Sabha elections alone : Tamil Nadu, News – India Today". India today. 19 December 2013. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
  15. ^ "Jayalalithaa announces AIADMK candidates for Lok Sabha elections – The Times of India". Times of india. 24 February 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
  16. ^ "BJP clinches deal in Tamil Nadu". The Hindu. 20 March 2014. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
  17. ^ "DMK-led Democratic Progressive Alliance to mobilise people under 'secular front'". Economic Times. 5 March 2014. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
  18. ^ "Isolated Congress trying to energise partymen in Tamil Nadu". Indian Express. 22 March 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2014.
  19. ^ a b The Hindu. CPI, CPI(M) to contest 9 seats each in Tamil Nadu Archived 19 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Deccan Herald. Left parties call off alliance with AIADMK
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ "Congress 102, BJP 162; UPA 117, NDA 186: C-Voter Poll". Outlook. Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
  23. ^ "NDA may win over 200 seats as Modi's popularity soars further: India Today Mood of the Nation opinion poll : North, News – India Today". India Today. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
  24. ^ "India TV-C Voter projection: Big gains for BJP in UP, Bihar; NDA may be 45 short of magic mark". Indiatv. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
  25. ^ "The Final Word – India's biggest opinion poll". NDTV. 14 March 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
  26. ^ "Tamil Nadu tracker: AIADMK 15–21 seats, DMK 10–16, BJP alliance 6–10". CNN-IBN. 1 April 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
  27. ^ "The Final Word – India's biggest opinion poll". NDTV. 14 April 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  28. ^ "Modi powered BJP breaches southern fortress". India Today. 20 April 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014.
  29. ^ "Partywise Trends & Result". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
  30. ^ "Constituencywise Trends – Tamil Nadu". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.

External linksEdit