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Indian Union Muslim League

The Indian Union Muslim League (IUML) (commonly referred to as the League) is a political party in India. It is recognized by the Election Commission of India as a State Party in Kerala.

Indian Union Muslim League (IUML)
AbbreviationIUML
LeaderK. M. Kader Mohideen
Secretary-GeneralP. K. Kunhalikutty
Lok Sabha leaderE. T. Muhammed Basheer
Rajya Sabha leaderP. V. Abdul Wahab
Founded10 March 1948 (70 years ago) (1948-03-10)
Preceded byAll-India Muslim League
HeadquartersMaraikayar Lebbai Street, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
NewspaperTimes of League
Chandrika (newspaper)
Manichudar
Student wingMuslim Students Federation
Youth wingMuslim Youth League
Women's wingIndian Union Women's League
Labour wingSTU (Swathanthra Trade Union)
IdeologyIndian Muslim nationalism
Indian Muslim interests
Political positionCentre-right
AllianceUnited Democratic Front United Progressive Alliance
Seats in Lok Sabha
2 / 545
[1](currently 530 members + 1 Speaker)
Seats in Rajya Sabha
1 / 245
Seats in Kerala Legislative Assembly
17 / 140
Seats in Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
1 / 235
Election symbol
IUML Election Symbol
Website
iuml.com

IUML has an MLA in Tamil Nadu.

Contents

HistoryEdit

In December 1906, Nawab Viqar ul Malik founded a new party to protect the rights of Muslims called the All India Muslim League. In 1947 India and Pakistan became new countries. The All India Muslim League was succeeded by the Muslim League in Pakistan and the Indian Union Muslim League in India and the Awami League in the East Pakistan province of Pakistan (now Bangladesh).

The Indian Union Muslim League was formed in Madras on 10 March 1948. It has had a presence in Parliament from 1952 to the present day. In Kerala, it led the cabinet once under the late C. H. Mohammed Koya, who became the Chief Minister of Kerala in 1978. In an alliance with the Indian National Congress and other parties, the Muslim League has been an active member of the United Democratic Front. In Kerala, under the leadership of Syed Abdurahiman Bafakhy Thangal, K. M. Seethi Sahib, Panakkad P. M. S. A. Pookoya Thangal and Syed Mohammed Ali Shihab Thangal, it grew to be a major political player. Party members have held cabinet positions at various times in coalition governments in Kerala, holding portfolios like Education, Home, Industries, Public Works, Local Administration, Social Welfare, Fisheries etc.

At the beginning of 1970s, IUML had Ministers in West Bengal leading a contingent of seven MLAs in the state assembly. The Late A. K. A. Hassanussaman was the league representative during the ministry of Ajoy Mukherjee. Apart from Kerala and West Bengal, IUML has had MLAs in Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry, Maharashtra, Karnataka, UP, and Assam and there were members on the Delhi Metropolitan Council and mayors in various Municipal Corporations in India.

As a constituent of the United Progressive Alliance, IUML assisted UPA to muster the support of minorities and other backward communities and has held representation in the UPA Government since 2004. E. Ahamed, who became the president of IUML following the death of G. M. Banatwala, was the Minister of State for External Affairs during 2004-2009. From April 2009 to January 2011, he was Minister of State for Railways. He again assumed the position of Minister of State for External Affairs on January 24, 2011. Ahamed also held the additional charge of the Ministry of Human Resource Development from July 2011 to October 2012. The party participated in the ouster of the first Communist Party of India (CPI) government in Kerala in 1959. In 1960, the party took part in the formation of a coalition government in the state, consisting of the Indian National Congress, Praja Socialist Party and IUML. The coalition government was short lived. In the elections in Kerala in 1967, the party entered a united front coalition led by the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)). The other members of the front were the Communist Party of India, the Revolutionary Socialist Party, the Karshaka Thozhilali Party (Peasants and Workers Party), the Kerala Socialist Party and the Samyukta Socialist Party. Muslim League had two ministers in the state government of that front. In 1969 the party left the CPI(M)-led government and participated in the formation of a new government, led by Communist Party of India leader Achutha Menon as Chief Minister, together with CPI, RSP, KSP and Kerala Congress.

After the 1970 elections, Achutha Menon became elected chief minister for the second time. Members of the governing coalition were the Indian National Congress, IUML, RSP and PSP. The Menon government lasted until the downfall of the Indira Gandhi regime in 1977 (no state elections were held in this period). In the chaos that followed, the IUML leader C. H. Mohammed Koya held the post of chief minister from 12 October 1979 to 1 December 1979.

Disintegration ahead of the 1980 electionsEdit

While the two political fronts, the United Democratic Front and the Left Democratic Front took shape ahead of the 1980 elections, two different sections of IUML ended up in opposite camps. A break-away faction, the All India Muslim League joined LDF and the Indian Union Muslim League joined UDF. The two groups reunited in 1985 under the name IUML and as member of UDF.

In 1987 IUML left UDF for a period only to reunite later.

Organizational structureEdit

The Muslim League is Best among the Muslim organizations that maintains a consistent presence in the Indian Parliament.

The youth wing of IUML is called the Muslim Youth League and its students' wing is called the Muslim Students Federation. The party also has a women's political wing—the Muslim Women's League. In Kerala, the party has a separate trade union organization, Swatantra Thozhilali Union (S. T. U., Independent Workers Union), and a peasants' union, Swathanthra Karshaka Sangam (Independent Peasants Union), Lawyers Forum for Advocates and KMCC for expatriates of IUML supporters.

In Kerala, the party had five ministers in the recent UDF government. Prof. K. M. Khader Mohideen is the National President of the party.[1] Apart from Kerala, the party also has some influence in Tamil Nadu where it is a member of the Democratic Progressive Alliance. In the Lok Sabha elections of 2004, the party won two Parliamentary seats, E. Ahamed from Kerala and K. M. Kader Mohideen from Tamil Nadu (elected as a Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam candidate from Vellore). In the 2009 elections, Mr. E. Ahamed( Malappuram), Mr E. T. Muhammad Basheer (Ponnani), and M. Abdur Rahman (Vellore, Tamil Nadu) won seats. Mr E. Ahamed became the Minister of State for External affairs.

After the death of Panakkad Sayeed Mohammedali Shihab Thangal on 1 August 2009, his brother Panakkad Sayed Hyderali Shihab Thangal was appointed as the President of the Kerala State Committee of the party.[3]

CompositionEdit

Prof. K.M Khader Mohideen, P.K. Kunhalikutty MP and P V Abdul Wahab MP are the national president, gen. secretary and treasurer respectively.[4][5]

Designation Name
Chairman-Political Advisory Sayed Hyderali Shihab Thangal
President Prof. K.M Khader Mohideen (EX MP- Lok Sabha)
Gen. Secretary P.K. Kunhalikutty (MP Lok Sabha)
Treasurer P V Abdul Wahab (MP Rajya Sabha)
Member KPA Majeed
E. T. Mohammed Basheer
Dr MK Muneer
Syed Sadiqali Shihab Thangal
K. M. Shaji
Sayyid Munavvar Ali Shihab
CHERKKALAM ABDULLAH
P.K.K.BAVA
M.C.MAYINHAJI
C.MOINKUTTY
P.M.SADIQ ALI
P.K.FIROZ
T.P.ASHRAFALI
U. C. Raman
V. K. Ebrahimkunju

Muslim Youth LeagueEdit

The Muslim Youth League is the youth front of the Muslim league, commonly referred as simply the Youth League. It deals with issues related to the youth of India. The Youth League is one of the influential constituents of IUML. The president of the Indian Union Muslim Youth League is Mr.Sabir Gafar (West Bangal), the general secretary is C K Subair (Keralam).

Muslim Student FederationEdit

The Muslim Students Federation (MSF) is the student front of the Indian Union Muslim League. It has been working for more than 81 years organizing Muslim students along the lines of democratic, secular and progressive ideals. MSF attempts to mould the students in the Islamic way of life and providing them with the leadership qualities and skills to face the challenges of changing times. MSF upholds the vision of late Qaide Millath Muhammad Ismail Sahib, who masterminded the political movement of the minorities of India for their honorable existence. MSF prepares the students to carry on the mission of encouraging a vibrant community to participate in the nation-building activities. The national president of the MSF is T.P. Ashrafali, and the national general secretary S.H.Muhammed Arshad

Electoral historyEdit

KeralaEdit

The IUML has traditionally performed well in Kerala state elections.[6]

Year Seats Won Seat change
1982 14 -
1987 15  1
1991 19  4
1996 13  6
2001 17  4
2006 8  9
2011 20  12
2016 18  2

The following are the last ministers of the IUML in Kerala

  1. PK Kunhalikutty (Industry, IT, Wakf, Hajj)

Party in Lok Sabha

  1. P.K Kunhalikutty- Member of parliament
  2. ET Muhammed Basheer- Member of parliament

Party in Rajya Sabha

  1. PV Abdul Wahab- Member of parliament

Other positions

  1. E. T. Muhammed Basheer MP – Member of Central Waqaf board & Member of parliamentary committee for social justice

The IUML has had three representatives in the Rajya Sabha from Kerala State.

  1. BV Abdulla Koya: He was one of the most reputed leaders in the IUML and a member of the Rajya Sabha for more than 30 years.
  2. P. V. Abdul Wahab
  3. M. P. Abdussamad Samadani.

The Kerala Muslim Cultural Centre (KMCC) is a global organisation of Muslims from the Indian state of Kerala. It was formed in 1968 by Indian expatriates who support the Indian Union Muslim League.

Tamil NaduEdit

IUML Tamil Nadu state president is Prof. K. M. Kader Mohideen. He was a member of parliament representing the Vellore constituency and is the national president. The state general secretary is K. A. M. Mohammed Abubacker, MLA (Kadayanallur constituency, Tamil Nadu). The state treasurer was M.S.A. Shajahan. M. Abdul Rehman was an MP in the Lok Sabha. A. K. Thashreef Jahan is the newly appointed convener for the women's league in Tamil Nadu. The party has Advocate V. Jeevagiridharan, a non-Muslim, as its state secretary, proving its secular credentials.

In the fourth Lok Sabha, S. M. Muhammed Sheriff was the MP from Ramanathapuram, Tamil Nadu. Fondly known as "Madurai Sheriff Sahib", he was the first elected Muslim League MP from the state of Tamil Nadu in independent India. In the fifth Lok Sabha, he was again elected from Periyakulam, Tamil Nadu.

IUML had Rajya Sabha MPs from Tamil Nadu in the past:

  1. Ismail Sahib (1952–58)
  2. A. K. A Samad (1964–70,1970–76)
  3. Khaja Mohideen (1968–74,1974–80)
  4. A. K. Refaye (1972–78)

Member of Legislative Assembly Tamil Nadu

  1. K.A.M. Muhammed Abubacker

Other statesEdit

In the fifth Lok Sabha, Chowdhury Abu Taleb was elected from Murshidabad, West Bengal.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Members: Lok Sabha". loksabha.nic.in. Lok Sabha Secretariat. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  2. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  3. ^ "Hyderali Shihab Thangal, chief of IUML in Kerala". The Hindu. 15 August 2009. Retrieved 25 October 2009.
  4. ^ "K M Khader Mohideen is IUML National President". India Today. Retrieved 2018-09-16.
  5. ^ "P K Kunhalikutty is IUML national general secretary - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-09-16.
  6. ^ "Indian Union Muslim League Kerala State Committee (IMUL) – Party History, Symbol, Founders, Election Results and News".

External linksEdit