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The Indian Union Muslim League or I. U. M. L. (commonly referred to as the League inside Kerala) is a centre-right political party in India. It is recognized by the Election Commission of India as a State Party in Kerala.

Indian Union Muslim League
AbbreviationI. U. M. L. (the League)
PresidentK. M. Kader Mohideen
Secretary-GeneralP. K. Kunhalikutty
Lok Sabha leaderE. T. Muhammed Basheer
Rajya Sabha leaderP. V. Abdul Wahab
FounderMuhammad Ismail
Founded10 March 1948 (71 years ago) (1948-03-10)
HeadquartersMaraikayar Lebbai Street, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.[1]
Newspaper
Student wingMuslim Students Federation (M. S. F.)
Youth wingMuslim Youth League (the Youth League)
Women's wingIndian Union Women's League
Labour wingSwathanthra Trade Union (Kerala)
Peasant's wingSwathanthra Karshaka Sangam (Kerala)
Political positionCentre-right
Alliance
Seats in Lok Sabha
3 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
1 / 245
Seats in Kerala Legislative Assembly
17 / 140
Seats in Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
1 / 234
Election symbol
IUML Election Symbol
Website
iuml.com

The party is a major member of the opposition United Democratic Front, the Indian National Congress-lead pre-poll state-level alliance in Kerala.[2] Whenever the United Democratic Front rules in Kerala, the party leaders are chosen as important Cabinet Ministers. The party has always had a constant, if small presence, in the Indian Parliament.[2] The party is a part of the United Progressive Alliance in national level.[2]

The party currently has four members in Parliament (P. K. Kunhalikutty, E. T. Mohammed Basheer, and K. Navas Kani in the Lower House and P. V. Abdul Wahab in the Upper House) and seventeen members in State Legislative Assemblies (Kerala and Tamil Nadu).

HistoryEdit

After the partition of India in 1947, the All-India Muslim League was disbanded. It was succeeded by the Indian Union Muslim League in the new India.[2] M. Muhammad Ismail, the then President of the Madras Muslim League (M. M. L.) was chosen as the Convener of the Indian section of the League.[3]

The party contests Indian General Elections under the Indian Constitution. B. Pocker, elected from Malappuram Constituency, was a member of the First Lower House (1952–57) from the Madras Muslim League (M. M. L.).[2]

The party has had two members in every Lower House from the third to the 16th House, with the exception of the Second, in which it had no members, and the fourth, in which it had three members. The party had a single member in the 14th Lower House.[2] The party currently has four members in Parliament.

Best known leaders of the LeagueEdit

Organizational structureEdit

  • Youth Wing: Muslim Youth League (the Youth League)
    • President: Sabir Gaffar (West Bangal)
    • General Secretary is C. K. Subair (Kerala).
  • Students' Wing: Muslim Students Federation (M. S. F.)
    • National President: T. P. Ashrafali
    • National General Secretary: S. H. Muhammed Arshad
  • Women's Political Wing: Muslim Women's League
  • Trade Union Organization (Kerala): Swathanthra Thozhilali Union (S. T. U., Independent Workers Union)
  • Peasants' Union (Kerala): Swathanthra Karshaka Sangam (Independent Peasants Union)
  • Advocates: Lawyers Forum
  • Expatriates: Kerala Muslim Cultural Centre

CompositionEdit


Designation Name
Chairman-Political Advisory Sayed Hyderali Shihab Thangal (Kerala)[5]
National President K. M. Kader Mohideen (Tamil Nadu)[6]
Vice-Presidents Iqbal Ahmed (Uttar Pradesh)
Dastagir Ibrahim Aga (Karnataka)
National General Secretary P. K. Kunhalikutty (Kerala)[7]
National Organising Secretary E. T. Mohammed Basheer (Kerala)
National Treasurer P. V. Abdul Wahab (Kerala)[8]
Secretaries Khorrum Anis Omer (Delhi)
M. P. Abdussamad Samadani (Kerala)
S. Naim Akthar (Bihar)
Siraj Ebrahim Sait (Karnataka)
Assistant Secretaries Abdul Basith (Tamil Nadu)
Kausar Hayat Khan (Uttar Pradesh)

Electoral history[9]Edit

Kerala Legislative AssemblyEdit

Source: http://www.ceo.kerala.gov.in/electionhistory.html

Election Year Official Name Seats Contested Seats Won Vote % Pre-Poll Coalition Government/Opposition
1957 - - - -
1960 Muslim League

Registered (Unrecognised) Party

12 11 4.96
1965 Muslim League 16 6 3.83
1967 Muslim League 15 14 6.75
1970 Muslim League 20 11 7.56
1977 Muslim League 16 13 6.66
1980 All India Muslim League 21 14 7.18
1982 All India Muslim League 18 14 6.17
1987 Muslim League 23 15 7.73
1991 Muslim League 22 19 7.37
1996 Muslim League 22 13 7.19
2001 Muslim League Kerala State Committee 21 16 7.59 United Democratic Front Government
2006 Muslim League Kerala State Committee 21 7 7.30 United Democratic Front Opposition
2011 Muslim League Kerala State Committee 23 20 7.92 United Democratic Front Government
2016 Indian Union Muslim League 23 18 7.40 United Democratic Front Opposition

List of League Ministers in Kerala MinistriesEdit

Members in Indian Lower HouseEdit

Source: http://loksabhaph.nic.in/Members/lokprev.aspx

1st House (as Madras Muslim League)
  • B. Pocker (Malappuram)

3rd House (as Muslim League)

4th House

5th House

6th-10th Houses

11th House (as Indian Union Muslim League)

12th House

13th House

14th House

15th House

16th House

Members in Indian ParliamentEdit

House of the People (the Lok Sabha)Edit

Council of States (the Rajya Sabha)Edit

Members in Legislative AssembliesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Explained: History of Muslim League in Kerala and India". The Indian Express. 6 April 2019. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  3. ^ Wright, T. (1966). The Muslim League in South India since Independence: A Study in Minority Group Political Strategies. The American Political Science Review, 60(3), 579-599.
  4. ^ a b c d Miller, Roland. E., "Mappila" in "The Encyclopedia of Islam". Volume VI. E. J. Brill, Leiden. 1987. pp. 458-56.
  5. ^ "Hyderali Shihab Thangal, chief of IUML in Kerala". The Hindu. 15 August 2009. Retrieved 25 October 2009.
  6. ^ "K M Khader Mohideen is IUML National President". India Today. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  7. ^ "P K Kunhalikutty is IUML national general secretary - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  8. ^ "Indian Union Muslim League national committee members". iuml.com. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  9. ^ "Indian Union Muslim League Kerala State Committee (IMUL) – Party History, Symbol, Founders, Election Results and News".
  10. ^ a b "GENERAL ELECTION TO LOK SABHA TRENDS & RESULT 2019". Election Commission of India.
  11. ^ "GENERAL ELECTION TO LOK SABHA TRENDS & RESULT 2019". Election Commission of India.

External linksEdit