Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

The Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (transl. 'Renaissance Dravidian Progressive Federation') is a political party active in the Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Puducherry. It was established by Vaiko in 1994 after he left the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam.

Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Parliamentary ChairpersonVaiko
Lok Sabha leaderA. Ganesamoorthy
Rajya Sabha leaderVaiko
Founded6 May 1994 (28 years ago) (1994-05-06)
Split fromDravida Munnetra Kazhagam
HeadquartersThayagam, Egmore, Chennai - 600008, Tamil Nadu, India
Labour wingMarumalarchi Labour Front
IdeologySocial democracy
Social justice
Political positionCentre-left
Alliance1)MDMK : Owne Alliance Makkal Jananayaka Munnani (1996–1998) & Makkal Nala Koottani (2015–2016)
2)Bharatiya Janata party : (NDA) (1998–2004 & 2014–2014)
3)AIADMK : Jananayaka Makkal Koottani (2006–2009)
4)AIADMKCPI (M) : (UNPA) (2009–2011)
5)DMKCongress : (UPA) (2004–2007 & 2019–Continue Alliance)
6)DMK–(SPA) (2021–Present)
Seats in Lok Sabha
1 / 543
(Currently 543 members)
Seats in Rajya Sabha
1 / 245
(Currently 240 members)
Seats in Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
4 / 234
(currently 234 members)
Election symbol
MDMK Top.png
Party flag



Vaiko was a member of Rajya Sabha and a party activist of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK). Vaiko grew in the party from his student days and actively participated in the party agitations and courted imprisonment several times. He was elected thrice to the Rajya Sabha. In 1994, he was forced out of the parent body as he was seen as a threat to DMK chief Karunanidhi's son, M.K. Stalin. Vaiko along with some district secretaries announced the decision to start a rival party, which became the MDMK.

Support for Sri Lankan TamilsEdit

Vaiko voiced support for Tamils during the Sri Lankan Civil War, including for the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam specifically and their goal of secession from Sri Lanka.

Support for the Mullaperiyar DamEdit

Kerala government was keen to demolish the Mullaperiyar Dam because of safety concerns. However, the dam's reservoir is a prime source for irrigation for more than 8 districts including Theni. As a result, Vaiko led an agitation against Kerala government.

Split in MDMKEdit

With the looming possibility of a vote of confidence in Parliament against UPA, two party MPs, L. Ganesan and Gingee N. Ramachandran, claimed that they enjoy the support of the majority of party cadre and decided to pledge support to the UPA government. They later withdrew their claim and joined DMK when it was found that they had forged letters of support of party executives.[1]

Boycott of Assembly Election 2011Edit

Due to issues in seat sharing, MDMK quit the ADMK Alliance and boycotted the 2011 Assembly elections of Tamil Nadu and Puducherry.

Sanchi ProtestEdit

The MDMK protested the Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa's visit to Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh in September 2012. Vaiko and his party members traveled to Sanchi. People who traveled through roadways were stopped by the police near Gadchiroli. Some party members tried to reach the spot by rail and air but they were detained by police before reaching Sanchi.[2]

MDMK snap ties with NDAEdit

The MDMK left the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance in December 2014, accusing the BJP of acting against Tamil interests. This came after heavy criticism of the party from BJP lawmaker Subramanian Swamy.[3]

Party flag and symbolEdit

The election symbol is a top. The colour of the top and bottom panel is red and middle panel is black. The party has a weekly journal called Sangoli which carries news and write ups for party workers.[4]

Election historyEdit

They contested in many elections and won in a few and boycotted 2011 elections, and despite the UPA alliance in which they were in winning majority seats in Tamil Nadu and all over India in 2004 elections, in 2014 elections they couldn't do the same in Tamil Nadu, despite their alliance winning the elections in other states. And in 2016 tamil nadu state elections they played a key role in forming the third front.[5]

2017 R.K.Nagar by-pollEdit

After the defeat 2016 Elections, MDMK has slowly move towards DMK. Before R.K.Nagar bypoll Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK) announced their support to the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) in the Assembly by-poll. The alliance with DMK defined as a significant change because MDMK made an alliance with DMK after a decade.

2019 Indian Parliamentary ElectionsEdit

MDMK continues its alliance with DMK, and they got one Lok Sabha seat. Former Member of Parliament Ganeshamurthi, from Erode constituency, once again won. In this election, DMK alliance wins 38 out of 39 Lok Sabha seats in Tamil Nadu.[6] MDMK gets one Lok Sabha seat and one Rajya Sabha seats, Lok Sabha seat allocated for former parliament member Ganeshamurthi and Rajya sabha seat allocated to General Secretary Vaiko. Vaiko Steps into Rajya Sabha after 20 years.[citation needed]


  1. ^ "Indian Prez summons PM: Trust vote likely on July 21 or 22, Singh garners enough votes - Asian Tribune". Retrieved 16 July 2016.
  2. ^ "Despite heavy security, MDMK men sneak in Bhopal ahead of Mahinda Rajapaksa's visit". The Economic Times. PTI. 21 September 2012. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  3. ^ "Vaiko's MDMK snaps ties with NDA, hits out at Modi govt - Times of India". Retrieved 16 July 2016.
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 5 June 2007.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ Kumar, D. Suresh (24 March 2016). "In a first in two decades, T.N. Sees multiple alliances". The Hindu.
  6. ^ "Erode Lok Sabha Election Result 2019 LIVE updates: Party, Candidate, Constituency wise Winner, Loser, Leading, Trailing-Politics News , Firstpost". 23 May 2019.

External linksEdit