Gadchiroli (pronunciation [ɡəɖt͡ʃiɾoliː]) is a city and a municipal council in Gadchiroli district in the state of Maharashtra, central India. It is located on eastern side of Maharashtra, and is the administrative headquarters of the district. Gadchiroli is called the lung of Maharashtra as almost 70% of this district is covered by forests having 21% of the total forest cover of the state. The main river flowing through city is the Wainganga River. The landscape is lush and green during the monsoon season which is prone to flooding. Gadchiroli is known for its forests. Teak is grown commercially and bamboos are used for various crafts. [2]

Gadchiroli
Gadchiroli is located in Maharashtra
Gadchiroli
Gadchiroli
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 20°11′06″N 79°59′02″E / 20.185°N 79.984°E / 20.185; 79.984
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DistrictGadchiroli
Founded byKhandkya Ballal Shah
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • BodyGadchiroli Municipal Council
 • ChairpersonYogita Pipare[1]
Area
 • Total30 km2 (10 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total54,152
 • Density1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)
Language
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
899986263607132
Vehicle registrationMH-33
Websitewww.gadchiroli.gov.in

Notable places and Personalities

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Some notable places and personalities in the town include:

  • Chaprala Wildlife Sanctuary[3]
  • Semana-Hanuman Temple – About 4 km (2.5 mi) from center of town (Gandhi Chowk)
  • Hemalkasa – Situated in Bhamragarh Block (east side of district), 186 km (116 mi) from Gadchiroli.
  • Allapalli – Known as Teak City of District, where all forest administration offices and the main marketline, educational and other resources.[4]
  • Markhanda [3]– A temple dedicated to Lord Shiva on the banks of Wainganga. There is a big fair on Mahashivratri
  • BILT (Ashti) – A unit of Ballarpur Paper Mills in Ashti.
  • Gadchiroli lake – located at the centre of the city.
  • Vairagad Fort – Built by the Gond kings as their residence and fortress, near Armori town[5]
  • Bhandareshwar – An ancient temple to Lord Shiva situated to the west of Vairagad village, high on a mound at the confluence of the Khobragadi and Vainlochna rivers. This shrine is a good example of architecture and the carved walls are believed to be from the Hemadpanth period.
  • Adishakti Temple – Situated at Vairagad, this temple enshrines an idol of Adishakti Devi, found during a 1986 excavation. The idol has four hands and is an example of the carvings undertaken by the sculptors of the erstwhile era.
  • Wadadham Fossils Park.[3]

History

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In ancient times the region was ruled by the Rashtrakutas, the Chalukyas, the Yadavas of Deogiri and later the Gonds of Gadchiroli. In the 13th century Khandkya Ballal Shah founded Chandrapur and made it his capital. Chandrapur subsequently came under Maratha rule. In 1853 Berar, of which Chandrapur (then called Chanda) was part, was ceded to the British East India Company. In 1854 Chandrapur became an independent district of Berar.

In 1905 the British created the tehsil of Gadchiroli by transfer of a zamindari estate from Chandrapur and Bramhapuri. It was part of the Central Provinces until 1956 when, with the reorganisation of the states, Chandrapur was transferred to Bombay state. In 1960, when Maharashtra was created, Chandrapur became a district of the new state. On 26 August 1982 Chandrapur was divided, with Gadchiroli tehsil becoming an independent district.

Naxalism is highly prevalent in Gadchiroli, with the guerrilla fighters taking to the hills and dense forests, 15 soldiers have been killed in an IED blast at Kurkheda area in 2019.[6] Gadchiroli has also been designated as part of the Red Corridor.[7] Settlements are being explored by many social workers.

Geography

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Gadchiroli is located at 20°06′N 80°00′E / 20.10°N 80.0°E / 20.10; 80.0.[8] It has an average elevation of 217 metres (715 feet). Gadchiroli District is one of the largest in Maharashtra by land area. The town and surrounding area is considered to be beautiful during the monsoon season (July to September), and is surrounded by a teak wood forest.

Climate

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Located near centre of Indian peninsula, far from the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea, Gadchiroli has a tropical wet-and-dry climate with dry conditions prevailing for most of the year. It receives an annual rainfall of about 1,000 mm (39 in), almost entirely from monsoon rains between June and September. Summers are extremely hot lasting from March to June, with maximum temperatures occurring in May.

Demographics

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According to the 2001 India census,[9][needs update] Gadchiroli had a population of 42,464. Males constituted 51% of the population and females 49%. Gadchiroli had an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy was 80%, and female literacy was 67%. 13% of the population was under 6 years of age.

The main languages spoken are Marathi, Hindi, Gondi, Madiya, Bengali and Telugu. The literacy rate is improving with an increase in educational facilities.

The people of Gadchiroli celebrate many indigenous festivals.[3] Adivasi peoples celebrate festivals like Mohram, Pola, etc. The Bengali community here celebrate festivals like Durga Pooja, Basanti Pooja, Kali pooja, etc.

Year Male Female Total Population Change Religion (%)
Hindu Muslim Christian Sikhs Buddhist Jain Other religions and persuasions Religion not stated
2001[10] 21758 20710 42468 - 79.255 6.518 0.280 0.207 12.883 0.250 0.586 0.021
2011[11] 27569 26583 54152 27.512 79.308 5.599 0.303 0.199 13.431 0.246 0.404 0.510

Industrialisation

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The Surjagarh region of Gadchiroli is among the largest reserves of iron ore in Maharashtra. Mining activities have been proposed in the region since 2005, but local opposition and conflict kept companies at bay. In 2021, Lloyd's Metals and Energy Limited was granted the rights to restart these operations, this time, with Thriveni Earthmovers Pvt. Ltd., an Indian mining operations company.[12]

The Maharashtra Government has been pushing Gadchiroli as the next Steel Hub of India too.[13] In these efforts, the Managing Director of Thriveni Earthmovers, Mr. B. Prabhakaran, seems to be the front runner, often credited with the restart of the mining operations in 2021. The Surjagad Iron Ore Mines is set to ramp up production to 25 MTPA.

The mining activities have increased employment in the region, and a slew of community development activities, including the building of a school, helping students with higher education[14], opening a hospital, a sports academy, organising blood donation camps, has significantly improved the standard of living in the region, keeping internal conflict at bay.

Following their footsteps, a number of steel and mining companies are set to enter the region in the next five years.

Administration

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Politics

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The MP of Gadchiroli-Chimur constituency is Ashok Nete. The MLA from different constituencies within are:

  • Aheri – Dharmarao Baba Atram
  • Gadchiroli – Deorao Madguji Holi
  • Armori – Krushnaji Damaji Gajbe

Transport

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Gadchiroli is connected by roads to Chandrapur, Nagpur, Bhandara and Gondia. There are no rail connections to Gadchiroli, with the nearest line passing through Wadsa (Desaiganj).Wadsa is the only railway station in Gadchiroli District. The condition of roadways in the area is being improved to provide improved security against the recent Naxilite insurgency.[3]

Education

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All the degree colleges in Gadchiroli are now affiliated with the recently established Gondwana University, Gadchiroli.[15] The government of Maharashtra established Gondwana university by splitting RTM Nagpur University, purported to be a major revolution in education for the tribal youth in the district.

Namdeorao Poreddiwar College of Engineering and Technology was a technical college located at Mouza Bodli, Gadchiroli but now is closed due to some administrative reasons.[16]

  • Chanakya Academy Aheri & Alapalli (Competitive Exam Coaching Center)
  • Chanakya Academy Police Bharti Physical Ground, Aheri

See also

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References

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  1. ^ "BJP retains Gadchiroli, Armori, loses Aheri". www.thehitavada.com. 25 October 2019. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  2. ^ https://mahaforest.gov.in/writereaddata/report_file/1661235983AAR2020.pdf
  3. ^ a b c d e "Tourist Places | District Gadchiroli, Government of Maharashtra | India". Retrieved 21 July 2021.
  4. ^ Ali, Mazhar . "Two rare smooth-coated otter pups found in lake near Gadchiroli Nagpur News - Times of India".
  5. ^ cultural.maharashtra.gov.in/english/gazetteer/CHANDRAPUR/places_Wairagadh.html
  6. ^ "Maharashtra: 15 policemen killed; NIA to probe IED blast in Gadchiroli". The Indian Express. 6 July 2019. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  7. ^ Deshpande, Vivek (19 October 2009). "In Gadchiroli's red zone". Indian Express. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  8. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Gadchiroli
  9. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  10. ^ Census India 2001.
  11. ^ Census India 2011.
  12. ^ "Lloyds Metals Surjagarh Iron Ore Mines: Fueling India's Steel Industry". Lloyds Metals & Energy Ltd. Retrieved 10 June 2024.
  13. ^ "'Gadchiroli steel city to be bigger than Jamshedpur in coming years'". The Times of India. 20 March 2024. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 10 June 2024.
  14. ^ "Lloyds Metals says 40 students from Gadchiroli district to pursue mining course in Australia". The Economic Times. 16 August 2023. ISSN 0013-0389. Retrieved 5 July 2024.
  15. ^ "Gondwana University, Gadchiroli". Archived from the original on 12 December 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2019.
  16. ^ "Namdeorao Poreddiwar College Of Engineering And Technology Gadchiroli". Archived from the original on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2011.