Rajnath Singh (born 10 July 1951) is an Indian politician serving as the Defence Minister of India. He is the former President of Bharatiya Janata Party. He has previously served as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and as a Cabinet Minister in the Vajpayee Government. He was the Home Minister in the First Modi Ministry. He has also served as the President of the BJP twice, 2005 to 2009 and 2013 to 2014.
Singh in 2020
|Minister of Defence|
|Assumed office |
31 May 2019
|Prime Minister||Narendra Modi|
|Preceded by||Nirmala Sitharaman|
|Minister of Home Affairs|
26 May 2014 – 30 May 2019
|Prime Minister||Narendra Modi|
|Preceded by||Sushilkumar Shinde|
|Succeeded by||Amit Shah|
|President of the Bharatiya Janata Party|
24 January 2013 – 8 July 2014
|Preceded by||Nitin Gadkari|
|Succeeded by||Amit Shah|
31 December 2005 – 19 December 2009
|Preceded by||L. K. Advani|
|Succeeded by||Nitin Gadkari|
|Minister of Agriculture|
24 May 2003 – 22 May 2004
|Prime Minister||Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|Preceded by||Ajit Singh|
|Succeeded by||Sharad Pawar|
|19th Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh|
28 October 2000 – 8 March 2002
Vishnu Kant Shastri
|Preceded by||Ram Prakash Gupta|
|Succeeded by||President's rule|
|Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha|
|Assumed office |
16 May 2014
|Preceded by||Lalji Tandon|
16 May 2009 – 16 May 2014
|Preceded by||Constituency established|
|Succeeded by||Vijay Kumar Singh|
|Born||10 July 1951|
Bhabhaura, Chandauli district, Uttar Pradesh, India
|Political party||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Bharatiya Jana Sangh (Before 1977)|
|Children||3, including Pankaj Singh|
|Alma mater||Gorakhpur University (M.Sc. in Physics)|
Singh was born in Bhabhaura village of Chandauli district, Uttar Pradesh. His father was Ram Badan Singh and his mother was Gujarati Devi. He was born into a family of farmers and went on to secure a master's degree in physics, acquiring first division results from the Gorakhpur University. Rajnath Singh had been associated with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh since 1964, at the age of 13 and remained connected with the organisation. In 1974, he was appointed secretary for the Mirzapur unit of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, predecessor of Bharatiya Janata Party.
In 1975, aged 24, Singh was appointed District President of the Jana Sangh. In 1977, he was elected Member of Legislative Assembly from the Mirzapur. He became the State President of the BJP youth wing in 1984, the National general secretary in 1986 and the National President in 1988. He was also elected into the Uttar Pradesh legislative council.
In 1991, he became Education Minister in the first BJP government in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Major highlights of his tenure as Education Minister included Anti-Copying Act, 1992, which made copying a non-bailable offence, modernising science texts and incorporating vedic mathematics into the syllabus. In April 1994, he was elected into the Rajya Sabha (Upper House of the Parliament) and he became involved with the Advisory committee on Industry (1994–96), Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Agriculture, Business Advisory Committee, House Committee and the Committee on Human Resource Development. On 25 March 1997, he became the President of the BJP's unit in Uttar Pradesh and in 1999 he became the Union Cabinet Minister for Surface Transport.
Chief Minister of Uttar PradeshEdit
In 2000, he became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and was twice elected as MLA from Haidergarh in 2001 and 2002. He tried to rationalise the reservation structure in government jobs by introducing the most Backward Classes among the OBC and SC, so that the benefit of reservation can reach the lowest status of Society.
Union Agriculture MinisterEdit
In 2003, Singh was appointed as the Minister of Agriculture and subsequently for Food Processing in the NDA Government led by Atal Bihari Vajpayee, and was faced with the difficult task of maintaining one of the most volatile areas of India's economy. During this period he initiated a few epoch-making projects including the Kisan Call Centre and Farm Income Insurance Scheme. He brought down interest rates on Agriculture loans and also established Farmer Commission and initiated Farms Income Insurance Scheme.
After the BJP lost power in the 2004 general elections, it was forced to sit in the Opposition. After the resignation of prominent figure Lal Krishna Advani, and the murder of strategist Pramod Mahajan, Singh sought to rebuild the party by focusing on the most basic Hindutva ideologies. He announced his position of "no compromise" in relation to the building of a Ram Temple in Ayodhya at any cost and commended the rule of Vajpayee as Prime Minister, pointing towards all the developments the NDA made for the ordinary people of India. He also criticised the role of the English language in India, claiming that most of Indian population is unable to participate in Indian economy and cultural discourse due to extreme preferences shown to English at the expense of native languages.
He became the BJP National President on 31 December 2005, a post he held till 19 December 2009. In May 2009, he was elected MP from Ghaziabad in Uttar Pradesh.
Singh is on record shortly after the law Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code was re-instated in 2013, claiming that his party is "unambiguously" in favour of the law, also claiming that "We will state (at an all-party meeting if it is called) that we support Section 377 because we believe that homosexuality is an unnatural act and cannot be supported.”
Union Home MinisterEdit
He triggered controversy amid the protests over the police action at Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), on 14 February 2016, claiming that the "JNU incident" was supported by Lashkar-e-Taiba chief Hafiz Saeed.
In May 2016, he claimed that infiltration from Pakistan declined by 52% in a period of two years.
On 21 May 2018, he commissioned Bastariya Battalion. As Union Home Minister, Rajnath Singh attended the passing out parade of 241 Bastariya Battalion of CRPF in Ambikapur, Chhattisgarh on 21 May 2018.
Union Defence MinisterEdit
Rajnath Singh addressing a rally in Nayagaon, Sonpur in 2015
- "Profile: Rajnath Singh". Zee News. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007.
- "How Rajnath Singh rose through the ranks". Rediff.com. 31 January 2013
- "Who is Rajnath Singh? : India, News". India Today. 23 January 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
- "Achievements". rajnathsingh.in
- "Courage, Mr Rajnath Singh". The Hindu. 11 June 2003.
- "Shri Rajnath Singh, MP (Ghaziabad)". wikimapia.org
- Ghatak, Lopamudra (23 December 2006). "It's basic instinct for Rajnath Singh". The Times of India.
- Rajnath Singh is new BJP President Archived 11 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine. indianewsdiary.com
- "BJP chief claims English bad for India, triggers outrage." The Times of India. 20 July 2013
- "Ministry of Home Affairs" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2017.
- "Rajnath steps down, Gadkari takes over as BJP president". The Times of India. Press Trust of India. 19 December 2009. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
- Rameshan, Radhika (13 December 2011). "BJP comes out, vows to oppose homosexuality". The Telegraph.
- "Rajnath Singh surpasses Vajpayee’s victory margin in Lucknow". The Hindu. 18 May 2014
- "Portfolios of the Union Council of Ministers". www.pmindia.gov.in. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
- "Understand the reality… Lashkar chief Hafiz Saeed backed JNU incident: Home Minister Rajnath Singh". 15 February 2016. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
- "Narendra Modi's 56-inch chest not reduced an inch: Rajnath Singh", Deccan Chronicle, 28 May 2016
- "Shri Rajnath Singh inaugurates Web Portal 'Bharat ke Veer'". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
- "Akshay Kumar, Rajnath Singh unveil official anthem of 'Bharat Ke Veer'". 20 January 2018.
- "First ever graduation parade of 'Bastariya Battalion' held in Chhattisgarh". India Today. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- "PM Modi allocates portfolios. Full list of new ministers", Live Mint, 31 May 2019
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