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A congress is a formal meeting of the representatives of different nations, constituent states, independent organizations (such as trade unions), or groups.[1]

The term was chosen for the Continental Congress to emphasize the status of each colony represented there as a self-governing unit. Subsequent to the use of congress by the U.S. legislature, the term has been adopted by many states within unions, and by unitary nation-states in the Americas, to refer to their legislatures.


Political congressEdit

Congresses of nationsEdit

The following congresses were formal meetings of representatives of different nations:

Congresses within nationsEdit

Countries with Congresses and presidential systems:

Association congressesEdit

Historic congressesEdit

Other countries with CongressesEdit

Political parties and organizationsEdit

Congress is included in the name of several political parties, especially those in former British colonies:

Party congressesEdit

Many political parties also have a party congress every few years to make decisions for the party and elect governing bodies. This is sometimes called a political convention.

Miscellaneous political congressesEdit

Labor congressesEdit

Non-political congressesEdit

Scientific congressEdit

Congress is an alternative name for a large national or international academic conference.

For instance, the World Congress on Men's Health WCMH is an annual meeting on men's medical issues.

Athletic sports congressEdit

Organizations in some athletic sports, such as bowling, have historically been named "congresses". The predecessors to the United States Bowling Congress, formed in 1995, were the male-only American Bowling Congress founded in 1895, and the female-only Women's International Bowling Congress founded in 1927, which combined in 1995 to form the USBC.

Chess congressEdit

Chess congress

A Chess congress is a chess tournament, in one city, where a large number of contestants gather to play competitive chess over a limited period of time; typically one day to one week.


  1. ^ ""Congress" - Definition". Longman English Dictionary Online. 2013. Retrieved 12 June 2013. 

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