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A congress is a formal meeting of the representatives of different nations, constituent states, organizations (such as trade unions, and political parties), or groups.[1] The term, originally denoting a parley during battle in the Late Middle Ages, is derived from the Latin congressus.[2] ( The dictionary definition of congressus at Wiktionary)

In the mid-1770s, the term was chosen by the 13 British colonies for the Continental Congress to emphasize the status of each colony represented there as a self-governing entity. Subsequent to the use of congress as the name for the legislature of the U.S. federal government (beginning in 1789), the term has been adopted by many nations to refer to their national legislatures.

Contents

Political congressEdit

Congresses of nationsEdit

The following congresses were formal meetings of representatives of different nations:

Congresses within nationsEdit

Countries with Congresses and presidential systems:

Association congressesEdit

Historic congressesEdit

Other countries with CongressesEdit

Political parties and organizationsEdit

Congress is included in the name of several political parties, especially those in former British colonies:

Party congressesEdit

Many political parties also have a party congress every few years to make decisions for the party and elect governing bodies. This is sometimes called a political convention.

Miscellaneous political congressesEdit

Labor congressesEdit

Non-political congressesEdit

Scientific congressEdit

Congress is an alternative name for a large national or international academic conference.

For instance, the World Congress on Men's Health WCMH is an annual meeting on men's medical issues.

Athletic sports congressEdit

Organizations in some athletic sports, such as bowling, have historically been named "congresses". The predecessors to the United States Bowling Congress, formed in 1995, were the male-only American Bowling Congress founded in 1895, and the female-only Women's International Bowling Congress founded in 1927, which combined in 1995 to form the USBC.

Chess congressEdit

 
Chess congress

A Chess congress is a chess tournament, in one city, where a large number of contestants gather to play competitive chess over a limited period of time; typically one day to one week.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "congress". Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Online. London, England, UK: Longman. Retrieved June 12, 2013. 
  2. ^ "congress". Oxford English Dictionry Online. Oxford, England, UK: Oxford University Press. Retrieved March 9, 2018. 

External linksEdit