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Nationalist Congress Party

The Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) is a national level political party in India.

Nationalist Congress Party
PresidentSharad Pawar
Lok Sabha leaderSupriya Sule
Rajya Sabha leaderSharad Pawar
FounderSharad Pawar
P. A. Sangma
Tariq Anwar
Founded25 May 1999 (19 years ago) (1999-05-25)
Split fromIndian National Congress
Headquarters10, Bishmabhar Marg, New Delhi, India-110001
Student wingNationalist Student Congress
Youth wingNationalist Youth Congress
Nationalist Yuvati Congress
Rasthravadi Yuvati Congress
Women's wingNationalist Mahila Congress
IdeologyIndian nationalism
Civic nationalism
Social Justice
Social Equality
Political positionCentre-left
ColoursPacific Blue
ECI StatusNational Party[2]
AllianceUnited Progressive Alliance
Left Democratic Front (Kerala)
Left-Democratic Manch, Assam
National convenerSharad Pawar
Seats in Lok Sabha
7 / 545
[3](currently 520 members + 1 Speaker)
Seats in Rajya Sabha
4 / 245
Seats in 
41 / 288
1 / 40
2 / 140
1 / 182
1 / 60
Election symbol
Nationalist Congress Party Election Symbol.png



The NCP was formed on 25 May 1999, by Sharad Pawar, P. A. Sangma, and Tariq Anwar after they were expelled from the Indian National Congress (INC) on 20 May 1999, for disputing the right of Italian-born Sonia Gandhi to lead the party.[6] At the time of formation of the NCP, the Indian Congress (Socialist) party merged with the new party.[7] Despite the NCP being founded on opposition to the leadership of Sonia Gandhi, it has formed coalitions with the Congress party to form a government on numerous occasions at the State level as well at the National level. On 20 June 2012, P. A. Sangma quit the NCP to contest in presidential polls.[8] Like the Indian National Congress, dynastic politics are prevalent in the NCP.[9]

Party symbolEdit

The Election Symbol of NCP is an analogue clock that reads 10:10.[10][11] The clock is drawn in blue and has two legs and an alarm button. It is situated on a tri-coloured Indian flag.[12]


According to its website, the NCP is committed to ideals of social justice, expressing support for affirmative action policies for the downtrodden members of society and for ensuring equal opportunities for all. The NCP also believes in the principle of secularism, which they define as "fraternity amongst followers of different faiths". They believe in a decentralised government structure and in upholding a society without discrimination or prejudice. However, its self-proclaimed "cardinal principle" is to "strengthen India as a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic" as well as securing "justice, liberty, equality and fraternity" among Indian citizens.

Presence in various statesEdit

The party's primary base is the state of Maharashtra. It also has presence in states such as Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Assam, Gujarat, Bihar, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Meghalaya and West Bengal.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "About section at website". India: Nationalist Congress Party. 2017. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  2. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  3. ^ "Members: Lok Sabha". Lok Sabha Secretariat. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  4. ^ "Rajya Sabha".
  5. ^ "Maharashtra Assembly Elections 2014: Maharashtra State Election Dates, Results, News, Governors and Cabinet Ministers 2014". dna.
  6. ^ "Sangma meets Sonia Gandhi, first time in a decade". The Times of India. 2 June 2009.
  7. ^ "Spotlight: Merger with NCP". Tribune India. 1999-06-11. Retrieved 2009-05-19.
  8. ^ "I have quit NCP, will contest presidential polls: PA Sangma". The Times of India. 29 June 2012.
  9. ^ Kanchan Chandra (28 April 2016). Democratic Dynasties: State, Party, and Family in Contemporary Indian Politics. Cambridge University Press. p. 131. ISBN 978-1-316-59212-0.
  10. ^
  11. ^ "Symbols" (PDF). 2009.
  12. ^ "Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) – Party History, Symbol, Founders, Election Results and News".

External linksEdit