Devendra Fadnavis

Devendra Gangadharrao Fadnavis (Marathi pronunciation: [d̪eʋeːn̪d̪ɾə fəɖɳəʋiːs], born 22 July 1970) is an Indian politician who is the current Leader of Opposition in Maharashtra Legislative Assembly. He also served as the 18th[1] Chief Minister of Maharashtra (CM), in office from 31 October 2014 to 8 November 2019. He was the first Chief Minister of Maharashtra from Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).[2]

Devendra Fadnavis
Devendra Fadnavis @Vidhan Sabha 04-03-2021.jpg
28th Leader of the Opposition
Maharashtra Legislative Assembly
Assumed office
1 December 2019
GovernorBhagat Singh Koshyari
DeputySudhir Mungantiwar
SpeakerNana Patole
Preceded byVijay Namdevrao Wadettiwar, INC
18th Chief Minister of Maharashtra
In office
23 November 2019 – 26 November 2019
GovernorBhagat Singh Koshyari
DeputyAjit Pawar
Preceded byPresident's rule
Succeeded byUddhav Thackeray
In office
31 October 2014 – 8 November 2019
Governor
Preceded byPresident's rule
Succeeded byPresident's rule
In office
31 October 2014 – 08 November 2019
Governor
Ministry and Departments

Other departments not allocated to any Minister :

Preceded by
Succeeded by
Leader of the House
Legislative Assembly Maharashtra
In office
31 October 2014 – 08 November 2019
DeputyGirish Mahajan
SpeakerHaribhau Bagade
Preceded byPrithviraj Chavan
Succeeded byUddhav Thackeray
Member of Maharashtra Legislative Assembly
Assumed office
30 October 2009
Preceded byConstituency created
ConstituencyNagpur South West
In office
1999–2009
Preceded byVinod Gudadhe Patil
Succeeded bySudhakar Shamrao Deshmukh
ConstituencyNagpur West
Mayor of Nagpur
In office
1997–2001
ConstituencyRam Nagar ward
President of Bhartiya Janata Party Maharashtra State
In office
11 April 2013 – 06 January 2015
Preceded byVinod Tawde
Succeeded byRaosaheb Danve
Personal details
Born (1970-07-22) 22 July 1970 (age 51)
Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
Political partyBharatiya Janata Party
Spouse(s)Amruta Fadnavis
Children1
ResidenceDharampeth, Nagpur
Alma materNagpur University,
Free University of Berlin
Websitewww.devendrafadnavis.in

Fadnavis took an oath for the second term as the Chief Minister of Maharashtra on 23 November 2019. He resigned on 26 November 2019, just three days after taking an oath as the Chief Minister of Maharashtra, and a day before a floor test in the Assembly of Maharashtra. Later he resigned as CM stating the lack of a BJP majority as the reason.[3]

Fadnavis is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. At the age of 44, he became the second youngest Chief Minister of Maharashtra after Sharad Pawar. Fadnavis represents the Nagpur South West constituency in the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly. He was the first Chief Minister of Maharashtra from Bharatiya Janata Party and the second after Vasantrao Naik to have completed his full tenure as the Chief Minister of Maharashtra.

Devendra Fadnavis with daughter Divija Fadnavis and wife Amruta Fadnavis

Early life and educationEdit

Fadnavis was born in a Bhumihar Brahmin family in Nagpur. His father, Gangadhar Fadnavis, served as a member of the Maharashtra Legislative Council from Nagpur. His mother, Sarita Fadnavis, who is a descendant of the Kaloti family of Amravati, was the former director of the Vidarbha Housing Credit Society.[4][5]

Fadnavis received his initial schooling from Indira Convent, named after then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. During the Emergency, Fadnavis' father, being a member of the Jan Sangh, was incarcerated for participating in anti-government protests. Fadnavis subsequently refused to continue his schooling at Indira Convent as he did not want to attend a school named after the Prime Minister he held responsible for jailing his father. He was then transferred to the Saraswati Vidyalaya school, Nagpur, where he received most of his schooling.[6][7] After completing ten years of schooling, Fadnavis attended Dharampeth Junior College for his higher secondary. After completing his 12th standard, he enrolled at Government Law College, Nagpur for a five-year integrated law degree and graduated in 1992.

Fadnavis also has a post-graduate degree in Business Management and a diploma in Methods and Techniques of Project Management from DSE (German Foundation for International Development), Berlin.[8]

Political careerEdit

Fadnavis began his political career in the mid-nineties.[9] Since that time he served in multiple leadership roles for both his political party and as an elected representative. As a college student, Fadnavis was an active member of the BJP affiliated Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP).[10][11] in the year 1992 at the age of 22 and became a corporator. 5 years later, in 1997, Fadnavis at 27 became the youngest mayor of the Nagpur Municipal Corporation and became the second youngest mayor in the history of India.[12][13]

He is representing Nagpur in the Legislative Assembly of Maharashtra State (Vidhan Sabha) since 1999.

Term as Chief Minister of MaharashtraEdit

After the 2014 assembly elections, Fadnavis was elected the legislative party leader by the BJP MLAs in the presence of the party's central observers, Union Home minister Rajnath Singh and the party's National General Secretary Jagat Prakash Nadda.[14] As the leader of the largest party in the assembly, Fadnavis was appointed as the chief minister of Maharashtra on 31 October 2014.[15] His government won a confidence motion by voice vote on 12 November 2014 allowing it to govern.[16][17]

Devendra Fadnavis to announce Satyamev Jayate Water Cup, an initiative kickstarted by Aamir’s Not-For-Profit company, Paani Foundation in association with the Maharashtra government to solve the state’s water crisis, the Dangal actor expressed his desire to join hands with Nana Patekar to help solve the water crunch faced by Maharashtra farmers[18]

ControversiesEdit

Call for Patriotic slogansEdit

In April 2016, while addressing a rally in Nashik, Fadnavis said that, every Indian will have to chant 'Bharat Mata ki Jai', and those who refuse to chant the slogan should not live in the country and instead go to Pakistan or China.[19] The day after these statements, Fadnavis issued a clarification after he found himself embroiled in a controversy over the issue.[20]

Short Term Government Formation in 2019Edit

On 23 November 2019, Fadnavis formed a government with the help of Ajit Pawar of NCP; however, this government only lasted for a few days.[21] During this short period, Fadnavis chaired a climate resilience meeting with representatives of the World Bank, restarted the Chief Minister's refund cell, and sanctioned 5380 crore in aid for farmers.[22]

Political viewsEdit

In November 2020, Fadnavis stated that the view of the BJP is advocacy for Indian reunification in the form of an Akhand Bharat. He declared that "Karachi will be part of India."[23]

Positions heldEdit

OrganisationalEdit

  • Ward President, BJYM (1989)
  • Office Bearer, Nagpur (west) BJP (1990)
  • Nagpur President, BJYM (1992)
  • State Vice President, BJYM (1994)
  • National Vice President, BJYM (2001)
  • General Secretary, BJP, Maharashtra (2010)
  • President, BJP Maharashtra (2013)

ElectoralEdit

Personal lifeEdit

Fadnavis is married to Amruta Fadnavis, and has one daughter, Divija Fadnavis.[25]

See alsoEdit

Political offices
Preceded by Chief Minister of Maharashtra
2014-2019
Succeeded by

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Devendra Fadnavis sworn is the 27th Chief Minister of Maharashtra". Daily News and Analysis. Diligent Media Corporation Ltd. 31 October 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  2. ^ "Devendra Fadnavis - Chief Minister Who "Changed Politics" in Maharashtra". NDTV. 16 October 2019.
  3. ^ "CM Devendra Fadnavis resigns, says BJP no longer has majority with Ajit Pawar quitting". Economic Times. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  4. ^ "Devendra Fadnavis Biography - About family, political life, awards won, history". www.elections.in. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  5. ^ "Who is Devendra Fadnavis?". NDTV. 1 November 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  6. ^ "Kid who protested Emergency - Nagpur's Mr Popular set to don CM mantle". The Telegraph. ABP Group. 29 October 2014. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  7. ^ "Fadnavis to go back to school, for a grand reunion". The Times of India. 1 December 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  8. ^ "All you need to know about Devendra Fadnavis". Daily News and Analysis. Diligent Media Corporation Ltd. 28 October 2014. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  9. ^ Malekar, Anosh (1 October 2019). "The Man Who Defeated the Marathas: The political intrigues of Devendra Fadnavis". The Caravan. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  10. ^ "Devendra Fadnavis is known for keepinate=28 September 2014".
  11. ^ "Devendra Fadnavis, the CM: City's gift to Mah". The Hitavada. Progressive Writers and Publishers. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  12. ^ "Devendra Gangadharrao Fadnavis named Maharashtra BJP president". The Times of India. 12 April 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  13. ^ "Fadnavis 4th CM from Vidarbha". The Times of India. Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. 29 October 2014. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  14. ^ "Maharashtra's BJP chief is RSS-backed scholar who wants Vidarbha state". The Indian Express. 12 April 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  15. ^ "Devendra Fadnavis takes oath as CM to lead first ever BJP govt in Maha". Firstpost. Network 18. 31 October 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
  16. ^ "Maharashtra: How Devendra Fadnavis led BJP government won trust vote..." Daily News and Analysis. Deepak Rathi. 13 November 2014. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  17. ^ "Congress, Shiv Sena create ripples, but Devendra Fadnavis sails through trust vote". The Indian Express. Indian Express Group. 12 November 2014. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  18. ^ "Aamir Khan joins hands with Maharashtra Govt. to solve state's water crisis".
  19. ^ "Those who don't say 'Bharat Mata Ki Jai' have no right to stay in India: Fadnavis". The Hindu. 3 April 2016 – via www.thehindu.com.
  20. ^ "Bharat Mata Ki Jai has nothing to do with religion, says Maharashtra CM Devendra Fadnavis". India Today. 3 April 2016. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  21. ^ Jadhav, Radheshyam (26 November 2019). "Maharashtra CM Fadnavis resigns". @businessline. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  22. ^ "New CM Devendra Fadnavis clears Rs 5,000 crore aid for farmers, reopens relief fund". The Times of India. 26 November 2019. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  23. ^ "We believe in 'Akhand Bharat', Karachi will be part of India one day: BJP's Devendra Fadnavis". Times Now. 21 November 2020.
  24. ^ "Meet Devendra Fadnavis: The Mr Clean of Maharashtra politics". The Economic Times. 29 October 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
  25. ^ "Photos: Divija spotted with father Devendra Fadnavis at Umang 2017". mid-day. 23 January 2017. Retrieved 24 February 2017.