The Maha Vikas Aghadi or Maharashtra Vikas Aghadi (English: Maharashtra Development Front), abbreviated as MVA, is a state-level political coalition formed after the 2019 Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election under the leadership of Uddhav Thackeray of SHS (UBT), then Shiv Sena , Sharad Pawar of the NCP and Sonia Gandhi of the INC, along with the support from the Samajwadi Party, PWPI, CPI(M) and several other political parties including Independent MLAs.[14][15] MVA is currently the [16][17] official opposition in Maharashtra Legislature.[18]

Maha Vikas Aghadi
AbbreviationMVA
PresidentUddhav Thackeray
(Shiv Sena (UBT))
ChairpersonSharad Pawar
(NCP)
SecretaryBalasaheb Thorat
(INC)
FounderSharad Pawar
Founded26 November 2019
Preceded byMaha Aghadi
IdeologyBig tent
Factions:
Centrism[1]
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Thought[2]
Nationalism[3]
Gandhism[4]
Ambedkarism[5]
Liberalism[6]
Secularism[7]
Minority Rights[8]
Social democracy[9]
Political positionCentre-left[10][11] to Centre-right[12][13]
AllianceI.N.D.I.A.
Seats in Lok Sabha
10 / 48
Seats in Rajya Sabha
9 / 19
Seats in Maharashtra Legislative Assembly
78 / 288
Seats in Maharashtra Legislative Council
21 / 78
Number of states and union territories in government
0 / 31

Uddhav Thackeray was elected as the president of the MVA after a meeting on 26 November 2019. He took oath of the office and secrecy on 28 November 2019 as the 19th Chief Minister of Maharashtra state.[19][20]

Formation edit

The alliance was formed by non-NDA political parties in Maharashtra as a result of 2019 Maharashtra political crisis where the Shiv Sena left the NDA post-polls over differences with the BJP in their preferred candidates for Chief Minister and other important portfolio positions after the 2019 Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election. Sharad Pawar, Sanjay Raut, Ahmed Patel and other leaders across the NCP, INC and Shiv Sena worked to realise a new alliance after Shiv Sena and BJP parted ways and Shiv Sena's lone Union Minister in Modi's cabinet, Arvind Sawant, tendered his resignation.[21]

In 2022, during a party meeting, Uddhav Thackeray explained his move to pull out of NDA. He said, "We supported the BJP wholeheartedly to enable them to fulfill their national ambitions. The understanding was they will go national while we will lead in Maharashtra. But we were betrayed and attempts were made to destroy us in our home. So we had to hit back". Thackeray accused BJP of dumping its allies according to its political convenience. He said, "BJP doesn't mean Hindutva. I stand by my comment that Shiv Sena had wasted 25 years in alliance with BJP."[22]

Working edit

Given the varied ideologies among the partner parties, there was a plan to form two committees for guidance of the coalition - a co-ordination committee for implementation of common minimum programme and other higher decision making committee that will include party chiefs.[23]

2022 Maharashtra political crisis edit

Eknath Shinde, a senior Shiv Sena leader, wanted to break the Maha Vikas Aghadi and establish BJP-Shiv Sena coalition again. Subsequently he gathered the support of 2/3rd members of his party.[24][25]

On 29 June, Uddhav Thackeray resigned from the post of Chief Minister as well as MLC member ahead of the no-confidence motion. Eknath Shinde took oath as the new Chief Minister with Devendra Fadnavis as Deputy CM on 30 June.[26]

2023 Maharashtra political crisis edit

Ajit Pawar takes oath as Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Nationalist Congress Party breaks into two camps

and 9 NCP MLAs with former UPA Minister Praful Patel take oath as Cabinet Minister in Eknath Shinde-led Government of Maharashtra.

Current alliance members edit

Party Symbol Flag MLAs in Maharashtra Assembly MLCs in Maharashtra Council MPs in Lok Sabha MPs in Rajya Sabha
Indian National Congress     45 8 1 3
Nationalist Congress Party (Sharad Pawar)   19 8 4 3
Shiv Sena (Uddhav Balasaheb Thackeray)     17 6 6 3
Samajwadi Party     2
Communist Party of India    
Communist Party of India (Marxist)     1
Peasants and Workers Party of India 1 1
Aam Aadmi Party    
Vanchit Bahujan Aghadi    
Total 85/288 24/78 11/48 9/19

Past members edit

Party Base State Year of withdrawal
Prahar Janshakti Party Maharashtra 2022
Bahujan Vikas Aghadi Maharashtra 2022
Shiv Sena Maharashtra 2022
Nationalist Congress Party Maharashtra 2023
Swabhimani Shetkari Sangathan Maharashtra 2023
Janata Dal (United) Maharashtra, Bihar 2024

Status in Municipal Corporations edit

Alliance wise status
Municipal Corporation Seats Ruling Party Last election
Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation
137 / 227
Shiv Sena 2017
Pune Municipal Corporation
64 / 162
Bharatiya Janata Party 2017
Nagpur Municipal Corporation
32 / 151
2017
Thane Municipal Corporation
37 / 131
Shiv Sena 2017
Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation, Pune
45 / 128
Bharatiya Janata Party 2017
Nashik Municipal Corporation
47 / 122
2017
Solapur Municipal Corporation
39 / 102
2017
Amravati Municipal Corporation
22 / 87
2017
Ulhasnagar Municipal Corporation
54 / 78
Shiv Sena 2017
Akola Municipal Corporation
26 / 80
Bharatiya Janata Party 2017
Jalgaon Municipal Corporation
60 / 75
Shiv Sena
Ahmednagar Municipal Corporation
42 / 68
Kalyan-Dombivli Municipal Corporation
36 / 122
Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation
51 / 111
Bharatiya Janata Party 2017
Sangali-Miraj-Kupwad Municipal Corporation
40 / 78
Nationalist Congress Party
Panvel Municipal Corporation
27 / 78
Bharatiya Janata Party
Parbhani Municipal Corporation
54 / 65
Indian National Congress
Nanded-Waghala Municipal Corporation
74 / 81
Malegaon Municipal Corporation
60 / 84
Nationalist Congress Party
Dhule Municipal Corporation
15 / 74
Bharatiya Janata Party
Latur Municipal Corporation
37 / 70
Indian National Congress
Mira-Bhayandar Municipal Corporation
33 / 95
Bharatiya Janata Party 2017
Vasai-Virar City Municipal Corporation
6 / 115
Bahujan Vikas Aaghadi
Bhiwandi-Nizampur Municipal Corporation
65 / 90
Indian National Congress
Kolhapur Municipal Corporation
63 / 81
Chandrapur Municipal Corporation
36 / 66
Bharatiya Janata Party
Region Total seats Current Seats of Maha Vikas Aghadi
Shiv Sena Nationalist Congress Party Indian National Congress Others
Western Maharashtra 70 05 26 12 03
Vidarbha 62 04 06 15 03
Marathwada 46 12 08 07 04
Thane+Konkan 39 15 05 00 04
Mumbai 36 14 01 04 01
North Maharashtra 35 07 08 04 03
Total[27] 288 17 19 45 4

References edit

  1. ^ "Shiv Sena likely to adopt 'soft-Hindutva' approach in coalition government, in line with Congress-NCP's demands: Sources".
  2. ^ "MVA Govt condemns desecration of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's statue".
  3. ^ "About Nationalist Congress Party".
  4. ^ "Pawar praises Uddhav; says NCP committed to Gandhi-Nehru ideology". Business Standard India. Press Trust of India. 10 September 2021.
  5. ^ "वंचित बहुजन आघाडीने महाराष्ट्रात बदलाचे वारे!". Lokmat. 29 September 2018. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  6. ^ Jha, Giridhar (25 November 2019). "Maharashtra Govt Formation: BJP's Return Into Ring Makes Scene Murkier". Outlook. Retrieved 27 December 2019.
  7. ^ Soper, J. Christopher; Fetzer, Joel S. (2018). Religion and Nationalism in Global Perspective. Cambridge University Press. pp. 200–210. ISBN 978-1-107-18943-0.
  8. ^ "Bahujan Vikas Aghadi demands use of Urdu in public places". The Times of India.
  9. ^ Singh, Mahendra Prasad; Saxena, Rekha (2003). India at the Polls: Parliamentary Elections in the Federal Phase. Orient Blackswan. p. 78. ISBN 978-8-125-02328-9.
  10. ^ "Political Parties – NCERT" (PDF). National Council of Educational Research and Training. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  11. ^ "Maharashtra: The political crisis brewing in India's richest state". BBC News. 23 June 2022. |quote = "...the centrist NCP and the Congress, along with independent lawmakers."|
  12. ^ Phadke, Manasi (24 July 2020). "The 'softening' of Shiv Sena – belligerent under Bal Thackeray to more liberal under Uddhav". ThePrint. Retrieved 15 October 2022.
  13. ^ "Uddhav's Shiv Sena: Caught Between the Old and the New". 29 November 2020.
  14. ^ "Peasants and Workers Party MLA Shyamsundar Shinde, CPI(M) member Vinod Nikole and Swabhimani Paksha MLA Devendra Bhuyar are the MLAs from smaller parties who were present for the MVA meeting". 8 June 2022.
  15. ^ "Sena NCP Congress alliance could be named Maha Vasooli Aghadi". Clipper28.com. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  16. ^ "Maharashtra Legislative Council polls: MVA bags 3 seats, defeats BJP on Gadkari's home turf".
  17. ^ Maharashtra Legislative Council
  18. ^ Maharashtra Legislative Assembly & Maharashtra Legislative Council
  19. ^ "Udhav Thackeray named as CM candidate of Maha Vikas Aghadi". First Post. 26 November 2019. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  20. ^ "Udhav Thackeray swearing in as CM". Times of India. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
  21. ^ "Shiv Sena's MP Arvind Sawant resigns from Modi cabinet". Scroll.in. 11 November 2019. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  22. ^ ""Wasted 25 Years In Alliance With BJP...," Says Uddhav Thackeray". NDTV.com. 23 January 2022. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  23. ^ "Two panels to guide maha Vikas Aghadi". Deccan Herald. 22 November 2019. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  24. ^ "Maharashtra: The political crisis brewing in India's richest state". 22 June 2022.
  25. ^ "Maharashtra crisis: Uddhav Thackeray-led faction in hopeless ." The Times of India. 29 June 2022.
  26. ^ "Eknath Shinde Takes Oath As Chief Minister, Devendra Fadnavis His Deputy".
  27. ^ "Spoils of five-point duel". Archived from the original on 20 October 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2017.