Azure (/ /, AZH-ər, AY-zhər, UK also / /, AZ-ure, AY-zure) is the color between cyan and blue on the spectrum of visible light. It is often described as the color of the sky on a clear day.
|sRGBB (r, g, b)||(0, 128, 255)|
|HSV (h, s, v)||(210°, 100%, 100%)|
|CIELChuv (L, C, h)||(55, 117, 255°)|
|Source||On the RGB and CMYK color wheel, Azure is defined as the colour halfway between blue and cyan. The colour halfway between blue and cyan on the RGB color wheel has a hex code of 0080FF.|
|ISCC–NBS descriptor||Vivid blue|
|B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)|
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
On the RGB color wheel, "azure" (hexadecimal #0080FF) is defined as the color at 210 degrees, i.e., the hue halfway between blue and cyan. In the RGB color model, used to create all the colors on a television or computer screen, azure is created by adding a 50% of green light to a 100% of blue light.
Etymology and history Edit
The color azure ultimately takes its name from the intense blue mineral lapis lazuli. Lapis is the Latin word for "stone" and lāzulī is the genitive form of the Medieval Latin lāzulum, which is taken from the Arabic لازورد lāzaward [laːzwrd] (ⓘ), itself from the Persian لاژورد lāžaward, which is the name of the stone in Persian and also of a place where lapis lazuli was mined.
The name of the stone came to be associated with its color. The French azur, the Italian azzurro, the Polish lazur, Romanian azur and azuriu, the Portuguese and Spanish azul, Hungarian azúr, and the Catalan atzur, all come from the name and color of lapis lazuli. The dropping of the initial l in Romance languages may be a case of the linguistic phenomenon known as rebracketing, i.e. Romance speakers may have perceived the sound as the initial phoneme of the definitive article in their respective language.
The word was adopted into English from the French, and the first recorded use of it as a color name in English was in 1374 in Geoffrey Chaucer's work Troilus and Criseyde, where he refers to "a broche, gold and asure" (a brooch, gold and azure).
Azure also describes the color of the mineral azurite, both in its natural form and as a pigment in various paint formulations. In order to preserve its deep color, azurite was ground coarsely. Fine-ground azurite produces a lighter, washed-out color. Traditionally, the pigment was considered unstable in oil paints, and was sometimes isolated from other colors and not mixed.
The use of the term spread through the practice of heraldry, where "azure" represents a blue color in the system of tinctures. In engravings, it is represented as a region of parallel horizontal lines, or by the abbreviation az. or b. In practice, azure has been represented by any number of shades of blue. In later heraldic practice a lighter blue, called bleu celeste ("sky blue"), is sometimes specified.
Distinction among indigo, azure, and cyan Edit
This section's factual accuracy is disputed. (September 2021)
According to the logic of the RGB color wheel, indigo colors are those colors with hue codes between 255 and 225 (degrees), azure colors are those colors with hue codes between 195 and 225, and cyan colors are those colors with hue codes between 165 and 195. Another way of describing it could be that cyan is a mixture of blue and green light, azure is a mixture of blue and cyan light, and indigo is a mixture of blue and violet light.
All of the colors shown below in the section shades of azure are referenced as having a hue between 195 and 225 degrees, with the exception of the very pale X11 web color azure – RGB (240, 255, 255) – which, with a hue of 180 degrees, is a tone of cyan, but follows the artistic meaning of azure as sky blue.
In nature Edit
- Azure bluet (Enallagma aspersum), damselfly found in North America
- Azure damselfly (Coenagrion puella), damselfly found in Europe
- Azure hawker (Aeshna caerulea), dragonfly in the family Aeshnidae
- Azure gallinule (Porphyrio flavirostris), bird in the rail family, Rallidae
- Azure jay (Cyanocorax caeruleus) bird in the crow family, Corvidae
- Azure kingfisher (Alcedo azurea), bird in the river kingfisher family, Alcedinidae
- Azure tit (Cyanistes cyanus), bird in the tit family, Paridae
- Azure-crowned hummingbird (Amazilia cyanocephala), a hummingbird in the family Trochilidae
- Azure-hooded jay (Cyanolyca cucullata), bird in the crow family, Corvidae
- Azure-naped jay (Cyanocorax heilprini), bird in the crow family, Corvidae
- Azure-rumped tanager (Tangara cabanisi), bird in the family Thraupidae
- Azure-shouldered tanager (Thraupis cyanoptera), bird in the family Thraupidae
- Azure-winged magpie (Cyanopica cyana), bird in the crow family, Corvidae
In culture Edit
- Côte d'Azur ("Azure Coast") is a name commonly used for the French Riviera, part of France's southeastern coast on the Mediterranean.
- In Chinese mythology, the Azure Dragon is one of the Four Symbols of the Chinese constellations. It is sometimes called the Azure Dragon of the East (traditional Chinese: 東方青龍; simplified Chinese: 东方青龙; pinyin: Dōngfāng Qīnglóng). Known as Seiryū (青竜) in Japan and Cheongryong (청룡／青龍) in Korea, it represents the east and the spring season.
- Savoy azure (azzurro Savoia) is a traditional national color for Italy, taken from the traditional colors of the House of Savoy, the ruling house of the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia that established the first modern united Italian state. The association between azure and Italian nationalism led in the Italy national football team donning azure jerseys, giving them the nickname, the Azzurri ("the Azures"). It is also the color of the Italian state police (Polizia di Stato).
- Ken Nordine's 1966 album Colors features the song "Azures".
- The flag of Russia from 1991 to 1993 used azure.
See also Edit
- On colour plate 33 (page 89) of the 1930 book A Dictionary of Color by Maerz and Paul, the colours on the right side of colour plate 33 from top to bottom represent the most highly saturated colours on the color wheel from cyan to azure, and the colours on the bottom of colour plate 33 from right to left represent the most highly saturated colours on the colour wheel from azure to blue. The colour sample that represents azure is colour sample L12 on Plate 33 on Page 89. See reference to Azure on Page 190 in the index. See also discussion of the color azure, Page 149.
- Wells, John C. (2008). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.). Longman. ISBN 978-1-4058-8118-0.
- Jones, Daniel (2011). Roach, Peter; Setter, Jane; Esling, John (eds.). Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (18th ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-15255-6.
- "azure". Lexico UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 4 February 2020.
- "azure". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 4 January 2019.
- Oxford English Dictionary
- Senning, Alexander (2007). "lapis lazuli (lazurite)". Elsevier's Dictionary of Chemoetymology. Amsterdam: Elsevier. p. 224. ISBN 978-0-444-52239-9.
- Weekley, Ernest (1967). "azure". An Etymological Dictionary of Modern English. New York: Dover Publications. p. 97.
- "azure, n. and adj". Oxford English Dictionary. OUP. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
- Chaucer, Geoffrey. "The Project Gutenberg EBook of Troilus and Criseyde". Troilus and Criseyde. Project Gutenberg. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
- Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 190. Also Azure @ Dictionary.Reference.com. Also Azur @ CNRTL.fr (in french).
- Gabrielli, Aldo. "Grande Dizionario Italiano". Retrieved 9 July 2011.
- "Blue and bizarre".