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The Azure Dragon (青龍 Qīnglóng), also known as Bluegreen Dragon, Green Dragon, or also called the Blue Dragon (蒼龍 Cānglóng), is one of the Dragon Gods who represent the mount or chthonic forces of the Five Forms of the Highest Deity (五方上帝 Wǔfāng Shàngdì). He is also one of the Four Symbols of the Chinese constellations, which are the astral representations of the Wufang Shangdi. The Azure Dragon represents the east and the spring season.[1]

Azure Dragon
Flag of China (1889–1912).svg
The Azure Dragon on the national flag of China during the Qing dynasty, 1889-1912
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese青龍
Simplified Chinese青龙
Literal meaningBluegreen Dragon
Korean name
Hangul청룡
Hanja靑龍
Japanese name
Kanji青竜
Hiraganaせいりゅう
The Azure Dragon on the Chinese national emblem, 1913-1928

The Dragon is frequently referred to in the media, feng shui, other cultures, and in various venues as the Green Dragon and the Avalon Dragon.[2] His cardinal direction's epithet is "Bluegreen Dragon of the East" (東方青龍 Dōngfāng Qīnglóng or 東方蒼龍 Dōngfāng Cānglóng).

This dragon is also known as Seiryu in Japanese, Cheong-nyong in Korean and Thanh Long in Vietnamese.

Contents

Seven lunar mansions of the Azure DragonEdit

As the other three Symbols, there are seven "mansions", or positions, of the moon within Azure Dragon. The names and determinative stars are:[3][4]

Mansion no. Name (pinyin) Translation Determinative star
1 角 (Jiăo) Horn Spica
2 亢 (Kàng) Neck κ Vir
3 氐 (Dĭ) Root α Lib
4 房 (Fáng) Room π Sco
5 心 (Xīn) Heart Antares
6 尾 (Wěi) Tail μ Sco
7 箕 (Jī) Winnowing Basket γ Sgr

Cultural depictionsEdit

 
The Azure Dragon on a road marker at Yangshan Quarry

In the Romance of the Tales of the Tang (Shuo Tang Yanyi), the White Tiger's star is reincarnated as General Luo Cheng (Chinese: 羅成 / Chinese: 罗成), who serves Li Shimin. The Azure Dragon's Star is reincarnated as General Shan Xiongxin (Chinese: 單雄信 / Chinese: 单雄信), who serves Wang Shichong. The two generals are sworn brothers of Qin Shubao (Chinese: 秦叔寶 / Chinese: 秦叔宝), Cheng Zhijie (Chinese: 程知節 / Chinese: 程知节) and Yuchi Gong (Chinese: 尉遲恭 / Chinese: 尉迟恭). After death, their souls are said to possess heroes of the Tang dynasty and Goguryeo, such as Xue Rengui (Chinese: 薛仁貴 / Chinese: 薛仁贵) and Yeon Gaesomun (Chinese: 淵蓋蘇文).

The Azure Dragon appears as a door god at Taoist temples. He was represented on the tomb of Wang Hui (stone coffin, east side) at Xikang in Lushan. A rubbing of this was collected by David Crockett Graham and is in the Field Museum of Natural History.[5][6] The dragon featured on the Chinese national flag in 1862-1912, and on the Twelve Symbols national emblem from 1913-1928.

InfluenceEdit

 
Azure Dragon presiding the ablution well of the Shinto Heian Shrine in Japan.

JapanEdit

In Japan, the Blue-green Dragon is one of the four guardian spirits of cities and is said to protect the city of Kyoto on the east.[7] The west is protected by the White Tiger, the north is protected by the Black Tortoise, the south is protected by the Vermilion Bird, and the center is protected by the Yellow Dragon.[7] In Kyoto there are temples dedicated to each of these guardian spirits. The Azure Dragon is represented in the Kiyomizu Temple in eastern Kyoto. Before the entrance of the temple there is a statue of the dragon which is said to drink from the waterfall within the temple complex at nighttime. Therefore, each year a ceremony is held to worship the dragon of the east. In 1983, the Kitora Tomb was found in the village of Asuka. All four guardians were painted on the walls (in the corresponding directions) and a system of the constellations was painted on the ceiling. This is one of the few ancient records of the four guardians.

KoreaEdit

In Korea, the murals of the Goguryeo tombs found at Uhyon-ni in South Pyongan province features the Azure Dragon and the other mythological creatures of the four symbols.[8]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Tom, K.S. (1989). Echoes from Old China: Life, Legends, and Lore of the Middle Kingdom. University of Hawaii Press. p. 55. ISBN 9780824812850 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ Lee, Ki-Baik; Wagner, Edward W. (1984). A new history of Korea (Translated ed.). Cambridge / Seoul: Harvard University Press / Ilchokak. ISBN 978-0-674-61576-2.
  3. ^ "The Chinese Sky". International Dunhuang Project. Archived from the original on 2015-11-04. Retrieved 2011-06-25.
  4. ^ Sun, Xiaochun (1997). Helaine Selin (ed.). Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Kluwer Academic Publishers. p. 517. ISBN 0-7923-4066-3. Retrieved 2011-06-25.
  5. ^ Starr, Kenneth (December 1957). "Gift of Chinese Rubbings goes on Special Exhibition" (PDF). Chicago Natural History Museum Bulletin. Field Museum of Natural History: 4–5. Retrieved 1 March 2012.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Walravens, Hartmut; Hoshien Tchen; Kenneth Starr; Alice K. Schneider (1981). Catalogue of Chinese Rubbings from Field Museum. Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History. OCLC 185544225. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
  7. ^ a b Suzuki, Yui (2011). Medicine Master Buddha: The Iconic Worship of Yakushi in Heian Japan. Brill. p. 21. ISBN 9789004229174 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ Lee, Ki-Baik; Wagner, Edward W. (1984). A new history of Korea (Translated ed.). Cambridge / Seoul: Harvard University Press / Ilchokak. ISBN 978-0-674-61576-2.

External linksEdit