Gujarat Legislative Assembly
Gujarat Legislative Assembly or Gujarat Vidhan Sabha is the unicameral legislature of the Indian state of Gujarat, in the state capital Gandhinagar. Presently, 182 members of the Legislative Assembly are directly elected from single-member constituencies (seats). It has term of 5 years unless it is dissolved sooner. 13 constituencies are reserved for scheduled castes and 27 constituencies for scheduled tribes. From its majority party group or by way of a grand coalition cabinet of its prominent members, the state's Executive namely the Government of Gujarat is formed.
Gujarat Legislative Assembly
|14th Legislative Assembly of Gujarat|
State Emblem of Gujarat
|First past the post|
|9 and 14 December 2017|
Vithalbhai Patel Bhavan, Gujarat Vidhan Sabha, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
Bhavsinhji Gohil, ruler of Bhavnagar State, established The Peoples' Representative Assembly consisting of 38 members appointed by him. His succeeding son, Krishnakumar Sinhji, formed the Bhavnagar legislative assembly in 1941 having 55 members, consisting of 33 elected members, 16 nominated members by him and 6 ex-officio members. They had power to ask questions, move resolutions, discuss the budget and introduce bills in the assembly. This assembly used to meet at least twice in a year. Porbandar state assembly had same powers. Sayajirao Gaekwad III, ruler of Baroda State, had formed the Baroda legislative assembly in 1908.
Since 1921, representative were elected by the people of that area of the present Gujarat state except the princely states, and sent to the Bombay State legislative assembly. In 1952, Saurashtra State legislative assembly was constituted after the independence of India. It was functional till 31 October 1956. Saurashtra State was merged into the Bombay State under the States Reorganization Act, 1956.
On 1 May 1960, the Bombay State was bifurcated into Gujarat and Maharashtra states which resulted in formation of Gujarat legislative assembly. The 132 members of the former Bombay legislative assembly, elected from the territorial constituencies of Gujarat, formed the first Gujarat legislative assembly. The number of the members was increased to 154 in 1962, 168 in 1967 and 182 in 1975.
After formation of Gujarat state in 1960, Ahmedabad was a capital of the state. The Assembly started functioning from the present day OPD building of Ahmedabad Civil Hospital. The new capital city, Gandhinagar was built in 1971. Later assembly was shifted to Central Library building, sector-17, Gandhinagar on 11 February 1971. The new assembly building, Vithalbhai Patel Bhavan, was completed and inaugurated in 1982. Since then the Gujarat legislative assembly functions there.
President Neelam Sanjiva Reddy laid foundation stone of new assembly building, Vithalbhai Patel Bhavan on 20 March 1978. It was designed by H. K. Mewada, chief planner of Gandhinagar. The construction was completed in July 1982 and it is named after Vithalbhai Patel, the first Indian speaker of Central Legislative Assembly during the British period. It was inaugurated by the Governor Sharda Mukherjee on 8 July 1982.
It is constructed with Reinforced concrete and the outer walls of the building is affixed with Dholpur light pink stones. The building is constructed on the 133 square metre platform amid a water pool having diameter of 200 metres. This central building was linked with the Ministerial Secretariat by bridges formerly but now new buildings are constructed in between known as Swarnim Sankul. The building is 33.45 metres high including its octagonal dome. The constructed area of building is 8100 square metres while the total built up area of square platform is 17689 square metres. It has four floors with total built up area of 43350 square metres or total carpet area of 16180 square metres. The entrance of the building is reached by a flight of steps.
The Assembly hall is situated on the second floor. It is octagonal from inside. The octagonal roof is supported by eight V-shaped pillars and one pillar in the centre. These pillars tapers and forms octagonal dome on the hall. There is an arrangement of white floodlights on the top. The hall has a capacity of 232 seats though currently the assembly has only 182 elected members. The hall is viewed from the galleries on the third floor which has a capacity of 564 seats.
There is a podium just under the Assembly hall which is used for ceremonies and functions. The downward floor of the Assembly hall makes an umbrella-like roof of the podium. The podium has some personal belongings of Mahatma Gandhi and Vallabhbhai Patel on display. There are oil paintings of several national leaders, independence activists and personalities on its walls.
History of electionsEdit
List of SpeakersEdit
|Kalyanji V. Mehta||1 May 1960 – 19 August 1960|
|Mansinhji Rana||19 August 1960 – 19 March 1962|
|Fatehali Palejwala||19 March 1962 – 17 March 1967|
|Raghavji Leuva||17 March 1967 – 28 June 1975|
|Kundanlal Dholakia||28 June 1975 – 28 March 1977|
|Manubhai Palkhiwala (Acting Speaker)||28 March 1977 – 21 April 1977|
|Kundanlal Dholakia||21 April 1977 – 20 June 1980|
|Natwarlal Shah||20 June 1980 – 8 January 1990|
|Karsandas Soneri (Acting Speaker)||8 January 1990 – 19 January 1990|
|Barjorji Pardiwala||19 January 1990 – 16 March 1990|
|Shashikant Lakhani||16 March 1990 – 12 November 1990|
|Manubhai Parmar (Acting Speaker)||12 November 1990 – 11 February 1991|
|Himatlal Mulani||11 February 1991 – 21 March 1995|
|Harishchandra Patel||21 March 1995 – 16 September 1996|
|Chandubhai Dabhi (Acting Speaker)||16 September 1996 – 29 October 1996|
|Gumansinhji Vaghela||29 October 1996 – 19 March 1998|
|Dhirubhai Shah||19 March 1998 – 27 December 2002|
|Prof. Mangaldas Patel||27 December 2002 – 18 January 2008|
|Ashok Bhatt||18 January 2008 – 29 September 2010|
|Prof. Mangaldas Patel (Acting Speaker)||29 September 2010 – 23 February 2011|
|Ganpat Vasava||23 February 2011 – 26 December 2012|
|Vajubhai Vala (Acting Speaker)||26 December 2012 - 19 January 2013|
|Neema Acharya (Acting Speaker)||19 January 2013 – 22 January 2013|
|Vajubhai Vala||23 January 2013 - 30 August 2014|
|Mangubhai C. Patel (Acting Speaker)||30 August 2014 – 9 November 2014|
|Ganpat Vasava||9 November 2014 – 7 August 2016|
|Parbatbhai Patel (Acting Speaker)||7 August 2016 – 22 August 2016|
|Ramanlal Vora||22 August 2016 – 19 February 2018|
|Rajendra Trivedi||19 February 2018 - Incumbent|
Current Party CompositionEdit
|Bharatiya Janata Party||103|
|Indian National Congress||65|
|Bharatiya Tribal Party||2|
|Nationalist Congress Party||1|
|No.||Constituency||Member of Legislative Assembly||Party|
|8||Tharad||Gulabsinh Pirabhai Rajput||INC|
|16||Radhanpur||Raghubhai Merajbhai Desai||INC|
|20||Kheralu||Ajmalji Valaji Thakor||BJP|
|32||Bayad||Jashubhai Shivabhai Patel||INC|
|35||Gandhinagar South||Shambhuji Thakor||BJP|
|36||Gandhinagar North||C. J. Chavda||INC|
|44||Ellis Bridge||Rakesh Shah||BJP|
|48||Thakkarbapa Nagar||Vallabhbhai Kakadiya||BJP|
|57||Daskroi||Babu Jamna Patel||BJP|
|67||Wankaner||Mohammad Javed Pirjada||INC|
|68||Rajkot East||Arvind Raiyani||BJP|
|69||Rajkot West||Vijay Rupani||BJP|
|70||Rajkot South||Govind Patel||BJP|
|71||Rajkot Rural||Lakhabhai Sagathiya||BJP|
|72||Jasdan||Kunwarjibhai Mohanbhai Bavaliya||BJP|
|73||Gondal||Geetaba Jayrajsinh Jadeja||BJP|
|77||Jamnagar Rural||Raghavjibhai Patel||BJP|
|78||Jamnagar North||Dharmendrasinh Jadeja (Hakubha)||BJP|
|79||Jamnagar South||R. C. Faldu||BJP|
|103||Bhavnagar Rural||Parshottam Solanki||BJP|
|104||Bhavnagar East||Vibhavari Dave||BJP|
|105||Bhavnagar West||Jitu Vaghani||BJP|
|137||Chhota Udepur||Mohan Rathwa||INC|
|138||Jetpur (ST)||Sukhrambhai Rathwa||INC|
|140||Dabhoi||Shailesh Mehta 'Sotta'||BJP|
|141||Vadodara City||Manisha Vakil||BJP|
|156||Mangrol (ST)||Ganpat Vasava||BJP|
|158||Kamrej||V. D. Zalavadiya||BJP|
|159||Surat East||Arvind Rana||BJP|
|160||Surat North||Kantibhai Balar||BJP|
|161||Varachha Marg||Kumarbhai Kanani||BJP|
|167||Surat West||Purnesh Modi||BJP|
|174||Jalalpore||R. C. Patel||BJP|
- Kalia, Ravi (2004). Gandhinagar: Building National Identity in Postcolonial India. University of South Carolina Press. pp. 26, 33, 36, 37, 115. ISBN 9781570035449.
- "Gujarat Vidhan Sabha". Gujarat Vidhan Sabha. Archived from the original on 18 December 2012. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
- "Gujarat: Vala resigns as speaker to be made speaker". Daily News and Analysis. 23 January 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
- Balan, Premal (23 January 2013). "Vaju Vala unanimously elected new speaker of Gujarat Assembly". Business Standard. Gandhinagar. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
- "Vajubhai Rudabhai Vala to take oath as Karnataka Guv on Sept 1". One India News. 30 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
- "Ramanlal Vora elected unopposed new Speaker of Gujarat Assembly". Business Standard News. 22 August 2016. Retrieved 23 August 2016.