Politics of Gujarat
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On 1 May 1960, the Indian State of Gujarat was created out of the 17 northern districts of former State of Bombay. These districts were later further subdivided. There are 33 administrative districts in the state (as of 2018). Unlike other cities, Gandhinagar has its own administrative body, 'The Capital Project division', created by the Government of Gujarat in 1965 for Balanced & Deciplinate System in Gandhinagar capital city.
Gujarat is governed by a Legislative Assembly of 182 members. Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) are elected on the basis of adult suffrage from one of 182 constituencies, of which 13 are reserved for scheduled castes and 26 for scheduled tribes. The term of office for a member of the Legislative Assembly is five years. The Legislative Assembly elects a speaker, who presides over the meetings of the legislature. A governor is appointed by the President of India, and is Assembly, and to address the House after every general election and the commencement of each year's first session of the Legislative Assembly. The leader of the majority party or coalition in the legislature (Chief Minister) or his or her designee acts as the Leader of the Legislative Assembly. The administration of the state is led by the Chief Minister.
Vallabhbhai Patel, born in Nadiad in 1875, was independent India's first Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister; he played a key role in political integration of India, and was conferred with a posthumous Bharat Ratna award in 1991.
After gaining independence in 1947, the Indian National Congress party (INC) ruled the Bombay state (which included present-day Gujarat and Maharashtra). Congress continued to govern Gujarat after the state's creation in 1960. During and after India's State of Emergency of 1975-1977, public support for the Congress Party eroded, but it continued to hold government until 1990. In the 1990 Assembly Polls, the Congress lost to the janta dal-Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Chimanbhai patel came to power. 1995 BJP won assembly election & Keshubhai Patel was CM. His Government lasted only two years. The fall of that government was provoked by a split in the BJP led by Shankersinh Vaghela has won most of the subsequent polls. In 2001, following the loss of two assembly seats in by-elections, Keshubhai Patel resigned and yielded power to Narendra Modi. The BJP retained a majority in the 2002 election, and Narendra Modi has since served as Chief Minister of the state. On 1 June 2007, Narendra Modi became the longest serving Chief Minister of Gujarat. BJP retained a majority once again in polls (Dec, 2012) and Narendra Modi became Chief Minister.
In the 2014 Indian general election, Bharatiya Janta Party projected Narendra Modi as a candidate of Prime Minister. BJP retained clear majority first time in center and Narendra Modi become Prime Minister. So he resigned and yielded power to Anandiben Patel. She became the first lady Chief Minister of Gujarat. Vijay Rupani succeeded her in August 2016.
Gujarat has had 16 different Chief Ministers since its formation in 1960. From 1960 until 1995 they were all from the Indian National Congress party, except for eight years when the opposition Janata Party/Janata Dal ruled. Since 1995, however, the Bharatiya Janata Party has dominated, controlling the Chief Minister for all except 18 months.
Revenues of governmentEdit
This is a chart of trend of own tax revenues (excluding the shares from Union tax pool) of the Government of Gujarat assessed by the Finance Commissions from time to time with figures in millions of Indian Rupees.
|Year||Own tax revenues|
This is a chart of trend of own non-tax revenues (excluding the shares from Union tax pool) of the Government of Gujarat assessed by the Finance Commissions from time to time with figures in millions of Indian Rupees.