Valsad district (previously Bulsar district) is one of the 33 districts in the Western Indian state of Gujarat. It is bound by Navsari district to the north, Nashik district of Maharashtra state to the east, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli district of the Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (DNHDD) union territory and the Palghar district of Maharashtra to the south. The Arabian Sea lies west of the district. The coastal Damaon enclave of DNHDD is bounded by Valsad district on the north, east, and south.[2] The district's administrative capital is Valsad. The district's largest city is Vapi.[3]

Valsad district
Bulsar district
Top: Check dam in Panchlai, Pardi
Bottom: Tithal Beach
Interactive Map Outlining Valsad District
Location of Valsad district in Gujarat
Location of Valsad district in Gujarat
Coordinates: 20°36′36″N 72°55′33″E / 20.61000°N 72.92583°E / 20.61000; 72.92583
Country India
 • Total2,947.49 km2 (1,138.03 sq mi)
 • Total1,705,678
 • Density580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 • OfficialGujarati
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code912632
Vehicle registrationGJ-15
Largest cityVapi
Sex ratio922 Females per 1000 Males /

The district covers 3008 square kilometres and is divided into six talukas: Valsad, Vapi, Pardi, Umargam, Kaparada and Dharampur.[4] The population was 1,705,678 in 2011, up from 1,410,553 in 2001.[5] Valsad is well known for its production of mangoes, sapodilla, teak and industrial hubs based in Vapi, Pardi and Atul.

History edit

On 1 June 1966, Valsad district was formed after Surat district was bifurcated into Valsad and Surat district. Then, Valsad, Dharampur, Pardi, Umargam, Navsari, Vansda, Chikhli and Gandevi were talukas of Valsad district.[6]

On 2 October 1997, Navsari district was formed after Valsad district was bifurcated into Valsad and Navsari district. The taluka of Kaparada was separated from Dharampur on 15 October 1997. After newly formed Kaparada taluka - Valsad, Dharampur, Kaparada, Pardi, Umargam were talukas of Valsad district.[7]

On 9 September 2013, Vapi taluka was separated from Pardi taluka. After newly formed Vapi taluka - Valsad, Dharampur, Kaparada, Pardi, Vapi, Umargam are talukas of Valsad district.[8]

Geography edit

Geography of Valsad District
Average rainfall 2000 mm
Average temperature 26.9 °C
Seismic Zone Zone III
Major rivers Damanganga, Par, Auranga, Kolak, Taan and Maan
Hills Parnera Hill, Wilson Hills
Beaches Tithal Beach, Nargol Beach,Umargam Beach

Demographics edit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.

According to the 2011 census Valsad district has a population of 1,705,678.[10][11][12] The district has a population density of 580 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,500/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.92%. Valsad has a sex ratio of 922 females for every 1000 males. 37.26% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 2.24% and 52.93% of the population respectively.[10]

Religions in Valsad district (2011)[13]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated

Sacred place for Parsis, Iranshah Atash Behram is also located in Udvada. Udwada Atash Behram is a sacred fire housed in a temple in Udvada, Gujarat on the west coast of India.

Language edit

Languages in Valsad district (2011)[14]

  Gujarati (70.83%)
  Hindi (11.62%)
  Varli (5.75%)
  Kukna (5.19%)
  Marathi (2.36%)
  Bhojpuri (1.08%)
  Other (3.17%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 70.83% of the population in the district spoke Gujarati, 11.62% Hindi, 5.75% Varli, 5.19% Kukna, 2.36% Marathi and 1.08% Bhojpuri as their first language.[14]

Divisions edit

Valsad district has six talukas:

  1. Valsad
  2. Pardi
  3. Vapi
  4. Dharampur
  5. Kaparada
  6. Umargam

Valsad district has three major cities:

  1. Valsad
  2. Vapi
  3. Pardi

Politics edit

District No. Constituency Name Party Remarks
Valsad 178 Dharampur (ST) Arvindbhai Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
179 Valsad Bharatbhai Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
180 Pardi Kanubhai Desai Bharatiya Janata Party Cabinet Minister
181 Kaprada (ST) Jitubhai Chaudhary Bharatiya Janata Party
182 Umbergaon (ST) Ramanlal Patkar Bharatiya Janata Party

Transport edit

Valsad lies on NH 48. Valsad is connected to many cities in Gujarat by the Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation bus service. Valsad is one of the 16 divisions of GSRTC referred to as Daman Ganga. Following bus depots come under the Valsad division: Valsad, Vapi, Navsari, Bilimora, Dharampur, and Ahwa.

Valsad railway station is managed by the Mumbai WR railway division of the Western Railway. It lies on the New Delhi–Mumbai mainline. The present railway station building was established in 1925. Adjacent to the railway station is the Valsad Electric Loco Shed which houses over 100 electric locomotives. Other railway stations in the district are Umargam Road, Sanjan, Bhilad, Vapi, Udvada, Pardi and Dungri.

The nearest airport is Surat Airport in Surat.

Economy edit

Agriculture edit

Valsad is a horticulture hub in Gujarat. Major horticulture crops that are produced in the district are mango, papaya, guava, cucurbits, chikoo, banana and sugarcane. Valsad is also known as the mango capital of Gujarat and is famous for its Alphonso mango (Valsadi Haafus). Valsadi chikoo is in high demand nationwide as well as around the world.[15]

Industry edit

Valsad is an industrial base for sectors such as chemicals, textiles, and paper & pulp industries. Since the 1980s, textile and chemicals have been the major sectors of investments and employment in the district. Valsad is emerging as a horticulture hub of the state, witnessing significant production in food grains and crops.

Valsad has 7 Industrial Estates located in Dungra, Pardi, Dharampur, Bhilad, Valsad, Umargam, Sarigam, Vapi (the chemical hub of Gujarat) and 1 Industrial park in Kalgam.[16] With over 300 medium and large scale industries, Vapi is a major industrial center in Valsad. One of Asia's largest Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP) is present in Vapi, owned by Vapi Waste & Effluent Management Company and promoted by Vapi Industrial Association.[17]

Over 10,716 units of small and medium enterprises (SMEs), involved in different sectors, such as chemicals, textiles, engineering, and paper industry, are present in the district. Several private conglomerates are present in Valsad, such as Alok Industries Ltd., Wyeth, Welspun India Ltd. Hubergroup India Private Limited (formerly Micro Inks Ltd.), Meril Group of companies (Meril Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd., Meril Healthcare Pvt. Ltd., Meril Endo Surgery Pvt. Ltd. and Meril Diagnostics Pvt. Ltd.), Aarti Industries, Atul Limited, Gujarat Heavy Chemicals Ltd. (GHCL), Raymond, Sun Pharmaceuticals, United Phosphorus, Pidilite, Polyols & Polymers and Vadilal, Unique Polymers.

Education edit

The Government Polytechnic, established in 1965, is one of the prominent institutions in Valsad.[18] The Government Engineering College was established in 2004. The GMERS Medical college with an 800-bed hospital was also set up in Valsad in 2014.[19]

Many colleges offer various courses in science, commerce and arts in Valsad district.[20] S.K.M. Law College is also established.[21]

Important places edit

Tithal Beach

Tithal Beach is located near Tithal town of Valsad district. The sand of the beach is black sand. Tithal Beach Festival and International Kite Festival are also organized on the shore of the beach.

Shree Shirdi Saibaba Sansthapan is located on the shore of the beach in Tithal town of Valsad district. The temple was established in 1982.

Swaminarayan Temple, Tithal

Shri Swaminarayan Mandir is located on the shore of the beach in Tithal town of Valsad district. This is a temple of Lord Swami Narayan.

Shanti Dham Aradhana Kendra in Tithal is a meditation center.[22]

Tadkeshwar Mahadev Temple is a temple of Lord Shiva located in Abrama. This temple is more than 800 years old.

Morarji Desai Museum is built to dedicate the former 5th Prime Minister of India, Morarji Desai in Valsad. The museum was developed by Valsad municipality at a cost of Rs. 4 crores. The museum was inaugurated by former Chief Minister of Gujarat, Anandiben Patel.[23]

Callian Baug is an urban park in Valsad. In 1929, Mr. Motilal Callianji presented a donation for the park to Valsad Municipality in memory of his father. In 1931, Callian Baug was opened by J.H.Garrett.[24]

Wilson Hills, Dharampur

Wilson Hills is located in Dharampur tehsil. Wilson Hills was named in memory of Lord Wilson, the Governor of Bombay from 1923 to 1928, by Vijay Devji, the last King of Dharampur. A monument to their memory remains on the peak.

Lady Wilson Museum is located in Dharampur town of Valsad district. It was established in 1928. It is one of the popular tourist attraction of Valsad district.[25]

District Science Centre is located in Dharampur. It was established in 1984.[26]

Simandhar Swami Jain Derasar, Nandigram

Simandhar Swami Jain Derasar, also known as Nandigram Derasar is at Nandigram village near Bhilad in Valsad district. A function was organised on Vaisakh Sudh 6th on its foundation day, 10 May 1989.[27][28] This temple is dedicated to Shri Simandhar Swami who is considered living tirthankar on another world in the Jain mythological universe.[29]

Fort of Parnera

Parnera Hill is located in Parnera town of Valsad district. It is well known for Shree Maha Kali Mata Temple, Shree Chandika Mata Temple, Shree Swayambhu Mahadev Temple, Chand Pir Baba Dargah, Stepwells, Old Fort of The Great Shivaji Maharaj.[30]

Maa Vishvambhari Tirthyatra Dham is located near Rabda. It has a temple of Maa Vishvambhari, Pathshala, Himalayas, Govardhan mountain, Hut of Nand Baba, Gaushala and Shri Ram Kutir.[31]

Bagwada is home to Arjungad Fort and several temples, including a Jain temple.

Shri Bhav Bhaveshwar Mahadev Temple is located in Barumal. Barumal is located 37 km from Valsad and 7 km from Dharampur. This is a temple of Lord Shiva.[32]

Nargol Beach is located in Nargol. It has lush palm trees and greenery all around on the beach.[33]

Umargam Beach is located in Umargam.[34]

Udvada Atash Behram, Udvada

Udvada Atash Behram is the oldest fire temple of Zoroastrianism in India. It is located in Udvada. Sanjan Stambh is a memorial of the Zoroastrianism in Sanjan.

Notable people edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c "Valsad District Population Census 2011-2020, Gujarat literacy sex ratio and density".
  2. ^ "General Information for Valsad, Tourist Place in Valsad, Tourism in Valsad". 2010-01-23. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
  3. ^ "Valsad District Population Census 2011-2020, Gujarat literacy sex ratio and density".
  4. ^ "District Courts Information System:.Ver:.0.2". Archived from the original on 2016-04-17. Retrieved 2019-01-17.
  5. ^ "Valsad District Population, Caste, Religion Data (Gujarat) - Census 2011". Census India.
  6. ^ "Valsad District Creation" (PDF).
  7. ^ Kaparada Taluka Creation, Valsad
  8. ^ "Gujarat State Portal | Media | News".
  9. ^ "Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901".
  10. ^ a b "District Census Hand Book – Valsad" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  11. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved 2011-10-01. Gambia, The 1,797,860 July 2011 est.
  12. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Nebraska 1,826,341
  13. ^ "Population by Religion - Gujarat". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  14. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Gujarat". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  15. ^ "Valsad:Agriculture" (PDF). Nabard.
  16. ^ "District Profile: Valsad" (PDF). Global Gujarat.
  18. ^ "". Retrieved 2010-09-14.
  19. ^ "Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute of Technology, Valsad | College in Valsad | Detail Information on Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute of Technology | B.E/B.Tech, MCA, Other College | Contact Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute of Technology". Retrieved 2010-09-14.
  20. ^ "CHE | Colleges | Types ofColleges | Grand Aid Colleges | Valsad District". 2010-08-20. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
  21. ^ "S.K.M. Law College, Tithal Road, Valsad | College in Valsad | Detail Information on S.K.M. Law College, Tithal Road | Other College | Contact S.K.M. Law College, Tithal Road". Retrieved 2010-09-14.
  22. ^ "Shantidham Aradhana Kendra". Jinjimaharaj.
  23. ^ "Museum on Morarji Desai likely to open in February 2015 in Gujarat". DeshGujarat.
  24. ^ "Valsad Tourism". Valsad Tourism.
  25. ^ "Valsad | Directorate of Archaeology & Museums : Sports, Youth and Culture Activities Department, Government of Gujarat".
  26. ^ "Welcome to District Science Center, Dharampur".
  27. ^ "Bhilad Nandigram Jain Tirth In Gujarat - Bhilad Jain Mandir | Bhilad Jain Tirth | Bhilad Jain Mandir | Nandigram Jain Tirth | Bhilad Jain Derasar | Bhilad Nandigram Jain Mandir | Nandigram Tirth | Jain Temple Bhilad Gujarat | Bhilad Jain Tirth Address | Bhilad Jain Mandir Timings | Bhilad Map | Bhilad to Valsad | Jain Tirth in Bhilad Gujarat | Jain Derasar Bhilad Gujarat | Bhilad Jain Tirth Information | Bhilad Nandigram Jain Temple".
  28. ^ "Jain Dharamshala in Valsad | Visit Nandigram Teerth Tirth". Archived from the original on 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2019-01-17.
  29. ^ "Gujarat ►Bhilad ►Shri Nandigram Jain Temple ●pics". HereNow4u: Portal on Jainism and next level consciousness.
  30. ^ "Valsad District Panchayat | About District | History". 2009-04-25. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
  31. ^ "Maa Vishvambhari TirthYatra Dham".
  32. ^ "Barumal Mahadev Temple, Dharampur".
  33. ^ "Nargol, Surat, Tourism Hubs, Gujarat, India".
  34. ^ "Umbergaon Beach | Tourist Places | About Valsad | About Us | Collectorate - District Valsad".

External links edit