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Vapi (IAST: vāpī,pronunciation (help·info)), is a city and municipality in Valsad district in the state of Gujarat, India. It is situated near the banks of the Daman Ganga River, around 28 km south of the district headquarters in the city of Valsad, and it is surrounded by the Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. It is believed that city got its name from the old small stepwell situated near the balitha area. The meaning of vapi (वापी) in sanskrit is a water reservoir or a water storage body.
Jain Temple, Vapi
|Elevation||27.33 m (89.67 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
396191 / 396194 / 396195
The town originally belonged to the Kshatriya Jagirdar family Palande during the Maratha Empire. After independence from the British Crown in 1951, the Jagirdar system was abolished by the Indian government and the community of Anavil Brahmin who formerly acted as tax farmers during the era of the Maratha Empire received the land. Vapi is also known as the City of Chemicals, it is the largest industrial area in Gujarat in terms of small-scale industries, dominated by the chemical industry.
NH 48 bisects the city. The western part was the original location of the town, while the eastern part consists mainly of industry and newer residential areas. Mumbai is roughly 180 km to the south, and Surat is about 120 km to the north.
The Arabian Sea, at the delta of the Damanganga, is about 7 km to the west. The city has tropical weather and enjoys three distinct seasons: winter, summer and monsoon, with rainfall ranging from 100 inches to 120 inches per annum. The Dhobikhadi, Bhilkhadi, Kolak and Damanganga rivers flow through Vapi.
The union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu as well as Sarigam, Bhilad, Umargam, and Pardi, only 12–40 km from Vapi, are good residential and commercial areas. Daman and Silvassa attract tourists from all over the world. Salvav is a popular leisure area because of its pretty panorama and cleaner air than the rest of the city's.
National Highway 8 passes through Vapi. It is connected to all major cities. It is the only place from which one can visit Daman and Silvassa. City bus service is available.
To cater to industry, the city hosts what is called a "floating population". The Vapi railway station on the Mumbai-Ahmedabad rail link of Western Railway (India) has become the direct beneficiary in terms of revenues due to daily commuters. It is the only city connecting Daman district with Dadra and Nagar Haveli district.
Vapi is a hub for the chemical industry.