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Vapi (IAST: vāpī,About this sound pronunciation ), is a city and municipality in Valsad District in the state of Gujarat. It is situated near the banks of the Damanganga River and is the largest city in the Valsad district and also the largest city after Surat in South Gujarat.It can be called the most Industrialised city in Gujarat followed by Ahemdabad, Surat, Vadodara and Rajkot.

Vapi
City
Coordinates: 20°22′N 72°54′E / 20.367°N 72.900°E / 20.367; 72.900Coordinates: 20°22′N 72°54′E / 20.367°N 72.900°E / 20.367; 72.900
Country India
State Gujarat
District Valsad
Elevation 27.33 m (89.67 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Rank 287
 • Urban 163,630
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 396191 / 396194 / 396195
Telephone code 91260
Vehicle registration GJ15
Website vapimunicipality.com

Around 28 km south of the district headquarters in the city of Valsad, it is surrounded by the Union Territories of Daman to the west and Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the east. Economic and industrial growth in recent decades has blurred the physical boundaries, and a small stretch of roughly 21 km of Daman-Vapi-Silvassa has almost become a single urban area. The town originally belonged to the community of Desai (Anavil Bramhins), Jains and other tribal castes later migrated to the city. Known as the City of Chemicals, it is the largest industrial area in Asia in terms of small-scale industries, dominated by the chemical industry. It has been ranked 2 in the year 2008 among the most polluted places in the world, mainly due to its poor air and water quality caused by nearby industrial sites. People who have been living in the town have a lot of complaints about their health due to the pollution emissions happening almost every night from chemical factories.[2]

Contents

GeographyEdit

NH 48 bisects the city. The western part was the original location of the town, while the eastern part consists mainly of industry and newer residential areas. Mumbai is roughly 180 km to the south, and Surat is about 120  km to the north.

The Arabian Sea, at the delta of the Damanganga, is about 7 km to the west. The city has tropical weather and enjoys three distinct seasons: winter, summer and monsoon, with rainfall ranging from 100 inches to 120 inches per annum. The Dhobikhadi, Bhilkhadi, Kolak and Damanganga rivers flow through Vapi.

Surrounding locations include [Daman], Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Umbergaon, Sarigam, Bhilad, Udavada, Sanjan and Pardi.

Both the Union territories as well as Sarigam, Bhilad, Umbergaon, and Pardi, only 12–40 km from Vapi, are good residential and commercial areas. Daman and Silvassa attract tourists from all over the world.

TransportEdit

 
Vapi platformboard

National Highway 8 passes through Vapi. It is connected to all major cities. It is the only place from which one can visit Daman and Silvassa. City bus service is available.

To cater to industry, the city hosts what is called a "floating population". The Vapi railway station on the Mumbai-Vadodara rail link of Western Railway (India) has become the direct beneficiary in terms of revenues due to daily commuters. It is the only city connecting two union territories, i.e. Daman and Dadra-nagar haveli.

Its proximity to Mumbai and Surat and its location on the busy NH08 highway has now made vapi a major transport hub.

A coast guard airport is running in daman where private charters can operate with prior permissions.

EconomyEdit

Proximity to the larger cities of Mumbai, Surat, Vadodara, and Ahmedabad, coupled with liberal Government policy, has helped Vapi and surrounding areas attain their current level of industrial activity. The "Vapi Industrial Estate" was started by GIDC in 1967, and has spread to 11.4 square kilometres (4.4 sq mi) and houses over 1400 industries, the majority of which are small-scale units (SSIs).[citation needed]

Chemical industries such as Aarti Industires Ltd, Supreet Chemicals, and textile giants such as Alok industries, Welspun Terry Towels, Century Textiles, GHCL and Raymonds Limited have strong presences in Vapi and nearby areas. Bayer Vapi Pvt Ltd,United Phosphorus Ltd., Supreet Chemicals Pvt Ltd., Sarna Chemicals, Sangir Plastics, Kampun Polymers,[3] Lathia Rubbers, Aarti Industries Ltd., Themis Industries and Hubergroup India Pvt Ltd (formerly Micro Inks Limited), Unique Star Alliance Tools Mfg. Pvt. Ltd. operate manufacturing plants in Vapi. Today, about 70% of the total industries in the township are chemical plants, mainly for chemical distillation and the production of pesticides, dyes, dye intermediaries and paints. Other major industries include paper, packaging, pharmaceuticals, plastics, rubber, textiles, wood, computer hardware and software, engineering workshops, glass, and food products. Another striking feature of Vapi is the Common Effluent Treatment Plant (or CETP). This is the largest of its kind in Asia[4] and one of India's biggest effluent treatment plants in terms of capacity, treating the pollutants from these industries before the effluent is released into the river. The CETP is run by Vapi Waste and Effluent Management Company, promoted by the Vapi Industries Association. Vapi has the maximum number of Kraft paper & duplex board paper mills in India. The best quality paper producers are located in Vapi and to have more than 20 kraft paper mills within a distance of 20 km. Therefore, Vapi is also known as "paper hub".[5]

EducationEdit

CollegesEdit

  • B.N.B. Swaminarayan Pharmacy College,Salvav
  • KBS College of Commerce and Medical Technology
  • G.I.D.C. ROFEL Business School (PGDM) (AICTE approved)
  • G.I.D.C. Rajju Shroff Rofel Institute of Management Studies College
  • Hi-Tech Institute Of Technology, Chanod, Vapi
  • Hi-Tech Computer & Technical Institute
  • Kaushik Haria Technical Center, Chanod
  • Laxmi Institute of Computer Application, Sarigam
  • Laxmi Institute of Technology, Sarigam
  • ROFEL Shri G. M. Bilakhia College of Applied Sciences and Pharmacy
  • Rofel Arts and Commerce College, Namdha Campus Vapi(396191)
  • R. K. Desai College of Arts and Science
  • SSR College (MBA and Pharmacy)

SchoolsEdit

  • Gnyan dham high school (vapi)
  • Angel convent school (chhiri)
  • Atharva public school, chanod
  • Boon Max English Medium School
  • Fellowship Mission School, Dungra, Vapi
  • Florence English Medium School
  • Gyandeep School, (Chala)
  • K.P. VIDYA MANDIR HIGH SCHOOL
  • Kelkar Vaze Marathi Vidyalaya, Vapi
  • L.G Haria school
  • Lumens School, Namdha, Vapi
  • Mahatma Jyotirao Phule Marathi Medium School (Chanod)
  • Modern English High School
  • Mother of Hope School, Ashadham, (Vapi)
  • Municipality Govt. High School, (Town)
  • Podar International School. (Tukwada)
  • R.G.A.S Govt. High School, Vapi
  • Saraswat International Academy, Vapi
  • Shree Jain Yuvak Mandal English medium school, (Chala)
  • Shree Krishna international school, (Gunjan)
  • Shree Swaminarayan Gurukul, (Bhilad)
  • Shree Swaminarayan Gurukul, (Chala)
  • Shree Swaminarayan Gurukul, (Salvav)
  • Shreeji Education school
  • Smt. Sandraben Shroff Gyan Dham High School (Gunjan)
  • St. Andrews Higher Secondary School, Near Haria Park, Vapi*
  • St. Francis' High School. (Chala)
  • St. Joseph's School
  • St. Mary’s school (Chanod colony)
  • St. Thomas English Medium School, (Chala)

▪ St. Xavier's High School, Vapi

  • The Wesleyan English Medium School, Vapi
  • Upasana Lions English Medium School (Gunjan)
  • Vidhya vikash Hindi school. (sarasvati nagar)
  • Winners English High School. (Chanod)

TriviaEdit

  • Most of the Wimbledon Players use specially designed towels which are made in Vapi. The towels are made by Welspun India factory located in Vapi. Recently the Rugby World Cup 2015 towels too was supplied by this company.
  • SunPharma, one of the largest Pharmacy Company of the world was founded in Vapi by Dilip Sanghvi in 1986.

ReferencesEdit