The decennial Census of India has been conducted 15 times, as of 2011. While it has been undertaken every 10 years, beginning in 1872 under British Viceroy Lord Mayo, the first complete census was taken in 1881. Post 1949, it has been conducted by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India under the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. All the censuses since 1951 were conducted under the 1948 Census of India Act. The last census was held in 2011, whilst the next was to be held in 2021. But it has been postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Historically, there has been a long time between collection of data and dissemination of data.
Census of India during British RuleEdit
List of censuses conducted in India before independence:
Census of Republic of IndiaEdit
List of censuses conducted in India after independence:
- Demographics of India
- List of states and union territories of India by population
- List of cities in India by population
- List of towns in India by population
- List of million-plus urban agglomerations in India
- List of states in India by past population
- List of states and union territories of India by sex ratio
- List of Indian states and union territories by literacy rate
- "Where Are India's 2011 Census Figures on Religion?". blogs.wsj.com.
- "Government likely to postpone census to 2022". The Hindu. May 11, 2021.
- Goswami, P. R. (1989-09-01). "The Census of India: A discussion of issues of data collection and dissemination". Government Publications Review. 16 (5): 429–438. doi:10.1016/0277-9390(89)90072-1. ISSN 0277-9390.
- Media related to Censuses in India at Wikimedia Commons