Navsari (Gujarati: નવસારી) is the ninth biggest city in the state of Gujarat in India. It is the administrative headquarters of Navsari District. Navsari is situated between Surat & Mumbai. Navsari is a twin city of Surat. It is located 37 km south of Surat. As per 2011 Census of India, Navsari is 16th biggest city of Gujarat state. It ranked 10th most populous city of Gujarat in 1991 Census of India and 2001 Census of India. Navsari is the 23rd "cleanest city of India" located in the west zone according to the Swachh Bharat Urban mission.[2] Dandi village near Navsari was the focal point of the great Salt March led by Mahatma Gandhi during civil disobedience movement of India.

Navsari
city
Navsari is located in Gujarat
Navsari
Navsari
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 20°57′N 72°56′E / 20.95°N 72.93°E / 20.95; 72.93Coordinates: 20°57′N 72°56′E / 20.95°N 72.93°E / 20.95; 72.93
CountryIndia
StateGujarat
DistrictNavsari
Government
 • TypeNavsari Vijalpore municipal corporation
Area
 • city30.25 km2 (11.68 sq mi)
Elevation
9 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • city171,109
 • Rank09th biggest municipal corporation of Gujarat
 • Density5,700/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
292,719
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
396445
Telephone code02637
Vehicle registrationGJ-21
Websitehttps://navsari.nic.in/

HistoryEdit

 
Jamsetji Tata, the person behind Tata Group and a major Parsi businessman from Navsari.

Navsari was originally known as "Navasarika", and was the capital of a vishya (an administrative unit) in the Lata region.[3][4] It is identified with "Nusaripa", a city mentioned in Ptolemy's 2nd century Greek-language work Geography.[5]

The Chalukyas of Navasarika, who governed the area around Navsari as subordinates of the Chalukyas of Vatapi, repulsed an Umayyad invasion of the area in 738-739 CE.[6]

According to the Parsi tradition, in 1142 A.D., when they first came to Navsari, the city was named Nag Mandal. The Parsis found the city's atmosphere similar to that of the Sari region of Iran. In the Persian language, "now" means new, and "Sari" refers to the region in Iran, hence the name Naoo Sari. Two families of Parsi Zoroastrian priests settled in Navsari in the early 13th century, and the town soon emerged as the major center of the Parsi priesthood and religious authority. As the Parsi community grew at other places in India, the priests from Navsari were sought by the new Parsi settlements. It is the home of the Bhagarsath Atash Behram established in 1765, which is now a World Heritage Site. Surat replaced Navsari as the principal settlement of the Parsi community in the 18th century, following its rise as a major trade center for the European factories, and the Maratha incursions into Surat; Surat itself lost this position to Bombay in the later years.[7]

GeographyEdit

Navsari is located at 20°57′N 72°56′E / 20.95°N 72.93°E / 20.95; 72.93. It has an average elevation of 9m (29') above sea level. The city is located in southern Gujarat and is situated near the Purna River, within a few kilometers of the river's delta, which is west of the city and empties into the Gulf of Khambhat. The weather in Navsari is sunny from October to May, and rainy from June to September. The average maximum and minimum temperatures are 42 °C (107.6 °F) and 17 °C (62.6 °F) respectively. The average annual rainfall is 122 cm (48 in).

DemographicsEdit

The city's first settlers were the Chalukyas, followed by the Rashtrakutas, and subsequent settlements by the Parsis.

According to the 2011 census,[1][8] Navsari had a population of 171,109. Males constituted 52% of the population and females 48%. Navsari had an average literacy rate of 88%, higher than the national average of 74%: male literacy was 92%, and female literacy was 84%. 10% of the population was under 6 years of age.

Gujarati is the main language spoken in Navsari. The other languages spoken are Hindi & English.

LandmarksEdit

The Sayaji Vaibhav Public Library Navsari is an important public building in Navsari.

The Meherjirana library.

This is one of the oldest libraries in the South Gujarat Region. It was established by the first Dastur (Parsi/Zoroastrian priest) Meherji Rana, who was also born in Navsari. He was invited by Akbar in a religious program organized by the Great Akbar. Leaders of all religious groups participated in it. Akbar asked to start a conversation and eventually asked to give information about their religion. All the religious leaders gave information about their religions and gradually tried to show their religions as great except Dastur Meherjirana. Afterward, the leaders asked Akbar his opinion as to whose religion is great. Akbar was really impressed by Dastur Meherjirana, so he asked him. Meherjirana Dastur calmly replied, "All religions are equal in terms of strength and ideology and principle". Akbar was extremely impressed by his personality. He donated a piece of land to Dastur Meherjirana in Navsari, where today The Meherjirana Library stands. Akbar wrote on a scroll about the donation of land which is still preserved by the management of the library.

Dandi

The Dandi seashore is an important location from the point of view of India's Independence Movement. In 1930 Mahatma Gandhi started the "Dandi March" from Sabarmati Ashram up to the Dandi seashore to protest against a tax on salt by the colonial government.

Ajmalgadh

Though it is surrounded by high hills, this is a historical place. Zoroastrians/Parsis roamed in the forest and cave of Ajmalgadh to save and protect their sacred fire-cauldron for nearly 250–350 years. Recently, the local administration constructed a pillar on the hill of Ajmalgadh describing the story. They also closed the cave which was used to protect the holy fire.

TransportationEdit

The nearest domestic and international airport is Surat International Airport at Magdalla, Surat, 27 km. There are other two airports nearby, Vadodara Airport, 178 km north from the Navsari city & Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport, 239 km south-west from Navsari city.

Navsari also lies on the Mumbai-Delhi railway link, one of the busiest railway routes in India.

Navsari is well connected by NH 64 also known as Sabarmati-Dandi Highway. NH 48 also passes through the city. Navsari is only 30 km south of Surat.

EducationEdit

 
Navsari Agriculture University

Universities and collegesEdit

Engineering Universities and collegesEdit

  • Mahatma Gandhi Inst. of Technical Education and Research[9]
  • GIDC Degree Engineering College[10]

Arts & Commerce Universities and collegesEdit

  • Sorabji Burjorji Garda Arts College
  • B.P. Baria Science College
  • Navsari Agricultural University
  • P.K. Patel Commerce College
  • Navsari Law College
  • Vallabhbudhi Polytechnic, Navsari
  • Arts And Commerce College, Chovisi (Dist:Navsari)
  • Naranlala College of Professional and Applied Science
  • S.S. Agrawal College of Arts and Commerce, Navsari
  • S.S. Agrawal College of Nursing Training College and Research Centre, Navsari
  • S.S. Agrawal Institute of Management and Technology, Navsari
  • S.S. Agrawal Homeyopathic Collage, Navsari
  • B.D. Gohil, Navsari.
  • Dinshaw Daboo Law College
  • District Institute of Education and Training, Navsari - B. Ed. College

SchoolsEdit

  • Podar International School, Navsari
  • Sheth H.C. Parekh, Navsari High School
  • Hamara school
  • Tapovan SanskarDham Vidhyalaya
  • Bai Navajbai Tata Zoroastrian Girls School
  • The Vidyakunj High School
  • Seth P.H. Vidyalaya (Sanskarbharti)
  • Akhil Hind Mahila Parishad High School
  • Bai Navajbai Tata Girls' High School
  • Sir C.J. Navsari Zarthosti Madresa High School
  • Seth R.J.J. High School
  • Sir Jamshetji Jeejeebhoy English medium high school
  • The Navsari High School
  • Real English School[11]
  • St. Francis of Assisi Convent High School
  • Bhakta Ashram
  • Seventh-Day Adventist English School
  • Dadabhau Kawasji Tata High School
  • Dinbai Daboo Girls High School
  • Late G.C Patel Vidhyalaya
  • R.D Patel Sarvajanik High School
  • Mamta Mandir
  • Seth Banatwala High School
  • Shree Sardar Patel Vidhya Bhavan, Jalalpore
  • Shree Sardar Sharda Mandir, Vijalpore
  • Hemali English Primary & Modern English Secondary & Higher Secondary School
  • Naranlala Higher Secondary School
  • Divine Public School
  • Sri Sathya Sai Vidyaniketan, Ganeshvad Sisodra
  • Seventh Day English School, Shyam Nagar, Navsari
  • Sanskar bharti ,Navsari

HospitalsEdit

  • The Dorabji Nanabhoy Mehta Sarvajanik Hospital
  • K.D.N. Gohil Hospital[12]
  • Daboo Hospital
  • Rotary Eye Institute[13]
  • Orange Hospital
  • Yashfin Hospital
  • Mulla Hospital
  • Civil Hospital
  • Kejal Hospital
  • Dhruvini Nursing Home & Iccu
  • Mulla Hospital
  • Ramaben Hospital
  • Lions Hospital
  • Shraddha Hospital
  • Shushrusha Hospital
  • Anand Hospital
  • Parmar Hospital
  • Unity Hospital
  • Surbhi Hospital
  • maroliya hospital for women

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Navsari City Population Census 2011 | Gujarat". www.censusindia.co.in. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  2. ^ http://swachhbharaturban.gov.in/Auth/dsdocumentsfile.aspx?DOCTYPE=922&DOCID=629[bare URL PDF]
  3. ^ Dilip K. Chakrabarti (2003). The Archaeology of European Expansion in India: Gujarat, c. 16th-18th Centuries. Aryan Books. p. 82. ISBN 978-81-7305-250-7.
  4. ^ D.C. Sircar (2008). Studies in Indian Coins. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 116. ISBN 978-81-208-2973-2.
  5. ^ Jairus Banaji (2015). "'Regions that Look Seaward': Changing Fortunes, Submerged Histories, and the Slow Capitalism of the Sea". In Federico De Romanis; Marco Maiuro (eds.). Across the Ocean: Nine Essays on Indo-Mediterranean Trade. BRILL. p. 117. ISBN 978-90-04-28953-6.
  6. ^ K. Y. Blankinship (1994). The End of the Jihad State: The Reign of Hisham Ibn 'Abd al-Malik and the Collapse of the Umayyads. State University of New York Press. p. 187. ISBN 9780791418284. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
  7. ^ Jesse S. Palsetia (2001). The Parsis of India: Preservation of Identity in Bombay City. BRILL. p. 10. ISBN 90-04-12114-5.
  8. ^ "Navsari Population, Caste Data Navsari Gujarat - Census India". www.censusindia.co.in. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  9. ^ Mahatma Gandhi Inst. of Technical Education and Research
  10. ^ http://gdec.in/
  11. ^ Real English School
  12. ^ K.D.N. Gohil Hospital
  13. ^ Rotary Eye Institute
  14. ^ "Homai gets Padma Vibhushan". The Times of India. 25 January 2011. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011.
  15. ^ "Hira Jairam". Cricket Archive. Retrieved 28 April 2021.

External linksEdit