Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu is a union territory in India.[4][5] The territory was constituted through the merger of the former territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. Plans for the proposed merger were announced by the Government of India in July 2019; the necessary legislation was passed in the Parliament of India in December 2019 and came into effect on 26 January 2020.[6][7] The territory is made up of four separate geographical entities: Dadra, Nagar Haveli, Daman, and the island of Diu. All four areas were formerly part of Portuguese India, with a joint capital at Panjim, Goa. They came under Indian rule in the mid-20th century after the Annexation of Goa. These were jointly administered as Goa, Daman and Diu until 1987, when Goa was granted statehood after the Konkani language agitation. The current capital is Daman and Silvassa is the largest city.

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
From top, left to right: Vanganga Garden, Silvassa; St. Thomas Church, Daman; Damanganga river, Silvassa; Diu Fort, Diu; St. James Church, Daman; Naida Caves, Diu
The map of India showing Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
Location of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu in India
Coordinates: 20°25′N 72°50′E / 20.42°N 72.83°E / 20.42; 72.83
Country India
RegionWestern India
Formation26 January 2020[1]
CapitalDaman, India
Largest citySilvassa
 • BodyGovernment of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
 • AdministratorPraful Khoda Patel
 • Chief secretaryGaurav Singh Rajawat, IAS
National ParliamentParliament of India
 • Rajya SabhaN/A
 • Lok Sabha2 seats
High CourtBombay High Court
 • Total603 km2 (233 sq mi)
 • Rank33rd
8 m (26 ft)
Highest elevation
425 m (1,394 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
 • Total585,764
 • Density970/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
 • Official
 • Additional officialGujarati[2]
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-DD
Vehicle registrationDD[3]

Etymology Edit

History Edit

Map of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, showing its three districts as well as general location within India.

Daman and Diu were Portuguese colonies from the 1520s until annexed by India on 19 December 1961. Dadra and Nagar Haveli were invaded by the Indian Army on 11 August 1961. Portugal officially recognised Indian sovereignty over the areas in 1974 following the Carnation Revolution.[8]

Daman and Diu were administered as part of the union territory of Goa, Daman and Diu between 1962 and 1987, becoming a separate union territory when Goa was granted statehood.[8]

In July 2019, the Government of India proposed merging the two territories into a single union territory in order to reduce duplication of services and reduce the cost of administration. Legislation to this effect, the Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (Merger of Union territories) Bill, 2019, was tabled in the Parliament of India on 26 November 2019 and assented to by the President of India on 9 December 2019.[5][6] The two union territories had previously shared a common administrator and government officials. The town of Daman was chosen to be the capital of the new combined union territory.[4] The appointed day for the act to come into effect was notified as 26 January 2020 by the Government of India.[1]

Geography Edit

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu is composed of four distinct areas located in Western India. Dadra is a small enclave within the state of Gujarat. Nagar Haveli is a C-shaped enclave located between the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra which contains a counter enclave of Gujarat around the village of Maghval. Daman is an enclave on the coast of Gujarat, while Diu is an island off the coast of Gujarat.

Administration Edit

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu is administered as a union territory of India by virtue of Article 240 (2) of the Constitution of India. The President of India appoints an administrator to administer the territory on behalf of the central Government of India. The central government may appoint advisers to assist the administrator with his/her duties.

Districts Edit

The union territory is made up of three districts:

No. District Area,
1 Daman District 72 190,855 2,650.76
2 Diu District 40 52,056 1,301.40
3 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 491 342,853 698.27
Total 603 585,764 971.54

Law enforcement and justice Edit

Law enforcement within the territory is the responsibility of the Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Police. The territory falls under the jurisdiction of the 4567

In the Parliament of India Edit

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu sends two members (MPs) to the lower house of the Indian parliament the Lok Sabha. The territory is divided into the constituencies of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

Demographics Edit

Religion Edit

Religion in Daman and Diu & Dadra and Nagar Haveli

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ a b "Data" (PDF). Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  2. ^ "The Goa, Daman and Diu Official Language Act, 1987" (PDF). Retrieved 12 November 2022.
  3. ^ "New vehicle registration mark DD for Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu". Deccan Herald. 23 January 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  4. ^ a b Dutta, Amrita Nayak (10 July 2019). "There will be one UT less as Modi govt plans to merge Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu". Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Data" (PDF). Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Govt plans to merge 2 UTs -- Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli".
  7. ^ "Data" (PDF). Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  8. ^ a b "Indian states since 1947". World Statesmen. Retrieved 31 January 2020.

External links Edit