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Administrative divisions of India

The administrative divisions of India are subnational administrative units of India; they compose a nested hierarchy of country subdivisions. Indian states and territories frequently use different local titles for the same level of subdivision (e.g., the Mandals of Andhra Pradesh correspond to Tehsils of Uttar Pradesh and other Hindi-speaking states and Talukas of Gujarat, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, and Tamil Nadu).[1]

The smaller subdivisions (villages and blocks) exist only in rural areas. In urban areas, urban local bodies exist instead of these rural subdivisions.

Contents

ZonesEdit

 
Zonal Councils of India

The States have been grouped into six zones having an Advisory Council "to develop the habit of cooperative working" among these States. Zonal Councils were set up vide Part-III of the States Reorganisation Act, 1956. The North Eastern States' special problems are addressed by another statutory body - The North Eastern Council, created by the North Eastern Council Act, 1971.[2] The present composition of each of these Zonal Councils is as under:[3]

States and union territoriesEdit

India is composed of 29 states and 7 union territories (including a national capital territory).[7] The union territories are governed by administrators, appointed by the President of India. Two of the territories (Delhi and Puducherry) have been given partial statehood, with elected legislatures and executive councils of ministers, but limited powers.

Indian OceanBay of BengalAndaman SeaArabian SeaLaccadive SeaSiachen GlacierAndaman and Nicobar IslandsChandigarhDadra and Nagar HaveliDaman and DiuDelhiLakshadweepPondicherryPondicherryPondicherryArunachal PradeshAssamBiharChhattisgarhGoaGujaratHaryanaHimachal PradeshJammu and KashmirJharkhandKarnatakaKeralaMadhya PradeshMaharashtraManipurMeghalayaMizoramNagalandOdishaPunjabRajasthanSikkimTamil NaduTripuraUttar PradeshUttarakhandWest BengalAfghanistanBangladeshBhutanMyanmarChinaNepalPakistanSri LankaTajikistanDadra and Nagar HaveliDaman and DiuPondicherryPondicherryPondicherryPondicherryGoaGujaratJammu and KashmirKarnatakaKeralaMadhya PradeshMaharashtraRajasthanTamil NaduAssamMeghalayaAndhra PradeshArunachal PradeshNagalandManipurMizoramTelanganaTripuraWest BengalSikkimBhutanBangladeshBiharJharkhandOdishaChhattisgarhUttar PradeshUttarakhandNepalDelhiHaryanaPunjabHimachal PradeshChandigarhPakistanSri LankaSri LankaSri LankaSri LankaSri LankaSri LankaSri LankaSri LankaSri LankaDisputed territory in Jammu and KashmirDisputed territory in Jammu and Kashmir 
A clickable map of the 29 states and 7 union territories of India
States
Number State Code Capital
1 Andhra Pradesh AP Hyderabad (shared with Telangana for not more than 10 years per Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014), Amaravati[8] (new capital)
2 Arunachal Pradesh AR Itanagar
3 Assam AS Dispur
4 Bihar BR Patna
5 Chhattisgarh CG Naya Raipur
6 Goa GA Panaji
7 Gujarat GJ Gandhinagar
8 Haryana HR Chandigarh (shared with Punjab, also a Union Territory)
9 Himachal Pradesh HP Shimla
10 Jammu and Kashmir JK Srinagar (summer), Jammu (winter)
11 Jharkhand JH Ranchi
12 Karnataka KA Bengaluru
13 Kerala KL Thiruvananthapuram
14 Madhya Pradesh MP Bhopal
15 Maharashtra MH Mumbai
16 Manipur MN Imphal
17 Meghalaya ML Shillong
18 Mizoram MZ Aizawl
19 Nagaland NL Kohima
20 Odisha OD Bhubaneshwar
21 Punjab PB Chandigarh (shared with Haryana, also a Union Territory)
22 Rajasthan RJ Jaipur
23 Sikkim SK Gangtok
24 Tamil Nadu TN Chennai
25 Telangana[9] TS Hyderabad
26 Tripura TR Agartala
27 Uttar Pradesh UP Lucknow
28 Uttarakhand UK Dehradun (interim)
29 West Bengal WB Kolkata
Union territories
Number Union territory Code Capital
A Andaman and Nicobar Islands AN Port Blair
B Chandigarh CH Chandigarh (also the capital of Haryana and Punjab)
C Dadra and Nagar Haveli DN Silvassa
D Daman and Diu DD Daman
E Lakshadweep LD Kavaratti
F National Capital Territory of Delhi DL New Delhi
G Puducherry PY Pondicherry
See also:
List of states and union territories of India by population (area can also be found)
Official languages of India#Languages currently used In Indian states and union territories

RegionsEdit

Some states consist of regions, which have no official administrative governmental status. They are purely geographic regions; some correspond to historic countries, states or provinces. A region may comprise one or more divisions, averaging about three divisions per region. However, the boundaries of the regions and the boundaries of the divisions do not always coincide exactly. So far there has been no movement to give the regions official administrative status. If this was to be done, it would presumably require that the boundaries of the regions be slightly modified so that they correspond exactly with their constituent districts.

DivisionsEdit

DistrictsEdit

States and territories (or divisions) are further subdivided into districts (zilla), of which there are 696 (as of 2016).

Sub-divisionEdit

In some of the states of India, including Assam, Bihar, Sikkim, Manipur and West Bengal, as well as in the union territory of Lakshadweep, the administrative entities below the districts are named "Sub-Divisions" or Mahakumas.

State Sub-division Number of
Sub-divisions
Assam Mahakuma 78 [10]
Manipur Sub-Division 38
Odisha Sub-Division 58
Sikkim Sub-Division 9
Tripura Mahakuma 23
West Bengal Mahakuma 62
Union Territory Sub-Division Number of
Sub-Division
Lakshadweep Sub-Division 4

Sub-districtEdit

Tehsils, talukas, mandals (sub-districts but can also refer to division), headed by a Tehsildar or Talukdar, comprise several villages or village clusters. The governmental bodies at the Tehsil level are called the panchayat samiti.

States use varying names for their sub-districts. Detailed information is as follows:[11]

State Sub–district Number of
sub–districts
Andhra Pradesh Mandal 664[12]
Arunachal Pradesh Circle 149
Chhattisgarh Tehsil 97
Goa Taluka 12
Gujarat Taluka 249
Haryana Tehsil 67
Himachal Pradesh Tehsil 149
Jammu and Kashmir Tehsil 59
Karnataka Taluka 175
Kerala Taluka 75
Madhya Pradesh Tehsil 259
Maharashtra Taluka 353
Nagaland Circle 93
Odisha Tehsil 317
Punjab Tehsil 72
Rajasthan Tehsil 241
Tamil Nadu Taluka 201
Telangana Mandal 452
Uttar Pradesh Tehsil 305
Uttarakhand Tehsil 49
Union Territory Sub–district Number of
sub–districts
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Tehsil 7
Chandigarh Tehsil 1
Dadra and Nagar Haveli Taluka 1
Daman and Diu Taluka 2
Delhi Tehsil 34
Puducherry Commune Panchayat 10

Rural levelEdit

BlocksEdit

The block or Community development block or C.D.Block is often the next level of administrative division after the tehsil.

State C.D.Block Number of
C.D.Blocks
Meghalaya C.D.Block 39
Mizoram C.D.Block 22
Bihar C.D.Block 533
Jharkhand C.D.Block 210
Tripura C.D.Block 58
Uttarakhand C.D.Block 95
West Bengal C.D.Block 341

VillagesEdit

Villages are often the lowest level of subdivisions in India. The governmental bodies at the village level are called Gram Panchayat, of which there were an estimated 256,000 in 2002. Each Gram Panchayat covers a large village or a cluster of smaller villages with a combined population exceeding 500 Gram Sabha. Clusters of villages are also sometimes called Hobli or Patti.

HabitationsEdit

Certain governmental functions and activities - including clean water availability, rural development, and education - are tracked at a sub-village level.[13] These hamlets are termed "habitations". India is composed of 1,714,556 habitations [14] In some states, most villages have a single habitation; in others (notably Kerala and Tripura) there is a high ratio of habitations to villages.[15]

Metropolitan areaEdit

A metro area usually comprises multiple jurisdictions and municipalities: neighbourhoods, townships, cities, exurbs, suburbs, counties, districts, states, and even nations like the eurodistricts. As social, economic and political institutions have changed, metropolitan areas have become key economic and political regions. Metropolitan areas include one or more urban areas, as well as satellite cities, towns and intervening rural areas that are socio-economically tied to the urban core, typically measured by commuting patterns The metropolitan cities of India are: Mumbai, New Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Pune, Hyderabad and Bengaluru.

HistoricEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.socialjustice.nic.in/pdf/tab11.pdf
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 April 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 May 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-07. 
  4. ^ "Zonal Council |". mha.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-10-26. 
  5. ^ http://interstatecouncil.nic.in/iscs/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/states_reorganisation_act.pdf
  6. ^ http://interstatecouncil.nic.in/iscs/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/COMPOSITION-OF-SOUTHERN-ZONAL-COUNCIL.pdf
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-05.  States and Union Territories of India - Source - Government of India Official Website
  8. ^ "Vijayawada is Andhra Pradesh’s new capital". 
  9. ^ "Appointed Day for Telangana State". 
  10. ^ Assam has 155 circles but these circles falls multiple districts (specially, BTC districts and its neighboring districts). So it cannot be treated as sub-districts.
  11. ^ "Statement showing the Nomenclature and Number of Sub-Districts in States/UTs". Office of The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, New Delhi. 2010–2011. Retrieved 3 October 2011. 
  12. ^ "List of Mandals" (PDF). msmehyd.ap.nic.in. Andhra Pradesh State. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 September 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  13. ^ Indian Department of Drinking Water Supply Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ http://indiawater.gov.in/IMISWeb/DataEntry/HabitationDirectory/Reports/Rep_ViewStatewiseDirectory.aspx?Rep=YArchived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ Indian Department of Education Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.

External linksEdit