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Dibrugarh (pron: ˌdɪbru:ˈgɑ:) is a city and is the headquarters of the Dibrugarh district in the state of Assam in India. Well known as the Tea City of India,[2][3] and Dibrugarh is known as Ti-Phao in Ahom Buranji ( Ahom language : Place of the Heaven) [4] Dibrugarh is considered to be a major city in eastern India in line with Guwahati and Bhubaneswar[5] and is the emerging communication and industrial hub of North East India.[6] Dibrugarh is also one of the two main cities in the state of Assam to receive urban development aid from the Asian Development Bank[7][8] and is the nerve centre of industry, communication and healthcare of the upper Assam region.[9] Dibrugarh is located 439 km (273 miles) east of Guwahati, the largest city of the Indian state of Assam. Dibrugarh is well connected to the rest of India by rail, road and air transport and thus serves as a gateway to eastern Assam and also parts of Arunachal Pradesh. Moreover, there has also been a consistent demand, particularly from the industrial sectors, for starting international flights from Dibrugarh to Bangkok and Singapore.[6] Mega projects like Brahmaputra Cracker and Polymer Limited, India's longest rail cum road bridge Bogibeel bridge and other upcoming modern urban infrastructure are transforming Dibrugarh into a vibrant city. Of late, the city of Dibrugarh is emerging as a popular destination for business and leisure trips for tourists from India and abroad and the 9th edition of the North East Business Summit was held in the city with the theme "Building bridges with South East Asia", where representatives from South East Asian nations and business leaders of the country pledged to contribute substantially for the socio-economic growth of the North East.[10] Dibrugarh is also a centre of education and research and the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) organized the 18th National Space Science Symposium in the city in January–February, 2014.[11] The city Master Plan area of Dibrugarh is 66.14 sq. kilometres and population is 154,019.

Dibrugarh Town

Ti-Phao [1]
Urban Agglomeration
Night view of Dibrugarh
Night view of Dibrugarh
Nickname(s): 
Tea City of India
Dibrugarh Town is located in Assam
Dibrugarh Town
Dibrugarh Town
Location in Assam, India
Dibrugarh Town is located in India
Dibrugarh Town
Dibrugarh Town
Dibrugarh Town (India)
Coordinates: 27°29′N 95°00′E / 27.48°N 95°E / 27.48; 95Coordinates: 27°29′N 95°00′E / 27.48°N 95°E / 27.48; 95
Country India
StateAssam
DistrictDibrugarh
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyDibrugarh Municipal Board
 • Established in1873
 • No. of Wards22
 • ChairmanSoma Chakraborty BJP
Area
 • Total12 km2 (5 sq mi)
Elevation
108 m (354 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total154,019
 • Density13,000/km2 (33,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialAssamese
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
7860 XX
Telephone code+91 - (0) 373 - XX XX XXX
ISO 3166 codeIN-AS
Vehicle registrationAS-06
Websitewww.dibrugarh.nic.in

Contents

TopographyEdit

aerial view of Dibrugarh
Dibrugarh aerial view

Buridihing, a tributary of Brahmaputra, divides the district from east-to-west. Buridihing flows through Naharkatia and Khowang, and at a later stage in its course, Buridihing acts as a divider between Dibrugarh and Sivasagar districts. The region is flat with a gradual slope from the East Arunachal hills to the west. The soil of the district is mostly fertile, alluvial soil.

Panoramic view of Dibrugarh city

It is the gateway to the three tea-producing districts of Tinsukia, Dibrugarh, and Sivasagar. These three areas account for approximately 50% of India's Assam tea crop, and this gives Dibrugarh its rightly earned sobriquet as the "Tea City of India". Oil and timber are the other two big industries in and around Dibrugarh.

In 1950, the Medog earthquake, measuring over 8.6 on the Richter Scale, changed the course of the Brahmaputra River, causing the destruction of more than three-quarters of the town.

ClimateEdit

Dibrugarh has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa) with extremely wet summers and relatively dry winters.

Climate data for Dibrugarh Airport (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.5
(83.3)
31.9
(89.4)
34.5
(94.1)
36.0
(96.8)
37.2
(99.0)
38.1
(100.6)
37.9
(100.2)
37.5
(99.5)
37.6
(99.7)
36.3
(97.3)
33.1
(91.6)
30.6
(87.1)
38.1
(100.6)
Average high °C (°F) 22.8
(73.0)
23.9
(75.0)
26.4
(79.5)
27.6
(81.7)
29.7
(85.5)
31.1
(88.0)
31.0
(87.8)
31.8
(89.2)
30.6
(87.1)
29.8
(85.6)
27.4
(81.3)
24.2
(75.6)
28.0
(82.4)
Average low °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
12.2
(54.0)
15.9
(60.6)
18.8
(65.8)
21.9
(71.4)
24.2
(75.6)
24.6
(76.3)
24.9
(76.8)
23.8
(74.8)
20.7
(69.3)
15.0
(59.0)
10.0
(50.0)
18.4
(65.1)
Record low °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
4.8
(40.6)
8.1
(46.6)
10.8
(51.4)
14.1
(57.4)
16.5
(61.7)
20.6
(69.1)
19.5
(67.1)
19.7
(67.5)
13.3
(55.9)
6.5
(43.7)
2.7
(36.9)
2.7
(36.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 30.1
(1.19)
58.9
(2.32)
105.5
(4.15)
230.4
(9.07)
287.9
(11.33)
428.5
(16.87)
525.5
(20.69)
427.7
(16.84)
350.1
(13.78)
143.3
(5.64)
16.4
(0.65)
18.6
(0.73)
2,622.8
(103.26)
Average rainy days 3.5 5.7 8.8 13.4 14.1 18.0 21.7 17.1 15.2 7.4 1.8 1.7 128.4
Average relative humidity (%) 80 74 68 75 76 81 85 82 85 83 81 82 79
Source #1: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[12][13]
Source #2: NOAA (humidity, 1971–1990)[14]

DemographicsEdit

Religion in Dibrugarh (2001)[15]
Religion Percent
Hindus
94.37%
Muslims
4.68%
Buddhist
0.36%
Sikhs
0.23%
Others†
0.27%
Distribution of religions
Includes Jains (<0.1%)

As of the 2011 India census,[16] Dibrugarh city had a population of 154,019. Males constituted 54% of the population and females 46%. The sex ratio of Dibrugarh city was 925 per 1000 males.

The average literacy rate of Dibrugarh is 89.5%, which is higher than the national average literacy rate.

In Dibrugarh, 9% of the population is between 0 and 6 years of age, and the child ratio of girls is 940 per 1000 boys. Dibrugarh city area has a population of 154,019 according to a 2011 census. The Dibrugarh metropolitan areas include Barbari (AMC AREA), Dibrugarh,and Mahpowalimara Gohain Gaon[17]

EconomyEdit

IndustryEdit

 
Fields Headquarters of Oil India Limited at Duliajan

Dibrugarh is considered as an economic hub of North East region of India.[18] Dibrugarh is at the centre of economic activities dominated by the following industries:

  • Oil and natural gas
  • Tea production
  • Tourism
  • Power generation
  • Fertilizer
  • Cottage industry
  • Information Technology

OilEdit

The first oil well dug during the British era was in Digboi, 50 miles (80 km) from Dibrugarh. Today, Duliajan, Dikom, Tengakhat and Moran are the key locations for oil and gas industry in the district. Oil India Limited, the second public sector company in India engaged in exploration and transportation of crude oil has its field headquarters in Duliajan, 50 km from Dibrugarh city. The company was granted Navratna status by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, in 2010[19]

AGCLEdit

The Assam Gas Company Limited is a public company that distributes natural gas; its headquarters is in Duliajan.

BCPLEdit

The Assam Gas Cracker Project, also known as Brahmaputra Cracker and Polymer Limited, was proposed as a part of implementation of Assam Accord signed by Government of India on 15 August 1985.

The Assam Gas Cracker Project was approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, in its meeting held on 18 April 2006, under an equity arrangement of GAIL (70%), OIL (10%), NRL (10%) and Govt. of Assam (10%) with a project cost of ₹ 54.6 billion, in which the capital subsidy is ₹ 21.4 billion. The project was scheduled for completion in 60 months. However, the commissioning of the project has been pushed to December 2013, and the cost has escalated to ₹ 92.8 million. The site selected for Assam Gas Cracker Project is at Lepetkata, 15 km from Dibrugarh on NH-37. A joint-venture agreement was signed on 18 October 2006, and the company Brahmaputra Cracker and Polymer Limited was registered on 8 January 2007. Dr. Manmohan Singh, Hon'ble Prime Minister of India, laid the foundation stone of this project on 9 April 2007.[20][21]

DNPLEdit

Duliajan Numaligarh Pipeline Ltd is a joint venture company promoted by Assam Gas Company Limited (AGCL), Numaligarh Refinery Limited (NRL) and Oil India Limited (OIL) with equity participation of 51 per cent, 26 per cent and 23 per cent respectively. The Duliajan-Numaligarh pipeline will be the first major cross-country natural gas pipeline in Assam and once the availability of natural gas is ensured, it is expected to be extended to major consumption centers of natural gas in Nagaon and Guwahati.[22]

TeaEdit

 
A Tea Lounge in Dibrugarh
 
Tea: two leaves and a bud

Dibrugarh district has the highest tea production in India. There are several tea gardens dating back to the British era. The first garden was at Chabua, a place 20 miles (32 km) away from Dibrugarh, owned by Maniram Devaan.[23] Today, the headquarters of the Directorate of Development of Small Tea Growers in India is functioning from Dibrugarh,[24] besides a Regional Office of the Tea Board of India headed by a Deputy Director of Tea Development (Plantation) is also located in the city. The Zone I of the Assam Branch Indian Tea Association(ABITA) is located at Dibrugarh.[25]

TourismEdit

Rail, road and air connectivity coupled with the presence of large number of tourist spots in and around Dibrugarh city has seen impressive growth of tourism industry in this part of India in recent part. Dibrugarh has also become an important destination as well as a major transit point for tourists from both India and abroad. Such tourist circuits include - Dibrugarh - Roing - Mayudia - Anini Tourist Circuit,[26] Dibrugarh - Guwahati river cruise[27] besides 'Tea Tourism' for tourists who prefer serenity and novelty to the hustle-bustle of established tourist destinations[28]

TransportationEdit

 
A flight taking off from Mohanbari Airport.

AirEdit

Dibrugarh Airport, which is located around 15 km from Dibrugarh town at Mohanbari. Airlines operating from the airport are Air India, IndiGo, SpiceJet and Pawan Hans Ltd. IndiGo Airlines connects Dibrugarh daily with Delhi via Kolkata and another non-stop to Delhi while in return via Guwahati. SpiceJet connects Dibrugarh daily with Guwahati and Kolkata. Recently, Air Vistara has started its service to Delhi via Bagdogra. The Airports Authority of India is planning to make Dibrugarh Airport an air hub for the northeastern region, along with Guwahati and Agartala.[29] In 2013, Dibrugarh airport was provided with night landing facility.[30] Commercial operation of aerobridges have also started in this airport. Dibrugarh airport is the third airport in eastern India after Kolkata and Guwahati to have the facility of boarding in and disembarking from aircraft through aerobridges.[31]

RailEdit

Dibrugarh holds a prominent place in the history of Indian Railways with the first railway services of the entire North-East India starting from here. On 1 May 1882, the first train rolled down the tracks from Streamerghat at Dibrugarh. On 15 May 1882, it was extended up to Dinjan. On 23 December that year goods train up to Chabua was introduced. On 18 February 1884, at 7:20 am, the then Chief Commissioner of Assam Sir Charles Illiot flagged off the first passenger train from Reehabari rail station (now Dibrugarh Town Railway station) to Ledo with 400 European and Indian passengers. As per the Centenary Souvenir of the Assam Railways and Trading Company Limited published in 1991, the said company, being the pioneer in building Dibru-Sadiya railways, described the entire history of railway development from Dibrugarh.[32]

 
Dibrugarh-New Delhi Rajdhani Express standing at Dibrugarh Town railway station.

Dibrugarh Town and Dibrugarh are two railway stations of the city and also two of the important Easternmost railway stations on the map of the Indian Railways connected to some of the important Indian cities like Bangalore, Chennai, Kochi, Trivandrum, Kolkata, Delhi, Kanyakumari etc. through the railways network. The new Dibrugarh railway station has been developed on the outskirts of the city at Banipur. It lies on the Lumding-Dibrugarh section of Tinsukia railway division. It is the biggest railway station in the entire north east spreading over 400 bighas of land and it is 2 km in length. One goods yard is also being developed for loading and unloading of goods along with a truck shed, which can accommodate 25 trucks at a time.[33]

WaterwaysEdit

Dibrugarh also possesses a developed waterway transportation system along and across the Brahmaputra river, known as the National Waterway 2 which extends from Bangladesh Border to Sadiya. Ferry services link Dibrugarh with Sengajan (Dhemaji District), Panbari ( Dhemaji) & Oiram Ghat (near Jonai Dhemaji). From Bogibeel IWT Ghat there are regular ferry Services to Kareng Chapori & Sisi Mukh. Moreover, luxury cruise services are also available from Dibrugarh to Guwahati. The cruise to Dibrugarh passes through Tezpur and the Kaziranga National Park.[34]

Education and ResearchEdit

SchoolsEdit

 
Dibrugarh Govt. Boys' H. S. School (Estd. 1840)

CollegesEdit

The town came to national prominence for education in 2009 with Gaurav Agarwal of the Assam Valley School topping the country in the Class XII board examinations conducted by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations.[35][36][37]

MediaEdit

Electronic mediaEdit

Dibrugarh has a full-fledged All India Radio centre, All India Radio, Dibrugarh[38] broadcasting in both AM (567 kHz at 529.1 metres of MW) and FM (101.30 MHz) bands airing three transmissions a day[39] along with a 5-minute regional news bulletin at 6:00 PM everyday.[40] All India Radio, Dibrugarh was commissioned way back on 15 February 1968.[39] The station has its studios located at Malakhubosa in Dibrugarh and the high power transmission tower located at Lepetkata near the present Brahmaputra Cracker and Polymer Limited site.

 
Doordarshan Kendra, Dibrugarh

As for television viewing, the second Doordarshan centre of Assam, telecasting programmes in Assamese language, Doordarshan Kendra, Dibrugarh was established in the city in the year 1993. Earlier the Kendra used to telecast Assamese language programmes capsuled in Guwahati beginning 20 December 1991.[41] The programmes produced in this Kendra are telecast through a high power transmitter.[42] Dibrugarh Doordarshan Kendra is contributing programmes to the 'DD North East' channel.[43]

Moreover, NETV is a satellite channel operating from Dibrugarh with a Zonal Office besides V&S, Dibru Live and Luit View are cable TV channels from Dibrugarh. Dibrugarh also has a digital cable TV network.

Print mediaEdit

Dibrugarh has been a pioneer of newspaper journalism in entire Eastern India with the Times of Assam being the first newspaper published from Dibrugarh in the late nineteenth century. After four decades of publication, Times of Assam ceased to publish and from 1939 The Assam Tribune started its journey from Dibrugarh, which after 7 years of publication from Dibrugarh, shifted to Guwahati. However, this premier English daily of the North-East India, The Assam Tribune is published from Dibrugarh along with Guwahati and The Sentinel is published from Dibrugarh along with four other cities of North-East India. Several vernacular, as well English and Bengali dailies are published from Dibrugarh. Assamese newspapers published from Dibrugarh are Asomiya Pratidin, Janasadharan, Niyomiya Barta, Dainik Asam, Dainik Pratikshan and Pratibimba,[4]. Jugashangkha is a Bengali daily published from Dibrugarh along with Guwahati and Silchar.

Tourist attractionEdit

Dibrugarh and adjoining areas offer its tourists a unique blend of tourist attractions ranging from the ecstasies of the tea estates and their heritage to wildlife and culture, also touching the heart of someone with a religious fervour, all in the backdrop of a vibrant city.

 
The lush and serene greenery of a tea estate in Dibrugarh

Tea estatesEdit

Dibrugarh accounts for the finest Assam Tea that is drunk anywhere in the world. Set midst miles and miles of tea estates, Dibrugarh offers the opportunity to experience a life in tea estates. Tea tourism has started becoming popular, with travel companies such as Greener Pastures and Purvi Discovery offering tea tours.[44]

WildlifeEdit

Dibrugarh has rich flora and fauna in the surrounding wildlife sanctuaries and rainforests.

Jokai Botanical Garden cum Germplasm Center
Jokai Botanical Garden cum Germplasm Center spread over an area of 1.2 Ha. amidst Jokai Reserve Forest is 12 km from Dibrugarh town on Mancotta-Khamtighat road. Apart from the storehouse of germplasm of some of the valuable and endangered species of flora of this region, the center is a showcase of what this region has in terms of floral biodiversity. The various zones of this center include Orchid house, Medicinal and aromatic plants plot, Rainforest specimen plot, a water pond etc.
Added attractions to visit this botanical garden are Elephant ride to have an overview of the richness of Jokai Reserve Forest, a retreat to scenic beauty of Era-suti along northern boundary of Jokai Reserve Forest famous for migratory birds.
The work of developing trekking routes inside Jokai reserve forest and introduction of boating facilities at Era-suti is in progress to ensure that a tourist has a complete date with nature here.[45]
Jeypore Rainforest
Situated 60 km southeast of Dibrugarh town in eastern Assam, Jeypore Rainforest is India's easternmost rainforest, one of very few wildlife reserves on earth housing seven wildcat species including Royal Bengal tiger, clouded leopard, common leopard, golden cat and marbled cat.[46] Jeypore reserve forest and Dilli reserve forest combine to be the only rain forest area in the state spread across the three of upper Assam's districts of Tinsukia, Dibrugarh and Sibsagar comprising a total area of 575 km2. The forest is listed to be the last lowland forests under the Assam valley wet evergreen forest area in the region.[47]
Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuaries
The Dehing Patkai rainforest with an area of 111.19 km2. is located in Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts and is famous for Assam Valley Tropical Wet Evergreen Forests bordering Arunachal Pradesh. A part of the 575 km2 Jeypore, spread across three eastern Assam districts, forms the Dehing-Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary.[46] The Sanctuary is a part of the Dehing-Patkai Elephant Reserve having the World War II cemeteries nearby, along with the Stillwell Road and the oldest refinery of Asia in Digboi and 'open cast' coal mining at Lido.[48]

Shrikshetra Dhaam, The Lord Jagannath TempleEdit

A replica of the Lord Jagannath Temple, Puri, Odisha, has come up in Dibrugarh near the Mahatma Gandhi Park at Khanikar. The height of this temple is 85 feet. This temple is expected to be a major centre for religious tourism in eastern Assam. As per the architectural structure, this temple is the 2nd after the original Jagannath Temple, Puri in India.[49]

PoliticsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ (Gogoi 2014:34),Note:As per Ahom Buranji
  2. ^ "Dibrugarh – Profile". Assam Tourism. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
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External linksEdit