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Faridabad is the most populous and largest city in the north Indian state of Haryana. It is a leading industrial centre and is situated in the National Capital Region bordering the Indian capital New Delhi.[3] It is one of the major satellite cities of Delhi and is located 284 kilometres south of the state capital Chandigarh. The river Yamuna forms the eastern district boundary with Uttar Pradesh. The Government of India included it in the second list of Smart Cities Mission on 24 May 2016.[4] Faridabad has been described as the eighth fastest growing city in the world and the third in India by the City Mayors Foundation survey.[5] As per the 2001 Delhi regional plan, Faridabad is part of the Delhi Metropolitan Area (DMA).[6]

Faridabad
Vatika Business Towers Faridabad.png
Crown plaza Faridabad.jpg
Most Beautiful Lake in Faridabad.jpg
Larsen & Toubro Office.png
From Top, Left to Right: Vatika Business Tower Faridabad, Crown plaza of Faridabad, Lake near Surajkund, Larsen & Toubro Corporate Office
Faridabad
Faridabad
Faridabad
Faridabad
Faridabad
Faridabad
Coordinates: 28°25′16″N 77°18′28″E / 28.4211°N 77.3078°E / 28.4211; 77.3078Coordinates: 28°25′16″N 77°18′28″E / 28.4211°N 77.3078°E / 28.4211; 77.3078
Country India
StateHaryana
DistrictFaridabad
Metropolitan AreaDelhi
Established1607
Named forShaikh Farid
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyMunicipal Corporation of Faridabad
 • MayorSuman Bala
 • Senior Deputy MayorDevender Chaudhary
 • Deputy MayorManmohan Garg
Area
 • Total742.9 km2 (286.8 sq mi)
Elevation
198 m (650 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,404,653[1]
 • Density2,421/km2 (6,270/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Faridabadi/Fbd-ians
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Haryanvi, Punjabi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code0129
Vehicle registrationHR-51 (North)
HR-29 (South)
HR-87 (West)
HR-38 (Commercial)
DL-16 (Delhi NCR)
HDI (2017)Increase 0.696[2] ( Medium) ·
Websitefaridabad.nic.in
mcfaridabad.org

The newly developed residential and industrial part of Faridabad (Sec. 66 to 89) between the Agra Canal and the Yamuna River is commonly referred as Greater Faridabad. The area is being developed as a self-sustained sub-city with wide roads, tall buildings, malls, educational institutions, and health and commercial centres. Sectors 66 to 74 are Industrial Sectors, while Sectors 75 to 89 are Residential Sectors.[7]

Faridabad is a major industrial hub of Haryana.[3] 50% of the income tax collected in Haryana is from Faridabad and Gurgaon.[8] Faridabad is famous for henna production from the agricultural sector, while tractors, motorcycles, switch gears, refrigerators, shoes, tyres and garments constitute its primary industrial products.

In 2018, Faridabad was considered by the World Health Organization as the world's second most polluted city.[9]

HistoryEdit

Faridabad was founded in 1607 by Shaikh Farīd, the treasurer for the Mughal emperor Jahangir, to protect the Grand Trunk Road between Delhi and Agra. It was constituted a municipality in 1867. A project for Pakistani refugee resettlement and light industrial development was initiated in the city in 1950.[10] In Independent India, Faridabad was initially a part of Gurgaon district which was later made an independent district on 15 August 1979.[11]

GeographyEdit

ClimateEdit

Faridabad
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
15
 
 
21
8
 
 
19
 
 
23
10
 
 
21
 
 
30
15
 
 
27
 
 
36
21
 
 
29
 
 
39
26
 
 
61
 
 
39
28
 
 
214
 
 
35
27
 
 
228
 
 
34
26
 
 
100
 
 
34
25
 
 
21
 
 
33
19
 
 
5
 
 
28
13
 
 
14
 
 
22
8
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Weather 2[12]

Faridabad has a borderline hot semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh) just short of a dry-winter humid subtropical climate (Cwa). The city features the three typical Indian seasons - The “hot” or pre-monsoon season lasts from late March to late June and is typified by sweltering and arid conditions that begin very dry but latterly turn humid. The “wet” or monsoon season is sweltering and often dangerously humid with frequent but erratic heavy rainfall. Following the retreat of the monsoon is the “cool” or winter season with warm and sunny weather producing by far the most comfortable conditions.[citation needed]

Climate data for Faridabad
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21
(70)
23
(73)
30
(86)
36
(97)
39
(102)
39
(102)
35
(95)
34
(93)
34
(93)
33
(91)
28
(82)
22
(72)
31
(88)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
10
(50)
15
(59)
21
(70)
26
(79)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
19
(66)
13
(55)
8
(46)
19
(66)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 15
(0.6)
19
(0.7)
21
(0.8)
27
(1.1)
27
(1.1)
61
(2.4)
214
(8.4)
228
(9.0)
100
(3.9)
21
(0.8)
5
(0.2)
14
(0.6)
752
(29.6)
Source: Weather 2[12]

AdministrationEdit

The list is as below:[13][14]

S. No. Department Title Position Holder Qualification
# Administration Divisional Commissioner Smt. G. Anupama IAS
1 Administration Deputy Commissioner & District Magistrate Sh. Atul Kumar IAS
2 Administration Additional Deputy Commissioner Sh. Dharmender Singh HCS
3 Municipal Corporation of Faridabad (MCF) Commissioner Smt. Anita Yadav IAS
4 Municipal Corporation of Faridabad (MCF) Chief Engineer Sh. Raman Sharma
5 Judiciary District & Sessions Judge Sh. Deepak Gupta HCS (Judicial)
6 Police Commissioner of Police Sh. Krishan Kumar Rao IPS

.# Faridabad, Palwal and Nuh district jointly falls under Faridabad Division of Haryana. A Division is headed by a Divisional Commissioner.

Faridabad has a good judiciary system with its headquarters at District Court in Sector 12 which came into existence on 8 December 1980 with Shri A.P.Chaudhary as first District & Sessions Judge, Faridabad. The District court has its Bar association with more than 2000 lawyers as its members[15]

EconomyEdit

The Faridabad Small Industries Association claims that Faridabad and Gurgaon districts account for almost 56% of the income tax collected in Haryana.[3] Faridabad has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission.[16]

TaxationEdit

Faridabad's share in total VAT collection in the state was 17% in 2012–13. For the same period, Faridabad's contribution to Central Sales Tax was 15% and to Entertainment Tax was 13%.[17][18]

AgricultureEdit

 
Amul Banas Dairy

Faridabad is the largest exporter of henna (Mehandi) in India. According to the Faridabad Henna Manufacturing Association, the sale of henna from Faridabad is worth an estimated 250 crore (US$36 million)–300 crore (US$43 million) annually.[19]

Central government officesEdit

 
National Power Training Institute Corporate Office, Faridabad

Many directorates of different union government ministries are headquartered in Faridabad including Central Ground Water Board, Department of Plant Quarantine and Central Insecticide Lab,[20] and Union Government Offices from Haryana including the Commissioner of Central Excise within Department of Revenue, Government of India, Department of Explosives, and Department of Labour. Institute such as National Council for Cement and Building Materials, a research and development institute under the ministry of commerce, and industry has its head office in Faridabad.[21]

The Apex Central Training Institute of the Department of Revenue, Government of India, National Academy of Customs Excise & Narcotics is located at Sector 29. The National Power Training Institute, an autonomous body under Ministry of Power, Government of India has a corporate office in Faridabad.[22] The city also hosts the National Institute of Financial Management, which serves as training academy for accounting and financial services.[23]

 
NHPC Corporate Office, Faridabad

Also headquartered here is NHPC Limited which is a Central PSU under Ministry of Power, Government of India and the largest Hydro-power Company in India.

An office of Geological Survey of India is also located in NIT-5 area of the city.

IndustriesEdit

 
Larsen & Toubro Office at Faridabad.

Faridabad is the industrial capital of Haryana.[3] As of 2013, out of total 11,665 registered working factories in Haryana, 2,499 were in Faridabad which was followed by Gurgaon with 2,116 factories. According to a study, the growth of Faridabad has been declining in the last 2 decades, the share of Faridabad in investment is less than 1% and 93% of investment is in the paper industry. The industrial contribution of Faridabad to Haryana’s revenue was declined from 29% to 22% in 2012–13.[18]

Faridabad is home to large-scale companies like Escorts Limited,[24] India Yamaha Motor Pvt. Ltd., Havells India Limited,[25] JCB India Limited, Indian Oil (R&D),[26] Larsen & Toubro (L&T),[27] Whirlpool India Ltd., ABB Group, Goodyear India Ltd., Bata India Ltd and Eicher Tractor Ltd. and Beebay Kidswear[28] Eyewear e-tailer Lenskart and healthcare startup Lybrate have their headquarters in Faridabad.[29][30] More than 5,000 units of auto parts producers are based in Faridabad.[31] Lakhani Armaan Group has set up manufacturing facilities at Faridabad (Haryana).[citation needed]

Transportation and connectivityEdit

RailEdit

Faridabad is on the broad gauge of the New Delhi – Mumbai Line. New Delhi and Hazrat Nizammudin Railway Station is about 25 km away from Old Faridabad railway station. The trains for big cities like Mumbai, Hyderabad, Chennai are easily accessible from here. Local trains runs between New Delhi to Faridabad.[32]

MetroEdit

 
Delhi Metro Violet Line

Delhi Metro Violet Line connects Faridabad with Delhi. The extension of Violet Line to Faridabad was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 6 Sepetmeber 2015.[33] There are 9 metro stations in Faridabad corridor of Delhi Metro which are all elevated.[34] Metro has been recently elongated to Ballabhgarh with the addition of two stations- Sant Surdas Sihi and Raja Nahar Singh Ballabhgarh.

Haryana government is also planning to link Faridabad and Gurgaon by Metro.[35] Currently the Faridabad corridor of Delhi Metro Violet Line is the longest metro corridor in the National Capital Region (NCR) consisting of 11 stations and the total length of corridor being 14 km.[36]

The 11 metro stations are Sarai, NHPC Chowk, Mewala Maharajpur, Sector 28, Badkhal Mor, Old Faridabad, Neelam Chowk Ajronda, Bata Chowk, Escorts Mujesar, Sant Surdas (Sihi) and Raja Nahar Singh.[37]

RoadEdit

Faridabad is well connected with Delhi through Delhi Faridabad Skyway (Badarpur Flyover).[38][39][40][41][42]

AirwaysEdit

Faridabad is served by Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi which is around 35 km from Faridabad.[32] The airport is one of the busiest airports in India and provides domestic and international air connectivity.[43]

DemographicsEdit

As per 2011 census, Faridabad had a population of 1,404,653 out of which males were 750,446 and females were 654,207.[1] The literacy rate was 83.04 per cent.[44]

EducationEdit

Higher educationEdit

There are numerous educational institutions in Faridabad that offer higher education courses. These colleges provide courses in different field like science, medicine, arts, commerce, engineering, MCA, etc. Some of the colleges that offer graduate and undergraduate courses include:[citation needed]

HealthcareEdit

There are many private and government hospitals in Faridabad.[45][46] The city also has one Government Medical College Hospital named Employees State Insurance Corporation Medical College, Faridabad[47]

SportsEdit

CricketEdit

 
Nahar Singh Stadium

The cricket stadium in the city is Nahar Singh Stadium, which seats approx. 25,000 and has hosted 8 international cricket matches[48] and a league cricket match between Mumbai Heroes and Bhojpuri Dabbang of Celebrity Cricket League.[citation needed] However, owing to the poor condition of the grounds, international competitions have not been held there since 2006.[48][49] In 2019, a $10.15 million (115 Crore) Haryana government project began to renovate the stadium and grounds. International matches are expected to resume in the facility by the early 2020.[48]

TourismEdit

Badkhal LakeEdit

 
Dried Badkhal lake

Badkhal Lake was located in Badkhal village, 8 km from Delhi Border. The lake fringed by Aravalli hills was a man-made embankment which has now dried up.[50] The lake complex, spread over 40 acres, had come up in 1969.[51] In June 2015, Haryana government decided to revive the Badkhal lake here to once again attract tourists.[52]

Surajkund Tourist Complex and International Crafts FairEdit

 
SurajKund International Crafts Fair, Faridabad

Situated at a distance of around 8 km from South Delhi. It is a 10th-century water reservoir which believed to be built by Tomar king Surajpal.[53][54] Place is known for its annual fair "Surajkund International Crafts Mela".[55] 2015 edition of fair was visited by 1.2 million visitors including 160,000 foreigners with more than 20 countries participating in fair.[56] The Suraj Kund Lake[57] here is surrounded by rock cut steps.

2016 edition of Surajkund International Crafts Mela will be the 30th edition and People's Republic of China will be participating in the fair.[58] Participation of the China will be the part of agreement signed between India and China in 2014 to celebrate year 2016 as "Year of China in India".[59]

Anangpur DamEdit

 
Surajkund dam downstream side

The Anagpur Dam, located close to the Anagpur village (also called Arangpur) in Faridabad district of Haryana, India, is 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) away from the more famous Surajkund.[citation needed]

This unique Indian hydraulic engineering structure was built during the reign of King Anangpal of the Tomar dynasty in 8th century. It is approachable by road from Delhi from the Delhi – Mathura road. The ruins of the fortifications found in Anangpur village establishes by an inference that it was built by Anangpal as part of the Lal Kot that was developed as the first city of Delhi in the 8th century.[60][61][62]

Death Valley SurajkundEdit

RecreationEdit

Faridabad and various shopping malls including SRS Mall in Sector 12, Crown Interiorz Mall in Sector 37, Crown Plaza in Sector 15 A, Parasnath Mall along with several others. The city has good network of parks in each sector with some of the major parks like Town Park in Sector 12 which also accommodates one of the Largest Flag of India

Religious sitesEdit

  • Shri Salasar Balaji Evam Khatu Shyam Mandir Situated on Main Mathura Road, Ballabhgarh Faridabad
  • Shri 1008 Parshvanath Digambar Jain Mandir in Sector 16[63]
  • Jharna Mandir village Mohabbtabad
  • Nagashri Temple in Sihi
  • Peer Ratan Nath Dargah Mandir
  • Sai Baba Mandir in Sector 16A
  • Sharon Fellowship Church in Sector 23
  • Shiv Mandir in Sainik Colony
  • Shri Triveni Hanuman Mandir at Gurgaon-Faridabad Expressway

UtilitiesEdit

Faridabad has been selected as one of the 100 Smart Cities in India.[64] A live talk show on making Faridabad ‘a smart city’ was organised at Municipal Corporation's Auditorium.[when?][65][66] Haryana Power Generation Corporation Ltd (HPGCL) is setting up a solar power plant at the site of a defunct thermal power plant in Faridabad. The power generator plans to set up the plant over 151.78 acres near Bata Chowk in the district that generated coal based energy in the past.[67]

EnvironmentEdit

A petition was filed with National Green Tribunal (NGT) for protection of Aravalli from Faridabad waste disposal.[68]

Politics of FaridabadEdit

The Member of parliament, Lok Sabha from Faridabad is Krishan Pal Gurjar elected in May 2019, and member of Vidhan Sabha is Narendar Gupta elected in October 2019.[citation needed]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

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SourcesEdit

External linksEdit