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Faridabad is the largest city in the north Indian state of Haryana in Faridabad district. It is a leading industrial centre and situated in the National Capital Region bordering the Indian capital New Delhi.[2] Located 284 kilometres south of the state capital Chandigarh, it is the most populous city in the state of Haryana. The river Yamuna forms the eastern district boundary with Uttar Pradesh. Government of India included it the second list of Smart Cities Mission on 24 May 2016.[3]

Faridabad
Faridabad
Faridabad
Faridabad
Faridabad
Faridabad
Faridabad
Coordinates: 28°25′16″N 77°18′28″E / 28.4211°N 77.3078°E / 28.4211; 77.3078Coordinates: 28°25′16″N 77°18′28″E / 28.4211°N 77.3078°E / 28.4211; 77.3078
Country  India
State Haryana
District Faridabad
Established 1607
Founded by Sheikh Farid
Named for Sheikh Farid
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Body Municipal Corporation of Faridabad
 • Mayor Suman Bala
Area
 • Total 742.9 km2 (286.8 sq mi)
Elevation 198 m (650 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,404,653[1]
 • Density 2,421/km2 (6,270/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Faridabadi/Fbd-ians
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Haryanvi, Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 0129
Vehicle registration HR-51
HR-29
HR-87
HR-38 (Commercial)
DL-16 (Delhi NCR)
Website faridabad.nic.in
mcfbd.com

The newly developed residential and industrial part of Faridabad (Sec. 66 to 89) between the Agra Canal and the Yamuna River is commonly referred as Greater Faridabad. The area is being developed as a self-sustained sub-city with wide roads, tall buildings, malls, educational institutions, and health and commercial centres. Sectors 66 to 74 are Industrial Sectors whereas Sectors 75 to 89 are Residential Sectors.[4]

Faridabad is also a major industrial hub of Haryana.[2] 50% of the income tax collected in Haryana is from Faridabad and Gurgaon.[5] Faridabad is famous for henna production from the agricultural sector, while tractors, motorcycles, switch gears, refrigerators, shoes, tyres and garments constitute its primary industrial products.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The modern phase of the city was begun under the Pakistani Refugee Resettlement Project, with the foundations of industrial development being founded here by 1950.[6][7]

GeographyEdit

Faridabad is at 28°26′N 77°19′E / 28.43°N 77.32°E / 28.43; 77.32.[8]

ClimateEdit

Faridabad
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
15
 
 
21
8
 
 
19
 
 
23
10
 
 
21
 
 
30
15
 
 
27
 
 
36
21
 
 
29
 
 
39
26
 
 
61
 
 
39
28
 
 
214
 
 
35
27
 
 
228
 
 
34
26
 
 
100
 
 
34
25
 
 
21
 
 
33
19
 
 
5
 
 
28
13
 
 
14
 
 
22
8
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Weather 2[9]
Climate data for Faridabad
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21
(70)
23
(73)
30
(86)
36
(97)
39
(102)
39
(102)
35
(95)
34
(93)
34
(93)
33
(91)
28
(82)
22
(72)
31.2
(88)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
10
(50)
15
(59)
21
(70)
26
(79)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
19
(66)
13
(55)
8
(46)
18.8
(65.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 15
(0.59)
19
(0.75)
21
(0.83)
27
(1.06)
27
(1.06)
61
(2.4)
214
(8.43)
228
(8.98)
100
(3.94)
21
(0.83)
5
(0.2)
14
(0.55)
752
(29.62)
Source: Weather 2[9]

GovernmentEdit

Although historically an Indian National Congress stronghold, the city's namesake district is now currently represented in the Lok Sabha by Krishan Pal Gurjar (BJP), following the 2014 Indian general election.

AdministrationEdit

The list is as below:[10]

S. No. Department Title Position Holder Qualification
1 Civil Deputy Commissioner & District Magistrate Sh. Sameer Pal Srow IAS
2 Civil Additional Deputy Commissioner Sh. Jitender Singh IAS
3 Judiciary District & Sessions Judge Sh. Inderjeet Mehta
4 Police Commissioner Sh. Hanif Qureshi IPS

EconomyEdit

The Faridabad Small Industries Association claims that Faridabad and Gurgaon districts account for almost 56% of the income tax collected in Haryana.[2] Faridabad has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission.[11]

TaxationEdit

Faridabad's share in total VAT collection in the state was 17% in 2012-13. For the same period, Faridabad's contribution to Central Sales Tax was 15% and to Entertainment Tax was 13%.[12][13]

AgricultureEdit

 
Amul Banas Dairy

Faridabad is the largest exporter of henna (Mehandi) in India. According to the Faridabad Henna Manufacturing Association, the sale of henna from Faridabad is worth an estimated 250 crore (US$39 million)–300 crore (US$47 million) annually.[14]

Central government officesEdit

 
National Power Training Institute Corporate Office, Faridabad

Many directorates of different union government ministries are headquartered in Faridabad including Central Ground Water Board, Department of Plant Quarantine and Central Insecticide Lab,[15] and Union Government Offices from Haryana including the Commissioner of Central Excise within Department of Revenue, Government of India, Department of Explosives, and Department of Labour. The Apex Central Training Institute of the Department of Revenue, Government of India, National Academy of Customs Excise & Narcotics is located at Sector 29. The National Power Training Institute, an autonomous body under Ministry of Power, Government of India has a corporate office in Faridabad.[16] The city also hosts the National Institute of Financial Management, which serves as training academy for accounting and financial services.[17]

Also headquartered here is NHPC Limited[18] which is a Central PSU under Ministry of Power, Government of India and the largest Hydro-power Company in India.

IndustriesEdit

Faridabad is the industrial capital of Haryana.[2] As of 2013, out of total 11,665 registered working factories in Haryana, 2,499 were in Faridabad which was followed by Gurgaon with 2,116 factories. According to a study, growth of Faridabad has been declining in last 2 decades, share of Faridabad in investment is less than 1% and 93% of investment is in paper industry. The industrial contribution of Faridabad to Haryana’s revenue was declined from 29% to 22% in 2012-13.[13] Faridabad is home to large-scale companies like India Yamaha Motor Pvt. Ltd., Havells India Limited,[19] JCB India Limited, Indian Oil (R&D),[20] Larsen & Toubro (L&T),[21] Agri Machinery Group (Escorts Limited), Whirlpool India Ltd., ABB Group, Goodyear India Ltd., Bata India Ltd and Eicher Tractor Ltd. and Beebay Kidswear[22] Eyewear e-tailer Lenskart and healthcare startup Lybrate have their headquarters in Faridabad.[23][24] More than 5,000 units of auto parts producers are based in Faridabad.[25] Lakhani Armaan Group has set up manufacturing facilities at Faridabad (Haryana).[citation needed]

Real EstateEdit

[26]

Transportation and ConnectivityEdit

RailEdit

Faridabad is on the broad gauge of the New Delhi - Mumbai Line. New Delhi and Hazrat Nizammudin Railway Station is about 25 km away from Old Faridabad railway station. The trains for big cities like Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad are easily accessible from here. Local trains runs between New Delhi to Faridabad.[27]

MetroEdit

 
Delhi Metro Violet Line

Delhi Metro Violet Line connects Faridabad with Delhi. The extension of Violet Line to Faridabad was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 6 Sepetmeber 2015.[28] There are 9 metro stations in Faridabad corridor of Delhi Metro which are all elevated.[29] Further Delhi Metro will be extended to Ballabgarh from Faridabad and the work is likely to be completed by 2017.[30][31][32] Haryana government is also planning to link Faridabad and Gurgaon by Metro.[33] Currently the Faridabad corridor of Delhi Metro Violet Line is the longest metro corridor in the National Capital Region (NCR) consisting of 9 stations and the total length of corridor being 14 km.[34]

The 9 metro stations are Sarai, NHPC Chowk, Mewala Maharajpur, Sector 28, Badkal Mor, Old Faridabad, Neelam Chowk Ajronda, Bata Chowk and Escorts Mujesar.[35]

RoadEdit

Faridabad is well connected with Delhi through Delhi Faridabad Skyway (Badarpur Flyover).[36][37][38][39][40][41][42]

AirwaysEdit

Faridabad is served by Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi which is around 35 km from Faridabad.[27] The airport is one of the busiest airports in India and provides domestic and international air connectivity.[43]

DemographicsEdit

As per 2011 census, Faridabad had a population of 1,404,653 out of which males were 750,446 and females were 654,207.[1] The literacy rate was 83.04 per cent.[44]

EducationEdit

SchoolsEdit

Faridabad has a large number of private schools. Schools like Delhi Public School, Manav Rachna International School, Apeejay School and Modern Vidya Niketan, Sector 17 are among the top 10 schools in the city.[45] Schools in Faridabad are affiliated either with the All-India Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) or the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) boards. The language of instruction is English or Hindi. Besides these there are many government run public schools which are administered by Haryana Board of School Education.[46] There are also three Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan schools in the city which are affiliated to Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) and are run by central government.[47] Some of the institutes for primary and secondary education are:

Higher educationEdit

There are numerous educational institutions in Faridabad that offer higher education courses. These colleges provide courses in different field like science, arts, commerce, engineering, MCA, etc. Some of the colleges that offer graduate and undergraduate courses include:

HealthcareEdit

There are many private and government hospitals in Faridabad.[48][49] The city also has one government medical college named Employees' State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) Medical College.[50]

SportsEdit

CricketEdit

 
Nahar Singh Stadium

The cricket stadium in the city is Nahar Singh Stadium has a seating capacity of approx. 25,000 and has hosted 8 international cricket matches and a league cricket match between Mumbai Heroes and Bhojpuri Dabbang of Celebrity Cricket League.[citation needed]

TourismEdit

Badkhal LakeEdit

 
Dried Badkhal lake

Badkhal Lake was located in Badkhal village, 8 km from Delhi Border. The lake fringed by Aravalli hills was a man-made embankment which has now dried up.[51] The lake complex, spread over 40 acres, had come up in 1969.[52] In June 2015, Haryana government decided to revive the Badkhal lake here to once again attract tourists.[53]

Surajkund Tourist Complex and International Crafts FairEdit

 
SurajKund International Crafts Fair, Faridabad

Situated at a distance of around 8 km from South Delhi. It is a 10th-century water reservoir which believed to be built by Tomar king Surajpal.[54][55] Place is known for its annual fair "Surajkund International Crafts Mela".[56] 2015 edition of fair was visited by 1.2 million visitors including 160,000 foreigners with more than 20 countries participating in fair.[57] The Suraj Kund Lake[58] here is surrounded by rock cut steps.

2016 edition of Surajkund International Crafts Mela will be the 30th edition and People's Republic of China will be participating in the fair. Participation of the China will be the part of agreement signed between India and China in 2014 to celebrate year 2016 as "Year of China in India".[59]

Anangpur DamEdit

 
Surajkund dam downstream side

The Anagpur Dam, located close to the Anagpur village (also called Arangpur) in Faridabad district of Haryana, India, is 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) away from the more famous Surajkund.[citation needed]

This unique Indian hydraulic engineering structure was built during the reign of King Anangpal of the Tomar dynasty in 8th century. It is approachable by road from Delhi from the Delhi - Mathura road. The ruins of the fortifications found in Anangpur village establishes by an inference that it was built by Anangpal as part of the Lal Kot that was developed as the first city of Delhi in the 8th century.[60][61][62]

Religious SitesEdit

  • Shri 1008 Parshvanath Digambar Jain Mandir in Sector 16[63]
  • Jharna Mandir village Mohabbtabad
  • Nagashri Temple-village Sihi
  • Peer Ratan Nath Dargah Mandir near 5 no.
  • Sai Baba Mandir

UtilitiesEdit

Faridabad has been selected as one of the 100 Smart Cities in India.[64] A live talk show on making Faridabad ‘a smart city’ was organised at Municipal Corporation's Auditorium.[when?][65][66] Haryana Power Generation Corporation Ltd (HPGCL) is setting up a solar power plant at the site of a defunct thermal power plant in Faridabad. The power generator plans to set up the plant over 151.78 acres near Bata Chowk in the district that generated coal based energy in the past.[67]

EnvironmentEdit

A petition was filed with National Green Tribunal (NGT) for protection of Aravalli from Faridabad waste disposal.[68]

Notable peopleEdit

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 10 October 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d The Tribune, Chandigarh, India - Delhi and neighbourhood 
  3. ^ Faridabad in 2nd smart city list
  4. ^ "Acme Spaces". acmespaces.com. 
  5. ^ "The Tribune". 28 December 2005. 
  6. ^ "District Faridabad". http://faridabad.nic.in/. Accessed April 2016..
  7. ^ "District Faridabad". http://faridabad.nic.in/. Accessed April 2016..
  8. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Faridabad, Fallingrain.com 
  9. ^ a b "August Climate History for Faridabad". Weather 2. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  10. ^ Administration, faridabad.nic.in 
  11. ^ "Why only 98 cities instead of 100 announced: All questions answered about smart cities project". Firstpost. 
  12. ^ Sharma, Sumedha (18 October 2015), ‘Smart’ Faridabad seeks monetary help from Gurgaon, Gurgaon: The Tribune, Tribune News Service 
  13. ^ a b 70% of Haryana’s investment comes from Gurgaon, says industry body, Hindustan Times, 9 October 2015 
  14. ^ Faridabad's henna industry dying due to stiff competition from other countries and state policy - timesofindia-economictimes 
  15. ^ Central Ground Water Board, Ministry of Water Resources, RD &GR Government of India 
  16. ^ HOME, Npti Delhi, 2012-03-25, retrieved 2015-10-31 
  17. ^ "National Institute of Financial Management". 
  18. ^ NHPC Ltd
  19. ^ "File not found". 
  20. ^ Manohar, Asit (26 March 2012). "IOC Faridabad unit to pump in bio-fuel; R&D unit gearing to reduce pressure on conventional fuel". Times of India. 
  21. ^ L&T-Gulf Private Limited Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
  22. ^ http://faridabad.nic.in/fbdnew/industriallsi.htm
  23. ^ Abhishek Law. "Eye-wear e-tailer Lenskart looks at 150% growth this fiscal". The Hindu Business Line. 
  24. ^ "Faridabad: Rents climbing, sleepy town is hot property". The Times of India. 
  25. ^ "बाइक से लेकर हवाई जहाज तक के पुर्जे बनते फरीदाबाद में", Amar Ujala 
  26. ^ "Gurgaon scores over Delhi as real estate destination", The Hindu, 2 February 2016 
  27. ^ a b Municipal Corporation Faridabad (2015), Faridabad Connectivity 
  28. ^ "PM Narendra Modi travels by Delhi Metro", The Economic Times, 6 September 2015 
  29. ^ "Faridabad Metro Corridor - Press Brief", Delhimetrorail.com, 2015-09-25 
  30. ^ "Haryana cabinet approves extension of Delhi Metro till Ballabgarh", The Times of India 
  31. ^ "PM Modi to flag off Faridabad metro", India Today, 1 September 2015 
  32. ^ "Metro Service To Be Extended Up To Greater Faridabad: Manohar Lal Khattar", NDTV, 6 February 2016 
  33. ^ "Faridabad-Gurgaon Metro link set to become reality", Tribuneindia.com, 2014-12-16 
  34. ^ "NCR’s longest Metro line in Faridabad | delhi", Hindustan Times, 2012-01-23 
  35. ^ "Faridabad Metro Corridor - Press Brief", delhimetrorail.com 
  36. ^ DFSKYWAY | About DF SkyWay - The Project Archived 12 August 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  37. ^ "Two bridges across Yamuna to link Noida and Haryana". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 July 2015. 
  38. ^ "Nod for road joining Greater Noida, Faridabad". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 July 2015. 
  39. ^ Tiwary, A K, Connectivity, smooth traffic, REAL GROWTH! FNG Expressway will be a boon for daily commuters once it is complete; also, it is emerging as a growth corridor for real estate development. 
  40. ^ "New E-Way To Link Noida With Faridabad - Times of India - 3-July-2014", RebelMouse, archived from the original on 27 January 2016, retrieved 27 July 2015 
  41. ^ Kalindi Kunj bypass gets a go ahead at last, retrieved 27 July 2015 
  42. ^ http://sofindia.indiatimes.com/city/delhi/Lieutenant-governor-clears-Kalindi-Kunj-bypass/articleshow/26757418.cms[permanent dead link]
  43. ^ "Indira Gandhi Delhi International Airport - Fact Sheet". newdelhiairport.in. 
  44. ^ Census 2011 at a Glance (District Faridabad) 
  45. ^ "Top Ten schools of Faridabad | india". Hindustan Times. 2012-09-05. Retrieved 2015-10-31. 
  46. ^ Department Of School Education, Haryana. "Directorate of School Education, Haryana". Schooleducationharyana.gov.in. Retrieved 2015-10-31. 
  47. ^ "Kendriya Vidyalaya". 
  48. ^ "Private Hospital in Faridabad". hospitalkhoj.com. 
  49. ^ "Hospitals in Faridabad". faridabadonline.in. 
  50. ^ ESIC Government Medical College and Hospital
  51. ^ Badkhal lake in Faridabad on way to revival, The Times of India, PTI, 8 June 2015 
  52. ^ CM at BJP rally may look at Badkhal lake revival, Tribune, 7 June 2015 
  53. ^ "Badkhal lake in Faridabad on way to revival". The Times of India. 
  54. ^ Vijay Kumar Gupta (1987). Tourism in India. Gyan Publishing House. pp. 27–. ISBN 978-81-212-0124-7. 
  55. ^ "Suraj Kund - Ticketed Monument - Archaeological Survey of India". Asi.nic.in. Retrieved 2015-10-31. 
  56. ^ Haryana to promote farmhouse tourism during Surajkund Mela, IBN Live, 11 July 2015 
  57. ^ "29th Surajkund International Crafts Mela Ends". Ndtv.com. Retrieved 2015-10-31. 
  58. ^ D2I – Doors 2 India. Surajkund Crafts Mela, Suraj Kund, Faridabad Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.. D2i.in. Retrieved on 2012-01-10.
  59. ^ "China to showcase artifacts in Haryana's Surajkund fair | Business Standard News". Business-standard.com. Retrieved 2015-10-31. 
  60. ^ Sharma, Y.D (2001). Delhi and its Neighbourhood. Surjakund and Anagpur Dam. New Delhi: Archaeological Survey of India. pp. 100–161. Archived from the original on 26 April 2003. Retrieved 5 September 2009. Page 100:Suraj Kund lies about 3 km south-east of Tughlaqabad in district Gurgaon---The reservoir is believed to have been constructed in the tenth century by King Surjapal of Tomar dynasty, whose existence is based on Bardic tradition. Page 101: About 2 km south-west of Surajkund, close to the village of Anagpur (also called Arangpur is a dam ascribed to Anagpal of the Tomar Dynasty, who is also credited with building the Lal Kot 
  61. ^ Peck, Lucy (2005). Delhi - A thousand years of Building. Suraj Kund dam and Surajkund tank. New Delhi: Roli Books Pvt Ltd. p. 29. ISBN 81-7436-354-8. Archived from the original on 2006-03-12. Retrieved 2009-09-05. One of the two significant structures in the area, the dam lies about 1 km to the north of the Anangpur village. A path from the main village street will lead you in to flat pastureland. Head for the small rocky hill ahead of you and climb over it. On the other side is another flat area, rather thickly covered in thorn trees. It is worth finding a way through them to the dam that straddles the gap between the two nearby hills. The dam is an impressive edifice 50 m wide and 7 m high built from accurately hewn quartzite blocks.---There is a passage for the egress of water at the level of the ground on the dammed side. The flat land across which you have walked is clearly caused by centuries of silt deposits in the lake that once existed behind this dam. The land around has been vwey heavily quarried recently, so further archaeological finds are unlikely. 
  62. ^ Anangpur Dam, archived from the original on 25 November 2009 
  63. ^ "Digamber Jain Temples in Faridabad - Faridabad Digamber Jain Temples -Digamber Jain Mandir in Faridabad". 
  64. ^ Faridabad is a proud participant in the Indian Smart Cities Challenge 
  65. ^ Live talk show on Smart City project held in Faridabad 
  66. ^ "फरीदाबाद डिवेलपमेंट अथॉरिटी जल्द!", Navbharat Times, 7 October 2015 
  67. ^ "Haryana aims to install solar plants to replace old thermal plants", The Economic Times, 15 March 2016 
  68. ^ Activists move NGT to save Aravalli in Faridabad, Gurgaon 

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit