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Smart Cities Mission

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Smart Cities Mission is an urban renewal and retrofitting program by the Government of India with a mission to develop 100 cities all over the country making them citizen friendly and sustainable.[1] The Union Ministry of Urban Development is responsible for implementing the mission in collaboration with the state governments of the respective cities.

Smart Cities Mission
Country India
Prime Minister(s) Narendra Modi
Ministry Ministry of Urban Development
Key people Narendra Modi
Launched 2015
Funding 98,000 crore (US$15 billion)
Status: Active

Smart Cities Mission envisions developing an area within 100 cities in the country as model areas based on an area development plan, which is expected have a rub-off effect on other parts of the city[2] and nearby cities and towns.[3] Cities will be selected based on the Smart Cities challenge, in which cities will compete in a countrywide competition to get the benefits from this mission. As of June 2017, 90 cities have been selected to be upgraded as part of the Smart Cities Mission after they defeated other cities in the challenge.

It is a five-year program, where all of the Indian states and Union territories are participating except West Bengal[4] by nominating at least one city for the Smart City challenge. Financial aid will be given by the central and state government between 2017 - 2022 to the cities and the mission will start showing results from 2022 on wards.

Each city will create a corporate company headed by a full-time CEO to implement the Smart Cities Mission.[5] The execution of projects may be done through joint ventures, subsidiaries, public-private partnership (PPP), turnkey contracts, etc suitably dovetailed with revenue streams.[6] Center and state government will provide INR 1,000 Crore funding to the company, as equal contribution of INR 500 crore each. The company has to raise additional fund from the financial market as a debt or equity.

Contents

HistoryEdit

"100 Smart Cities Mission" was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on June 25, 2015.[7] A total of 98,000 crore (US$15 billion) has been approved by the Indian Cabinet for the development of 100 smart cities and rejuvenation of 500 others. 48,000 crore (US$7.5 billion) for the Smart Cities mission and a total funding of 50,000 crore (US$7.8 billion) for the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) have been approved by the Cabinet.[7][8]

In the 2014 Union budget of India, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley allocated 7,016 crore (US$1.1 billion) for the 150 smart cities. However, only 924 crore (US$140 million) could be spent out of the allocated amount until February 2015. Hence, the 2015 Union budget of India allocated only 143 crore (US$22 million) for the project.[8]

The first batch of 20 cities was selected. Known as "20 Lighthouse Cities" in the first round of the All India City Challenge competition will be provided with central assistance of 200 crore (US$31 million) each during this financial year followed by 100 crore (US$16 million) per year during the next three years.[9] The remaining money has to come from the states, urban bodies and the consortium that they form with corporate entities. Also, 10 per cent of budget allocation will be given to states / union territories as incentive based on achievement of reforms during the previous year.[8]

Urban Development Ministry had earlier released 2 crore (US$310,000) each to mission cities for preparation of Smart City Plans.

Smart City ChallengeEdit

The Smart City initiative isn’t about Union government pumping in extra resources for urban development. The critical element is about citizens planning and interpreting smartness.[clarification needed] The Smart city proposals of the “winning” cities offer insights into how citizens, States and ULBs have interpreted this smartness differently. The way Bhubaneswar has looked at it is not quite the way Pune has looked at it. That is why this Missilol is refreshingly different.[10]

Modi government has taken a different approach compared to how schemes are executed previously. In earlier instances, central government will allocate money for development, but state governments will not work on the projects and money allocated will lapse. At the end of 5 years term, people used to ask where is the development. In the new approach, where winner takes it all, beneficiaries have to compete and show their determination for change. Cities have to compete in state level with the cities within the state and then state level winner will compete in a national level Smart city challenge. Only cities which get highest mark in a particular round will be part of the mission. Even during implementation, if the a particular city municipality or mayor are not showing progress as committed in their city area development plan they may be replaced by another city or next cache of financial support will not be provided.

The list of nomination marked the first stage in the selection process of smart cities, in which the state governments were asked to nominated potential cities based on state level competition, with overall cities across India limited to 100. The total number of 100 smart cities have been distributed among the States and UTs on the basis of an equitable criteria. The formula gives equal weightage (50:50) to urban population of the State/UT and the number of statutory towns in the State/UT. Based on this formula, each State/UT will, therefore, have a certain number of potential smart cities, with each State/UT having at least one.[11]

In August 2015 the Ministry of Urban Development, Govt. of India released the list of nominees sent by the state governments. The list comprises 98 cities, including many state capitals.[12]

All cities from West Bengal have withdrawn their New town kolkata,Bidhannagar,Durgapur,Haldia from Smart city mission[4]. Mumbai[13] and Navi Mumbai from Maharashtra have withdrawn from the Smart city mission.[14]

List of cities nominated by states for the smart city challengeEdit

There are 98 nominated by states national level smart cities challenge, based on state level competition.[15][16][17] 100 cities were supposed to be nominated but J&K and Uttar Pradesh did not use one slot each.

S. No. Name of State/UT Smart Cities Challenge

Nominations Allocated

Names of Cities proposed by States
1 Andhra Pradesh 3 Visakhapatnam, Kakinada, Tirupati
2 Gujarat 6 Gandhinagar,Surat, Vadodara, Rajkot,Ahemdabad,dahod
3 Madhya Pradesh 7 Bhopal, Indore, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Satna, Ujjain, Sagar
4 Tamil Nadu 12 Coimbatore, Chennai, Madurai, Tiruchirapalli, Vellore, Salem, Erode, Tiruppur, Dindigul,Thanjavur, Tirunelveli, Thoothukudi
5 Karnataka 6 Mangaluru, Belagavi, Shivamogga, Hubbali-Dharwad, Tumakuru, Davanagere ,Bangalore
6 Kerala 1 Kochi
7 Telangana 2 Warangal, Karimnagar
8 Maharashtra 8

Thane, Kalyan-Dombivali, Nashik, Amravati, Solapur, Nagpur, Pune, Aurangabad

9 Uttar Pradesh 12(13) Moradabad, Aligarh, Saharanpur, Bareilly, Jhansi, Kanpur, Allahabad, Lucknow, Varanasi, Ghaziabad, Agra, Rampur
10 Rajasthan 4 Jaipur, Udaipur, Ajmer, Kota
11 Punjab 3 Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Amritsar
12 Bihar 3 Muzaffarpur, Bhagalpur, Biharsharif, Patna
13 Haryana 2 Karnal, Faridabad
14 Assam 1 Guwahati
15 Odisha 2 Bhubaneshwar, Rourkela
16 Himachal Pradesh 1 Dharamshala
17 Uttarakhand 1 Dehradun
18 Jharkhand 1 Ranchi
19 Sikkim 1 Namchi
20 Manipur 1 Imphal
21 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1 Port Blair
22 Arunachal Pradesh 1 Pasighat
23 Chandigarh 1 Chandigarh
24 Chhattisgarh 2 Raipur, Bilaspur
25 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 1 Silvassa
26 Daman and Diu 1 Diu
27 Delhi 1 New Delhi
28 Goa 1 Panaji
29 Lakshadweep 1 Kavaratti
30 Meghalaya 1 Shillong
31 Mizoram 1 Aizawl
32 Nagaland 1 Kohima
33 Puducherry 1 Oulgaret
34 Tripura 1 Agartala
35 Jammu and Kashmir 0(1) None
  • 12 cities have been shortlisted from Uttar Pradesh against 13 cities allocated to the state.
  • Jammu & Kashmir was allocated 1 city but it could not submit the proposal on-time for the round 1 of the challenge.
  • All cities from West Bengal has withdrawn from the Smart city mission.[4]
  • Mumbai and Navi Mumbai have withdrawn from the smart city mission.[13][14]

1st Round winners – Selection of 20 Smart CitiesEdit

Minister of Urban Development) Shri Venkaiah Naidu announced the selected top 20 from among nominated 98 cities on 28 January 2016. Bhubaneswar topped the list of top 20, followed by Pune and Jaipur.[19]

Ranking Cities Shortlisted Name of State/UT
1 Bhubaneswar Odisha
2 Pune Maharashtra
3 Jaipur Rajasthan
4 Surat Gujarat
5 Kochi Kerala
6 Ahmedabad Gujarat
7 Jabalpur Madhya Pradesh
8 Visakhapatnam Andhra Pradesh
9 Solapur Maharashtra
10 Davangere Karnataka
11 Indore Madhya Pradesh
12 New Delhi New Delhi
13 Coimbatore Tamil Nadu
14 Kakinada Andhra Pradesh
15 Belgaum Karnataka
16 Udaipur Rajasthan
17 Guwahati Assam
18 Chennai Tamil Nadu
19 Ludhiana Punjab
20 Bhopal Madhya Pradesh

2nd Round winners – Selection of 13 Smart CitiesEdit

S. No. Name of City Name of State/UT
1 Lucknow  Uttar Pradesh
2 Bhagalpur  Bihar
3 Faridabad  Haryana
4 Chandigarh  Chandigarh
5 Raipur  Chhattisgarh 
6 Ranchi Jharkhand 
7 Dharamasala  Himachal Pradesh 
8 Warangal  Telangana
9 Panaji  Goa 
10 Agartala  Tripura 
11 Imphal Manipur 
12 Port Blair  Andaman & Nicobar 
13 New Town Kolkata* West Bengal

[20]

* New Town Kolkata has withdrawn from the Smart city mission after the Bengal government decided to withdraw all cities from Smart city mission.[21][4] New Town, Kolkata has rejected Rs.1,000 crore to be given for development of the city as smart city and opted out of the smart city mission.[22]

3rd round winners– Selection of 27 Smart CitiesEdit

27 Smart Cities[23]

In this round state capital cities Patna,Thiruvananthapuram, Bengaluru, Amaravati, Itanagar, Gangtok, Shimla, Naya Raipur were allowed to compete in smart cities challenge above and beyond the quota allocated to the state. It has also allowed the governments of Jammu and Kashmir and Uttar Pradesh to nominate two cities each — Jammu and Srinagar, and Rae Bareli and Meerut respectively — in contravention of the rules. Overall 110 cities will compete for the 100 slots.

The following is the third smart city list:[24]

S. No. Cities Shortlisted Name of State/UT
1 Amritsar Punjab
2 Kalyan Maharashtra
3 Ujjain Madhya Pradesh
4 Tirupati Andhra Pradesh
5 Nagpur Maharashtra
6 Mangalore Karnataka
7 Vellore Tamil Nadu
8 Thane Maharashtra
9 Gwalior Madhya Pradesh
10 Agra Uttar Pradesh
11 Nashik Maharashtra
12 Rourkela Odisha
13 Kanpur Uttar Pradesh
14 Madurai Tamil Nadu
15 Tumakuru Karnataka
16 Kota Rajasthan
17 Thanjavur Tamil Nadu
18 Namchi Sikkim
19 Jalandhar Punjab
20 Shimoga Karnataka
21 Salem Tamil Nadu
22 Ajmer Rajasthan
23 Varanasi Uttar Pradesh
24 Kohima Nagaland
25 Hubli-Dharwad Karnataka
26 Aurangabad Maharashtra
27 Vadodara Gujarat

4th round winners – Selection of 30 Smart CitiesEdit

5th round – The Final ChanceEdit

20 cities are competing for the last 10 remaining slots. Officially 20 cities are in competition, but 5 cities have withdrawn from the competition, leaving the final round of competition between 15 cities for 10 final slots. In the previous rounds, many cities which are currently competing in the final round failed to score the minimum qualifying mark during evaluation of their bid. Multiple cities from across India which are not part of the competition in the initial rounds have sent request for inclusion in the final round of the competition. Decision is awaited. [28][29][4]

15(out of 20) cities competing in the final round of smart city challenge
S. No. Name of State/UT No of Cities Name of cities in the competition
1 West Bengal* 0(3) Bidhannagar, Durgapur, Haldia
2 Tamilnadu 2 Erode, Dindigul
3 Maharashtra 1(3) Navi Mumbai, Greater Mumbai, Amravati
4 Uttar Pradesh 5 Saharanpur, Raebareli, Meerut, Ghaziabad, Rampur
5 Madhya pradesh 1 Rewa
6 Arunachal Pradesh 1 Itanagar
7 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 1 Silvassa
8 Daman and Diu 1 Diu
9 Lakshadweep 1 Kavaratti
10 Meghalaya 1 Shillong
11 Manipur 1 Imphal

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Mission Statement and Guidelines - Smart Cities" (PDF). Ministry of Urban Development, GOI. Retrieved 1 February 2016. 
  2. ^ "Smart City project: We start small so that it can be replicated, says govt". The Indian Express. 2017-06-14. Retrieved 2017-06-29. 
  3. ^ "Mapping expenditure: 80% Smart City funds for just 2.7% of city area". The Indian Express. 2017-06-14. Retrieved 2017-06-29. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Mamata vs Modi govt: 5 central schemes stonewalled by the West Bengal CM". http://www.hindustantimes.com/. 2017-03-29. Retrieved 2017-06-29.  External link in |work= (help)
  5. ^ "SPV :: SMART CITIES MISSION, Government of India". smartcities.gov.in. Retrieved 2017-06-29. 
  6. ^ "SPVs :: SMART CITIES MISSION, Government of India". smartcities.gov.in. Retrieved 2017-06-29. 
  7. ^ a b "Narendra Modi launches smart city projects in Pune", Live Mint, 25 June 2016 
  8. ^ a b c Cabinet nod To Rs 1 lakh cr for urban renewal, 98 smart cities to take off, New Delhi: Business Standard, BS Reporter, 30 April 2015 
  9. ^ "No time extension beyond December 15 for Smart City plan", The Economic Times, 3 November 2015 
  10. ^ "Smart city challenge - Six things you must know about smart city". http://niti.gov.in. Retrieved 29-Jun-2017.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help); External link in |website= (help)
  11. ^ http://smartcities.gov.in/upload/uploadfiles/files/No_%20of%20Smart%20Cities%20in%20each%20State.pdf
  12. ^ Smart Cities in India 
  13. ^ a b "Mumbai refuses to play 'smart'". http://www.asianage.com/. 2017-06-24. Retrieved 2017-07-13.  External link in |work= (help)
  14. ^ a b "Mumbai, Navi Mumbai may not make it to Prime Minister Narendra Modi's pet Smart Cities' project". http://www.hindustantimes.com/. 2016-09-21. Retrieved 2017-07-13.  External link in |work= (help)
  15. ^ List of 98 Smart Cities, The Times of India 
  16. ^ "Centre unveils list of 98 smart cities; UP, TN strike it rich". The Hindu. 28 August 2015. 
  17. ^ http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/india-20-smart-cities-list/
  18. ^ a b "SmartCities.gov.in". smartcities.gov.in. Retrieved 10 May 2016. 
  19. ^ "Bhubaneswar leads Govt's Smart City list, Rs 50,802 crore to be invested over five years", The Indian Express, New Delhi, 29 January 2016 
  20. ^ "Smart cities phase 2 winners" (PDF). smartcities.gov.in. Retrieved 2017-05-15. 
  21. ^ "West Bengal: Mamata dumps Centre's Smart City project, to develop cities on its own". The Indian Express. 2016-08-19. Retrieved 2017-06-27. 
  22. ^ "Green City Mission: Rs 50 lakh each for all 125 municipalities in West Bengal". The Indian Express. 2016-12-21. Retrieved 2017-06-30. 
  23. ^ "SmartCities.gov.in". smartcities.gov.in. Retrieved 21 September 2016. 
  24. ^ "Amritsar tops new smart city list - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-07-13. 
  25. ^ Dash, Nivedita (June 23, 2017). "New list of 30 smart cities is out. Did your city make the cut?". India Today. Retrieved June 23, 2017. 
  26. ^ "SmartCities.gov.in". smartcities.gov.in. Retrieved 23 June 2017. 
  27. ^ http://www.ibtimes.co.in/thiruvananthapuram-tops-list-30-new-smart-cities-amaravathi-4th-position-bengaluru-finishes-14th-731953
  28. ^ "Smart City Mission: 30 more smart cities announced, ten spots remain". www.businesstoday.in. Retrieved 2017-06-30. 
  29. ^ "Mumbai refuses to play 'smart'". http://www.asianage.com/. 2017-06-24. Retrieved 2017-07-07.  External link in |work= (help)

External linksEdit