Smart Cities Mission
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|Smart Cities Mission|
|Prime Minister(s)||Narendra Modi|
|Ministry||Ministry of Urban Development|
|Key people||Narendra Modi|
|Funding||₹98,000 crore (US$15 billion)|
Smart Cities Mission, sometimes referred to as Smart City Mission, is an urban renewal and retrofitting program by the Government of India with the mission to develop 100 cities across the country making them citizen friendly and sustainable. The Union Ministry of Urban Development is responsible for implementing the mission in collaboration with the state governments of the respective cities.
Smart Cities Mission envisions developing an area within 100 cities in the country as model areas based on an area development plan, which is expected to have a rub-off effect on other parts of the city, and nearby cities and towns. Cities will be selected based on the Smart Cities challenge, where cities will compete in a countrywide competition to obtain the benefits from this mission. As of January 2018, 99 cities have been selected to be upgraded as part of the Smart Cities Mission after they defeated other cities in the challenge.
It is a five-year program, where all of the Indian states and Union territories are participating, except West Bengal, by nominating at least one city for the Smart Cities challenge. Financial aid will be given by the central and state governments between 2017-2022 to the cities, and the mission will start showing results from 2022 onwards.
Each city will create a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV), headed by a full-time CEO, to implement the Smart Cities Mission. The execution of projects may be done through joint ventures, subsidiaries, public-private partnership (PPP), turnkey contracts, etc... suitably dovetailed with revenue streams. Centre and state government will provide INR 1,000 Crore funding to the company, as equal contribution of INR 500 crore each. The company has to raise additional funds from the financial market as a debt or equity.
"100 Smart Cities Mission" was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 25 June 2015. A total of ₹98,000 crore (US$15 billion) has been approved by the Indian Cabinet for the development of 100 smart cities and the rejuvenation of 500 others. ₹48,000 crore (US$7.2 billion) for the Smart Cities mission and a total funding of ₹50,000 crore (US$7.5 billion) for the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) have been approved by the Cabinet.
In the 2014 Union budget of India, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley allocated ₹7,016 crore (US$1.0 billion) for the 150 smart cities. However, only ₹924 crore (US$140 million) of the allocated amount could be spent until February 2015. Hence, the 2015 Union budget of India allocated only ₹143 crore (US$21 million) for the project.
The first batch of 20 cities was selected. Known as 20 Lighthouse Cities in the first round of the All India City Challenge competition, they will be provided with central assistance of ₹200 crore (US$30 million) each during this financial year followed by ₹100 crore (US$15 million) per year during the next three years. The remaining money has to come from the states, urban bodies and the consortium they form with corporate entities. Also, 10 percent of budget allocation will be given to states/union territories as incentives based on achievement of reforms during the previous year. The Urban Development Ministry had earlier released ₹2 crore (US$300,000) each to mission cities for preparation of Smart City Plans.
Smart City ChallengeEdit
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The Smart City initiative is not about the Union government providing in extra resources for urban development. The critical element is about citizens planning and interpreting smartness.[clarification needed] The Smart City proposals of the winning cities offer insights into how citizens, States and ULBs have interpreted this smartness differently. "The way Bhubaneswar has looked at it is not quite the way Pune has looked at it. That is why this Mission is refreshingly different."
This was the first time, a Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) program has used a competition- based method as a means of selecting cities for funding, and used an area-based development strategy. Cities compete at the state level with other cities within the state. Then the state-level winner competes at the national level Smart city challenge. Only cities obtaining the highest marks in a particular round are part of the mission. Even during implementation, if a municipality or the mayor of any city do not show progress as committed in their city area development plan, they may be replaced by another city, or the next cache of financial support is not provided.
The list of nominations marked the first stage in the selection process of smart cities, where the state governments were asked to nominate potential cities based on state-level competition, with overall cities across India limited to 100. The total number of 100 smart cities have been distributed among the States and UTs on the basis of equitable criteria. The formula gives equal importance to both the urban population of the State/UT, and the number of statutory towns in the State/UT. Based on this formula, each State/UT, therefore, has a certain number of potential smart cities, with each State/UT having at least one.
All the cities from West Bengal (New Town, Kolkata, Bidhannagar, Durgapur, Haldia) have withdrawn from the Smart Cities Mission. Mumbai Navi Mumbai from Maharashtra has withdrawn from the Smart Cities Mission.
List of cities nominated by states for the smart city challengeEdit
There are 98 nominated by states national level smart cities challenge, based on state level competition. 100 cities were supposed to be nominated but Jammu and Kashmir and Uttar Pradesh did not use one slot each.
- 12 cities have been shortlisted from Uttar Pradesh against 13 cities allocated to the state.
- Jammu & Kashmir was allocated one city but it could not submit the proposal on-time for the first round of the challenge.
- All cities from West Bengal have withdrawn from the Smart Cities Mission.
- Mumbai and Navi Mumbai have withdrawn from the Smart Cities Mission.
1st Round winners – Selection of 20 Smart CitiesEdit
Minister of Urban Development) Shri Venkaiah Naidu announced the selected top 20 from among the 98 nominated cities on 28 January 2016. Bhubaneswar topped the list of the top 20, followed by Pune and Jaipur.
|Ranking||Cities Shortlisted||Name of State/UT|
|12||New Delhi||New Delhi|
2nd Round winners – Selection of 13 Smart CitiesEdit
|S. No.||Name of City||Name of State/UT|
|12||Port Blair||Andaman & Nicobar|
|13||New Town Kolkata*||West Bengal|
* New Town Kolkata has withdrawn from the Smart Cities Mission after the Bengal government decided to withdraw all cities from the competition. It has rejected Rs.1,000 crore to be given for development of the city as smart city.
3rd round winners – Selection of 27 Smart CitiesEdit
In this round state capital cities Patna, Thiruvananthapuram, Bengaluru, Amaravati, Itanagar, Gangtok, Shimla, Naya Raipur were allowed to compete in the Smart Cities challenge above and beyond the quota allocated to the state. It has also allowed the governments of Jammu and Kashmir and Uttar Pradesh to nominate two cities each — Jammu and Srinagar, and Rae Bareli and Meerut respectively — in contravention of the rules. Overall 110 cities will compete for the 100 slots.
The following is the third smart city list:
|S. No.||Cities Shortlisted||Name of State/UT|
4th round winners – Selection of 30 Smart CitiesEdit
The following are the cities included in the Smart Cities Mission in 4th round:
|S. No.||Name of City||Name of State/UT|
|10||Srinagar||Jammu and Kashmir|
|21||Jammu||Jammu and Kashmir|
5th round winners – Selection of 9 Smart CitiesEdit
There is now a total of 99 cities which have been added to the Smart Cities Mission. The following are the cities included in the 5th round:
|S. No.||Name of cities||Name of State/UT|
|6||Silvassa||Dadra and Nagar Haveli|
|7||Diu||Daman and Diu|
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