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Smart Cities Mission
Country India
Prime Minister(s) Narendra Modi
Ministry Ministry of Urban Development
Key people Narendra Modi
Launched 2015
Funding 98,000 crore (US$15 billion)

Smart Cities Mission, sometimes referred to as Smart City Mission, is an urban renewal and retrofitting program by the Government of India with the mission to develop 100 cities across the country making them citizen friendly and sustainable.[1] The Union Ministry of Urban Development is responsible for implementing the mission in collaboration with the state governments of the respective cities.

Smart Cities Mission envisions developing an area within 100 cities in the country as model areas based on an area development plan, which is expected to have a rub-off effect on other parts of the city,[2] and nearby cities and towns.[3] Cities will be selected based on the Smart Cities challenge, where cities will compete in a countrywide competition to obtain the benefits from this mission. As of January 2018, 99 cities have been selected to be upgraded as part of the Smart Cities Mission after they defeated other cities in the challenge.[4]

It is a five-year program, where all of the Indian states and Union territories are participating, except West Bengal,[5] by nominating at least one city for the Smart Cities challenge. Financial aid will be given by the central and state governments between 2017-2022 to the cities, and the mission will start showing results from 2022 onwards.

Implementation tracking has been poor with many cities not taking any action to implement the scheme after selection. Union Ministry of Urban Development has been lenient on non-performing cities.[6]

Each city will create a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV), headed by a full-time CEO, to implement the Smart Cities Mission.[7] The execution of projects may be done through joint ventures, subsidiaries, public-private partnership (PPP), turnkey contracts, etc... suitably dovetailed with revenue streams.[8] Centre and state government will provide INR 1,000 Crore funding to the company, as equal contribution of INR 500 crore each. The company has to raise additional funds from the financial market as a debt or equity.

Contents

HistoryEdit

"100 Smart Cities Mission" was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 25 June 2015.[9] A total of 98,000 crore (US$15 billion) has been approved by the Indian Cabinet for the development of 100 smart cities and the rejuvenation of 500 others. 48,000 crore (US$7.2 billion) for the Smart Cities mission and a total funding of 50,000 crore (US$7.5 billion) for the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) have been approved by the Cabinet.[9][10]

In the 2014 Union budget of India, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley allocated 7,016 crore (US$1.0 billion) for the 150 smart cities. However, only 924 crore (US$140 million) of the allocated amount could be spent until February 2015. Hence, the 2015 Union budget of India allocated only 143 crore (US$21 million) for the project.[10]

The first batch of 20 cities was selected. Known as 20 Lighthouse Cities in the first round of the All India City Challenge competition, they will be provided with central assistance of 200 crore (US$30 million) each during this financial year followed by 100 crore (US$15 million) per year during the next three years.[11] The remaining money has to come from the states, urban bodies and the consortium they form with corporate entities. Also, 10 percent of budget allocation will be given to states/union territories as incentives based on achievement of reforms during the previous year.[10] The Urban Development Ministry had earlier released 2 crore (US$300,000) each to mission cities for preparation of Smart City Plans.

Smart City ChallengeEdit

The Smart City initiative is not about the Union government providing in extra resources for urban development. The critical element is about citizens planning and interpreting smartness.[clarification needed] The Smart City proposals of the winning cities offer insights into how citizens, States and ULBs have interpreted this smartness differently. "The way Bhubaneswar has looked at it is not quite the way Pune has looked at it. That is why this Mission is refreshingly different."[12]

This was the first time, a Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) program has used a competition- based method as a means of selecting cities for funding, and used an area-based development strategy.[13] Cities compete at the state level with other cities within the state. Then the state-level winner competes at the national level Smart city challenge. Only cities obtaining the highest marks in a particular round are part of the mission. Even during implementation, if a municipality or the mayor of any city do not show progress as committed in their city area development plan, they may be replaced by another city, or the next cache of financial support is not provided.[citation needed]

The list of nominations marked the first stage in the selection process of smart cities, where the state governments were asked to nominate potential cities based on state-level competition, with overall cities across India limited to 100. The total number of 100 smart cities have been distributed among the States and UTs on the basis of equitable criteria. The formula gives equal importance to both the urban population of the State/UT, and the number of statutory towns in the State/UT. Based on this formula, each State/UT, therefore, has a certain number of potential smart cities, with each State/UT having at least one.[14]

In August 2015 the Ministry of Urban Development, released the list of nominees sent in by state governments. The list comprises 98 cities, including many state capitals.[15]

All the cities from West Bengal (New Town, Kolkata, Bidhannagar, Durgapur, Haldia) have withdrawn from the Smart Cities Mission.[5] Mumbai[16] Navi Mumbai from Maharashtra has withdrawn from the Smart Cities Mission.[17]

List of cities nominated by states for the smart city challengeEdit

There are 98 nominated by states national level smart cities challenge, based on state level competition.[18][19][20] 100 cities were supposed to be nominated but Jammu and Kashmir and Uttar Pradesh did not use one slot each.

S. No. Name of State/UT Smart Cities Challenge

Nominations Allocated

Names of Cities proposed by States
1 Andhra Pradesh 3 Visakhapatnam, Kakinada, Tirupati
2 Gujarat 6 Gandhinagar, Surat, Vadodara, Rajkot, Ahmedabad, dahod
3 Madhya Pradesh 7 Bhopal, Indore, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Satna, Ujjain, Sagar
4 Tamil Nadu 12 Coimbatore, Chennai, Madurai, Tiruchirapalli, Vellore, Salem, Erode, Tiruppur, Dindigul, Thanjavur, Tirunelveli, Thoothukudi
5 Karnataka 7 Mangaluru, Belagavi, Shivamogga, Hubbali-Dharwad, Tumakuru, Davanagere, Bangalore
6 Kerala 2 Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi
7 Telangana 2 Warangal, Karimnagar
8 Maharashtra 8

Thane, Kalyan-Dombivali, Nashik, Amravati, Solapur, Nagpur, Pune, Aurangabad

9 Uttar Pradesh 12(13) Moradabad, Aligarh, Saharanpur, Bareilly, Jhansi, Kanpur, Allahabad, Lucknow, Varanasi, Ghaziabad, Agra, Rampur
10 Rajasthan 4 Jaipur, Udaipur, Ajmer, Kota
11 Punjab 3 Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Amritsar
12 Bihar 4 Muzaffarpur, Bhagalpur, Biharsharif, Patna
13 Haryana 2 Karnal, Faridabad
14 Assam 1 Guwahati
15 Odisha 2 Bhubaneshwar, Rourkela
16 Himachal Pradesh 1 Dharamshala
17 Uttarakhand 1 Dehradun
18 Jharkhand 1 Ranchi
19 Sikkim 1 Namchi
20 Manipur 1 Imphal
21 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1 Port Blair
22 Arunachal Pradesh 1 Pasighat
23 Chandigarh 1 Chandigarh
24 Chhattisgarh 3 Raipur, Bilaspur, Naya Raipur
25 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 1 Silvassa
26 Daman and Diu 1 Diu
27 Delhi 1 New Delhi
28 Goa 1 Panaji
29 Lakshadweep 1 Kavaratti
30 Meghalaya 1 Shillong
31 Mizoram 1 Aizawl
32 Nagaland 1 Kohima
33 Puducherry 1 Oulgaret
34 Tripura 1 Agartala
35 Jammu and Kashmir 0(1) None
  • 12 cities have been shortlisted from Uttar Pradesh against 13 cities allocated to the state.
  • Jammu & Kashmir was allocated one city but it could not submit the proposal on-time for the first round of the challenge.
  • All cities from West Bengal have withdrawn from the Smart Cities Mission.[5]
  • Mumbai and Navi Mumbai have withdrawn from the Smart Cities Mission.[16][17]

1st Round winners – Selection of 20 Smart CitiesEdit

2nd Round winners – Selection of 13 Smart CitiesEdit

S. No. Name of City Name of State/UT
1 Lucknow  Uttar Pradesh
2 Bhagalpur  Bihar
3 Faridabad  Haryana
4 Chandigarh  Chandigarh
5 Raipur  Chhattisgarh 
6 Ranchi Jharkhand 
7 Dharamasala  Himachal Pradesh 
8 Warangal  Telangana
9 Panaji  Goa 
10 Agartala  Tripura 
11 Imphal Manipur 
12 Port Blair  Andaman & Nicobar 
13 New Town Kolkata* West Bengal

[23]

* New Town Kolkata has withdrawn from the Smart Cities Mission after the Bengal government decided to withdraw all cities from the competition.[24][5] It has rejected Rs.1,000 crore to be given for development of the city as smart city.[25]

3rd round winners – Selection of 27 Smart CitiesEdit

In this round state capital cities Patna, Thiruvananthapuram, Bengaluru, Amaravati, Itanagar, Gangtok, Shimla, Naya Raipur were allowed to compete in the Smart Cities challenge above and beyond the quota allocated to the state. It has also allowed the governments of Jammu and Kashmir and Uttar Pradesh to nominate two cities each — Jammu and Srinagar, and Rae Bareli and Meerut respectively — in contravention of the rules. Overall 110 cities will compete for the 100 slots.

The following is the third smart city list:[27]

S. No. Cities Shortlisted Name of State/UT
1 Amritsar Punjab
2 Kalyan Maharashtra
3 Ujjain Madhya Pradesh
4 Tirupati Andhra Pradesh
5 Nagpur Maharashtra
6 Mangalore Karnataka
7 Vellore Tamil Nadu
8 Thane Maharashtra
9 Gwalior Madhya Pradesh
10 Agra Uttar Pradesh
11 Nashik Maharashtra
12 Raurkela Odisha
13 Kanpur Uttar Pradesh
14 Madurai Tamil Nadu
15 Tumakuru Karnataka
16 Kota Rajasthan
17 Thanjavur Tamil Nadu
18 Namchi Sikkim
19 Jalandhar Punjab
20 Shimoga Karnataka
21 Salem Tamil Nadu
22 Ajmer Rajasthan
23 Varanasi Uttar Pradesh
24 Kohima Nagaland
25 Hubli-Dharwad Karnataka
26 Aurangabad Maharashtra
27 Vadodara Gujarat

4th round winners – Selection of 30 Smart CitiesEdit

5th round winners – Selection of 9 Smart CitiesEdit

There is now a total of 99 cities which have been added to the Smart Cities Mission. The following are the cities included in the 5th round:

S. No. Name of cities Name of State/UT
1 Erode Tamilnadu
2 Saharanpur Uttar Pradesh
3 Moradabad Uttar Pradesh
4 Bareilly Uttar Pradesh
5 Itanagar Arunachal Pradesh
6 Silvassa Dadra and Nagar Haveli
7 Diu Daman and Diu
8 Kavaratti Lakshadweep
9 Bihar Sharif Bihar

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Mission Statement and Guidelines - Smart Cities" (PDF). Ministry of Urban Development, GOI. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2016. 
  2. ^ "Smart City project: We start small so that it can be replicated, says govt". The Indian Express. 14 June 2017. Archived from the original on 14 June 2017. Retrieved 29 June 2017. 
  3. ^ "Mapping expenditure: 80% Smart City funds for just 2.7% of city area". The Indian Express. 14 June 2017. Archived from the original on 28 June 2017. Retrieved 29 June 2017. 
  4. ^ "9 more cities added to Smart City Mission, total now 99". The Times of India. 19 January 2018. Archived from the original on 8 February 2018. Retrieved 5 February 2018. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Mamata vs Modi govt: 5 central schemes stonewalled by the West Bengal CM". www.hindustantimes.com. 29 March 2017. Archived from the original on 28 July 2017. Retrieved 29 June 2017. 
  6. ^ "Centre to review smart city tag for New Town Kolkata: Hardeep Singh Puri". Moneycontrol. Retrieved 2018-05-09. 
  7. ^ "SPV :: SMART CITIES MISSION, Government of India". smartcities.gov.in. Archived from the original on 27 June 2017. Retrieved 29 June 2017. 
  8. ^ "SPVs :: SMART CITIES MISSION, Government of India". smartcities.gov.in. Archived from the original on 6 June 2017. Retrieved 29 June 2017. 
  9. ^ a b "Narendra Modi launches smart city projects in Pune", Live Mint, 25 June 2016, archived from the original on 26 June 2016 
  10. ^ a b c Cabinet nod To Rs 1 lakh cr for urban renewal, 98 smart cities to take off, New Delhi: Business Standard, BS Reporter, 30 April 2015, archived from the original on 25 November 2015 
  11. ^ "No time extension beyond December 15 for Smart City plan", The Economic Times, 3 November 2015 
  12. ^ "Smart city challenge - Six things you must know about smart city". niti.gov.in. Archived from the original on 5 July 2017. Retrieved 29 June 2017. 
  13. ^ "Challenges :: SMART CITIES MISSION, Government of India". smartcities.gov.in. Archived from the original on 6 June 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2018. 
  14. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 July 2017. Retrieved 25 June 2017. 
  15. ^ Smart Cities in India, archived from the original on 29 August 2015 
  16. ^ a b "Mumbai refuses to play 'smart'". www.asianage.com. 24 June 2017. Archived from the original on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 13 July 2017. 
  17. ^ a b "Mumbai, Navi Mumbai may not make it to Prime Minister Narendra Modi's pet Smart Cities' project". www.hindustantimes.com. 21 September 2016. Archived from the original on 25 September 2016. Retrieved 13 July 2017. 
  18. ^ List of 98 Smart Cities, The Times of India, archived from the original on 29 August 2015 
  19. ^ "Centre unveils list of 98 smart cities; UP, TN strike it rich". The Hindu. 28 August 2015. Archived from the original on 26 November 2016. 
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 16 March 2016. 
  21. ^ a b "SmartCities.gov.in". smartcities.gov.in. Archived from the original on 8 May 2016. Retrieved 10 May 2016. 
  22. ^ "Bhubaneswar leads Govt's Smart City list, Rs 50,802 crore to be invested over five years", The Indian Express, New Delhi, 29 January 2016, archived from the original on 29 January 2016 
  23. ^ "Smart cities phase 2 winners" (PDF). smartcities.gov.in. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 June 2017. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  24. ^ "West Bengal: Mamata dumps Centre's Smart City project, to develop cities on its own". The Indian Express. 19 August 2016. Archived from the original on 2 July 2017. Retrieved 27 June 2017. 
  25. ^ "Green City Mission: Rs 50 lakh each for all 125 municipalities in West Bengal". The Indian Express. 21 December 2016. Archived from the original on 11 July 2017. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  26. ^ "SmartCities.gov.in". smartcities.gov.in. Archived from the original on 12 September 2016. Retrieved 21 September 2016. 
  27. ^ "Amritsar tops new smart city list - Times of India". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 10 October 2016. Retrieved 13 July 2017. 
  28. ^ Dash, Nivedita (23 June 2017). "New list of 30 smart cities is out. Did your city make the cut?". India Today. Archived from the original on 23 June 2017. Retrieved 23 June 2017. 
  29. ^ a b "SmartCities.gov.in". smartcities.gov.in. Archived from the original on 12 February 2017. Retrieved 23 June 2017. 
  30. ^ "Thiruvananthapuram tops list of 30 new smart cities". economictimes.indiatimes.com. Archived from the original on 28 December 2017. Retrieved 9 February 2018. 

External linksEdit

Smart Cities MapEdit