Faridabad district is one of the 22 districts of the Indian state of Haryana with Faridabad city being the district headquarters. The Delhi-Mathura-Agra National Highway 44 (Grand Trunk Road) passes through the centre of the district, which occupies an area of 741 square kilometres (286 sq mi) and as of the 2011 census of India[update] had a population of 1,809,733. Haryana government has created a new Faridabad division which would cover the districts – Faridabad, Nuh and Palwal.
|Sub-Division||1. Faridabad, 2. Ballabgarh, 3. Badkhal|
|• Total||741.2 km2 (286.2 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
As of 2011[update] it was the second most populous district of Haryana after Gurugram district.
Origin of nameEdit
The district is named after its headquarters, Faridabad city, which in turn is named after its founder, Shaikh Farid, the treasurer of Jahangir who built a town here. On Talab Road near Gopi Colony (Old Faridabad), his tomb or maqbara can still be seen.
The district lies in the cultural region of Braj. Tilpat (then "Tilprastha"), a town near the district's most populous city, Faridabad, was one of the five villages demanded by Pandavas to avert a disastrous war.
The Faridabad district is headed by an IAS officer of the rank of Deputy Commissioner (DC) who is the chief executive officer of the district. The district is divided into 3 sub-divisions, each headed by a Sub-Divisional Magistrate (SDM): Faridabad, Ballabgarh and Badkhal.
There are 6 Haryana Vidhan Sabha constituencies located in this district: Prithla, Faridabad NIT, Badkhal, Ballabgarh, Faridabad and Tigaon. All 6 are part of the Faridabad Lok Sabha constituency.
Faridabad was formerly Haryana's leading industrial city and a popular choice for setting up industry due to its location on the Delhi-Mathura Road. However, the emergence of Gurgaon as a powerhouse for industrial development in the state has led to its decline. The city is noted for its henna production in the agriculture sector while tractors, motorcycles, switch gears, refrigerators, shoes and tyres are other products made in the city.
According to the 2011 census, Faridabad district has a population of 1,809,733. This gives it a ranking of 266th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 2,442 inhabitants per square kilometre (6,320/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 31.75%. Faridabad has a sex ratio of 873 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 83%. Scheduled Castes make up 12.37% of the population.
|Religion in Faridabad district (2011)|
|Other or not stated||0.85%|
At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 87.97% of the population spoke Hindi, 3.74% Punjabi, 2.66% Haryanvi and 1.47% Bhojpuri as their first language.
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- ^ "Admn revamp: 2 divisions, one police range created". The Tribune. 3 January 2017. Retrieved 15 February 2017.
- ^ "Geeta Jayanti 2019 Pandavas had asked these five villages from Kauravas Know about these". Nai Dunia. 5 December 2019. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
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- ^ Athique, Adrian; Hill, Douglas (2009). The Multiplex in India: A Cultural Economy of Urban Leisure. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-1-135-18187-1.
- ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Haryana". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
- ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Haryana". Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India..