Jamshedpur (/ˈæmʃɛdpʊər/,[7] Hindi: [dʒəmˈʃeːdpʊr] (listen)) or Tatanagar is the largest and most populous city in Jharkhand and the first planned industrial city in India.[8] It is a Notified Area Council[9] and Municipal Corporation and also the headquarter of the East Singhbhum district. It is a popular tourist destination known for its forests, ancient temples and royal palaces. It was ranked as the cleanest city of India in the year 2019.[10]

Cityscapes of Jamshedpur.jpg
Act of Stalking.jpg
Golmuri Golf Course.jpg
J.R.D. Tata Stadium.jpg
From top to bottom:
TCE Building,
Sakchi view (L), Tata Steel Zoology Park (R),
Golmuri Golf Course,
JRD Tata Sports Complex
'Steel City of India', 'Pittsburgh of India'
Jamshedpur is located in Jharkhand
Location of Jamshedpur in Jharkhand
Jamshedpur is located in India
Jamshedpur (India)
Coordinates: 22°47′33″N 86°11′03″E / 22.79250°N 86.18417°E / 22.79250; 86.18417
Country India
State Jharkhand
DistrictEast Singhbhum
Senior Superintendent of PolicePrabhat Kumar (IPS)
Deputy CommissionerJadhav Vijaya Narayan Rao (IAS)
Founded byJamsetji Tata
Named forJamsetji Tata
 • Metropolis224 km2 (86 sq mi)
159 m (522 ft)
 • Urban
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
831001 to 831xxx
Telephone code+91-657
Vehicle registrationJH-05
Official language*[4]Hindi
Second languagesNagpuri, Bengali, Odia, Santhali, Urdu, Magahi, Bhojpuri, Tamil, Telugu, Kurmali[5][6]

It was founded by Jamsetji Tata, founder of the Tata Group, and was named after him.[11] It was established in 1919.

Jamshedpur was ranked as the cleanest city of India in 2020 by Swach Survekshan in 2020.[12] Jamshedpur was ranked the 7th cleanest city of India in 2010.[13] The city is also ranked as 2nd in India in terms of quality of life.[citation needed] Jamshedpur is the 84th fastest growing city in the world according to City Mayors Foundation.[14][15] It is the headquarters of the East Singhbhum district of Jharkhand and is the 36th – largest urban agglomeration and 72nd largest city in India by population. It is one of the first Smart Cities in India along with Naya Raipur.


In 1919 Lord Chelmsford renamed the city,[16] which was originally Sakchi, to Jamshedpur in honour of its founder, Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata. Tata had written to his son Dorabji Tata about his vision of a great city in the area. On Founders Day (3 March), the 225-acre (0.91 km2) Jubilee Park[17] is decorated with brilliant lightwork for about a week.[18]


The prospectors C. M. Weld, Dorabji Tata and Shapurji Saklatvala took nearly three years in a painstaking search across vast stretches of inhospitable terrain to find a location for a steel plant. One day they came across Sakchi (present-day a business district), on the densely forested stretches of the Chota Nagpur plateau, near the confluence of the Subarnarekha and Kharkai rivers. It seemed to be the ideal choice and the place was selected.[19]

In 1908, the construction of the plant as well as the city officially began.[19] The first steel ingot was rolled on 16 February 1912. It was a momentous day in the history of industrial India.[20]

Jamsetji Tata's plan for the city was clear. He envisioned far more than a mere row of workers' hutments. He insisted upon building all the comforts and conveniences a city could provide. As a result, many areas in the city are well planned and there are public leisure places such as the Jubilee Park. While building the city, Tata had said:

"Be sure to lay wide streets planted with shady trees, every other of a quick-growing variety. Be sure that there is plenty of space for lawns and gardens; reserve large areas for football, hockey and parks; earmark areas for Hindu temples, Muslim mosques and Christian churches."

Messrs Julin Kennedy Sahlin from Pittsburgh prepared the first layout of the town of Jamshedpur.[21] Jamshedpur is a million-plus city with three municipal corporations, Jamshedpur Notified area committee, Jugsalai Municipal corporation and Mango Notified area committee.[22]

In 1945, Tata Motors was setup here. It is now the second largest industry in Jamshedpur. A municipal corporation was proposed in 2005 but after protests from the residents this did not happen.[23][24][25]


This is a stopgap mapping solution, while attempts are made to resolve technical difficulties with {{OSM Location map}}
M: municipal town, F: facility, N: neighbourhood, W: works, factory, C: educational/ research centre
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly
Places marked on this map, which have a separate page, are linked in the larger full scale map.
For map of Jamshedpur Urban Agglomeration see Mango or Adityapur page.

Jamshedpur is situated in the southern end of the state of Jharkhand and is bordered by the states of Odisha and West Bengal. The average elevation of the city is 135 metres[26] while the range is from 129 m to 151 m.[27] Total geographical area of Jamshedpur is 224 km square.[28] Jamshedpur is primarily located in a hilly region and is surrounded by the Dalma Hills running from west to east and covered with dense forests. The other smaller hill ranges near the city are Ukam Hill and the Jadugoda-musabani hill range.[29] The city is also a part of the larger Chota Nagpur Plateau region. The region is formed of the sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous rocks belonging to the Dharwarian period.

Jamshedpur is located at the confluence of the Kharkai and Subarnarekha Rivers. Subarnarekha is the principal river of Jamshedpur, which flows from west to south-eastern part of the territory. Many small rivers, especially the tributaries, join the Subarnarekha river in this area. The Kharkai flows from the south and joins the Subarnarekha river at a place called Domuhani. The two rivers are the major sources of drinking water and groundwater for the city. Several lakes of varying size are also located near the fringes of the city. The major of them being the Dimna lake located in between the Dalma range and the Sitarampur reservoir situated beside Kharkai river. It is also a major tourist spot in the region.[30] Both of them also act as reservoirs for drinking water in the city. The city falls under deciduous type of forest region and the green cover is estimated to be around 33% of the total land area.[31] The city falls under the Seismic Zone II region.[32] Jamshedpur has many parks around it. Jubilee Park at Sakchi is the largest park in Jamshedpur. It was built by Jamshedji Tata, who was inspired by Vrindavanan Gardens of Mysore.


Climate data for Jamshedpur, India (1981–2010, extremes 1924–2009)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.4
Mean maximum °C (°F) 31.1
Average high °C (°F) 27.0
Average low °C (°F) 11.8
Mean minimum °C (°F) 7.7
Record low °C (°F) 3.9
Average rainfall mm (inches) 11.6
Average rainy days 1.3 1.6 1.8 2.6 5.2 10.5 15.4 15.7 11.3 4.3 1.0 0.7 71.4
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 57 47 40 42 52 70 80 81 79 73 68 65 63
Source: India Meteorological Department[33][34]

Cityscape and urban structure

Panoramic view of Jamshedpur from The Dalma Hills

The center of Jamshedpur has commercial areas and main areas. Central Jamshedpur contains a financial and business district. Famous landmarks in the center include Jubilee Park and Tata Steel. Sakchi and Bistupur are the business and financial district. Center part is also the oldest part of the city. The Western portion of the city has the areas of Adityapur, Gamharia, and Sonari.[35] Sonari is a residential and commercial neighborhood, while Adityapur and Gamharia are the major industrial neighborhoods. Adityapur is also a city and a part of Jamshedpur. Gamharia has an industrial area namely Industrial Area, Gamharia. Adityapur has the Adityapur Industrial Area.[36] There are five national highways crossing the city. Mango Bridge connects the city center to Mango.[37] Marine Drive is a popular road and picturesque promenade in Jamshedpur. It starts from Sonari and connects Adityapur.

Tata Steel Plant seen from lake

Adityapur has the NIT Jamshedpur. The southern part of Jamshedpur contains Jugsalai, Birsanagar, Kadma, Burmamines, TELCO Colony, Bagbera Colony and Jojobera. Jugsalai is the commercial area which is known for the wholesale market. while Birsanagar, Kadma and Bagbera consists of residential and commercial hubs. Burmamines, TELCO Colony, Bagbera Colony and Jojobera are the other main and major industrial areas of the city.[38] Apart from north, whole areas of Jamshedpur has at least one industrial area. Other tall towers are TCE Building and Voltas House. In Jamshedpur, many hi-rise buildings are under construction now. Now the tallest building will be City Center II, which will be built at Adityapur. These tall buildings are mostly on the Central and Western side of the city. Jamshedpur has 10 - 14 floors of buildings.[39]



The skyline of the city of the Jamshedpur showing its population


According to the 2011 census of India, the city of Jamshedpur had a population of 629,659,[3] but the Jamshedpur Urban Agglomeration had a population of 1,337,131.[2] The city is designated as a Million Plus Urban Agglomeration as per Government terminology.[40] Males constitute 52.1% of the population and females 47.9%. Jamshedpur has an average literacy rate of 89.41% – higher than the national average of 74%. In Jamshedpur, 11.5% of the population is under six years of age.[41]

Jamshedpur Urban Agglomeration includes: Jamshedpur (Industrial Town), Jamshedpur (NAC), Tata Nagar Railway Colony (OG), Mango (NAC), Jugsalai (M), Bagbera (CT), Chhota Gobindpur (CT), Haludbani (CT), Sarjamda (CT), Gadhra (CT), Ghorabandha (CT), Purihasa (CT), Adityapur (M Corp.), Chota Gamahria (CT) and Kapali (CT).[42]


The official language is Hindi. The second most spoken language is Urdu. Additionally, in Jamshedpur, many East Indian languages are spoken, including Bengali, Magahi, Santhali and Odia. Punjabi is also spoken, as are some South Indian languages, such as Kannada and Tamil.[43]

(For language details see Golmuri-cum-Jugsalai block#Language and religion.)

Religion and Ethnicity

Religion in Jamshedpur (2011)[citation needed]
Distribution of religions

Hindus form the majority religion in Jamshedpur. While Muslims, Sikhs, and Christians form a significant minority. Jains and Buddhists also live in the city. Hindus are found in almost all areas of Jamshedpur.[44] Muslims are also found in almost all areas of Jamshedpur,[45] but many are concentrated in Maango, Sakchi, and Golmuri. Most Sikhs live in Golmuri and Sakchi.[46][47] Christians are mostly found in the central part of the city.[48] Tribals constitute around 28% of the population, and live in Birsanagar, a very large area covering a major part of Jamshedpur.


Migration is a major reason behind Jamshedpur's increase in population and it being multicultural.[49] When Jamshedpur was established, many people from Bihar, especially Muslims, migrated to the city for employment and later settled down there.[50] In Jamshedpur many Muslims are from Bihari cities such as Bhagalpur, Darbhanga and Patna. Many Tamil and Kannadigas also settle in the city.[51] Many other cities such as Dhanbad, Ranchi and Bokaro, which are in Jharkhand, are also filled with many migrants for jobs.[52] While many other local people are also living in Jamshedpur, including Muslims, many Sikhs have also settled in the city. Many Punjabi Refugees are also present in the city at Punjabi Refugee Colony in Golmuri.[53]


Tata Kandra Road

The largest industry in Jamshedpur is that of Tata Steel. It is situated in the centre of the city and occupies approximately 1/5 of the entire city area.[54] It acts as a pivotal center for the industries of the city of Jamshedpur with a large number of them having direct or indirect linkages with it.[citation needed]Tata Motors is the second major industry.[citation needed] It is spread over an area of 822 acres (333 ha) in the eastern side of the city. It manufactures Medium and Heavy commercial vehicles and the main components.[55] The company also has its own township commonly known as Telco.[citation needed][56]

Nuvoco Vistas Corp. Ltd is a cement plant located in Jojobera, Jamshedpur.[57] It is Asia's largest Cement Grinding Unit.[58]

There is a varied and powerful industrial base in the Adityapur Industrial Area. Jamshedpur is regarded as the industrial capital of Jharkhand.[citation needed]

Arts and Culture


Jamshedpur has influence on Hindi, and Bengali. Many films have been shot and based in the city and it is also sometimes called "Mini Mumbai" because of a great cinema culture and producing many film and television artists.[citation needed] Ritwik Ghatak's Subarnarekha, a 1962 Bengali film and Satyakam, a 1969 Hindi film starring Dharmendra and Sharmila Tagore were shot in Ghatsila area.[59][60] Years after, film Udaan was shot and based in the city which also got screened in Cannes Film Festival.[61] Bubble Gum film was based in the city and portions of M.S.Dhoni: The Untold Story were also shot in Jamshedpur.[62][63] Buddhadeb Dasgupta's Bengali film, Urojohaj was also shot in outskirts of city.[64] The movie Dil Bechara, starring Sushant Singh Rajput and John Abraham's directorial Banana were also shot in the city.[65] Many entertainers are also from this city such as Priyanka Chopra, R. Madhavan and Imtiaz Ali.


Jamshedpur centenary stamp - 2020

The civic administration of the city is under Greater Jamshedpur Metropolitan Region, Govt of Jharkhand.

The major urban local bodies are:

  • Jamshedpur Industrial Town
  • Jamshedpur Notified Area Committee (JNAC)
  • Mango Municipal Corporation
  • Adityapur Municipal Corporation
  • Jugsalai Nagar Parishad
  • Kapali Nagar Parishad


Important educational institutions in Jamshedpur are:

XLRI, founded in 1949, is the oldest management institute of India; Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College, established in 1961; and the engineering college National Institute of Technology, Jamshedpur, an Institute of National Importance, established as a Regional Institute of Technology on 15 August 1960.[66][67] The National Metallurgical Laboratory (NML), one of the 38 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) laboratories, was inaugurated on 26 November 1950 by Jawaharlal Nehru.[68] Shavak Nanavati Technical Institute (SNTI), established in 1921 as the technical training department of Tata Steel, now develops skilled employees for other companies as well. Its 400,000 volume library is one of the most popular in the city.[69][70] Many high level institutions are located in Jamshedpur. Now there is further development to setup more universities and several other educational institutions.


J.R.D. Tata Stadium at Northern Town, Jamshedpur

Jamshedpur's private clubs provide opportunities for activities, such as golf, tennis, squash, billiards, horseriding and water scootering. Jamshedpur FC is a professional football club based in Jamshedpur which competes in the Indian Super League (ISL), the top flight of Indian Football. The club is owned by Tata Steel.[71]

Facilities and academies

Sporting facilities and academies include:

  • JRD Tata Sports Complex has an international standard multi-use stadium and an eight-lane mono-synthetic track. It is primarily used for football and athletics but facilities for various other sports including archery, basketball, field hockey, swimming, table tennis, tennis, volleyball, skating, yoga as well as a modern gymnasium, are available at the complex. The stadium is currently being used by Jamshedpur FC as their home ground. it hosted the women football competition & archery event of the 34th National Games in 2011.[72]
  • Keenan Stadium hosted its 1st International One Day Cricket match on 7 December 1983 in which India lost to the touring West Indies Team. Many other International matches have been played here in which India has won only one match against South Africa in 1999–2000.
  • Tata Football Academy was started in 1987 to nurture budding Indian footballers and raise the standard of Indian football. TFA is a football club in Jamshedpur, sponsored by Tata Steel. Today, Tata Football Academy is one of the premier football breeding grounds in India.
  • Tata Archery Academy: archery is a sport indigenous to the tribal people of Chhotanagpur and Santhal Pargana. Tata Steel has pursued and nurtured the local tribals and provided them with facilities and training to bring them up to international competition standards in archery. Its students have attributed a lot of fame to the institute by bringing in many medals in National and International competitions.[73]
  • Tata Steel Adventure Foundation – Bachendri Pal, the first Indian woman to climb Mount Everest, is the director of Tata Steel Adventure Foundation.[74]
Golmuri Golf Course

Jamshedpur has two golf courses—the Beldih Golf Course and the Golmuri Golf Course. Both of these courses are at the heart of the city. The biggest is the Beldih Golf Course which is around 6,000 yards. The Golmuri Golf Course although smaller is also challenging. They together hold the annual Tata Open Golf Tournament which is an event held under the support of the Professional Golf Tour of India. The tournament was started in 2002. Jamshedpur also has the Jamshedpur Gliding Club and the Jamshedpur Co-operative Flying club.[75][76]



Jamshedpur has various local news broadcast and cable media channels including:


English, Santali, and Bengali newspapers are published from the city, including.

Hindi newspapers

English newspapers

  • The Avenue Mail.[77]

Bengali Newspapers


The Tatanagar Junction on the Chakradharpur railway division of the South Eastern Railway, is the major railhead of Jamshedpur. Other railway stations in the city include Adityapur, Gamharia, Kandra and Govindpur.

Jamshedpur is connected to other parts of India through national and state highways. The major highways are:

Jamshedpur has a bus station in Maango. This bus station have buses which go to other cities like Bokaro, Dhanbad, Ranchi etc. However, now there is a plan to update and rebuild and renovate this bus stand/station.

Sonari Airport is serving the city at present. It is spread over a 25-acre area in the Sonari area of the city. The airport is primarily used for bringing in chartered planes of TATA group. In previous days there were flights from Jamshedpur to Kolkata.[79]

Dhalbhumgarh Airport is a proposed public airport located at Dhalbhumgarh, in the state of Jharkhand, India as a greenfield airport for Jamshedpur. It will be built on the site of an abandoned World War II airfield situated 60 km (37 mi) from Jamshedpur on NH-33. The old airfield was built around 1942, as an ancillary runway for other airfields in the vicinity that were being built around India's eastern frontier as part of the war effort.

It was one of the airfields used by Allied forces to repel the advancing Japanese troops and to maintain transport links with China. As the Japanese forces came to control shipping in the China Sea, seaborne supply routes to China were cut and the difficult 500 km (310 mi) route over the Himalayas was increasingly used. The airfield was abandoned after the war. The technical team of the Airports Authority of India (AAI) conducted a survey in 2017 and approved the Dhalbhumgarh site for a greenfield airport. The government plans to invest Rs 300 crore through AAI for the new airport which will have a three-kilometre (1.9 mi) runway. In January 2018, Union Minister of State for Civil Aviation Jayant Sinha announced that the Union Civil Aviation Ministry and the Jharkhand Government would sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the construction of Dhalbhumgarh Airport.

In 2022, it is announced that the Sonari Airport will start commercial public flights for Jamshedpur to Bhubaneswar and Kolkata.[80] After efforts from the Ministry of Civil Aviation, Government of Jharkhand and Tata Steel, the airport has been reopened on 31 January 2023, with flight services provided by the new low-cost regional airline, IndiaOne Air, to Kolkata and Bhubaneswar.[81]


Jamshedpur has a number of popular tourist destinations, including: [82]

Notable people


  1. ^ "Jamshedpur city total area".
  2. ^ a b "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Census of India 2011. Retrieved 9 September 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Census of India 2011. Retrieved 9 September 2019.
  4. ^ "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
  5. ^ "Jharkhand gives second language status to Magahi, Angika, Bhojpuri and Maithili". Archived from the original on 28 March 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  6. ^ "波多野结衣在线观看_依依影院_av老司机_中文字幕视频二区人妻". Archived from the original on 6 January 2014. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
  7. ^ "Jamshedpur". Merriam-Webster Dictionary.
  8. ^ Chatterjee, Arup (23 February 2019). "Jamshedpur: The city of steel". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  9. ^ "Jamshedpur NAC". udhd.jharkhand.gov.in. Retrieved 28 September 2022.
  10. ^ "Indore, Jamshedpur lead Swachh 2020 table". The Hindu. 31 December 2019. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  11. ^ "100 years of Jamshedpur 2 history heritage".
  12. ^ "Indore, Jamshedpur lead Swachh 2020 table". The Hindu. 31 December 2019. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 1 May 2022.
  13. ^ "Swachh Survekshan2019". swachhsurvekshan2019.org. Archived from the original on 31 August 2019. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  14. ^ "Jamshedpur ranks 2nd in 'quality of life' survey". The Pioneer. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  15. ^ "City Mayors: World's fastest growing urban areas (1)". citymayors.com. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  16. ^ Dutta, Maya (1977). Jamshedpur: the growth of the city and its regions. Asiatic Society.
  17. ^ Maji, Bivu (18 March 2021). "Jubilee Park (जुबली पार्क), Jamshedpur". Welcome to Jamshedpur. Retrieved 3 February 2023.
  18. ^ Bhatia, Parvinder (3 December 2004). "Tata draws growth map". telegraphindia.com/. Telegraph India. Archived from the original on 21 August 2017.
  19. ^ a b "Sakchi- an end to the search of Iron-ore in Steel making process". Tatasteel100.com. 27 February 1908. Archived from the original on 12 July 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  20. ^ "History of Steel Making Begins, Gradual Development of Indian Steel Company". Tatasteel100.com. 16 February 1912. Archived from the original on 13 June 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  21. ^ "Jamshedpur – More details – Tourist Destinations in India – Lakes, Waterfalls, Beaches, Monuments, Museums and parks at Jamshedpur- By". Tripsguru.com. Archived from the original on 21 March 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  22. ^ "The Little Known Story of How Jamshedpur Played an Active Role in Both the World Wars". The Better India. 12 December 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  23. ^ "Jamshedpur citizens do not want municipal corporation". Financialexpress.com. 16 January 2006.
  24. ^ "Push to civic makeover". The Telegraph. Calcutta, India. 13 June 2003. Archived from the original on 26 October 2012.
  25. ^ "Jamshedpur on a renewal mission – Business News – IBNLive". Origin-www.ibnlive.com. 6 September 2006. Archived from the original on 30 May 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  26. ^ "Jamshedpur India – Jamshedpur Jharkhand, Jamshedpur City, Jamshedpur Guide, Jamshedpur Location". Iloveindia.com. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  27. ^ "Site Information for 42799 in Jamshedpur, BR, India (22.816667;86.183333)". Gladstone Family. 21 June 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  28. ^ www.jnnurm.nic.in (PDF) https://web.archive.org/web/20090409220014/http://www.jnnurm.nic.in/nurmudweb/cdp_apprep_pdf/CDP_Appraisals_CEPT/Jamshedpur_CEPT.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 April 2009. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  29. ^ kanika das (1 January 1970). "Jadugoda -Mosabani Range". Google Maps. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  30. ^ "Profile of Adityapur Industrial Area & AIADA". Aiadaonline.com. Archived from the original on 30 March 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  31. ^ "Jamshedpur Geography". Mapsofindia.com. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  32. ^ ":: ASC :: Seismicity of Jharkhand, India". Asc-india.org. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  33. ^ "Station: Jamshedpur Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 355–356. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  34. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M83. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  35. ^ "Explained: The signature of Kahn and other foreign architects on Indian cities". The Indian Express. 29 December 2020. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  36. ^ Sridhar, B. (28 December 2020). "Adityapur units hope for turnaround in 2021 after bleak business for 2 years". The Times of India. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  37. ^ "Traffic snarls back on Mango bridge in Jamshedpur". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  38. ^ Rajnish Kumar (5 June 2015). Spatial Evolution of Jamshedpur city and its Agglomeration Effects (PDF). The Third Conference: GIS-based Global History from Asian Perspectives.
  39. ^ Sinha, Amita; Singh, Jatinder (2011). "Jamshedpur: Planning an Ideal Steel City in India". Journal of Planning History. 10 (4). doi:10.1177/1538513211420367. ISSN 1538-5132. S2CID 220473667.
  40. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/paper2/data_files/India2/1.%20Data%20Highlight.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  41. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/paper2/data_files/india2/Million_Plus_UAs_Cities_2011.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  42. ^ "Constituents of Urban Agglomerations Having Population 1 Lakh & above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 15 December 2021.
  43. ^ "Languages of Jamshedpur". www.mapsofindia.com. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  44. ^ "Jamshedpur Population 2020 (Demographics, Maps, Graphs)". worldpopulationreview.com. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  45. ^ Chatterjee, Debasish (14 November 2019). "Jharkhand assembly polls: Muslim voters often a deciding factor for Jamshedpur west seat". The Times of India. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  46. ^ "Jamshedpur Sikhs hold 'Hunkaar Sabha' in support of farmers". The Avenue Mail. 10 January 2021. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  47. ^ Debasish Chatterjee (25 November 2020). "Jamshedpur: Sikhs seek clarity on guidelines for Guru Parv". The Times of India. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  48. ^ "Jamshedpur comes alive on Christmas eve, special prayers held". The Avenue Mail. 24 December 2020. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  49. ^ "Migration from Jharkhand highest in country: Economic survey". The Times of India. TNN. 10 February 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  50. ^ "Jharkhand's first round of mapping shows 70% of migrant workers are skilled". Hindustan Times. 10 June 2020. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  51. ^ Agarwal, N. K.; Sridhar, B.; Anil, Ashutosh (8 May 2020). "4,000 migrant workers arrive in Jharkhand from 4 states". The Times of India. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  52. ^ "Jharkhand to Modify MGNREGA Rules to Provide Work to Returning Migrants". The Wire. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  53. ^ "Trucks, on tracks, by road, the tragic migration continues". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  54. ^ "Youth from villages around Katamati become industry ready with the support of Tata Steel Foundation". India Education,Education News India,Education News | India Education Diary. 25 December 2020. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  55. ^ "Tata Motors' Jamshedpur, Lucknow and Pantnagar plants win National Energy Conservation Award 2020". www.autocarpro.in. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  56. ^ "Top stocks in focus: Dr Reddy's, Tata Motors, GAIL, Emami, Cummins India". www.indiainfoline.com. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  57. ^ "Nuvoco on a solid growth path". International Cement Review. 14 February 2020. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  58. ^ "Top 10 cement producer profiles". www.globalcement.com. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  59. ^ "झारखंड की सुंदरता को कैमरे में कैद करने की चाहत". www.jagran.com (in Hindi). Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  60. ^ "997 (132). Subarnarekha / The Golden Thread (1965, Ritwik Ghatak)". alsolikelife. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  61. ^ "Jamshedpur's Udaan takes wing in Cannes – Film shot extensively in steel city is India's official entry in French festival". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  62. ^ Biswas, Dipannita Ghosh (29 July 2011). "'Bubble Gum' is no kids film". DNA India. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  63. ^ "Sushant Singh Rajput visits Jamshedpur ahead of shooting MS Dhoni's biopic". Avenue Mail. 20 June 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  64. ^ "KIFF 2019: Every movie can't be a superhit but don't get bogged down, said Buddhadeb Dasgupta". India Today. 12 November 2019. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  65. ^ "Kizie Aur Manny delay due to Sushant Singh Rajput getting close to Sanjana?". India Today. 22 August 2018. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  66. ^ "Jamshedpur at a Glance". Tata Steel Growth Shop. Retrieved 3 July 2007.
  67. ^ "Training Facility". Adityapur Industrial Area Development Authority. Retrieved 3 July 2007.
  68. ^ "60 Years of Dedication to the Future". National Metallurgical Laboratory. Retrieved 21 May 2010.
  69. ^ "Learning and Development". Careers at Tata Steel. Archived from the original on 13 April 2011. Retrieved 21 May 2010.
  70. ^ Sarkar, Soma Basu (31 January 2007). "Bookworms' paradise". The Telegraph. Calcutta, India. Archived from the original on 18 April 2015. Retrieved 21 May 2010.
  71. ^ "Jamshedpur FC Fixtures, Results, Squad, News".
  72. ^ "JRD TATA Sports Complex (Jamshedpur, India): Top Tips Before You Go – TripAdvisor". tripadvisor.in. Retrieved 21 August 2017.
  73. ^ "Deepika Kumari profile: All you need to know about India's medal hopeful in archery in Asian Games 2018". www.timesnownews.com. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  74. ^ "TATA Steel Adventure Foundation(Jamshedpur, India)".
  75. ^ "Jamshedpur flying school gets approval for conducting training courses". Archived from the original on 5 January 2019. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  76. ^ "Jamshedpur at a Glance". Archived from the original on 5 January 2019. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  77. ^ "About us". The Avenue Mail. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  78. ^ "Home". khoborkagoj.com.
  79. ^ "Where Will 100 New Airports Come Up By 2024?". Moneycontrol. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  80. ^ "Jamshedpur set to get air connectivity under Centre's Udaan scheme". India Today. 17 September 2022. Retrieved 28 September 2022.
  81. ^ "Flight links Jamshedpur with Kolkata, Bhubaneswar". Press Trust of India. 31 January 2023. Retrieved 31 January 2023.
  82. ^ Maji, Bivu (4 June 2022). "Jamshedpur : The City of Steel". Welcome to Jamshedpur. Retrieved 3 February 2023.
  83. ^ "Tourist Places | East Singhbhum". Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  84. ^ "Coin dating back to 600 BC in Jamshedpur museum". Oneindia. 6 July 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  85. ^ "Incredible India | Hudco Lake". incredibleindia.org. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  86. ^ "Cyrus Mistry inaugurates the 'Millennium Park' at Telco". Avenue Mail. 2 March 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  87. ^ Krishna, Anubhuti (21 March 2018). "Jamshedpur: One hundred years of fortitude". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 25 April 2020.

External links