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Kurmali (Devanagari: कुर्माली, कुरमाली, Bengali: কুর্মালী,কুড়মালি kur(a)mālī) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in eastern India. Kurmali is generally linked to the Kudumi Mahato (also known as Kurmi, Mahanta or Mohanta) community of Jharkhand, Odisha, and West Bengal. Kurmali is also spoken by the Kudumi people of Assam, and was brought to the tea gardens from Bihar, Orissa and West Bengal. Intellectuals claim that Kurmali may be the nearest form of language used in Charyapada.[5] As a trade dialect, it is known as Panchpargania (Bengali:পঞ্চপরগনিয়া), for the "five districts" of the region it covers, or Tamaria. Kurmali is a traditional language of Kurmi community.

Kurmali
Panchpargania
কুড়মালি, কুর্মালী
Native toIndia
RegionAssam, Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal[1]
Native speakers
556,089 (2011 census)[2]
Census results conflate some speakers with Bengali, Odia and Hindi.[citation needed]
Official status
Official language in
 India
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
kyw – Kurmali
tdb – Panchpargania
Glottologkudm1238  Kudmali[3]
panc1246  Panchpargania[4]

Contents

Geographical DistributionEdit

Kurmali language is spoken in south-east Jharkhand in Seraikela Kharswan, East Singhbhum, West Singhbhum and Ranchi districts; north-eastern Odisha in Mayurbhanj, Kendujhar, Jajpur and Sundargarh district; and in western West Bengal in Purulia and Jhargram districts.

Alternate namesEdit

Names for the language include Bedia (from the Bedia caste), Dharua, Khotta, Pan Sawasi, Tanti, Tair, and Chik Baraik.

Kurumali sub dialect of Mayurbhanja stateEdit

Kurumali sub dialect of Mayurbhanja state agrees very closely with the Kurmali Thar of Manbhum.[6]

Trade languageEdit

Panchpargania is the common language for communication for Bundu, Tamar, Silli, Sonahatu, Arki & Angara blocks of Ranchi district of Jharkhand state.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Kudmali". Ethnologue. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues – 2011" (PDF). www.censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kudmali". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Panchpargania". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  5. ^ Jharkhand movement: ethnicity and culture of silence – Sajal Basu – Google Books. Books.google.co.in. Retrieved 2012-08-25.
  6. ^ "Kurumali sub dialect of Mayurbhanja state". Linguistic Survey of India by G A.Grierson.