Chandrapur district (Marathi pronunciation: [t͡ʃən̪d̪ɾəpuːɾ]) (earlier known as Chanda district) is a district in the Nagpur Division in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Chandrapur was the largest district in India until the Gadchiroli and Sironcha tehsils were separated as Gadchiroli district in 1981. In 2011, the district population was 2,204,307.
|Tehsils||1. Chandrapur, 2. Bhadravati, 3. Warora, 4. Chimur, 5. Nagbhid, 6. Bramhapuri, 7. Sindewahi, 8. Mul, 9. Saoli, 10. Gondpimpri, 11. Rajura, 12. Korpana, 13. Pomburna, 14. Ballarpur, 15. Jivati|
|• Vidhan Sabha constituencies||6|
|• Total||11,443 km2 (4,418 sq mi)|
|• Density||190/km2 (500/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||88.22% (as per 2011 census)|
|• Sex ratio||961|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|Major highways||NH 353E, NH 930, MSH 6, MSH 9, SH 233, SH 243, SH 264|
|Average annual precipitation||1578 mm|
Chandrapur district is known for its super thermal power station, and its vast reserves of coal in Wardha Valley Coalfield. Chandrapur also has large reservoirs of limestone which is a raw material for cement manufacturing in the district.
Chandrapur district is known for its cleanliness. Now Chandrapur city is in the top 10 cleanest cities India and 2 in Maharashtra after Navi Mumbai by The minister of housing and urban affairs rank cities based on the cleanliness index.
Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve in the district is one of India's twenty-eight Project Tiger reserves. The 2015 census of tigers found that 120 of Maharashtra's 170 tigers were located in Chandrapur district.
The district contains six Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) constituencies. They are Rajura, Chandrapur, Ballarpur, Warora, Bramhapuri and Chimur. Rajura, Chandrapur, Ballarpur, and Warora are part of the Chandrapur Lok Sabha constituency. Bramhapuri and Chimur are part of the Gadchiroli-Chimur Lok Sabha constituency.
At the time of the 2011 census of India, Chandrapur district had a population of 2,204,307, which was 1.96 percent of the population of the Maharashtra state. The district population density was 193 inhabitants per square kilometre (500/sq mi). Between 2001 and 2011, the district population grew by 6.43 percent. Females numbered 1,080,473 and males 1,123,834. For every 1,000 males, there were 961 females. 80.01 percent of people in Chandrapur district were literate. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes made up 15.80% and 17.66% of the population respectively.
Marathi is the major language spoken in the district. Gondi is spoken by a significant number of tribal people.
The Chandrapur district is located in the far east of Maharashtra state. It is part of Nagpur division. The district is in the eastern part of the Vidarbha region. The Chandrapur district is located between 19.30’ N and 20.45’ N latitude and at 78.46’ E longitude. The district is surrounded by Bhandara and Nagpur districts at its northern side, Wardha and Yavatmal districts at its western side, Gadchiroli district on the eastern side and Komaram Bheem and Adilabad districts of Telangana state on the southern side. In the Survey of India degree sheet, it falls in NOS 55 LF and 56 I M.
The Chandrapur district has large deposits of coal. The district also has limestone mines for the manufacturing of cement. The Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station managed by the Maharashtra State Power Generation Company Limited is a thermal power plant. The Chandrapur Ferro Alloy Plant, a public sector unit engaged in the production of manganese based ferro-alloys.
In 1956, the Ballarpur Industries Limited paper mill was founded in the district. Raw materials such as bamboo, wood, sabai grass, soya bean and cottonseed oil, rags and yarn waste are sourced locally.
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- Joshi, Saili (2 November 2017). "Tadoba's Andhari Tiger Reserve: A big delight for nature enthusiasts". The Economic Times. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
- "Talukas in Chandrapur District, Maharashtra". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
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- "District wise List of Assembly and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Maharashtra website. Archived from the original on 18 March 2017. Retrieved 5 September 2010.
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- "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- "Location Map | Western Coalfields Limited". westerncoal.nic.in. Archived from the original on 15 November 2017. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
- "Mining Leases" (PDF). 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 November 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
- Bapat, S. P. (2006). Spatial Efficiency in Geography. Concept Publishing Company. p. 65. ISBN 9788180692826.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chandrapur district.|
- Official Website of Chandrapur District
- Chandrapur Land Information
- Chandrapur District Complaint Center