Chandrapur district

Chandrapur district (Marathi pronunciation: [t͡ʃən̪d̪ɾəpuːɾ]) (earlier known as Chanda district) is a district in the Nagpur Division in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Chandrapur was the largest district in India until the Gadchiroli and Sironcha tehsils were separated as Gadchiroli district in 1981. In 2011, the district population was 2,204,307.[1]

Chandrapur district
Bird eye view of the Gond Raja's Tomb.jpg
Nagar Parishad Bramhapuri building.jpg
Panch Pandav Caves Mohadi 3.jpg
Manikgadchanda6.jpg
Tadoba tiger trail.jpg
Clockwise from top-left: Gond Raja's Tomb in Chandrapur, Nagar Parishad building in Bramhapuri, Manikgad Fort, Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve, Panch Pandav Caves in Mohadi
Location in Maharashtra
Location in Maharashtra
Chandrapur district
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DivisionNagpur
HeadquartersChandrapur
Tehsils1. Chandrapur, 2. Bhadravati, 3. Warora, 4. Chimur, 5. Nagbhid, 6. Bramhapuri, 7. Sindewahi, 8. Mul, 9. Saoli, 10. Gondpimpri, 11. Rajura, 12. Korpana, 13. Pomburna, 14. Ballarpur, 15. Jivati
Government
 • BodyChandrapur Zilla Parishad
 • Guardian MinisterSudhir Mungantiwar
(Cabinet Minister Mha)
 • President Zilla Parishad
  • President
    Mrs. Sandhya Gurnule
  • Vice President
    Mrs. Rekha Karekar
 • District Collector
  • Shri Ajay Gulhane (IAS)
 • CEO Zilla Parishad
  • Ms. Bhagyashree Dilip Vispute (IAS)
 • MPs
Area
 • Total11,443 km2 (4,418 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,204,307
 • Density190/km2 (500/sq mi)
 • Urban
35.12%
Demographics
 • Literacy88.22% (as per 2011 census)
 • Sex ratio961
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 353E, NH 930, MSH 6, MSH 9, SH 233, SH 243, SH 264
Average annual precipitation1578 mm
Websitechanda.nic.in

Chandrapur district is known for its super thermal power station, and its vast reserves of coal in Wardha Valley Coalfield.[2] Chandrapur also has large reservoirs of limestone which is a raw material for cement manufacturing in the district.

Chandrapur district is known for its cleanliness. Now Chandrapur city is in the top 10 cleanest cities India and 2 in Maharashtra after Navi Mumbai by The minister of housing and urban affairs rank cities based on the cleanliness index.[3]

Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve in the district is one of India's twenty-eight Project Tiger reserves. The 2015 census of tigers found that 120 of Maharashtra's 170 tigers were located in Chandrapur district.[4] The district has the highest tiger population in Maharashtra which leads to several man animal conflicts.

RepresentativeEdit

OfficeEdit

Guardian MinisterEdit

Guardian Minister Chandrapur
पालकमंत्री चंद्रपूर
 
Emblem of India
Incumbent
Sudhir Mungantiwar
since 27 September 2022
StyleThe Honourable
ResidenceChandrapur
AppointerChief Minister of Maharashtra
Term length5 years / No time limit
Websitechandrapur.gov.in/en/

list of Guardian MinisterEdit

Name Term of office
Sudhir Mungantiwar 31 October 2014 - 8 November 2019
Vijay Namdevrao Wadettiwar 9 January 2020 - 29 June 2022
Sudhir Mungantiwar 27 September 2022 - Incumbent

District Magistrate/CollectorEdit

District Magistrate / Collector Chandrapur
जिल्हाधिकारी तथा जिल्हदंडाधिकरी चंद्रपूर
 
Emblem of India
Incumbent
Shri Ajay Gulhane (IAS)
since 2020
ResidenceAt Chandrapur district
AppointerGovernment of Maharashtra
Term lengthNo time limit
Websitechandrapur.gov.in/en/

list of District Magistrate / CollectorEdit

Name Term of office
Shri Ajay Gulhane (IAS) 2020 - Incumbent

DivisionsEdit

 
Political Map of Chandrapur District in the Indian State of Maharashtra. Generated by Maharashtra Remote Sensing Applications Centre (MRSAC) for Govt of Maharashtra.

Chandrapur district comprises 23 census towns and 1792 villages spread over 15 talukas.[5]

Subdivisions and talukas in Chandrapur District
Subdivision Talukas Villages
Chandrapur Chandrapur 91
Ballarpur Ballarpur 31
Mul Mul 106
Saoli 111
Gondpimpri Gondpimpri 97
Pombhurna 71
Warora Warora 182
Bhadravati 154
Chimur Chimur 259
Sindewahi 115
Rajura Rajura 108
Korpana 110
Jiwati 83
Bramhapuri Bramhapuri 136
Nagbhid 138

PoliticsEdit

The district contains six Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) constituencies. They are Rajura, Chandrapur, Ballarpur, Warora, Bramhapuri and Chimur. Rajura, Chandrapur, Ballarpur, and Warora are part of the Chandrapur Lok Sabha constituency. Bramhapuri and Chimur are part of the Gadchiroli-Chimur Lok Sabha constituency.[6][7]

DemographyEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901397,079—    
1911504,261+2.42%
1921494,594−0.19%
1931569,233+1.42%
1941651,323+1.36%
1951728,013+1.12%
1961851,678+1.58%
19711,117,908+2.76%
19811,416,953+2.40%
19911,771,994+2.26%
20012,071,101+1.57%
20112,204,307+0.63%
source:[8]
Religions in Chandrapur district (2011)[9]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
80.75%
Buddhism
13.01%
Islam
4.19%
Tribal religion
1.05%
Christianity
0.49%
Other or not stated
0.51%

At the time of the 2011 census of India, Chandrapur district had a population of 2,204,307, which was 1.96 percent of the population of the Maharashtra state.[10] The district population density was 193 inhabitants per square kilometre (500/sq mi).[10] Between 2001 and 2011, the district population grew by 6.43 percent.[10] Females numbered 1,080,473 and males 1,123,834. For every 1,000 males, there were 961 females.[10] 80.01 percent of people in Chandrapur district were literate. 35.18% of the population lived in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes made up 15.80% and 17.66% of the population respectively.[10]

Languages of Chandrapur district (2011)[11]

  Marathi (83.63%)
  Hindi (7.00%)
  Telugu (2.58%)
  Gondi (1.59%)
  Urdu (0.98%)
  Others (4.22%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 83.63% of the population in the district spoke Marathi, 7.00% Hindi, 2.58% Telugu, 1.59% Gondi and 0.98% Urdu as their first language.[11]

Marathi is the major language spoken in the district. Gondi is spoken by a significant number of tribal people.[12]

GeographyEdit

The Chandrapur district is located in the far east of Maharashtra state. It is part of Nagpur division. The district is in the eastern part of the Vidarbha region. The Chandrapur district is located between 19.30’ N and 20.45’ N latitude and at 78.46’ E longitude. The district is surrounded by Bhandara and Nagpur districts at its northern side, Wardha and Yavatmal districts at its western side, Gadchiroli district on the eastern side and Komaram Bheem and Adilabad districts of Telangana state on the southern side. In the Survey of India degree sheet, it falls in NOS 55 LF and 56 I M.

EconomyEdit

The Chandrapur district has large deposits of coal.[13] The district also has limestone mines for the manufacturing of cement.[14] The Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station managed by the Maharashtra State Power Generation Company Limited is a thermal power plant. The Chandrapur Ferro Alloy Plant, a public sector unit engaged in the production of manganese based ferro-alloys.

In 1956, the Ballarpur Industries Limited paper mill was founded in the district. Raw materials such as bamboo, wood, sabai grass, soya bean and cottonseed oil, rags and yarn waste are sourced locally.[15]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ORGI. "Census of India: Search Details". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  2. ^ "New generating unit adds 500MW capacity to CSTPS". The Times of India. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
  3. ^ "These are the top 20 cleanest cities in India— Indore tops the list for fourth year in a row".
  4. ^ Joshi, Saili (2 November 2017). "Tadoba's Andhari Tiger Reserve: A big delight for nature enthusiasts". The Economic Times. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
  5. ^ "Talukas in Chandrapur District, Maharashtra". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  6. ^ "District wise List of Assembly and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Maharashtra website. Archived from the original on 18 March 2010. Retrieved 5 September 2010.
  7. ^ "District wise List of Assembly and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Maharashtra website. Archived from the original on 18 March 2017. Retrieved 5 September 2010.
  8. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  9. ^ "Population by Religion - Maharashtra". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  10. ^ a b c d e "District Census Hand Book – Chandrapur" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  11. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Maharashtra". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  12. ^ "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  13. ^ "Location Map | Western Coalfields Limited". westerncoal.nic.in. Archived from the original on 15 November 2017. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
  14. ^ "Mining Leases" (PDF). 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 November 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  15. ^ Bapat, S. P. (2006). Spatial Efficiency in Geography. Concept Publishing Company. p. 65. ISBN 9788180692826.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 19°57′N 79°18′E / 19.950°N 79.300°E / 19.950; 79.300