Jhumair or Jhumar is an Indian folk dance from the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and West Bengal.[1][2] It is folk dance of Sadan.[3][4][5] It is quite famous among Tea-garden community of Assam.[6]

Jhumair dance by Tea-tribes of Assam


Mesolithic dancers at Bhimbetka

Jhumair is an ancient folk dance. Similar dance found in Mesolithic paintings of Bhimbetka rock shelters. Jhumair dance dates as far back as Mesolithic period.


Jhumair is a community dance performed during the harvest season and festivals. [7] The dance is mostly performed in open places. Traditional Musical instruments generally used are Dhol, Mandar, Bansi, Nagara, Dhak and Shehnai etc.


The lyrics of Jhumair are built on day-to-day languages and mostly depict love or pleasures and pains of day-to-day life.


There are variety of Jhumair in the region of Chotanagpur such as:

The Jhumair/Jhumar from different region vary from each other in style.[8] [9]


  1. ^ "Jhumari Dance". dance.anantagroup.
  2. ^ "Jhumar and other popular folk dances of Jharkhand". mythicalindia.
  3. ^ "Encyclopædia Mundarica, Volume 2". books.google.com.
  4. ^ "Out of the Dark". democratic world.in.
  5. ^ "talk on nagpuri folk music at ignca". daily Pioneer.
  6. ^ "Karam Puja". assaminfo.
  7. ^ http://www.dance.anantagroup.com/jhumari-dance/
  8. ^ Stephen Blum; Philip Vilas Bohlman; Daniel M. Neuman (1993). Ethnomusicology and Modern Music History. University of Illinois Press. pp. 224–. ISBN 978-0-252-06343-5.
  9. ^ "Out of the Dark". democratic world.in.