List of districts of Assam

Assam, a northeastern state of India, is divided into 34 administrative geographical units called districts. Assam has 34 districts.

AdministrationEdit

A district of an Indian state is an administrative geographical unit, headed by the Deputy Commissioner (DC), which combines the offices of the District Magistrate ultimately responsible for maintaining law and order and District Collector responsible for collection of the revenue. Generally, an officer belonging to the Indian Administrative Service becomes the DC but occasionally officers belonging to the Assam Civil Service do get appointed. The DC is assisted by a number of officials belonging to different wings of the administrative services of the state.

The districts of Assam are grouped together in five regional divisions, headed by a Commissioner. A superintendent of Police, an officer belonging to Indian Police Service is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining law and order and related issues. The police administration in Guwahati City is headed by the Commissioner of Police, which started functioning from 1 January 2015.

HistoryEdit

Before the Independence in 1947, Assam had 13 districts. The districts were Cachar, Darrang, Goalpara, Kamrup, Lakhimpur, Nagaon, Sivasagar, Jayantia parganas, Garo hills, Lushai hills, Naga hills, Sylhet and NEFA. The British India protectorate 4 princely states under Assam state were Tripura, Khasi states, Koch Bihar and Manipur (included during Independence). Sylhet district had been given to East Pakistan at the time of the Partition. After many inclusion and exclusion during the independence and later till 1972, Assam formed the present shape with its prime 7 districts. The other 6 districts curved out of Assam; Jayantia, Garo and Khasi were combined and became Meghalya State; Lushiai hills became Mizoram; Naga hills became Nagaland; NEFA became Arunachal Pradesh; the both princely states Tripura and Manipur included in Assam and later separated as state and Koch Bihar became part of West Bengal.

On 17 November 1951, United Mikir and North Cachar Hills district curved out of Golaghat, Nagaon, Cachar, Jayantia and Naga hills districts.

On 2 February 1970, Mikir Hills district curved out of North Cachar Hills.

In 1976, Dibrugarh district curved out of Lakhimpur and the Name of Mikir Hills district changed to Karbi Anglong district.

In 1983, Barpeta district curved out of Kamrup; Sonitpur district curved out of Darrang; Jorhat district curved out of Sibsagar, Dhubri district and Kokrajhar district curved out of Goalpara; Karimganj district curved out of Cachar.

On 14 August 1985, Nalbari district curved out of Kamrup.

On 15 August 1987, Golaghat district curved out of Sibsagar.

In 1989, Hailakandi district curved out of Cachar, Marigaon district curved out Nagaon, Bongaigaon district curved out of Goalpara and Kokrajhar, Tinsukia district curved out of Dibrugarh and Dhemaji district curved out of Lakhimpur.

On 3 February 2003, Kamrup Metropolitan district curved out of Kamrup.

On 1 June 2004, Baksa district curved out of Barpeta, Nalbari, and Kamrup; on 4 June, Chirang district curved out of Barpeta, Bongaigaon and Kokrajhar and On 14 June, Udalguri district curved out of Darrang and Sonitpur; along with Kokrajhar district formed BTAD.

On 1 April 2010, Name of North Cachar Hills district changed to Dima Hasao.

On 15 August 2015, Tarun Gogoi, the Chief Minister of Assam, announced the formation of five new districts in the state,[1] taking the total number from 27 to 32. The five new districts are the following:[1][2] Biswanath (carved out of Sonitpur); Charaideo (carved out of Sivasagar); Hojai (carved out of Nagaon); South Salmara-Mankachar (carved out of Dhubri); West Karbi Anglong (carved out of Karbi Anglong).

On 26 January 2016, 2 more districts were announced, but on 7 October 2016, the Govt. has withdrawn district status of East Kamrup and South Kamrup due to inadequate infrastructure. The two sub-divisions of East Kamrup district - viz. Chandrapur and Sonapur, is now part of Kamrup Metropolitan district. The sub-divisions of South Kamrup district is now part of Kamrup Rural district.

On 27 June 2016, one more district was announced by Sarbananda Sonowal, taking the total number from 32 to 33 which is Majuli (carved out of the Northern parts of Jorhat). It is the first river island district of India.[3]

On 8 August 2020 The Assam cabinet approved a proposal to make Bajali (curved out of Barpeta) the 34th full-fledged district of Assam.[4]

DistrictsEdit

The areas and populations of the 34 districts are given below:[5]

Code[6] District Headquarter Population (2011)[7] Area (km²) Density (/km²)
BK Baksa# Mushalpur 950,075 2,457 387
- Bajali Pathsala 253,816 - -
BP Barpeta Barpeta 1,439,806 - -
BS Biswanath[1] Biswanath Chariali[8] 612,491 1,100 557
BO Bongaigaon Bongaigaon 738,804 1,093 676
CA Cachar Silchar 1,736,319 3,786 459
CD Charaideo[1] Sonari[9] 471,418 1,069 441
CH Chirang# Kajalgaon 482,162 1,170 412
DR Darrang Mangaldai 928,500 1,585 586
DM Dhemaji Dhemaji 686,133 3,237 212
DU Dhubri Dhubri 1,394,144 1,608 867
DI Dibrugarh Dibrugarh 1,326,335 3,381 392
DH Dima Hasao Haflong 214,102 4,890 44
GP Goalpara Goalpara 1,008,183 1,824 553
GG Golaghat Golaghat 1,066,888 3,502 305
HA Hailakandi Hailakandi 659,296 1,327 497
HJ Hojai[1] Hojai[10] 931,218 1,686 552
JO Jorhat Jorhat 924,952 2,851 324
KM Kamrup Metropolitan Guwahati 1,253,938 1,528 821
KU Kamrup Amingaon 1,517,542 3,105 489
KG Karbi Anglong Diphu 660,955 7,366 90
KR Karimganj Karimganj 1,228,686 1,809 679
KJ Kokrajhar# Kokrajhar 887,142 3,169 280
LA Lakhimpur North Lakhimpur 1,042,137 2,277 458
MJ Majuli Garamur[11] 167,304 880 190
MA Morigaon Morigaon 957,423 1,704 562
NN Nagaon Nagaon 1,892,550 2,287 828
NB Nalbari Nalbari 771,639 2,257 342
SV Sivasagar Sivasagar 679,632 2,668 255
ST Sonitpur Tezpur 1,311,619 2,076 632
SSM South Salmara-Mankachar[1] Hatsingimari[12] 555,114 568 977
TI Tinsukia Tinsukia 1,327,929 3,790 350
UD Udalguri# Udalguri 831,688 1,852 449
WKA West Karbi Anglong[1] Hamren[13] 295,358 3,035 97

# Districts within the Bodoland Territorial Region

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "CM Tarun Gogoi announces 5 new districts in Assam on Independence Day". Daily News and Analysis. Guwahati. PTI. 15 August 2015. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
  2. ^ "Assam gets five more districts". Zee News. Guwahati. IANS. 15 August 2015. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  3. ^ "Assam: Majuli becomes 1st river island district of India". Hindustan Times. Guwahati. 27 June 2016. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
  4. ^ "'Bajali' to become the 34th full-fledged district of Assam". The Sentinel. Guwahati. 8 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  5. ^ The Office of Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  6. ^ ISO 3166
  7. ^ "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in.
  8. ^ "Biswanath district inaugurated". Assam Tribune. Retrieved 2 March 2016.
  9. ^ "Charaideo inaugurated as a new dist". Assam Tribune. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  10. ^ "Hojai inaugurated as new district". Voice of Greater Assam. Retrieved 20 February 2016.
  11. ^ "Majuli to function as new district from today". Assam Tribune. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  12. ^ "South Salmara-Mankachar dist inaugurated". Assam Tribune. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  13. ^ "West Karbi Anglong district inaugurated". Assam Tribune. Retrieved 11 February 2016.

External linksEdit

total 33 districts, in October 2 districts status cancelled by state cabinet. East Kamrup and South Kamrup'.