Nagaon (previously Nowgong), is a city and a municipal board in Nagaon district in the Indian state of Assam. It is situated 121 kilometres (75 mi) east of Guwahati. It has a population of 147,231.

The Kolong River of Nagaon
The Kolong River of Nagaon
Nagaon is located in Assam
Location in Assam, india
Nagaon is located in India
Nagaon (India)
Coordinates: 26°21′01″N 92°40′47″E / 26.3503828°N 92.6795912°E / 26.3503828; 92.6795912Coordinates: 26°21′01″N 92°40′47″E / 26.3503828°N 92.6795912°E / 26.3503828; 92.6795912
Country India
 • BodyNagaon Municipality Board
 • OfficialAssamese, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
782001 to 782003
Telephone code91-3672
ISO 3166 codeIN-AS
Vehicle registrationAS 02 -

In education section, total literates in Nagaon city are 98,068 of which 52,690 are males while 45,378 are females. Average literacy rate of Nagaon city is 93.43 percent of which male and female literacy was 98.58 and 88.08 percent.

Nagaon city is governed by Municipal Board which comes under Nagaon Urban Agglomeration. It is currently the 4th largest city of Assam in terms of both population and area covered after Guwahati,Silchar and Dibrugarh.


The Kolong River, a tributary of the Brahmaputra River, flows through Nagaon and in the process divides the city into two distinct regions: Nagaon and Haibargaon.[1]

Nagaon is bounded on the north by the Sonitpur district and the Brahmaputra River. On the south, it borders the western Karbi Anglong District , Dima Hasao and Hojai district. On the east it is bounded by eastern Karbi Anglong and the Golaghat district, while on the west it neighbours the Marigaon district.

There are several beels, marshy areas and swamps in the district, including the regions of Marikalong, Potakalong, Haribhanga, Jongalbalahu, Samaguri Beel, Gatanga Beel Urigadang and Nawbhanga. These wetlands are former channels of the Kolong and Kopili rivers.



Nagaon is integrated into the National Highway system connected to NH 36 and 37 providing easy access to important places in Assam. Buses connect the city with all parts of Assam.


There are two railway stations in Nagaon town, one at Haiborgaon(Dhing gate) and another at Nagaon proper. The nearest railway junction is Sensuwa and another is at Chaparmukh, which is around 28 km from Nagaon.


The nearest airport is Tezpur Airport. The nearest international airport is Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport in Guwahati.


As of 2011 India census,[2] Nagaon city had a population of 147,231, making it one of the largest cities of Assam.The population is largely of heterogeneous nature. Indigenous Assamese communities along with tribal communities like Karbi, Tiwa (Lalung) are the natives of the city.


Nagaon is part of the Lok Sabha constituency of Nowgong.[3]


Modern education was first introduced in the district by Christian missionaries, such as Miles Bronson and Nathan Brown in the nineteenth century. Anandaram Dhekial Phukan, a major figure in Assamese literature, spent the better part of his life in Nagaon, and the Assamese intellectual Gunabhiram Barua worked in Nagaon for about two decades.


The Nowgong Mission High School, established by Miles Bronson in 1846 is the oldest school in Assam. It also has the third oldest government school in Assam, the Nowgong Government Boys' Higher Secondary School, established in 1865. Another old school is the Dawson Higher Secondary & Multipurpose School. Kendriya Vidyalaya Nagaon, Loyola High School and Christ Jyoti School are regarded as the best English medium schools among the residents of Nagaon. Best Hindi school is Marwari Hindi High School situated near Haibargaon Bazar.

Prominent English Medium Schools:

Front view of the main entrance of Nowgong Mission High School, the oldest school of Assam
  1. Kendriya Vidyalaya, Nagaon
  2. Christ Jyoti School
  3. Nowgong Mission High School
  4. St. Ignatius Loyola English Medium High School
  5. St. Antony's High School
  6. Little Flower School
  7. Model English School
  8. Nagaon English Academy
  9. Sandipani Vidyamandir
  10. Riverdale Academy

Other Schools of Repute:

  1. Nagaon Shankardev Vidya Niketon
  2. National Academy Nagaon
  3. Nowgong Government Boys' Higher Secondary School
  4. Nowgong Government Girls' Higher Secondary School
  5. Nagaon Bengali Boys' Higher Secondary School
  6. Nagaon Bengali Girls' Higher Secondary School
  7. Government Urban Basic School
  8. Dawson Higher Secondary and Multipurpose School
  9. Om Prakash Jajodia Girls' Hindi High School
  10. Marwari Hindi high School
  11. Navaroop jatiya vidyapith
  12. Haibargaon Adarsha High School


At present, there are about 25 colleges, of which probably the most renowned are

  1. Nowgong College
  2. A.D.P. College (named after Anandaram Dhekial Phookan)
  3. Khagarijan College (named after the old administrative headquarters of Nowgong District)
  4. Nowgong Girls' College
  5. Nowgong Law College
  6. Nagaon G.N.D.G. Commerce College
  7. Pioneer Arts College
  8. College of Education, Nagaon

Besides these there are a number of junior colleges that have sprung up in Nagaon. Some of them have made a mark for themselves by bagging the top positions in the State Higher Secondary exams. As such many students from the neighboring districts also come to study in these colleges. Some of these are

  1. Ramanujan Junior College
  2. Concept Junior College
  3. Renaissance Junior College
  4. Alpha Beta College (Jr.)
  5. Kalong-Kapili Vidyapith Junior College
  6. Kalongpar Vidyapith Junior College
  7. Bharali's Academy Junior College
  8. Nagaon Junior College
  9. Srimanta Sankardev Junior College
  10. Madhabdev Junior College
  11. Geetanjali Junior College
  12. Dronacharya Junior College
  13. Chanakya Junior College
  14. Matrix Junior College
  15. Dimension Junior College
  16. Gyanpith Junior College
  17. CV Raman Junior College
  18. Dr. S.R.K. Junior College
  19. Anandaram Baruah Junior College
  20. Kamala Kanta Barua Junior College
  21. Nonoi Junior college
  22. Abhigyan Junior college

Assam Homeopathic Medical College and HospitalEdit

The Assam Homeopathic College is situated in Haibargaon, Nagaon. The institute was established in the year 1968. It is the first homeopathic medical college of the entire North East India.

Nowgong PolytechnicEdit

Nagaon is also home to Nowgong Polytechnic, one of the oldest technical education institutes in Assam.

Nagaon also has an ITI at Panigaon.

The College of FisheriesEdit

The College of Fisheries, the only college of its kind in the entire northeastern India, is located in Raha and comes under the academic management of Assam Agricultural University in Jorhat.

The Nagaon Medical CollegeEdit

The foundation stone of the Nagaon Medical College was laid by the then chief minister of Assam Mr. Tarun Gogoi in February, 2016. The construction work on the same has officially begun from 18 February 2017 and the college will be ready for operation in 3 years time.


Nagaon is home to the prestigious Mahapurusha Srimanta Sankardeva Viswavidyalaya, which offers postgraduate and doctorate level courses.

Important LocalitiesEdit

  1. Dhing Gate
  2. Haibargaon
  3. Santipur
  4. Laokhowa Road
  5. Chandmari Road
  6. Samaddar Patty
  7. Bara Bazar
  8. Daccapatty
  9. Natun Bazar
  10. Juria
  11. Itachali
  12. Christian Patty
  13. Panigaon
  14. Amolapatty
  15. Mukut Sharma Chariali
  16. Bengali Patty
  17. Fauzdari Patty
  18. Chinapatty
  19. Morikolong
  20. Kachulukhuwa
  21. Khutikatia
  22. Lakhinagar
  23. Tarun Phukan Road
  24. Senchowa
  25. Prem Nagar
  26. Dimaruguri
  27. Uriya Gaon
  28. Borghat
  29. Chokitup
  30. Moukhuli
  31. Dipholu
  32. Hatichung
  33. Jajori
  34. Maj Jajori
  35. Dhing
  36. Dakshinpat
  37. Pathori
  38. Nonoi

Notable peopleEdit


The multipurpose Nurul Amin Stadium of Nagaon is named after the sportsperson late Nurul Amin. It hosts the prestigious Independence Day Cup Football tournament every year in August and September, in which most of the teams of national repute participate.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Article by Raghavendra Dixit titled 'Kolong ke Kinare (Hindi: कोलोंग के किनारे)' published in Jansatta, a Hindi daily -
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  3. ^ "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Assam. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 May 2006. Retrieved 6 October 2008.