Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Indian Administrative Service

The Indian Administrative Service (IAST: Bhāratīya Praśāsanika Sevā), often abbreviated to I.A.S., or simply IAS, is the administrative arm of the All India Services.[3] The service is considered to be the premier civil service of India.[3][4]

Indian Administrative Service
Bhāratīya Praśāsanika Sevā
Service Overview
IAS (Central Association) logo.jpeg
Formerly known as Imperial Civil Service (ICS)
Founded 1858; 160 years ago (1858)
(as Imperial Civil Service)
26 January 1950; 68 years ago (1950-01-26)
(as Indian Administrative Service)
Country India
Staff College Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie, Uttarakhand
Cadre Controlling Authority Department of Personnel and Training, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pension
Minister Responsible Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India and Minister responsible for Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pension
Legal personality Governmental: Government service
Duties Policy Formulation
Policy Implementation
Public Administration
Bureaucratic Governance
Secretarial Assistance (Centre & State)
Preceding service Imperial Civil Service (1858–1946)
Cadre Strength 4926 members (3511 officers directly recruited by UPSC and 1415 officers promoted from state civil services)[1][2]
Selection Civil Services Examination
Association IAS (Central) Association
Head of the Civil Services
Cabinet Secretary of India Pradeep Kumar Sinha, IAS

The IAS, the Indian Police Service (IPS) and the Indian Forest Service (IFS/IFoS) comprise the three arms of the All India Services. Members of these three services serve the Union Government as well as the individual States. IAS officers may also be deployed to various public-sector undertakings.

As with other countries that follow the Westminster system of government, the IAS is part of the permanent bureaucracy[5] of the nation, and is an inseparable part of the executive of the Government of India. As such, the bureaucracy remains politically neutral and guarantees administrative continuity to the ruling party.[5]

Upon confirmation of service, an IAS officer serves a probationary period as a Sub-Divisional Magistrate. Completion of this probation is followed with an administrative command role in a district as District Magistrate and Collector, which lasts a number of years although it may be as long as sixteen years in some states. After this tenure as a District Magistrate, the officer may be promoted to head a whole state division, as Divisional Commissioner.

On attaining the Apex Scale, IAS officers may go on to lead Government Departments or Ministries. In these roles, IAS officers represent the country at the international level in bilateral and multilateral negotiations. If serving on a deputation, they may be employed in Intergovernmental organisations such as the World Bank (WB), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), and the United Nations (UN), or its agencies. IAS officers are also involved in the conduct of elections in India, as mandated by the Election Commission of India.

Contents

HistoryEdit

During the occupation of India by the East India Company, the Civil Service was divided into three — Covenanted, Uncovenanted and Special Civil Services. The covenanted civil service, or the Honourable East India Company's Civil Service (HEICCS), as it was called, largely consisted of British civil servants occupying the senior posts in the government.[4][11][12] The uncovenanted civil service was solely introduced to facilitate the entry of Indians into the lower rung of the administration.[11][12][13] The Special service consisted of specialised departments, such as the Indian Forest Service, Indian Police and Indian Political Service, whose ranks were drawn from either the covenanted civil services or the British Indian Army. The Indian Police ranked many British Indian Army officers among its members, although after 1893, an annual exam was used to select its officers.[13][12] In 1858, the HEICCS was replaced by the Indian Civil Service (ICS),[11][12] which became the highest civil service in British-ruled India between 1858 and 1947. The last British appointments to the ICS were made in 1942.[12][13]

With the passing of the Government of India Act, 1919, the Imperial Services, under the oversight of the Secretary of State for India, was split into two arms, the All India Services and Central Services.[14]

In 1946, at the Premier's Conference, the then-Central Cabinet decided to form the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), based on the Imperial Civil Service (ICS),[15][16] and the Indian Police Service (IPS), based on the Imperial Police (IP).[15]

When India was partitioned following the departure of the British in 1947, the Imperial Civil Service was divided between the new Dominions of India and Pakistan. The Indian remnant of the ICS was named the Indian Administrative Service,[17] while the Pakistan remnant was named the Pakistan Administrative Service (PAS). The modern Indian Administrative Service was created under the Article 312(2) in part XIV of the Constitution of India,[18] and the All India Services Act, 1951.[19]

RecruitmentEdit

 
Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi interacting with IAS officers of 2015 batch (on probation).

There are three modes of recruitment into the Indian Administrative Service.

IAS officers are recruited from the Civil Services Examination, which is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).[3] Officers selected from the Civil Services Examination are called direct recruits. Some IAS officers are also promoted from the State Civil Services,[3] and, in rare cases, selected from non-state civil service.[3] The ratio between the direct recruits and the promotees is fixed at 2:1. All IAS officers, regardless of the mode of entry, are appointed by the President of India.[18]

Only about 180 candidates out of over 1 million applicants, who apply through the Civil Services Examination (CSE), are successful, a success rate of less than 0.0001 percent.[15][20] As a result, the members of the service are often referred to as 'heaven-born'.[21][22]

Unlike candidates appointed to other civil services, a successful IAS candidate is rendered ineligible to reappear in the Civil Services Examination.[23] From 1951 to 1979, an IAS candidate was required to submit two additional papers, on top of three optional papers instead of two as with other civil services, to be eligible for Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and Indian Foreign Service (IFS). The two additional papers were post graduate level submissions, compared to the graduate level for the optional papers, and it was this distinction that resulted in a higher status for the IAS and IFS. The two post graduate level submissions were later removed, but this did not change the perceived higher status of the IAS and IFS.[24][25] After the selection process, the successful candidates undergo training at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) in Mussoorie, Uttarakhand.[16]

State CadresEdit

Cadre Allocation PolicyEdit

The Union Government announced a new cadre allocation policy for the All India Services in August 2017, touting it as a policy to ensure national integration of the bureaucracy and to ensure an All-India character of the services.[26][27][28] Under the new policy, the existing 26 cadres were to be divided into five zones by the Department of Personnel and Training of the Government of India.[29][30][31][32]

Under the new policy, a candidate first selects their zones of preference, in descending order, then indicates a cadre preference from each preferred zone. The candidate indicates his second cadre preference for every preferred zone subsequently. The process continues till a preference for all the cadres is indicated by the candidate. The preference for the zones/cadres remains in the same order and no change is permitted.[26][27][28]

Officers remain in their allocated cadre or are deputed to the Government of India.[3][33]

Zones under the new Cadre Allocation Policy
Zone States
Zone-I AGMUT (Arunachal Pradesh-Goa-Mizoram and Union Territories), Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Rajasthan and Haryana.
Zone-II Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and Odisha.
Zone-III Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.
Zone-IV West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam-Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura and Nagaland.
Zone-V Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Early Cadre Allocation PoliciesEdit

Until 2008, there was no formal system that permitted the selecting of a state cadre preferred by the candidate. If the candidate was not placed in a vacancy in their home state, they would be allocated to other states, which were selected from a roster in alphabetic order, starting from A, H, M or T, depending on the year. For example, if in a particular year the roster begins from 'A', then the first candidate on the roster will go to the Andhra Pradesh state cadre, the next one to Bihar, and then to Chhattisgarh, Gujarat and so on in alphabetical order.[34] The next year the roster starts from 'H', for either Haryana or Himachal Pradesh (the two states alternate roster years). This system, practiced since the mid-1980s, ensured that officers from different states were placed all over India.

The system of permanent State cadres resulted in wide disparities of professional exposure for officers when comparing those from developed versus less developed states.[34][35] Changes of state cadre was permitted on grounds of marriage to an All India Service officer of another state cadre or under other exceptional circumstances. The officers were allowed to go to their home state cadre on deputation for a limited period, after which they would be required to return to their allocated cadre.[34][35]

Since 2008, IAS officers were assigned to State cadres at the beginning of their service. There is one cadre for each Indian state, except for two joint cadres: AssamMeghalaya and Arunachal PradeshGoaMizoramUnion Territories (AGMUT).[35] The "insider-outsider ratio" (ratio of officers who were posted to their home states to those from other states) is maintained at 1:2, with one-third of the direct recruits being 'insiders' from the same state.[36] The remainder are posted as outsiders according to the state allocation 'roster' order in states other than their home states,[36] as indicated by their preference.

Responsibilities of an IAS officerEdit

The typical functions performed by an IAS officer are:

  • To collect revenue and function as Courts in matters of revenue, to maintain law and order, to implement Union and State Government policies at the grass-root level when posted to field positions i.e. as Sub-Divisional Magistrate, Additional District Magistrate, District Magistrate and Divisional Commissioner, and to act as an agent of the government in the field, i.e. to act as an intermediary between the public and the government.[4][37][38][39]
  • To handle the administration and daily proceedings of the government, including formulation and implementation of policy in consultation with the Minister-in-charge of the concerned Ministry or Department.[4][37][38][39]
  • To contribute to policy formulation, and to make a final decision in certain matters, with the agreement of the Minister concerned or the Council of Ministers (depending upon the weight of the matter), when posted at higher level in Union Government as Joint Secretary, Additional Secretary, Special Secretary/Secretary equivalent, Secretary and Cabinet Secretary, and in State Governments as Principal Secretary, Additional Chief Secretary/Special Chief Secretary and Chief Secretary.[4][37][38][39]

Career ProgressionEdit

At the beginning of their career, IAS officers receive district training with their home cadres followed by their first posting. In state administration, their initial role is as a Sub-Divisional Magistrate (SDM) and they are placed in charge of a district sub-division. As SDMs, they are entrusted with maintaining law and order, as well as general administration and development work, of the sub-division.[39] With the completion of their training, IAS officers are assigned to various strategic posts in the State and Union Governments, and also in local-self Governments (Municipal Corporations/Zilla Parishads), and Public Sector Undertakings.[40]

In 2015, it was announced that a new designation of Assistant Secretary at the Central Secretariat had been created to enable new IAS officers to be posted to Delhi for a three-month assignment as part of their training regime. IAS officers were previously only permitted to go on a deputation being assigned to the Central Secretariat after nine years of service in their home cadre. However, it was observed that experience of Central functions was severely lacking among these deputations, resulting in this change in their training.[41][42][43]

Completion of this probation is followed with an administrative command role in a district as District Magistrate and Collector, which lasts a number of years although it may be as long as sixteen years in some states. After this tenure as a District Magistrate, the officer may be promoted to head a whole state division, as Divisional Commissioner.

On attaining the Apex Scale, IAS officers may go on to lead Government Departments or Ministries. In these roles, IAS officers represent the country at the international level in bilateral and multilateral negotiations. If serving on a deputation,[33] they may be employed in Intergovernmental organisations such as the World Bank (WB),[33][44][45] the International Monetary Fund (IMF),[33][46][47] the Asian Development Bank (ADB),[33][48][49], the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB),[50][51][52] and the United Nations (UN), or its agencies.[33][53][54] IAS officers are also involved in the conduct of elections in India, as mandated by the Election Commission of India.[55]

Positions and designations held by IAS officer in their career.[3][56][57]
Grade/Level on Pay Matrix[56][57] Field Posting(s)[3] Position in the State Government(s)[3] Position in the Central Government[3] Position in Indian Order of Precedence Base Salary (per month)[56][57]
Cabinet Secretary Grade (Pay level 18)

Cabinet Secretary of India

11

2,50,000

Apex Scale (Pay level 17)

Chief Secretary[a]

Secretary[b]

23

2,25,000

Higher Administrative Grade (Above Super Time Scale) (Pay level 15)

Divisional Commissioner[c]

Principal Secretary

Additional Secretary

25

1,82,200-2,24,100

Senior Administrative Grade (Above Super Time Scale) (Pay level 14)

Divisional Commissioner[c]

Secretary

Joint Secretary

26

1,44,200-2,18,200

Selection Grade (Pay level 13)

District Magistrate[d]

Special Secretary

Director

1,18,500-2,14,100

Junior Administrative Grade (Pay level 12)

District Magistrate[d]

Joint Secretary

Deputy Secretary

78,800-1,91,500

Senior Time Scale (Pay level 11)

Additional District Magistrate[e]

Deputy Secretary

Under Secretary

67,700-1,60,000

Junior Time Scale (Pay level 10)

Sub-Divisional Magistrate[f]

Under Secretary

Assistant Secretary

56,100-1,32,000

Upon retirement, high ranking IAS officers have been known to occupy Constitutional posts such as the Chief Election Commissioner of India (CEC),[65] Comptroller and Auditor General of India (C&AG),[66] and Chairman of Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).[67] They have also become members of Administrative tribunals, such as National Green Tribunal (NGT) and Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT), as well as chiefs of regulators including the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI),[68] Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI),[69][70] and Reserve Bank of India (RBI).[71] If a serving IAS officer is appointed to Constitutional posts such as Comptroller and Auditor General of India, Chief Election Commissioner of India and Chairman of UPSC or as head of statutory authorities, such as National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Women, and Central Information Commission, he or she is deemed to have retired from service.[72][73][74]

IAS officers can also be deputed to private organizations for a fixed tenure under Rule 6(2)(ii) of The Indian Administrative Service (Cadre) Rules, 1954.[75][76]

Assessment of Suitability for Promotion & PostingEdit

The performance of IAS officers is assessed through a Performance Appraisal Report (PAR). The reports are reviewed to judge the suitability of an officer prior to a posting and/or promotion in the Union or State Governments. The report is compiled annually and is initiated by the officers themselves, designated as the Reporting Officer, who lists out their achievements, completion of assigned activities and targets for the year. The report is then modified and commented by the Reviewing Officer, usually the superior of the Reviewing Officer. Reports submitted for IAS officers are forwarded by the Reviewing Officer to the Accepting Authority, who will conduct a final review of the report.[3]

Major concerns and reformsEdit

Shortage of officersEdit

It was reported in 2017 that there is a shortage of about 1500 IAS officers in the country,[77][78][79] Despite this, the government has stated that yearly recruitment of IAS officers will not increase to avoid impacting the career progression of existing officers and the overall structure of the IAS.[15][80]

Lateral EntryEdit

Media personnel, some retired IAS officers and a few academicians have argued in favour of lateral entry into IAS, so as to inject fresh blood into the service. They argue that it would help refresh the bureaucracy, offer competitiveness and bring in alternate perspectives.[84][85][86][87][88][89]

However, a counter argument has been put forward that a lateral entry process could be manipulated due to corruption and cronyism.[90] It is further argued that lateral entry would not lead to improvements in managerial performance or accountability,[91] and while it may create synergy between the government and big businesses, it could also compromise the integrity of government.[92] It has also been argued that it could weaken the bureaucracy instead.[93] The Union government has, on many occasions, ruled out lateral entry into the IAS.[94][95][96]

Political InfluenceEdit

A number of think tanks and media outlets have argued that the IAS is hamstrung by political influence within the service.[17][82][83][97] It has been reported that many local political leaders have been seen to have interfered with IAS officers. Politicians have also exerted pressure on IAS officers by repeatedly transferring them,[98][99][100][101] suspending them,[102][103][104] and in some extreme cases, killing them.[105][106]

CorruptionEdit

In 2015, it was reported by Government of India that as many as 100 IAS officers had come under scrutiny by the Central Bureau of Investigation's alleged corruption.[107][108][109][110] In 2017, Government records showed that 379 IAS officers had deliberately failed to submit details of their immovable assets (IPR).[111]

Since 2007, a number of Chief Secretaries[112][113][114] and Principal Secretary[115][116][117] have been arrested in graft cases and laundering.[118][119][120] IAS officers have been found amassing disproportionate assets and wealth varying from 200 crore (equivalent to 242 crore or US$38 million in 2017),[121] to 350 crore (equivalent to 559 crore or US$87 million in 2017).[121][122] However, in 2016, it was reported that the Government would provide the means to prosecute corrupt IAS officers,[123] with the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions (DoPT) agreeing to receive requests from private citizens seeking punitive measures against IAS officers even without supporting documentation.[123]

In 2017, a former Union Coal Secretary and a few other IAS officers were sentenced to two years in prison, for their involvement in the coal allocation scam, by a CBI special court in Delhi.[124][125]

In 2017, it was reported by the Department of Personnel and Training, part of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, that, since 2014, one IAS officer was prematurely retired from service, ten IAS officers had been deemed to have resigned, five had their pensions cut, and a further eight IAS officers suffered a cut in remuneration.[126][127][128][129]

In 2018, the Union Minister of State for Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Dr. Jitendra Singh informed the Lok Sabha that disciplinary proceedings were underway against 36 IAS officers.[130]

Fake casesEdit

A number of false cases have been registered against IAS officers as a tactic to prevent them from taking action against the reporting individuals.[131][132][133]

Missing IAS officersEdit

In June 2015, The Telegraph reported that a total of twelve IAS officers had gone missing, and had not reported to either the Union or the state government for their allocated cadre.[2] It was believed that they were working in foreign countries for companies such as Microsoft for more lucrative pay.[2] It was later reported by The Asian Age that the services of three of the twelve officers were likely to be terminated due to "prolonged absence from service".[134]

Notable IAS OfficersEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ IAS officers of the designations Additional Chief Secretary and Special Chief Secretary draw same pay but not same protocol as the Chief Secretary of the State.[58][59][60]
  2. ^ IAS officers of the designation Special Secretary to Government of India draw same pay but not same protocol as a Secretary to Government of India.[61][62][63]
  3. ^ a b Alternate designation - Regional Commissioner, Revenue Divisional Commissioner.
  4. ^ a b Alternate designations - District Collector, Deputy Commissioner.[64]
  5. ^ Alternate designations - Chief Development Officer, Additional District Collector, Joint Collector, Additional Deputy Commissioner, CEO of Zila Parishad.
  6. ^ Alternate designations - Deputy Collector, Sub-Divisional Officer, Sub-Collector, Joint Magistrate.[64]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "CADRE STRENGTH OF INDIAN ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICE (AS ON 01.01.2017)" (PDF). Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. January 1, 2017. Retrieved January 21, 2018. 
  2. ^ a b c Siddiqui, Imran Ahmed (13 June 2015). "Mystery of the missing IAS dozen". The Telegraph. New Delhi. OCLC 271717941. Retrieved 2 September 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Service Profile for the Indian Administrative Service" (PDF). Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Tummala, Krishna Kumar (1996). Public Administration in India. Mumbai: Allied Publishers. pp. 154–159. ISBN 978-8170235903. OCLC 313439426. 
  5. ^ a b Bhattacharjee, Subhomoy (22 June 2017). "In defence of administrative continuity". Business Standard. New Delhi. OCLC 496280002. Retrieved January 20, 2018. 
  6. ^ "Discussion in Constituent Assembly on role of Indian Administrative Service". Parliament of India. Retrieved 26 January 2010. 
  7. ^ Naidu, M Venkaiah (October 31, 2017). "The great unifier". The Indian Express. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved January 21, 2018. 
  8. ^ "Sardar Patel's great contribution was the Indian Administrative Service". The Economic Times. New Delhi. October 31, 2018. OCLC 61311680. Retrieved January 21, 2018. 
  9. ^ Noorani, A.G. (2 July 2017). "Save the integrity of the civil service". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  10. ^ "One Who Forged India's Steel Frame". H.N. Bali. Retrieved 15 November 2016. 
  11. ^ a b c Chesney, George Tomkyns (2016) [1870]. Indian Polity: A view of system of administration in India (classic reprint). London: Forgotten Books (published 8 December 2017). ISBN 978-1333187644. OCLC 982769345. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "Civil Service". The British Library. 8 June 2011. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  13. ^ a b c Sabharwal, Meghna; Berman, Evan M., eds. (2013). Public Administration in South Asia: India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan (Public Administration and Public Policy) (1st ed.). Abingdon-on-Thames: Routledge. ISBN 978-1439869116. OCLC 1004349979. 
  14. ^ Goel, S.L.; Rajneesh, Shalini (2002). Public Personnel Administration : Theory and Practice. Foreword by Vasundhara Raje. Delhi: Deep and Deep Publications. ISBN 978-8176293952. OCLC 51300460. 
  15. ^ a b c d Baswan, B. S.; Barik, Prof. (Dr.) R. K.; Ali, Dr. Akber; Singh, Pankaj Kumar (2016). "To take a comprehensive look at the requirement of IAS officers over a longer time frame" (PDF). Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. New Delhi: Indian Institute of Public Administration. Retrieved January 23, 2018. 
  16. ^ a b Ghose, Bhaskar (2011). The Service of the State: The IAS Reconsidered. New Delhi: Penguin Group (published 9 June 2011). ISBN 978-0670083817. OCLC 986241038. 
  17. ^ a b Schiavo-Campo, Salvatore; Tommaso, de Giulio; Mukherjee, Amitabha (1999). Government Employment and Pay: A Global and Regional Perspective. Washington D. C.: World Bank. p. 23. OCLC 913715804. 
  18. ^ a b "Part XIV of the Constitution of India- Services under the Union and the States - Article 312(2)" (PDF). Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India. Retrieved 16 August 2017. 
  19. ^ "The All India Services Act, 1951 (Act no. 61 of 1951)" (PDF). Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India. October 29, 1951. Retrieved February 16, 2018. 
  20. ^ "11.36 lakh candidates to appear for UPSC IAS Prelims tomorrow: 10 quick tips". India Today. New Delhi. August 6, 2016. ISSN 0254-8399. Retrieved January 23, 2018. 
  21. ^ Philip, A. J. (May 14, 2018). "In their own service – Pay and perks for the heaven-born". The Tribune. Chandigarh. Retrieved February 13, 2018. 
  22. ^ Cherian, Dilip (November 5, 2017). "Dilli Ka Babu: IPS officers being ignored". The Asian Age. Retrieved February 13, 2018. 
  23. ^ "Examination Notice no. 06/2017-CSP" (PDF). Union Public Service Commission. 22 February 2017. Retrieved 19 August 2017. 
  24. ^ Tikku, Aloke (4 July 2016). "Civil services aspirants to be spared two additional papers". Hindustan Times. OCLC 231696742. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  25. ^ "Union Public Service Commission : Civil Services Examination, 2014" (PDF). Union Public Service Commission. Retrieved 2016-01-21. 
  26. ^ a b "Cadre Allocation Policy for the All India Services-IAS/IPS/IFoS — Reg" (PDF). Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. September 5, 2017. Retrieved September 10, 2017. 
  27. ^ a b "IAS, IPS allocation policy rejigged for 'national integration of bureaucracy'". Hindustan Times. August 23, 2017. OCLC 231696742. Retrieved September 10, 2017. 
  28. ^ a b Dutta, Amrita Nayak (21 August 2017). "New cadre Policy which focuses on National Integration of All India Services". Daily News and Analysis. OCLC 801791672. Retrieved 21 August 2017. 
  29. ^ "New cadre policy for IAS, IPS". The Indian Express. New Delhi. 24 August 2017. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved January 20, 2018. 
  30. ^ Bhaskar, Utpal (August 24, 2017). "Govt's proposed cadre policy for IAS, IPS officers draws ire". Live Mint. New Delhi: HT Media Ltd. Retrieved January 20, 2018. 
  31. ^ Shrivastava, Ashwini, ed. (August 23, 2017). "Govt finalises new cadre policy for IAS, IPS officers". India Today. New Delhi. ISSN 0254-8399. Retrieved September 10, 2017. 
  32. ^ "Central government finalises new cadre policy for IAS, IPS officers". Deccan Chronicle. New Delhi. August 24, 2017. Retrieved January 20, 2018. 
  33. ^ a b c d e f "Consolidated Deputation Guidelines for All India Services" (PDF). Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. 28 November 2007. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  34. ^ a b c "Old Cadre allocation policy for All India Services - IAS/IPS/IFS" (PDF). Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. 30 May 1985. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  35. ^ a b c Chattopadhyaya, Haraprasad; Baghel, Indu (2015). Indian Administration. New Delhi: Global Vision Publishing House. p. 325. ISBN 978-8182207134. OCLC 927511141. 
  36. ^ a b "Revised Cadre Allocation Policy w.e.f. CSE-2009, dated 15.06.2011" (PDF). Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. 15 June 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  37. ^ a b c Malik, Yogendra K.; Kennedy, Charles H.; Oberst, Robert C.; Kapur, Ashok; Lawoti, Mahendra; Rahman, Syedur (2001). Government And Politics In South Asia (5th ed.). Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press (now Routledge) (published 7 September 2001). ISBN 978-0813339016. OCLC 945072906. 
  38. ^ a b c Kumar, Gudipati Rajendera (February 24, 2017). "Know about Civil Services in India". The Hans India. Retrieved January 23, 2018. 
  39. ^ a b c d "Responsibilities of an IAS officer". Jagran Josh. Dainik Jagran. 5 November 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  40. ^ "Terms and Conditions-All India Service Officer". Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. 21 August 2002. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  41. ^ Yadav, Shyamlal (18 August 2015). "New IAS officers to work as assistant secretary in Delhi". The Indian Express. New Delhi. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved January 20, 2018. 
  42. ^ "Appointment of IAS Officers,2015 batch as Assistant Secretary in the Central Secretariat for a period of four months" (PDF). Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. 21 April 2017. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  43. ^ "Appointment of lAS Officers as Assistant Secretary in the Central Secretariat for a period of three months-terms and conditions of appointment regarding" (PDF). Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. 27 April 2017. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  44. ^ Langa, Mahesh (6 August 2017). "S. Aparna appointed Executive Director, World Bank". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. OCLC 13119119. Retrieved 12 August 2017. 
  45. ^ "Subhash Chandra Garg appointed as World Bank ED". Business Line. The Hindu. 10 September 2014. ISSN 0971-7528. OCLC 456162874. Retrieved 20 August 2017. 
  46. ^ "B P Mishra to replace Reddy as ED in IMF". Zee News. New Delhi. 8 September 2003. Retrieved January 20, 2018. 
  47. ^ Sharma, Shantanu Nandan (3 October 2011). "World Bank, IMF returnees viz., Bimal Jalan, Vijay Kelkar, YV Reddy, etc., secure key government posts". The Economic Times. New Delhi. OCLC 61311680. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  48. ^ "Lakshmi Venkatachalam appointed ADB vice-president". The Hindu. Bangalore. 24 April 2010. ISSN 0971-751X. OCLC 13119119. Retrieved January 20, 2018. 
  49. ^ "ADB appoints Lakshmi Venkatachalam as VP". Business Standard. Bangalore. 20 January 2013. OCLC 496280002. Retrieved January 20, 2018. 
  50. ^ Aneja, Atul (February 6, 2016). "Former bureaucrat Pandian named AIIB CIO". The Hindu. Retrieved January 13, 2017. 
  51. ^ "AIIB appoints DJ Pandian as CIO". Business Line. New Delhi: The Hindu. February 10, 2016. Retrieved January 13, 2018. 
  52. ^ "Pandian appointed AIIB Vice-President". Business Standard. New Delhi. February 3, 2016. Retrieved January 13, 2018. 
  53. ^ Cherian, Dilip (6 November 2016). "Dilli Ka Babu: Permanent Representative of India in Unesco an IAS post". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved January 20, 2018. 
  54. ^ "IAS officer Upma Chaudhary nominated as member of UN body". Business Standard. Shimla. August 11, 2017. OCLC 496280002. Retrieved January 20, 2018. 
  55. ^ "Biennial/Bye-Elections to the Legislative Council-Deployment & Duties of Observers-Regarding" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 29 December 2009. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  56. ^ a b c "The Indian Administrative Service (Pay) Rules, 2016" (PDF). Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. September 8, 2016. Retrieved September 5, 2017. 
  57. ^ a b c "Report of the 7th Central Pay Commission of India" (PDF). Department of Economic Affairs, Government of India. Seventh Central Pay Commission of India. Retrieved February 15, 2018. 
  58. ^ Siwach, Sukhbir (5 July 2017). "Why so many IAS officers promoted as ACS, Haryana Assembly panel asks Govt". The Indian Express. Chandigarh. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved 12 August 2017. 
  59. ^ "Apex grade for two Principal Secretaries". The Tribune. Dehradun. 2 January 2016. Retrieved 12 August 2017. 
  60. ^ "5 IAS officers promoted as Additional Chief Secretaries". The Indian Express. Gandhinagar. December 10, 2013. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved September 8, 2017. 
  61. ^ Sharma, Aman (19 April 2012). "Government promotes 28 IAS officers to secretary and special secretary ranks". India Today. New Delhi. ISSN 0254-8399. Retrieved 1 September 2017. 
  62. ^ "18 senior IAS officers promoted to Secretary, Special Secretary level". The Economic Times. New Delhi. September 8, 2015. OCLC 61311680. Retrieved September 8, 2017. 
  63. ^ "18 IAS officers promoted as secretaries, special secretaries". Business Standard. New Delhi. August 1, 2016. OCLC 496280002. Retrieved September 8, 2017. 
  64. ^ a b Laxmikanth, M. (2014). Governance in India (2nd ed.). Noida: McGraw-Hill Education (published 25 August 2014). pp. 4.1–4.10. ISBN 978-9339204785. 
  65. ^ "India's new Chief Election Commissioner Achal Kumar Jyoti to take charge on July 6". India Today. New Delhi. 3 July 2017. ISSN 0254-8399. Retrieved 2 September 2017. 
  66. ^ Chitravanshi, Ruchika (22 May 2013). "Shashi Kant Sharma appointed CAG". Business Standard. New Delhi. OCLC 496280002. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  67. ^ "Alka Sirohi appointed UPSC chairman". The Times of India. New Delhi. 18 September 2016. OCLC 23379369. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  68. ^ Taneja, Mansi (28 July 2015). "IT Secretary R S Sharma appointed as TRAI chairman". Business Standard. OCLC 496280002. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  69. ^ Zachariah, Reena (11 February 2017). "Government appoints IAS officer Ajay Tyagi as Sebi chief for 5 years". The Economic Times. Mumbai. OCLC 61311680. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  70. ^ "Ajay Tyagi assumes office as Sebi chairman". Live Mint. Mumbai: HT Media Ltd. 1 March 2017. Retrieved January 25, 2018. 
  71. ^ "Subbarao appointed RBI Governor". The Hindu. New Delhi. 2 September 2008. ISSN 0971-751X. OCLC 13119119. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  72. ^ Shah, Palak (January 22, 2018). "Asked to resign from IAS, Kaushik declines SEBI job". Business Line. Mumbai: The Hindu. ISSN 0971-7528. OCLC 456162874. Retrieved January 25, 2018. 
  73. ^ "Kerala cadre IAS officer Sanjeev Kaushik turns down Sebi job". The Times of India. Thiruvananthapuram. January 24, 2018. OCLC 23379369. Retrieved January 25, 2018. 
  74. ^ "Appointed Sebi member, Sanjeev Kaushik seeks nod to stay with IAS too". The Economic Times. Mumbai. January 25, 2018. OCLC 61311680. Retrieved January 25, 2018. 
  75. ^ "The Indian Administrative Service (Cadre) rules, 1954" (PDF). Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. 1954. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  76. ^ "Parliamentary panel for deputation of IAS, IPS officers in private firms". The New Indian Express. New Delhi. Press Trust of India. December 21, 2017. OCLC 243883379. Retrieved February 15, 2018. 
  77. ^ Siddiqui, Imran Ahmed (August 1, 2017). "IAS and IPS grapple with officer shortage". The Telegraph. New Delhi. OCLC 271717941. Retrieved January 18, 2018. 
  78. ^ "Shortage of around 3,000 IAS, IPS and IFS officers". The Times of India. April 15, 2017. OCLC 23379369. Retrieved January 23, 2018. 
  79. ^ "Shortage of over 1,400 IAS, 900 IPS officers in India: Govt". Live Mint. New Delhi: HT Media Ltd. March 22, 2017. Retrieved January 23, 2018. 
  80. ^ Sharma, Aman. "IAS-IPS crunch fails to bridge deficit till 2025, Centre in no hurry to increase number of recruitments". India Today. New Delhi. ISSN 0254-8399. Retrieved January 23, 2018. 
  81. ^ Vaishnav, Milan; Khosla, Saksham (September 1, 2016). "The Indian Administrative Service Meets Big Data" (PDF). Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved September 19, 2017. 
  82. ^ a b Khosla, Saksham; Vaishnav, Milan (September 11, 2016). "IAS reforms: Cleaning rust from the frame". Live Mint. HT Media Ltd. Retrieved September 19, 2017. 
  83. ^ a b Khosla, Saksham; Vaishnav, Milan (12 September 2016). "IAS Reforms: Cleaning Rust From the Frame". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  84. ^ Shankar, Raja (January 1997). "Indian Administrative Service - steel frame of India or steel fetters on democracy". Development Alternatives Group. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  85. ^ "The need for lateral entry in civil services". Live Mint. HT Media Ltd. 19 July 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  86. ^ Kumar, Gudipati Rajendra (26 July 2017). "Need for lateral entry into Civil Services". The Hans India. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  87. ^ Natarajan, Gulzar; Subbarao, Duvvuri (9 August 2017). "The case for lateral entry". The Indian Express. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  88. ^ Krishna, Srivatsa (August 21, 2017). "Recasting the steel frame". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. OCLC 13119119. Retrieved September 27, 2017. 
  89. ^ Natarajan, Gulzar; Subbarao, Duvvuri (September 25, 2017). "Generalist vs specialist". The Indian Express. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved September 27, 2017. 
  90. ^ Chandra, Shailaja (15 July 2017). "Should the government allow lateral entry into the civil services?". Hindustan Times. OCLC 231696742. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  91. ^ Rae, Vivek (21 February 2015). "Vivek Rae: Lateral entry into the civil service is not a good idea". Business Standard. OCLC 496280002. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  92. ^ Patnaik, Sampad (19 August 2016). "Caution, Proceed Slowly: An Argument Against Allowing Lateral Entry into the IAS". The Wire. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  93. ^ Natarajan, Gulzar (13 April 2015). "Lateral entry, blind alley". The Indian Express. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  94. ^ "Government rules out lateral entry into IAS". The Times of India. New Delhi. 11 December 2015. OCLC 23379369. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  95. ^ "Government rules out lateral entry into civil services". Business Standard. New Delhi. 10 August 2016. OCLC 496280002. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  96. ^ "Government rules out lateral entry into civil services". The New Indian Express. New Delhi. 10 August 2016. OCLC 243883379. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  97. ^ "With political influence controlling IAS, Indian civil services need urgent reform: US think-tank". NewsX. New Delhi. 3 September 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  98. ^ Saxena, Vaishali (2003). Bureaucracy on Wheels: Trauma of Transfers in the Indian Administrative Service. Jaipur: Aalekh Publishers. ISBN 978-8187359210. OCLC 191202280. 
  99. ^ Patel, Ananad Kumar (2 April 2015). Ghosh, Deepshikha, ed. "45th Transfer for IAS Officer Ashok Khemka, BJP Downplays it". NDTV. Chandigarh. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  100. ^ "Haryana moves IAS officer Khemka again: 47th transfer in 25 years". Hindustan Times. 8 April 2016. OCLC 231696742. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  101. ^ Sehgal, Manjeet (12 April 2017). "Chandigarh: Haryana IAS officer Pradeep Kasni transferred for 68th time in 33 years". India Today. Chandigarh. ISSN 0254-8399. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  102. ^ Zanane, Anant (4 August 2013). Das, Mala, ed. "Durga Shakti Nagpal, suspended IAS officer, served chargesheet by UP government". NDTV. Lucknow. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  103. ^ Mishra, Ishita (12 October 2014). "Akhilesh suspends Durga Shakti Nagpal's IAS husband". The Times of India. Agra. OCLC 23379369. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  104. ^ Sriram, Jayant (9 August 2013). "The Officer Who Dared". India Today. ISSN 0254-8399. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  105. ^ Singh, Sanjay (2 October 2007). "6 Bihar politicos convicted for killing IAS officer". Daily News and Analysis. Patna. OCLC 801791672. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  106. ^ "Caught on tape: Abusive Rajasthan BJP MLA threatens to kill CMO, suspended". Firstpost. 19 December 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  107. ^ "100 IAS officers came under CBI scanner in last 5 years: Government". The Indian Express. 23 July 2015. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved 8 September 2017. 
  108. ^ "Narendra Modi cautions IAS officers against corruption, laziness, despondency". The Times of India. 20 November 2015. OCLC 23379369. Retrieved 8 September 2017. 
  109. ^ "1991 Batch IAS Officer Gets 4 Years In Jail In Corruption Case". NDTV. 5 May 2016. Retrieved 8 September 2017. 
  110. ^ Bhelari, Kanhaiya (1 August 2016). "Cover Story: The buck stops here, in officers' pockets". Tehelka. Retrieved 8 September 2017. 
  111. ^ "379 IAS officers have not filed asset details: Government". The Economic Times. New Delhi. 10 August 2017. OCLC 61311680. Retrieved 19 August 2017. 
  112. ^ Shukla, Shuchi, ed. (21 December 2016). "24-Hour Raids At Tamil Nadu Chief Secretary P Rama Mohana Rao's Home, Office". NDTV. Chennai. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  113. ^ Janardhanan, Arun (22 December 2016). "Tamil Nadu chief Secretary P Rama Mohana Rao, son raided, Rs 30 lakh in new notes". The Indian Express. Chennai. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  114. ^ "Former UP Chief Secretary arrested". Outlook. New Delhi. 25 September 2007. Retrieved 27 December 2016. 
  115. ^ Chauhan, Neeraj (19 February 2017). "CBI books senior Chhattisgarh IAS officer for corruption". The Times of India. New Delhi. OCLC 23379369. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  116. ^ Kaushika, Pragya (7 July 2016). "Delhi government suspends Principal Secretary Rajendra Kumar". The Indian Express. New Delhi. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  117. ^ "Arvind Kejriwal's principal secretary, four others arrested in graft case". The Indian Express. New Delhi. 4 July 2016. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  118. ^ "Delhi court summons IAS officer as accused in graft case". The Indian Express. New Delhi. January 29, 2017. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved January 20, 2018. 
  119. ^ "IAS officer arrested, fined Rs. 50 lakh for graft". The Hindu. New Delhi. September 28, 2013. ISSN 0971-751X. OCLC 13119119. Retrieved January 20, 2018. 
  120. ^ Ramashankar (21 December 2017). "Top IAS named in grants swindle". The Telegraph. Patna. OCLC 271717941. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  121. ^ a b "IAS officer with Rs 80,000 salary has Rs 200 cr wealth". India Today. Pune. 23 January 2014. ISSN 0254-8399. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  122. ^ "MP: Corruption charges framed against Arvind, Tinoo Joshi". Hindustan Times. Bhopal. 30 November 2016. OCLC 231696742. Retrieved 2 September 2017. 
  123. ^ a b "Centre to empower common man to punish corrupt babus". The Economic Times. New Delhi. 21 July 2016. OCLC 61311680. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  124. ^ Thakuria, Anindya (23 May 2017). "Coal scam: Former coal secretary H C Gupta, two other IAS officers get two years in jail". The Indian Express. New Delhi. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  125. ^ "IAS trio convicted in coal scam". The Telegraph. New Delhi. 19 May 2017. OCLC 271717941. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  126. ^ "133 officers given premature retirement: Govt". Press Trust of India. New Delhi. 27 July 2017. Retrieved 2 September 2017. 
  127. ^ "381 babus, including 24 IAS, punished: Personnel ministry to PM Modi". The Economic Times. New Delhi. 25 July 2017. OCLC 61311680. Retrieved 2 September 2017. 
  128. ^ "Senior IAS officer sacked for non-performance". Press Trust of India. New Delhi. 18 January 2017. Retrieved 2 September 2017. 
  129. ^ Ghatwai, Milind (16 September 2015). "Dismissed IAS officer Arvind Joshi, who was on the run, surrenders". The Indian Express. Bhopal. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved 2 September 2017. 
  130. ^ "Disciplinary action against 36 IAS officers, says Centre". The Hindu. New Delhi. January 4, 2018. ISSN 0971-751X. OCLC 13119119. Retrieved January 20, 2018. 
  131. ^ Swaroop, Vijay (May 10, 2017). "Double SC relief: Bihar IAS officer cleared of graft charges, shifted to Haryana". Hindustan Times. Patna. OCLC 231696742. Retrieved January 20, 2018. 
  132. ^ "Patna HC clears whistleblower framed in fake bribery case for taking on road mafia". India Today. New Delhi. November 4, 2016. ISSN 0254-8399. Retrieved January 20, 2018. 
  133. ^ Mutha, Sagar Kumar (November 16, 2017). "Court junks CBI graft case against IAS officer". The Times of India. Hyderabad. OCLC 23379369. Retrieved January 20, 2018. 
  134. ^ Verma, Amita (13 November 2015). "3 UP IAS officers likely to face termination". The Asian Age. Lucknow. Retrieved 2 September 2017. 
  135. ^ "Naresh Chandra". International Crisis Group. Archived from the original on 12 September 2009. Retrieved 23 January 2010. 
  136. ^ "Naresh Chandra - Executive Record Sheet". Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. Retrieved January 12, 2018. 
  137. ^ Sood, Rakesh (July 11, 2017). "The man with the clues". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. OCLC 13119119. Retrieved January 12, 2018. 
  138. ^ a b "Padma Vibhushan for Nariman, Khushwant, Naresh Chandra". The Indian Express. New Delhi. January 26, 2007. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved January 12, 2018. 
  139. ^ a b "Padma Vibhushan for Khushwant, Nariman". The Hindu. New Delhi. January 26, 2007. ISSN 0971-751X. OCLC 13119119. Retrieved January 12, 2018. 
  140. ^ a b "Padma Vibhushan for Fali Nariman, Khushwant Singh". Daily News and Analysis. New Delhi. January 26, 2007. OCLC 801791672. Retrieved January 12, 2018. 
  141. ^ Sinha, Amitabh (June 12, 2008). "Vohra: Just the man for Kashmir". The Indian Express. New Delhi. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved January 16, 2018. 
  142. ^ "Present Governor - N. N. Vohra". Raj Bhavan, Jammu and Kashmir. Retrieved January 16, 2018. 
  143. ^ "N N Vohra - Executive Record Sheet". Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. Retrieved January 16, 2018. 
  144. ^ Das, Sanjib Kumar (May 1, 2014). "The man who cleaned up India's elections". Gulf News. OCLC 232115522. Retrieved January 1, 2018. 
  145. ^ Narasimhan, T. E. (May 12, 2012). "'The more you kick me...'". Business Standard. OCLC 496280002. Retrieved January 17, 2018. 
  146. ^ Srivastava, Ritesh K.(The Observer) (5 March 2012). "Empowering the EC". Zee News. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  147. ^ Qadir, Abdul (October 3, 2015). "Election Commission's neutrality: Will Zaidi fit in Seshan's shoes?". The Times of India. Patna/Gaya. OCLC 23379369. Retrieved January 17, 2018. 
  148. ^ Anand, R. K. (June 20, 2012). "Time to 'Seshan' the EC". Suara Sarawak. No. Retrieved January 17, 2018. 
  149. ^ "Awardees - Seshan, Tirunellai Narayanaiyer". Ramon Magsaysay Foundation. Retrieved January 17, 2018. 
  150. ^ Shivakumar, Girija (May 5, 2013). "'Debate the quantum but don't deny there's been a loss'". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. OCLC 13119119. Retrieved January 17, 2018. 
  151. ^ "Ex-CAG Vinod Rai named for Padma Bhushan". Business Standard. New Delhi. January 25, 2016. OCLC 496280002. Retrieved January 17, 2018. 
  152. ^ Manisha, Sen (January 26, 2016). "Former CAG Vinod Rai Gets Padma Bhushan". The Sen Times. New Delhi. Retrieved January 17, 2018. 
  153. ^ "Padma awards 2016 declared: Anupam Kher, Rajinikanth, Vinod Rai, Sania Mirza honoured among others | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". Daily News and Analysis. January 25, 2016. OCLC 801791672. Retrieved January 17, 2018. 
  154. ^ Subbarao, Duvvuri. "Impact of Financial Crisis on India - Collateral Damage & Response" (PDF). Reserve Bank of India. Retrieved January 17, 2018. 
  155. ^ Lalmalsawma, David (October 31, 2012). "Subbarao: an RBI governor who can hold his own". Reuters. Retrieved January 17, 2018. 
  156. ^ a b "Yogendra Narain - Executive Record Sheet". Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. Retrieved January 13, 2018. 
  157. ^ a b "BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF SECRETARIES - GENERAL" (PDF). Rajya Sabha. Retrieved January 13, 2018. 
  158. ^ Chauhan, Prerit (October 20, 2017). "Paul H. Appleby Award To Dr. Yogendra Narain". Ten News. New Delhi. Retrieved January 13, 2018. 
  159. ^ "YOGENDRA NARAIN CONFERRED PAUL H APPLEBY AWARD". Press Reader. Lucknow: Hindustan Times. October 22, 2017. OCLC 231696742. Retrieved January 13, 2018. 
  160. ^ "YOGENDRA NARAIN CONFERRED PAUL H APPLEBY AWARD". HT Syndications. Lucknow: Hindustan Times. October 22, 2017. OCLC 231696742. 

BibliographyEdit

BooksEdit

PapersEdit

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit