District council (India)

(Redirected from District Councils of India)

The Zila Panchayat or District Development Council or Zilla Parishad or District Panchayat or is the third tier of the Panchayati Raj system and functions at the district levels in all states. A Zila Parishad is an elected body representing the entire rural area of a district. A District Panchayat is headed by a President, who is an elected member. Block Pramukh of Block Panchayat are also represented in Zila Parishad. The members of the State Legislature and the members of the Parliament of India are members of the Zila Parishad. The Zila parishad acts as the link between the state government and the village-level Gram Panchayat.

Zila Parishad are Panchayats at Apex or District Level in Panchayat Raj Institutions, and Gram Panchayat is the base unit at village level in Panchayati Raj Institutions.

The 73rd Amendment is about Governments' (which are also known as Panchayati Raj Institutions [1]

  • Panchayat at District (or apex) Level
  • Panchayat at Intermediate Level
  • Panchayat at Base Level

Composition edit

Administrative structure of India

The Zilla Parishad is headed by a President and Vice President. The Zilla Parishad consists a president and vice president, elected members and ex-officio members and various standing committees.

The Zilla Parishad encompasses the entire area of Gram Panchayats within that respective district. This Zila Parishad area is divided into divisions, and each represented by a member, elected by the people of that division.

The chairmen of all the Panchayat Samitis under the district are the ex officio members of Zila Parishad.

The chief executive officer, who is an IAS officer or state civil service officer, heads the administrative setup of the Zila Parishad. He/ She supervises the divisions of the parishad and is assisted by deputy CEOs and other officials at district- and block-level officers. The deputy chief executive officer from General Administration department at district level is ex-officio secretary of Zila Parishad.

Election edit

Elections occur every 5 years. The Zilla Parishad is divided into divisions or wards, and people in each division vote for their representative. These elected members, along with the president and vice president, form the Zilla Parishad. The president and vice president in a Zilla Parishad are elected from among the elected members. the term of office for elected members in a Zilla Parishad, including the President and vice-president, is typically five years. All people over the age of 18 who are residents of the territory of that district's Zilla Parishad can vote.[1]

Elections are conducted by the respective state election commissions.

Administrative structure edit

The chief executive officer (CEO), who is a civil servant under IAS or State Administrative Service cadre, heads the administrative machinery of the Zila Parishad. He is also nominated by the government. He may also be district magistrate in some states. The CEO supervises the divisions of the parishad and executes its development schemes. In some states, like Kerala, the chief executive officer of the District Panchayat is known as Secretary.

Function edit

  1. The Zila Parishad is an official body that coordinates the activities of the Panchayats in all its developmental activities, such as minor irrigation works, vocational and industrial schools, village industries, sanitation and public health among others.
  2. It advises the State Government on all matters relating to the Gram Panchayats and Panchayat Samitis under its supervision and the needs of the rural population living therein.
  3. It also supervises the work of the Panchayats. It also scrutinizes the budget estimates of Panchayat Samitis in some states like Assam,Bihar and Punjab.
  4. It functions mostly through various Standing Committees, which oversee and coordinate the common programmes of the villages under its jurisdiction.

Sources of income edit

  1. taxes on water, pilgrimage, markets, etc. Fixed grant from the State Government in proportion with the land revenue and money for works and schemes assigned to the Parishad. The Zila Parishad can collect some money from the panchayats with the approval of the government.

See also edit

References edit

  • Our Civic Life (Civics and Administration) Maharashtra State Bureau of Textbook Production and Curriculum Research, Pune