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Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu (born 1 July 1949) is an Indian politician and the current Vice President of India and the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha, in office since 11 August 2017. Previously, he served as the Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Urban Development and Information and Broadcasting in the Modi Cabinet.[1] A prominent leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party, he also served as its national president from 2002 to 2004.[2] Earlier, he was the Union Cabinet Minister for Rural Development in the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government.[3][4] He took the oath as Vice-President of India and the Chairman of Rajya Sabha on 11 August 2017.He served as President of the Indian Institute of Public Administration, Chancellor of Panjab University, Delhi University, Pondicherry University and the President of the Indian Council of World Affairs in his capacity as Vice President.

M. Venkaiah Naidu
Venkaiah Naidu official portrait.jpg
13th Vice President of India
Assumed office
11 August 2017
PresidentRam Nath Kovind
Preceded byMohammad Hamid Ansari
Minister of Information and Broadcasting
In office
5 July 2016 – 17 July 2017
Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
Preceded byArun Jaitley
Succeeded bySmriti Irani
Ministry of Urban Development, Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation
In office
26 May 2014 – 17 July 2017
Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
Preceded byKamal Nath (Urban Development)
Girija Vyas (Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation)
Succeeded byNarendra Singh Tomar
Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
In office
26 May 2014 – 5 July 2016
Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
Preceded byKamal Nath
Succeeded byAnanth Kumar
President of the Bharatiya Janata Party
In office
1 July 2002 – 5 October 2004
Preceded byJana Krishnamurthi
Succeeded byL. K. Advani
Minister for Rural Development
In office
30 September 2000 – 30 June 2002
Prime MinisterAtal Bihari Vajpayee
Preceded bySunder Lal Patwa
Succeeded byKashiram Rana (2003)
Member of the Rajya Sabha
for Rajasthan
In office
5 July 2016 – 10 August 2017
Preceded byAnand Sharma
Succeeded byAlphons Kannanthanam
Member of the Rajya Sabha
for Karnataka
In office
27 March 1998 – 5 July 2016
Preceded byH. D. Deve Gowda
Succeeded byNirmala Sitharaman
Member of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly for Udayagiri
In office
1978–1985
Preceded byPonneboyina Chenchuramaiah
Succeeded byMekapati Rajamohan Reddy
Personal details
Born
Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu

(1949-07-01) 1 July 1949 (age 70)
Chavatapalem, Madras State, Dominion of India
(present-day Andhra Pradesh, India)
Political partyBharatiya Janata Party till August 2017
Spouse(s)
M. Usha (m. 1970)
Children2
ResidenceVice President House, New Delhi, Delhi, India
Alma materAndhra University
Signature
Websitehttp://vicepresidentofindia.nic.in
President administering the oath of office of the Vice President of India

Early lifeEdit

Venkaiah Naidu was born on 1 July 1949 at Chavatapalem; Nellore District of the Indian State of Andhra Pradesh, to Rangaiah Naidu and Ramanamma.[5][6] He completed his schooling from Zilla Parshad High School, Bucchireddy Palem (Nellore), and pursued his bachelor's degree in politics and diplomatic studies from V. R. College, Nellore. Later, he acquired a bachelor's degree in law with specialisation in international law from Andhra University College of Law, Visakhapatnam.[7][8] He was a swayamsevak in the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and joined ABVP during his college days. He was elected as the president of the students' union of colleges affiliated to the Andhra University. He came into the spotlight for his prominent role in the Jai Andhra Movement of 1972. While Kakani Venkata Ratnam led the movement from Vijayawada, Naidu took active part in the agitation in Nellore, until it was called off a year later.

In 1974, he became the convener of the anti-corruption Jayaprakash Narayan Chhatra Sangharsh Samiti of Andhra Pradesh. He took to the streets in protest against the emergency and was imprisoned. From 1977–80, he was president of its youth wing.

Political careerEdit

Both as a student leader and political figure, Naidu gained prominence as a brilliant orator, who vigorously championed the cause of the farmers and the development of backward areas. His oratory skills and political activism propelled his political career and he was elected as an MLA to the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly twice from Udaygiri constituency in Nellore district in 1978 and 1983. He rose to become one of the most popular leaders of the BJP in Andhra Pradesh.

After serving in various organisational posts of the BJP at the state and national level, he was elected as a member of the Rajya Sabha from Karnataka in 1998.[9] He was re-elected twice, in 2004 and 2010, from Karnataka.[10][11] He served as the party spokesperson from 1996 to 2000, bringing to the job his panache for quirky alliterations and similes. Unlike most politicians from southern India, Naidu made an effort to master Hindi, going on to address public rallies in northern India.

After the NDA victory in the 1999 general elections, he became the Union Cabinet Minister for Rural Development in the government headed by Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.[12] He was known for aggressively pushing for reforms in rural development and for the many schemes introduced during this period such as the 'Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana.'[13][14][15]

He succeeded Jana Krishnamurthi as the National President of the Bharatiya Janata Party in 2003.[16] On 28 January 2004, he was elected unopposed for a full three-year term.[17] After the defeat of the BJP-led NDA in the 2004 general elections, he resigned from his post on 18 October 2004 and was succeeded by L. K. Advani.[18] However, he remained at the forefront of the BJP as one of its senior vice-presidents and an important campaigner. Naidu raised Special Status to Andhra Pradesh issue in Rajya Sabha (as opposition member in February 2014) and demanded special category state status to AP. The Prime Minister agreed to it, though it was not included in the AP Reorganisation Act-2

Following the victory of the BJP in the 2014 general elections, he was sworn in as the Minister for Urban Development and Parliamentary Affairs on 26 May 2014.

Naidu is also involved with the Swarna Bharat Trust, a social service organization founded by him in Nellore.[19] The trust runs a school for poor, orphaned and special-needs children and imparts self-employment training programs, especially for women and youth.

He was nominated by the BJP on 29 May 2016 for the Rajya Sabha from Rajasthan and was elected.

On 5 July 2016, he concurrently served as Minister of Information and Broadcasting. A year later, he resigned from both offices to contest the 2017 Vice-President election. He won the election to become India's 15th Vice President.[20] He obtained 516 votes against UPA candidate Gopalkrishna Gandhi, who received 244 votes.

Positions heldEdit

  • 1973–74: President, Students' Union, Andhra University
  • 1974: Convener, Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Narayan Yuvajana Chatra Sangharsha Samithi, Andhra Pradesh
  • 1977–80: President, Youth Wings of Janata Party, Andhra Pradesh
  • 1978–85: Member, Legislative Assembly, Andhra Pradesh (2 terms)
  • 1980–85: Leader, B.J.P Legislative Party in Andhra Pradesh
  • 1985–88: General Secretary, Andhra Pradesh State BJP
  • 1988–93: President, Andhra Pradesh State BJP
  • 1993 – September 2000: National General Secretary, Bharatiya Janata Party
  • Secretary, BJP Parliamentary Board
  • Secretary, BJP Central Election Committee
  • Spokesperson of the BJP
  • Since 1998: Member, Rajya Sabha from Karnataka (3 terms)
  • 30 September 2000 – 1 July 2002: Minister of Rural Development
  • 1 July 2002 – 5 October 2004: National President, Bharatiya Janata Party
  • Since April 2005: National Vice-President, Bharatiya Janata Party.
  • 2014–2017: Minister of Urban Development, Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation and Parliamentary Affairs[21]
  • 2016–2017: Minister of Information and Broadcasting
  • 2017–present: Vice-President of India

State honoursEdit

Decoration Country Date Note Ref.
- Order of the Green Crescent of the Comoros   Comoros 3 August 2019 Degree of Commander. The highest civilian honour of the Comoros. [22]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Venkaiah Naidu, BJP's south Indian face gets second stint in government". Indian Express. 25 June 2014. Archived from the original on 3 July 2014. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  2. ^ "BJP PRESIDENTS". BJP. Archived from the original on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 June 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Cabinet reshuffle: Portfolios of Modi's ministers". 5 July 2016. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  5. ^ GOI Profile[1] Archived 19 July 2019 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Elections in India". Archived from the original on 1 May 2019. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  7. ^ "Biography". M.Venkaiah Naidu Personal website.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ "Cabinet reshuffle: Modi government's got talent but is it being fully utilised?", The Economic Times, 10 July 2016, archived from the original on 15 July 2016, retrieved 13 July 2016
  9. ^ "Venkaiah Naidu files papers for Rajya Sabha". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  10. ^ "Venkaiah Naidu among 10 elected to Rajya Sabha". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 4 March 2006. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  11. ^ "Rajya Sabha elections: Mallya, Venkaiah, Paswan, Rudy win". NDTV. Archived from the original on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  12. ^ "Party man Venkaiah Naidu makes debut in government". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  13. ^ "Dreams of a novice". India Today. Archived from the original on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  14. ^ "PRADHAN MANTRI GRAM SADAK YOJANA : A BOON FOR RURAL INDIA". PIB news. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  15. ^ "Milking Naidu style". India Today. Archived from the original on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  16. ^ "Venkaiah Naidu takes over as new BJP chief". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  17. ^ "Venkaiah Naidu elected BJP chief again". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 15 April 2005. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  18. ^ "Venkaiah Naidu quits; Advani is BJP chief". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 3 November 2013. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  19. ^ "Swarna Bharat Trust to Strive for Progress of Women, Rural Folk". Archived from the original on 17 June 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ "Timesofindia". 26 May 2014. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  22. ^ "Voici qu'il faut savoir des accords signes entre les Comores et l'Inde". Comoros-Infos. 11 October 2019. Retrieved 13 October 2019.

External linksEdit