Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad
Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP) (translation: All Indian Student Council) is a Hindu nationalist all India student organisation affiliated to the Hindu nationalist Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). It is one of the largest student organisations with more than 3 million members.
|Motto||Gyan, Sheel, Ekta ("Knowledge, Character, Unity")|
|Headquarters||Mumbai, Maharashtra, India|
National General Secretary
National Organising Secretary
ABVP is a right-wing all India student organisation affiliated to the Hindu nationalist Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). It participates in joint activities with BJP's official youth wing, Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha.
Various branches of the ABVP have been involved in Hindu-Muslim communal riots since 1961. However, in the 1970s, the ABVP also increasingly took on issues concerning the lower middle classes like corruption and government inertia that were also being taken on by communist student groups. The ABVP played a leading role in the agitational politics of the 1970s during the JP movement. This led to collaboration among student activists in Gujarat and Bihar. The ABVP gained significantly from such efforts after the Emergency and experienced a growth in membership.
By 1974, the ABVP had 160,000 members across 790 campuses and had gained control over several prominent universities, including University of Delhi via student elections. By 1983, the organisation had 250,000 members and 1,100 branches. ABVP grew during the 1990s, receiving more support as a result of the Babri Masjid demolition and the economic liberalisation pursued by the P. V. Narasimharao government. It continued to grow after the United Progressive Alliance came to power in 2004, trebling in membership to 3.175 million members as of 2016. It claims to be India's largest student organisation.
The ABVP's manifesto includes agendas such as educational and university reforms. It competes in student-body elections in colleges and universities. Students for Development (SFD) is an initiative by the ABVP to promote "right perspective towards the need of holistic and sustainable development" in students. The official ABVP magazine is Rashtriya Chhatrashakti, which is published monthly in Hindi in New Delhi.
ABVP has been in the news due to violent incidents, attacks and alleged right-wing extremism which are mostly claimed by ABVP to protest against anti-national and anti-hindutva activities
- 23 April 2011 : Student activists of ABVP attacked the anchors of MTV's Roadies show in Pune.
- 18 August 2011 : ABVP cadres ransack missionary school over Anna protest in Jharkhand.
- 26 January 2012 : ABVP members set ablaze reels of Telugu film 'Businessman (film)' on the Osmania University campus.
- 29 January 2012 : ABVP protested against the screening of Sanjay Kak's documentary Jashn-e-Azadi, forcing Symbiosis College of Arts and Commerce, Pune to indefinitely postpone the seminar Voices of Kashmir.
- 14 April 2012 : ABVP members attacked Beef Festival in Osmania University.
- 24 August 2013 : After the screening of Jai Bhim Comrade and the performance by Kabir Kala Manch, ABVP attacked students of Film and Television Institute of India, Pune and KKM members blaming them as Naxalite, and asked them to say Jai Narendra Modi.
- 7 September 2013 : A Kashmiri film fest was allegedly targeted by the group of right wing extremists in Hyderabad. A group of ABVP workers entered the venue just few hours after the programme started and indulged in vandalism.
- 30 December 2014 : PK, the film, was obstructed by ABVP.
- In August 2016, ABVP volunteers filed a complaint against Amnesty international for hosting an event in Bangalore seeking justice for victims of human rights violations in Jammu and Kashmir. Slogans supporting Kashmiri independence were raised at the event. ABVP activists subsequently held a protest outside the office of Amnesty.
- "Controversial student activists turn India's universities into ideological battlegrounds". LA Times. 2016-02-24. Retrieved 2016-06-28.
- "Protests by BJYM, ABVP mar ICET counselling". The Hindu.
- "BJYM, ABVP protest against incursion by Chinese - JK Newspoint Newspaper Jammu Kashmir". jknewspoint.com.
- Mazumdar, Sucheta (2003-04-21). "Politics of religion and national origin". In Vasant Kaiwar; Sucheta Mazumdar. Antinomies of Modernity: Essays on Race, Orient, Nation. Duke University Press. p. 239. ISBN 0822330466.
- Graff, Violette; Galonnier, Juliette (2013), Hindu-Muslim Communcal Riots in India I (1947-1986), CERI, Sciences Po
- Jaffrelot, Christophe (2010-01-01). Religion, Caste, and Politics in India. Primus Books. p. 193. ISBN 9789380607047.
- "JNU row: Behind ABVP's confidence, govt and growth". The Indian Express. 2016-02-24. Retrieved 2016-06-28.
- "ABVP educational reforms". Thehindu.com. 2012-09-11. Retrieved 2013-05-06.
- "SFD". Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
- "Обновление FLV Player". Abvp.org. Retrieved 2013-05-06.
- "ABVP activists blacken faces of MTV Roadies anchors". NDTV. 2011-04-23. Retrieved 2014-03-04.
- "ABVP activists blacken MTV anchor's face". The Hindu. 2011-04-24. Retrieved 2014-03-04.
- "Jharkhand: ABVP cadres ransack missionary school over Anna protest". India Today. 2011-08-19. Retrieved 2014-03-04.
- "'Businessman' reels burnt by ABVP men". IBN-Live. 2012-01-27. Retrieved 2014-03-04.
- "Kashmir seminar postponed after ABVP protest". NDTV. 2012-01-30. Retrieved 2014-03-04.
- "In Jaipur replay, university bows to ABVP film fatwa". The Hindu. 2012-02-28. Retrieved 2014-03-04.
- "ABVP pushes Symbiosis University to call off seminar on Kashmir". India Today. 2012-01-30. Retrieved 2014-03-04.
- "Violence in Osmania University as right wing students groups attack Beef Festival of Dalit students". India Today. 2012-04-15. Retrieved 2014-03-04.
- "ABVP thrashes FTII student for not saying 'Jai Narendra Modi'". The Hindu. 2013-08-24. Retrieved 2014-03-04.
- "Right-wing hooligans and a complicit State". The Sunday Guardian. 2013-08-24. Retrieved 2014-03-04.
- "Right wing activists target Kashmiri film fest in Hyderabad". IBN-Live. 2013-09-07. Retrieved 2014-03-04.
- "PK row: ABVP burns Aamir Khan's effigy in Muzaffarnagar". Times of India. December 30, 2014. Retrieved May 29, 2015.
- Kaiwar, Vasant; Mazumdar, Sucheta (21 April 2003). Antinomies of Modernity: Essays on Race, Orient, Nation. Duke University Press. pp. 239–. ISBN 0-8223-3046-6.
- Basu, Amrita (30 June 2015). Violent Conjunctures in Democratic India. Cambridge University Press. pp. 258–. ISBN 978-1-107-08963-1.
- Jaffrelot, Christophe (2010). Religion, Caste, and Politics in India. Primus Books. pp. 47–. ISBN 978-93-80607-04-7.