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List of Padma Vibhushan award recipients

The Padma Vibhushan is the second highest civilian award of the Republic of India.[1] Instituted on 2 January 1954,[2] the award is given for the "exceptional and distinguished service", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. The Padma Vibhushan award recipients are announced every year on Republic Day and registered in The Gazette of India—a publication released weekly by the Department of Publication, Ministry of Urban Development used for official government notices.[3] The conferral of the award is not considered official without its publication in the Gazette. Recipients whose awards have been revoked or restored, both of which require the authority of the President, are also registered in the Gazette and are required to surrender their medals when their names are struck from the register.[4] As of 2018, none of the conferments of Padma Vibhushan have been revoked or restored. The recommendations are received from all the state and the union territory governments, the Ministries of the Government, the Bharat Ratna and previous Padma Vibhushan award recipients, the Institutes of Excellence, the Ministers, the Chief Ministers and the Governors of State, and the Members of Parliament including private individuals. The recommendations received during 1 May and 15 September of every year are submitted to the Padma Awards Committee, constituted by the Prime Minister. The committee recommendations are later submitted to the Prime Minister and the President for the further approval.[3]

Padma Vibhushan
Awarded by Government of India
Country India
Type National Civilian
Ribbon IND Padma Vibhushan BAR.png
Obverse A centrally located lotus flower is embossed and the text "Padma" written in Devanagari script is placed above and the text "Vibhushan" is placed below the lotus.
Reverse A platinum Emblem of India placed in the centre with the national motto, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script
Statistics
Established 1954
Previous name(s) Padma Vibhushan "Pahela Warg" (Class I)
First awarded

1954

Last awarded

2018

Total awarded 303
Precedence
Next (higher) Bharat Ratna
Next (lower) Padma Bhushan

When instituted in 1954, the Padma Vibhushan was classified as "Pahela Warg" (Class I) under the three-tier Padma Vibhushan awards; preceded by the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award,[5] and followed by "Dusra Warg" (Class II), and "Tisra Warg" (Class III).[2] On 15 January 1955, the Padma Vibhushan was reclassified into three different awards; the Padma Vibhushan, the highest of the three, followed by the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Shri. The criteria includes "exceptional and distinguished service in any field including service rendered by Government servants" but excluding those working with the Public sector undertakings with the exception of doctors and scientists. The 1954 statutes did not allow posthumous awards but this was subsequently modified in the January 1955 statute.[3][4] The award, along with other personal civil honours, was briefly suspended twice in its history;[6] for the first time in July 1977 when Morarji Desai was sworn in as the fourth Prime Minister.[7][8] The suspension was rescinded on 25 January 1980, after Indira Gandhi became the Prime Minister.[9] The civilian awards were suspended again in mid-1992, when two Public-Interest Litigations were filed in the High Courts questioning the civilian awards being "Titles" per an interpretation of Article 18 (1) of the Constitution.[6][a] The awards were reintroduced by the Supreme Court in December 1995, following the conclusion of the litigation.[11]

The recipients receive a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a medal with no monetary grant associated with the award.[3] The decoration is a circular-shaped toned bronze medallion 1 34 inches (44 mm) in diameter and 18 inch (3.2 mm) thick. The centrally placed pattern made of outer lines of a square of 1 316 inches (30 mm) side is embossed with a knob embossed within each of the outer angles of the pattern. A raised circular space of diameter 1 116 inches (27 mm) is placed at the centre of the decoration. A centrally located lotus flower is embossed on the obverse side of the medal and the text "Padma" written in Devanagari script is placed above and the text "Vibhushan" is placed below the lotus. The Emblem of India is placed in the centre of the reverse side with the national motto, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script, inscribed on the lower edge. The rim, the edges and all embossing on either side is of white gold with the text "Padma Vibhushan" of silver gilt. The medal is suspended by a pink riband 1 14 inches (32 mm) in width.[4] It is ranked fourth in the order of precedence of wearing of medals and decorations.[12]

The first recipients of the Padma Vibhushan were Satyendra Nath Bose, Nandalal Bose, Zakir Husain, Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher, V. K. Krishna Menon, and Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, who were honoured in 1954. As of 2017, the award has been bestowed on 300 individuals, including twelve posthumous and nineteen non-citizen recipients.[13] Some of the recipients have refused or returned their awards; P. N. Haksar,[b] Vilayat Khan,[c] E. M. S. Namboodiripad [d], Swami Ranganathananda,[e] and Manikonda Chalapathi Rau refused the award; the family members of Lakshmi Chand Jain (2011) and Sharad Anantrao Joshi (2016) declined their posthumous conferments,[f][g] and 1986 recipient Baba Amte returned his honour in 1991.[22][h] Most recently on 25 January 2018, the award has been bestowed upon three recipients; Ilaiyaraaja, Ghulam Mustafa Khan, and P. Parameswaran.[13]

Contents

RecipientsEdit

 
Awarded in 1954, Satyendra Nath Bose is best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920s, providing the foundation for Bose–Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose–Einstein condensate.[23]
 
1959 recipient John Mathai was country's first Railway Minister and later served as Finance Minister.[24]
 
The Marshal of the Indian Air Force Arjan Singh is the first and the only five-star rank officer with the Indian Air Force. Singh was conferred Padma Vibhushan in 1965.[25][26]
 
1971 recipient Sumati Morarjee was the first woman in the world to head an organisation of ship owners ("Indian National Steamship Owners Association") and was later elected as the vice-president of the "World Shipping Federation".[27]
 
Uday Shankar was a dancer known for his frequent collaboration with a Russian Ballet dancer Anna Pavlova and was awarded with the honour in 1971.[28]
 
Awarded in 1972, Sam Manekshaw (left), often known as "Sam Bahadur" ("Sam the Brave"), was the first Field Marshal of the country and also of the Indian Army.[26][29]
 
Vikram Sarabhai, widely considered as the "Father of Indian space program", was one of the founders and first chairman of Indian Space Research Organisation. Sarabhai was awarded posthumously in 1972.[30]
 
Awarded in 1975, C. D. Deshmukh is the first Indian Governor of the Reserve Bank of India and later served as Finance Minister of India (1950–57).[24][31]
 
1986 recipient Birju Maharaj is an exponent of Kalka-Bindadin gharana of Kathak dance.[32]
 
Manmohan Singh is an economist who served as the Chief Economic Advisor (1972–76), Governor of Reserve Bank of India (1982–85), Finance Minister of India (1991–96), and later as the Prime Minister of India (2004–14). The Padma Vibhushan was bestowed upon Singh in 1987.[24][33][34]
 
Awarded in 1989, M. S. Swaminathan, often called as the "Father of Green Revolution", is known for this contribution to Green Revolution in India through the development of high-yielding varieties of wheat.[35]
 
1991 recipient M. F. Husain was a painter and is often called as the "Picasso of India".[36]
 
V. R. Krishna Iyer was a former Supreme Court judge (1973–80) and is noted to have "humanised the law" through his judgements. Iyer received the conferment in 1999.[37]
 
Awarded in 1999, Verghese Kurien, widely known as the "Father of the White Revolution", was the chief architect of Operation Flood, making India as one of the largest milk producer in the world.[38]
 
A recipient of the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, country's highest award in cinema, film director Adoor Gopalakrishnan is credited with pioneering the new wave cinema movement in Malayalam cinema. Gopalakrishnan was awarded with the Padma Vibhushan in 2006.[39]
 
Awarded in 2008, Khushwant Singh was a writer and journalist; and was a Member of Parliament in Rajya Sabha from 1980 to 1986.[40]
 
2008 recipient Viswanathan Anand is country's first chess Grandmaster and five times winner of World Chess Championship.[41]
 
Awarded in 2008, Edmund Hillary (left) was one of the first two individuals known to reach the summit of Mount Everest, which he accomplished with Tenzing Norgay (right) on 29 May 1953.[42]
 
A nuclear scientist and former Director of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre Anil Kakodkar is known for his contribution in the design and construction of Dhruva, India's largest research reactor. Kakodkar received the conferment in 2009.[43]
 
Malayalam litterateur O. N. V. Kurup is a recipient of Jnanpith Award, country's highest literary honour. He was awarded with the Padma Vibhushan in 2011.[44]
 
2014 recipient B. K. S. Iyengar was a yoga exponent and creator of dynamic yoga style, Iyengar Yoga.[45]
 
Awarded in 2015, "Tragedy King" Dilip Kumar debuted as an actor in Jwar Bhata (1944) and acted in more than 60 Hindi films in a career that spanned over six decades.[46]
 
Awarded in 2016, Hindustani classical vocalist Girija Devi is a disciple of Benares gharana, an Indian classical musical school. She is widely known for the thumri genre of singing.[47]
Award recipients by year[13]
Year Number of recipients
1954–59
17
1960–69
27
1970–79
53
1980–89
20
1990–99
42
2000–09
86
2010–present
58
Award recipients by field[13]
Field Number of recipients
Arts
57
Civil Service
53
Literature & Education
40
Medicine
13
Others
5
Public Affairs
68
Science & Engineering
35
Social Work
17
Sports
3
Trade & Industry
12
Key
   # Indicates a posthumous honour
List of Padma Vibhushan recipients, showing the year, field, and state/country[13]
Year Recipient Field State
1954 Satyendra Nath Bose Literature & Education West Bengal
1954 Nandalal Bose Arts West Bengal
1954 Zakir Husain Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh
1954 Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher Public Affairs Maharashtra
1954 V. K. Krishna Menon Public Affairs Kerala
1954 Jigme Dorji Wangchuck Public Affairs [A]
1955 Dhondo Keshav Karve Literature & Education Maharashtra
1955 J. R. D. Tata Trade & Industry Maharashtra
1956 Fazal Ali Public Affairs Bihar
1956 Jankibai Bajaj Social Work Madhya Pradesh
1956 Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi Public Affairs Madhya Pradesh
1957 Ghanshyam Das Birla Trade & Industry Rajasthan
1957 Sri Prakasa Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh
1957 M. C. Setalvad Public Affairs Maharashtra
1959 John Mathai Literature & Education Kerala
1959 Gaganvihari Lallubhai Mehta Social Work Maharashtra
1959 Radhabinod Pal Public Affairs West Bengal
1960 Naryana Raghvan Pillai Public Affairs Tamil Nadu
1962 H. V. R. Iyengar Civil Service Tamil Nadu
1962 Padmaja Naidu Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh
1962 Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit Civil Service Uttar Pradesh
1963 Suniti Kumar Chatterji Literature & Education West Bengal
1963 A. Lakshmanaswami Mudaliar Medicine Tamil Nadu
1963 Hari Vinayak Pataskar Public Affairs Maharashtra
1964 Acharya Kakasaheb Kalelkar Literature & Education Maharashtra
1964 Gopinath Kaviraj Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
1965 Jayanto Nath Chaudhuri Civil Service West Bengal
1965 Mehdi Nawaz Jung Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh
1965 Arjan Singh Civil Service Delhi
1966 Valerian Gracias Social Work Maharashtra
1967 Chandra Kisan Daphtary Public Affairs Maharashtra
1967 Hafiz Mohamad Ibrahim Civil Service Andhra Pradesh
1967 Bhola Nath Jha Civil Service Uttar Pradesh
1967 P. V. R. Rao Civil Service Andhra Pradesh
1968 Madhav Shrihari Aney Public Affairs Madhya Pradesh
1968 Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar Science & Engineering [B]
1968 Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis Literature & Education Delhi
1968 Kirpal Singh Civil Service Delhi
1968 Kalyan Sundaram Public Affairs Delhi
1969 Rajeshwar Dayal Civil Service Delhi
1969 Dattatraya Shridhar Joshi Civil Service Maharashtra
1969 Har Gobind Khorana Science & Engineering [B]
1969 Mohan Sinha Mehta Civil Service Rajasthan
1969 Ghananand Pande Civil Service Uttar Pradesh
1970 Tara Chand Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
1970 Suranjan Das Civil Service West Bengal
1970 Anthony Lancelot Dias Public Affairs Maharashtra
1970 P. Prabhakar Kumaramangalam Civil Service Tamil Nadu
1970 A. Ramasamy Mudaliar Civil Service Andhra Pradesh
1970 Binay Ranjan Sen Civil Service West Bengal
1970 Harbaksh Singh Civil Service Punjab
1971 Bimala Prasad Chaliha Civil Service Assam
1971 Allauddin Khan Arts West Bengal
1971 Sumati Morarjee Civil Service Maharashtra
1971 Uday Shankar Arts Maharashtra
1971 Vithal Nagesh Shirodkar Medicine Goa
1971 B. Sivaraman Civil Service Tamil Nadu
1972 P. Balacharya Gajendragadkar Public Affairs Maharashtra
1972 Aditya Nath Jha# Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh
1972 Pratap Chandra Lal Civil Service Punjab
1972 Sam Manekshaw Civil Service Tamil Nadu
1972 Jivraj Narayan Mehta Public Affairs Maharashtra
1972 Sardarilal Mathradas Nanda Civil Service Delhi
1972 Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq[i]# Public Affairs Jammu & Kashmir
1972 Vikram Sarabhai[ii]# Science & Engineering Gujarat
1972 Hormasji Maneckji Seervai Literature & Education Maharashtra
1973 Basanti Devi Civil Service West Bengal
1973 U. N. Dhebar Social Work Gujarat
1973 Daulat Singh Kothari Science & Engineering Delhi
1973 Nellie Sengupta Social Work West Bengal
1973 Nagendra Singh Public Affairs Rajasthan
1973 Thirumalraya Swaminathan Civil Service Tamil Nadu
1974 Niren De Public Affairs West Bengal
1974 Benode Behari Mukherjee Arts Uttarakhand
1974 V. K. R. V. Rao Civil Service Karnataka
1974 Harish Chandra Sarin Civil Service Delhi
1975 C. D. Deshmukh Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh
1975 Durgabai Deshmukh Social Work Maharashtra
1975 Mary Clubwala Jadhav Social Work Tamil Nadu
1975 Basanti Dulal Nagchaudhuri Literature & Education West Bengal
1975 Raja Ramanna Science & Engineering Karnataka
1975 Homi Nusserwanji Sethna Civil Service Maharashtra
1975 M. S. Subbulakshmi Arts Tamil Nadu
1975 Premlila Vithaldas Thackersey Literature & Education Maharashtra
1976 Salim Ali Science & Engineering Uttar Pradesh
1976 Giani Gurmukh Singh Musafir Literature & Education Punjab
1976 K. Shankar Pillai Arts Delhi
1976 K. R. Ramanathan Science & Engineering Kerala
1976 Satyajit Ray Arts West Bengal
1976 Kalu Lal Shrimali Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
1976 Bashir Hussain Zaidi Literature & Education Delhi
1977 T. Balasaraswati Arts Tamil Nadu
1977 Ali Yavar Jung Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh
1977 Ajudhia Nath Khosla Civil Service Delhi
1977 Om Prakash Mehra Civil Service Punjab
1977 Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee Public Affairs West Bengal
1977 Chandeshwar Prasad Narayan Singh Literature & Education Delhi
1980 Bismillah Khan Arts Uttar Pradesh
1980 Rai Krishnadasa Civil Service Uttar Pradesh
1981 Satish Dhawan Science & Engineering Karnataka
1981 Ravi Shankar Arts Uttar Pradesh
1982 Mira Behn Social Work [C]
1985 C. N. R. Rao Science & Engineering Karnataka
1985 M. G. K. Menon Civil Service Kerala
1986 Baba Amte[h] Social Work Maharashtra
1986 Birju Maharaj Arts Delhi
1986 Autar Singh Paintal Medicine Delhi
1987 Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay Social Work Karnataka
1987 Benjamin Peary Pal Science & Engineering Punjab
1987 Manmohan Singh Civil Service Delhi
1987 Arun Shridhar Vaidya Civil Service Maharashtra
1988 Mirza Hameedullah Beg Public Affairs Delhi
1988 Kuvempu Literature & Education Karnataka
1988 Mahadevi Varma Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
1989 Uma Shankar Dikshit Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh
1989 Ali Akbar Khan Arts West Bengal
1989 M. S. Swaminathan Science & Engineering Delhi
1990 V. S. R. Arunachalam Literature & Education Delhi
1990 Triloki Nath Chaturvedi Civil Service Karnataka
1990 Bhabatosh Datta Literature & Education West Bengal
1990 Kumar Gandharva Arts Madhya Pradesh
1990 A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Science & Engineering Tamil Nadu
1990 Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer Arts Tamil Nadu
1991 M. Balamuralikrishna Arts Tamil Nadu
1991 M. F. Husain Arts Maharashtra
1991 Hirendranath Mukherjee Public Affairs West Bengal
1991 Gulzarilal Nanda Public Affairs Gujarat
1991 I. G. Patel Science & Engineering Gujarat
1991 N. G. Ranga Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh
1991 Khusro Faramurz Rustamji Civil Service Maharashtra
1991 Rajaram Shastri Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
1992 Aruna Asaf Ali Public Affairs Delhi
1992 Lakshman Shastri Joshi Literature & Education Maharashtra
1992 Mallikarjun Mansur Arts Karnataka
1992 S. I. Padmavati Medicine Delhi
1992 Kaloji Narayana Rao Arts Andhra Pradesh
1992 Ravi Narayana Reddy Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh
1992 V. Shantaram Arts Maharashtra
1992 Govindbhai Shroff Literature & Education Maharashtra
1992 Swaran Singh Public Affairs Punjab
1992 Atal Bihari Vajpayee Public Affairs Delhi
1998 Usha Mehta Social Work Maharashtra
1998 Nanabhoy Palkhivala Public Affairs Maharashtra
1998 Lakshmi Sahgal Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh
1998 Walter Sisulu Public Affairs [D]
1999 Pandurang Shastri Athavale Social Work Maharashtra
1999 Rajagopala Chidambaram Science & Engineering Maharashtra
1999 Nanaji Deshmukh Social Work Delhi
1999 Sarvepalli Gopal Literature & Education Tamil Nadu
1999 Satish Gujral Arts Delhi
1999 V. R. Krishna Iyer Public Affairs Kerala
1999 Bhimsen Joshi Arts Maharashtra
1999 Hans Raj Khanna Public Affairs Delhi
1999 Verghese Kurien Science & Engineering Gujarat
1999 Lata Mangeshkar Arts Maharashtra
1999 Braj Kumar Nehru Civil Service Himachal Pradesh
1999 D. K. Pattammal Arts Tamil Nadu
1999 Lallan Prasad Singh[iii]# Civil Service Delhi
1999 Dharma Vira Civil Service Delhi
2000 Sikander Bakht Public Affairs Delhi
2000 Jagdish Bhagwati Literature & Education [B]
2000 Hariprasad Chaurasia Arts Maharashtra
2000 M. S. Gill Civil Service Delhi
2000 Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan Science & Engineering Karnataka
2000 K. B. Lall Civil Service Delhi
2000 Kelucharan Mohapatra Arts Odisha
2000 Jasraj Motiram Arts Maharashtra
2000 M. Narasimham Trade & Industry Andhra Pradesh
2000 R. K. Narayan Literature & Education Tamil Nadu
2000 Bhairab Dutt Pande Civil Service Uttarakhand
2000 K. N. Raj Literature & Education Kerala
2000 Tarlok Singh Civil Service Delhi
2001 John Kenneth Galbraith Literature & Education [B]
2001 Benjamin A. Gilman Public Affairs [B]
2001 Amjad Ali Khan Arts Delhi
2001 Zubin Mehta Arts [B]
2001 Hrishikesh Mukherjee Arts Maharashtra
2001 Kotha Satchidanda Murthy Literature & Education Andhra Pradesh
2001 Chakravarthi V. Narasimhan Civil Service Tamil Nadu
2001 Hosei Norota Public Affairs [E]
2001 C. R. Rao Science & Engineering [B]
2001 Man Mohan Sharma Science & Engineering Maharashtra
2001 Shivkumar Sharma Arts Maharashtra
2002 Kishori Amonkar Arts Maharashtra
2002 Gangubai Hangal Arts Karnataka
2002 Kishan Maharaj Arts Uttar Pradesh
2002 C. Rangarajan Literature & Education Andhra Pradesh
2002 Soli Sorabjee Public Affairs Delhi
2003 Kazi Lhendup Dorjee Public Affairs West Bengal
2003 Sonal Mansingh Arts Delhi
2003 Bal Ram Nanda Literature & Education Delhi
2003 Brihaspati Dev Triguna Medicine Delhi
2004 Jayant Narlikar Science & Engineering Maharashtra
2004 Amrita Pritam Literature & Education Delhi
2004 M. N. Venkatachaliah Public Affairs Karnataka
2005 Milon K. Banerji Public Affairs Delhi
2005 Mohan Dharia Social Work Maharashtra
2005 Jyotindra Nath Dixit[iv]# Civil Service Delhi
2005 B. K. Goyal Medicine Maharashtra
2005 R. K. Laxman Arts Maharashtra
2005 Ram Narayan Arts Maharashtra
2005 Karan Singh Public Affairs Delhi
2005 M. S. Valiathan Medicine Karnataka
2006 Norman Borlaug Science & Engineering [B]
2006 Charles Correa Science & Engineering Maharashtra
2006 Nirmala Deshpande Social Work Delhi
2006 Mahasweta Devi Literature & Education West Bengal
2006 Adoor Gopalakrishnan Arts Kerala
2006 V. N. Khare Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh
2006 C. R. Krishnaswamy Rao Civil Service Tamil Nadu
2006 Obaid Siddiqi Science & Engineering Karnataka
2006 Prakash Narain Tandon Medicine Delhi
2007 P. N. Bhagwati Public Affairs Delhi
2007 Naresh Chandra Civil Service Delhi
2007 Raja Chelliah Public Affairs Tamil Nadu
2007 V. Krishnamurthy Civil Service Delhi
2007 Fali Sam Nariman Public Affairs Delhi
2007 Raja Rao[v]# Literature & Education [B]
2007 Balu Sankaran Medicine Delhi
2007 Khushwant Singh[i] Literature & Education Delhi
2007 George Sudarshan Science & Engineering [B]
2007 Narinder Nath Vohra Civil Service Haryana
2008 Adarsh Sein Anand Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh
2008 Viswanathan Anand Sports Tamil Nadu
2008 Asha Bhosle Arts Maharashtra
2008 P. N. Dhar Civil Service Delhi
2008 Edmund Hillary[vi]# Sports [F]
2008 Lakshmi Mittal Trade & Industry [C]
2008 Pranab Mukherjee Public Affairs Delhi
2008 N. R. Narayana Murthy Trade & Industry Karnataka
2008 Prithvi Raj Singh Oberoi Trade & Industry Delhi
2008 Rajendra K. Pachauri Science & Engineering Delhi
2008 E. Sreedharan Science & Engineering Delhi
2008 Ratan Tata Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2008 Sachin Tendulkar Sports Maharashtra
2009 Sunderlal Bahuguna Others Uttarakhand
2009 Jasbir Singh Bajaj Medicine Punjab
2009 D. P. Chattopadhyaya Literature & Education West Bengal
2009 Ashok Sekhar Ganguly Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2009 Sister Nirmala Social Work West Bengal
2009 Anil Kakodkar Science & Engineering Maharashtra
2009 Purshotam Lal Medicine Uttar Pradesh
2009 G. Madhavan Nair Science & Engineering Karnataka
2009 Govind Narain Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh
2009 Chandrika Prasad Srivastava Civil Service Maharashtra
2010 Ebrahim Alkazi Arts Delhi
2010 Venkatraman Ramakrishnan Science & Engineering [C]
2010 Prathap C. Reddy Trade & Industry Tamil Nadu
2010 Y. Venugopal Reddy Public Affairs Andhra Pradesh
2010 Zohra Sehgal Arts Delhi
2010 Umayalpuram K. Sivaraman Arts Tamil Nadu
2011 Montek Singh Ahluwalia Public Affairs Delhi
2011 Vijay Kelkar Public Affairs Maharashtra
2011 Akhlaqur Rahman Kidwai Public Affairs Delhi
2011 O. N. V. Kurup Literature & Education Kerala
2011 Sitakant Mahapatra Literature & Education Odisha
2011 Brajesh Mishra Civil Service Delhi
2011 K. Parasaran Public Affairs Delhi
2011 Azim Premji Trade & Industry Karnataka
2011 Palle Rama Rao Science & Engineering Andhra Pradesh
2011 Akkineni Nageswara Rao Arts Andhra Pradesh
2011 Kapila Vatsyayan Arts Delhi
2011 Homai Vyarawalla Arts Gujarat
2012 Bhupen Hazarika[vii]# Arts Assam
2012 Mario Miranda[viii]# Arts Goa
2012 T. V. Rajeswar Civil Service Delhi
2012 Kantilal Hastimal Sancheti Medicine Maharashtra
2012 K. G. Subramanyan Arts Gujarat
2013 Raghunath Mohapatra Arts Odisha
2013 Roddam Narasimha Science & Engineering Karnataka
2013 Yash Pal Science & Engineering Uttar Pradesh
2013 S. H. Raza Arts Delhi
2014 B. K. S. Iyengar Others Maharashtra
2014 Raghunath Anant Mashelkar Science & Engineering Maharashtra
2015 L. K. Advani Public Affairs Gujarat
2015 Amitabh Bachchan Arts Maharashtra
2015 Parkash Singh Badal Public Affairs Punjab
2015 Veerendra Heggade Social Work Karnataka
2015 Dilip Kumar Arts Maharashtra
2015 Rambhadracharya Others Uttar Pradesh
2015 M. R. Srinivasan Science & Engineering Tamil Nadu
2015 Kottayan Katankot Venugopal Public Affairs Delhi
2015 Karim Al Hussaini Aga Khan Trade & Industry [C][G]
2016 V. K. Aatre Science & Engineering Karnataka
2016 Dhirubhai Ambani[ix]# Trade & Industry Maharashtra
2016 Girija Devi Arts West Bengal
2016 Avinash Dixit Literature & Education [B]
2016 Jagmohan Public Affairs Delhi
2016 Yamini Krishnamurthy Arts Delhi
2016 Rajinikanth Arts Tamil Nadu
2016 Ramoji Rao Literature & Education Andhra Pradesh
2016 Sri Sri Ravi Shankar[j] Others Karnataka
2016 V. Shanta Medicine Tamil Nadu
2017 Murli Manohar Joshi Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh
2017 Sunder Lal Patwa[x]# Public Affairs Madhya Pradesh
2017 Sharad Pawar Public Affairs Maharashtra
2017 Udupi Ramachandra Rao Science & Engineering Karnataka
2017 P. A. Sangma[xi]# Public Affairs Meghalaya
2017 Jaggi Vasudev Others Tamil Nadu
2017 K. J. Yesudas Arts Kerala
2018 Ilaiyaraaja Arts Tamil Nadu
2018 Ghulam Mustafa Khan Arts Maharashtra
2018 P. Parameswaran Literature & Education Kerala

Explanatory notesEdit

  1. ^ Per Article 18 (1) of the Constitution of India: Abolition of titles, "no title, not being a military or academic distinction, shall be conferred by the State".[8][10]
  2. ^ P. N. Haksar was offered the award in 1973 for, among other services, his crucial diplomatic role in brokering the Indo-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation and the Shimla Agreement, but declined as "Accepting an award for work done somehow causes an inexplicable discomfort to me."[14]
  3. ^ Vilayat Khan refused Padma Shri (1964), Padma Bhushan (1968), and Padma Vibhushan (2000) and stated that "the selection committees were incompetent to judge [his] music".[15][16]
  4. ^ E. M. S. Namboodiripad, the General Secretary of the Communist Party of India (of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) from 1964) and the first Chief Minister of Kerala (1957-59, 1967-69), declined the award in 1992, as it went against his nature to accept a state honour.[17]
  5. ^ Swami Ranganathananda declined the award in 2000 as it was conferred to him as an individual and not to the Ramakrishna Mission.[16][18]
  6. ^ Lakshmi Chand Jain died on 14 November 2010, at the age of 84.[19] His family refused to accept the posthumous honour as Jain was against accepting state honours.[20]
  7. ^ Sharad Anantrao Joshi's family refused to accept the posthumous honour as Joshi's work for good of farmers is not reflected in the Government policies for them.[21]
  8. ^ a b In 1991, Baba Amte returned the award, along with the Padma Shri conferred in 1971, to protest against the treatment given to the tribals during the construction of Sardar Sarovar Dam.[50]
  9. ^ Khushwant Singh was awarded the Padma Bhushan, the third-highest civilian award,[1] in 1974; he returned the award in 1984 in protest against Operation Blue Star led by the Indian Army.[54]
  10. ^ Sri Sri Ravi Shankar declined the award in 2015 and requested that "someone else should be given the honour".[59]
Non-citizen recipients
  1. ^ Indicates a citizen of Bhutan
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Indicates a citizen of the United States
  3. ^ a b c d Indicates a citizen of the United Kingdom
  4. ^ Indicates a citizen of South Africa
  5. ^ Indicates a citizen of Japan
  6. ^ Indicates a citizen of New Zealand
  7. ^ Indicates a citizen of France
Posthumous recipients
  1. ^ Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq died on 12 December 1971, at the age of 59.[48]
  2. ^ Vikram Sarabhai died on 30 December 1971, at the age of 52.[49]
  3. ^ Lallan Prasad Singh died on 9 November 1998, at the age of 86.[51]
  4. ^ Jyotindra Nath Dixit died on 3 January 2005, at the age of 68.[52]
  5. ^ Raja Rao died on 8 July 2006, at the age of 97.[53]
  6. ^ Edmund Hillary died on 11 January 2008, at the age of 88.[55]
  7. ^ Bhupen Hazarika died on 5 November 2011, at the age of 85.[56]
  8. ^ Mario Miranda died on 11 December 2011, at the age of 85.[57]
  9. ^ Dhirubhai Ambani died on 6 July 2002, at the age of 69.[58]
  10. ^ Sunder Lal Patwa died on 28 December 2016, at the age of 92.[60]
  11. ^ P. A. Sangma died on 4 March 2016, at the age of 68.[61]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Who's getting a Padma? Bill and Melinda Gates, L.K. Advani and Dilip Kumar honoured with prestigious award". Daily Mail. Mail Online. 26 January 2015. Archived from the original on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
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