B. G. Kher
Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher (24 August 1888 – 8 March 1957) was the first chief minister (then called Premier) of Bombay State which consisted of present-day Maharashtra and Gujarat States of India. He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan by the Government of India in 1954. A lawyer, solicitor and social worker by choice and politician by necessity, Kher was often described as "Sajjan", good and gentle. Kher was a scholar, an accomplished orator, and a man with no pretensions.
Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher was born on 24 August 1888 at Ratnagiri in a middle class Karhade Brahmin family. He spent some years of his boyhood at Kundgol in the then Jamkhandi State. Later, he migrated at the instance of Gopal Krishna Gokhale to Pune to study at the New English School. Later he obtained the degree of B.A. in 1908 from the Wilson College, with high distinction and received the Bhau Daji Lad prize for standing first in Sanskrit.
Mr. B.G. Kher along with Mr. Manilal Nanavati started a law firm called Manilal Kher & Co. The firm commenced practice on 7 June 1918. The firm was the only firm in Mumbai to have its inauguration ceremony being presided over by the renowned Judge, Mr. Justice Sir Frank C.O. Beaman. The firm's name was then changed to Manilal Kher Ambalal & Co.
B. G. Kher's political career began in 1922. He was appointed as the Secretary of the Bombay branch of the Swaraj Party. During the Civil disobedience movement, he was arrested and sentenced to eight months' rigorous imprisonment and fine in 1930. He was again arrested in 1932 and sentenced to two years rigorous imprisonment and fine.
He became the first Prime Minister of the Bombay Province in 1937 and continued in office till October 1939. He was arrested and imprisoned in 1940. During the Quit India struggle, he was arrested again and imprisoned in August 1942. He was released from prison on 14 July 1944.
He again became the Prime Minister of the Bombay province on 30 March 1946. He was instrumental in the establishment of Poona University (Now called the "Savitribai Phule Pune University"). A building in the university campus is named after him as "Kher Bhavan." Little Gibbs Road in Malabar Hill area of Mumbai was designated as B.G. Kher Marg in 1976. Kher was in office till 21 April 1952.
Kher allotted plots of land in Bandra East to people belonging to the Hindu-Khatik (Scheduled caste) community in 1950–51. That area is known as Kherwadi in his memory. Kher established schools and a hospital, and provided electricity and water supply for people staying in Kherwadi. The Hindu-Khatik community celebrates his birthday at his statue at the Nanda Deep Garden, Kala Nagar, Bandra East.
Declassified MI5 documents were appreciative of Kher and described him as preferable to other political candidates, due to his honesty, sincerity and a preference for the "Anglo" way of administration.
- "This Day That Age". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 9 March 2007.
- "Indian autographers – Bal Gangadhar Kher". Indianautographs.com. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
- Bipan Chandra (1989). India's Struggle for Independence. Penguin Global. p. 332. ISBN 978-0140107814.
- Vasant Moon; Eleanor Zelliot (2001). Growing Up Untouchable in India: A Dalit Autobiography. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 87–. ISBN 978-0-7425-0881-1.
- "B.G. Kher". Indian Post website.
- "Manilal Kher Ambalal & Co. – Advocates, Solicitors and Notary – About us – History". Mkaco.com.
- "B.G. Kher Passes Away in Poona". The Indian Express. 9 March 1957. p. 5. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
- Rashmee Roshan Lall (3 March 2007). "Krishna Menon a sick man, say MI5 documents". The Times Of India.
- Kamath, M.V. B.G. Kher, The Gentleman Premier, Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan.
| Prime Minister of Bombay Province
1937 – October 1939
| Prime Minister of Bombay Province
30 March 1946 – 26 January 1950
| Chief Minister of Bombay State
26 January 1950 – 21 April 1952